FederalismFederalism is ais a political concept in which aconcept in which a groupgroup ofofmembers are bound together by ...
Dual federalismDual federalismCooperative federalismCooperative federalismCreative federalismCreative federalismNew federa...
Dual federalismDual federalism ,, a legal theory which has prevailed in the Uniteda legal theory which has prevailed in th...
Cooperative federalism emphasized anCooperative federalism emphasized anexpanded role for the nationalexpanded role for th...
Implementing CooperativeImplementing CooperativeFederalismFederalismNational government- give grantsNational government- ...
Creative federalismCreative federalism , also known as "picket, also known as "picketfence federalism," predominated durin...
New federalismNew federalism, sometimes referred to, sometimes referred toas "on your own federalism," isas "on your own f...
Anti-FederalismAnti-Federalism  is a political philosophy which is a political philosophy whichopposes the concept of Fede...
 THERE ARE TWO OR MORE LEVELS OF GOV.TTHERE ARE TWO OR MORE LEVELS OF GOV.T DIFFERENT TIERS OF GOV.T GOVERN THE SAME CIT...
KINDS OF FEDERATIONSKINDS OF FEDERATIONSCOMING TOGETHER FEDERATIONCOMING TOGETHER FEDERATION1)INDEPENDENT STATES1)INDEPEND...
WHAT MAKES INDIA A FEDERAL COUNTRY ?WHAT MAKES INDIA A FEDERAL COUNTRY ?POWERS ARE DIVIDED AS :POWERS ARE DIVIDED AS :UNIO...
CUNCURRENTCUNCURRENTLISTLIST1)has 47 subjects1)has 47 subjects2)education2)educationmarriage,forest aremarriage,forest are...
HOW IS FEDERALISMHOW IS FEDERALISMPRACTICEDPRACTICEDLINGUISTIC STATESLINGUISTIC STATES**CREATION OF LINGUISTIC STATES WAS...
DECENTRALISATION INDECENTRALISATION ININDIAINDIA DECENTRALISATION MEANS THAT SOMEDECENTRALISATION MEANS THAT SOMEPOWER IS...
LOCAL GOVERNMENTLOCAL GOVERNMENTRURAL LOCAL GOVERNMENTRURAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT
URBAN LOCAL GOV.TURBAN LOCAL GOV.T
 Who is sarpanch?Who is sarpanch? Name any two cities with muncipal corporations?Name any two cities with muncipal corpo...
PRESENTED BYPRESENTED BYAMAL JOYSAMAL JOYSJOSEPH CHETHALANJOSEPH CHETHALANARUN BABUARUN BABUKEVIN JOSEKEVIN JOSEDEVIKA .SD...
471442 634174366594122500 ver1
471442 634174366594122500 ver1
471442 634174366594122500 ver1
471442 634174366594122500 ver1
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471442 634174366594122500 ver1

  1. 1. FederalismFederalism is ais a political concept in which aconcept in which a groupgroup ofofmembers are bound together by covenant with amembers are bound together by covenant with agoverning representative head. The termgoverning representative head. The term federalismfederalismis also used to describe a system of the government inis also used to describe a system of the government inwhich sovereignty is constitutionally divided between awhich sovereignty is constitutionally divided between acentral governing authority and constituent politicalcentral governing authority and constituent politicalunits (like states or provinces). Federalism is a systemunits (like states or provinces). Federalism is a systemin which the power to govern is shared betweenin which the power to govern is shared betweennational and provincial (state) governments, creatingnational and provincial (state) governments, creatingwhat is often called awhat is often called a federationfederation.. Proponents areProponents areoften calledoften called federalists.federalists.
  2. 2. Dual federalismDual federalismCooperative federalismCooperative federalismCreative federalismCreative federalismNew federalismNew federalism
  3. 3. Dual federalismDual federalism ,, a legal theory which has prevailed in the Uniteda legal theory which has prevailed in the UnitedStates since 1789, is the belief that the United States consists of twoStates since 1789, is the belief that the United States consists of twoseparate and co-sovereign branches of government. This form ofseparate and co-sovereign branches of government. This form ofgovernment works on the principle that the national and stategovernment works on the principle that the national and stategovernments are split into their own spheres, and each is supremegovernments are split into their own spheres, and each is supremewithin its respective sphere. Specifically, dual federalism discusseswithin its respective sphere. Specifically, dual federalism discussesthe relationship between the national government and the statesthe relationship between the national government and the statesgovernments. According to this theory, there are certain limits placedgovernments. According to this theory, there are certain limits placedon the federal government. These limits are:on the federal government. These limits are:1. National government rules by rules only.1. National government rules by rules only.2. National government has a limited set of constitutional purposes.2. National government has a limited set of constitutional purposes.3. Each governmental unit—state and federal—is sovereign within3. Each governmental unit—state and federal—is sovereign withinits sphere of operations.its sphere of operations.4. Relationship between nation and states is best summed up as4. Relationship between nation and states is best summed up astension rather than cooperationtension rather than cooperation
  4. 4. Cooperative federalism emphasized anCooperative federalism emphasized anexpanded role for the nationalexpanded role for the nationalgovernment, and cooperation betweengovernment, and cooperation betweenthe national government and the states.the national government and the states.This relationship predominatedThis relationship predominatedbetweenbetween 19301930 andand 1960.1960.
  5. 5. Implementing CooperativeImplementing CooperativeFederalismFederalismNational government- give grantsNational government- give grants““Strings-Attached” Federal GrantsStrings-Attached” Federal GrantsTypes of grantsTypes of grants Categorical GrantsCategorical Grants Block GrantsBlock Grants Federal MandatesFederal Mandates
  6. 6. Creative federalismCreative federalism , also known as "picket, also known as "picketfence federalism," predominated during thefence federalism," predominated during theperiod of 1960 to 1980. This relationship wasperiod of 1960 to 1980. This relationship wascharacterized by overloaded cooperation andcharacterized by overloaded cooperation andcrosscutting regulations.crosscutting regulations.
  7. 7. New federalismNew federalism, sometimes referred to, sometimes referred toas "on your own federalism," isas "on your own federalism," ischaracterized by further devolution ofcharacterized by further devolution ofpower from national to statepower from national to stategovernments, deregulation, but alsogovernments, deregulation, but alsoincreased difficulty of states to fulfill theirincreased difficulty of states to fulfill theirnew mandates. This period began innew mandates. This period began in1981 and continues to the present.1981 and continues to the present.
  8. 8. Anti-FederalismAnti-Federalism  is a political philosophy which is a political philosophy whichopposes the concept of Federalism. In short, Anti-opposes the concept of Federalism. In short, Anti-Federalists dictate that the central governingFederalists dictate that the central governingauthority of a nation should be equal or inferior to,authority of a nation should be equal or inferior to,but not having more power than, its sub-nationalbut not having more power than, its sub-nationalstates (state government). A book titled states (state government). A book titled "The Anti-"The Anti-Federalist Papers"Federalist Papers" is a detailed explanation of is a detailed explanation ofAmerican Anti-Federalist thought.American Anti-Federalist thought.
  9. 9.  THERE ARE TWO OR MORE LEVELS OF GOV.TTHERE ARE TWO OR MORE LEVELS OF GOV.T DIFFERENT TIERS OF GOV.T GOVERN THE SAME CITIZEN ,BUT EACH TIERDIFFERENT TIERS OF GOV.T GOVERN THE SAME CITIZEN ,BUT EACH TIERHAS ITS OWN JURISDICTIONHAS ITS OWN JURISDICTION THE JURISDICTION OF THE RESPECTIVE LEVELS OR TIERS OFTHE JURISDICTION OF THE RESPECTIVE LEVELS OR TIERS OFGOVERNMENT ARE SPECIFIED IN THE CONSTITUTIONGOVERNMENT ARE SPECIFIED IN THE CONSTITUTION NO FUNDAMENTAL CHANGE CAN BE MADE IN THE CONSTITUTION WITHOUTNO FUNDAMENTAL CHANGE CAN BE MADE IN THE CONSTITUTION WITHOUTTHE CONSENT OF ALL LEVELS OF GOV.TTHE CONSENT OF ALL LEVELS OF GOV.T AN INDEPENDENT JUDICIARY PREVENTS CONFLICTS BETWEEN THE CENTERAN INDEPENDENT JUDICIARY PREVENTS CONFLICTS BETWEEN THE CENTERAND THE STATE AND AMONG THE STATEAND THE STATE AND AMONG THE STATE EACH LEVEL OF GOV.T HAS CLEARLY SPECIFIED SOURCE OF REVENUE TOEACH LEVEL OF GOV.T HAS CLEARLY SPECIFIED SOURCE OF REVENUE TOAVOID CONFLICTAVOID CONFLICT THE FEDERAL SYSTEM THUS HAS DUAL OBJECTIVES :THE FEDERAL SYSTEM THUS HAS DUAL OBJECTIVES :1)TO SAFE GUARD AND PROMOTE UNITY OF THE COUNTRY1)TO SAFE GUARD AND PROMOTE UNITY OF THE COUNTRY 2)TO ACCOMMODATE REGIONAL DIVERSITY2)TO ACCOMMODATE REGIONAL DIVERSITY
  10. 10. KINDS OF FEDERATIONSKINDS OF FEDERATIONSCOMING TOGETHER FEDERATIONCOMING TOGETHER FEDERATION1)INDEPENDENT STATES1)INDEPENDENT STATES VOLUNTARILY FORM AVOLUNTARILY FORM ABIGGER UNIONBIGGER UNION2)STATE AND THE CENTER HAVE EQUAL POWERS2)STATE AND THE CENTER HAVE EQUAL POWERSe.g.- U.S.A ,SWITZERLAND ,AUSTRALIAe.g.- U.S.A ,SWITZERLAND ,AUSTRALIAHOLDING TOGETHER FEDERATIONHOLDING TOGETHER FEDERATION1)1) A LARGE COUNTRY DECIDES TO DIVIDE ITSA LARGE COUNTRY DECIDES TO DIVIDE ITSPOWER BETWEEN THE STATES AND CENTRALPOWER BETWEEN THE STATES AND CENTRALGOV.TGOV.T2)2) THE CENTRAL GOV.T IS ALWAYS MORETHE CENTRAL GOV.T IS ALWAYS MOREPOWERFUL THAN THE REGIONAL STATESPOWERFUL THAN THE REGIONAL STATESe.g.- INDIA ,SPAIN ,BELGIUMe.g.- INDIA ,SPAIN ,BELGIUM
  11. 11. WHAT MAKES INDIA A FEDERAL COUNTRY ?WHAT MAKES INDIA A FEDERAL COUNTRY ?POWERS ARE DIVIDED AS :POWERS ARE DIVIDED AS :UNION LISTUNION LISTSTATE LISTSTATE LISTCONCURENT LISTCONCURENT LIST
  12. 12. CUNCURRENTCUNCURRENTLISTLIST1)has 47 subjects1)has 47 subjects2)education2)educationmarriage,forest aremarriage,forest aresubjectssubjects3)laws are made3)laws are madebymembers of statebymembers of stateas well as union listas well as union list Union listUnion list1)Has 99 subjects1)Has 99 subjects2)banking,2)banking,communication,currcommunication,currencyencyare the subjectsare the subjects3)Laws made by3)Laws made byMembers of unionMembers of unionlistlist STATE LISTSTATE LIST1)has 66 subjects1)has 66 subjects2)police,trade,2)police,trade,c ommerce arec ommerce aresubjectssubjects3)laws are made3)laws are madeby members ofby members ofstate liststate list
  13. 13. HOW IS FEDERALISMHOW IS FEDERALISMPRACTICEDPRACTICEDLINGUISTIC STATESLINGUISTIC STATES**CREATION OF LINGUISTIC STATES WAS DONE ON TWOCREATION OF LINGUISTIC STATES WAS DONE ON TWOBASES : 1)CULTURE ,ETHNICITY OR GEOGRAPHYBASES : 1)CULTURE ,ETHNICITY OR GEOGRAPHY2)ON BAISIS OF LANGUAGE2)ON BAISIS OF LANGUAGEe.g.-nagaland,uttarkhand,jharkhande.g.-nagaland,uttarkhand,jharkhand**LANGUAGE POLICYLANGUAGE POLICY# HINDI IS THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE OF INDIA# HINDI IS THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE OF INDIA#BESIDES HINDI THERE ARE 21 OTHER LANGUAGE#BESIDES HINDI THERE ARE 21 OTHER LANGUAGE#CENTRAL GOV.T PROMOTES HINDI BUT CANNOT#CENTRAL GOV.T PROMOTES HINDI BUT CANNOTIMPOSE IT ON ANY STATEIMPOSE IT ON ANY STATE**center state relationscenter state relations$$THE WAY CONSTITUTION HAS MADE THE CENTER ANDTHE WAY CONSTITUTION HAS MADE THE CENTER ANDTHE STATES SHARE POWERS HAS ALSOTHE STATES SHARE POWERS HAS ALSOSTREANGTHENED FEDERALISM IN INDIASTREANGTHENED FEDERALISM IN INDIA
  14. 14. DECENTRALISATION INDECENTRALISATION ININDIAINDIA DECENTRALISATION MEANS THAT SOMEDECENTRALISATION MEANS THAT SOMEPOWER IS TAKEN AWAY FROM THE CENTRALPOWER IS TAKEN AWAY FROM THE CENTRALAND STATE GOV.T AND GIVEN TO LOCAL GOV.TAND STATE GOV.T AND GIVEN TO LOCAL GOV.T
  15. 15. LOCAL GOVERNMENTLOCAL GOVERNMENTRURAL LOCAL GOVERNMENTRURAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT
  16. 16. URBAN LOCAL GOV.TURBAN LOCAL GOV.T
  17. 17.  Who is sarpanch?Who is sarpanch? Name any two cities with muncipal corporations?Name any two cities with muncipal corporations? How many languageshave been sheduled in indian constituion?How many languageshave been sheduled in indian constituion? On which amentment of india is the panchayathi raj system based on?On which amentment of india is the panchayathi raj system based on? Who is mayor?Who is mayor? Which system of government is followed in india?Which system of government is followed in india? Which of the indian states enjoys some special powers ,like having its own constitution?Which of the indian states enjoys some special powers ,like having its own constitution? Out of 192 countries how many has federal political system ?Out of 192 countries how many has federal political system ? prime minister runs the country ,chief minister runs the state,then what dose chair person of zillaprime minister runs the country ,chief minister runs the state,then what dose chair person of zillaparishad can do ?parishad can do ? how much elected representatives are there in the panchayaths and muncipalitieshow much elected representatives are there in the panchayaths and muncipalities
  18. 18. PRESENTED BYPRESENTED BYAMAL JOYSAMAL JOYSJOSEPH CHETHALANJOSEPH CHETHALANARUN BABUARUN BABUKEVIN JOSEKEVIN JOSEDEVIKA .SDEVIKA .SPRAVEENA PETERPRAVEENA PETERGAYATHRIGAYATHRIBENDY ANNBENDY ANN

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