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Classroom Management Issues in ELT


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Issues to consider in classroom management- slides for the TESOL sessions

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Classroom Management Issues in ELT

  1. 1. TESOL Amin Neghavati Classroom Management
  2. 2. 1. What is classroom management?!
  3. 3. • Setting-up activities • Giving instructions • Monitoring activities • Timing activities • Bringing activities to an end Activities
  4. 4. • Forming groupings • Arranging and rearranging seating • Deciding where you stand or sit • Reforming class as a whole group after activities Grouping and seating
  5. 5. • Gathering and holding attention • Deciding who does what (ie answer a question, make a decision, etc.) • Establishing or relinquishing authority as appropriate • Getting someone to do something Authority
  6. 6. • Starting the lesson • Dealing with unexpected problems • Maintaining appropriate discipline • Finishing the lesson Critical moments
  7. 7. • Using the board and other classroom equipment or aids • Using gestures to help clarity of instructions and explanations • Speaking clearly at an appropriate volume and speed • Use of silence • Grading complexity of language • Grading quantity of language Tools and techniques
  8. 8. • Spreading you attention evenly and appropriately • Using intuition to gauge what students are feeling • Eliciting honest feedback from students • Really listening to students Working with people
  9. 9. • Teacher talk and student talk • Classroom interaction • Increasing student-student interaction • VIDEO: encouraging quiet students 2. Classroom interaction
  10. 10. • What different seating positions are possible without moving anything? • Are any rearrangements of seats possible? • Which areas of the room are suitable for learners to stand and interact in? • Is there any possibility that the room could be completely rearranged on a semi-permanent basis to make a better language classroom space? 3. Seating
  11. 11. • Moveable seats Seating options in the classroom
  12. 12. 4. Giving instructions
  13. 13. Giving instructions
  14. 14. • Eye contact • Gestures • Silence and waiting • Patiently moving your eyes round the room from person to person • If the silence-wait doesn’t work, don’t alter it dramatically! Just add in a clear attention-drawing word such as OK. Say it once and then go back to the waiting. Attention Getting Strategies
  15. 15. 5. AGS- Gestures VIDEO: Using Gestures
  16. 16. • Sit down and read a book? • Go out of the room and have a coffee? • Wander around the room and look at what students are doing? • Sit down and work with separate groups one by one, joining in the tasks as a participant? • Listen carefully to as many students as possible, going over and correcting mistakes when you catch them, offering ideas when students get stuck, etc.? 6. Monitoring- What is your role during the activity?
  17. 17. • Step One: – The first 30 seconds: are they doing the task set? • Step Two: – The task itself: – Monitoring discreetly – Vanish – Monitor actively – Participate • VIDEO: Monitoring and giving full attention Monitoring- Deciding on your role
  18. 18. 7. Using the board
  19. 19. Board Plan VIDEO: Writing on The board
  20. 20. • TTT (Teacher Talking Time) • Echo • Helpful sentence completion • Complicated and unclear instructions • Not asking ICQ’s • Asking ‘Do you understand?’ • The running commentary • Lack of confidence in self, learners, materials, activity • Over-helping • Flying with the fastest • Not really listening • Weak rapport How to prevent learning!!
  21. 21. Classroom Management- at a glance
  22. 22. • Classroom management at a glance Prezi