Historical Development Travel and Tourism
Background  <ul><li>The development of the travel and tourism industry: </li></ul><ul><li>origins in the growth of the mid...
Communications: Rail  <ul><li>Growth of the train network that preceded the second world war hit the buffers during the 19...
Focus <ul><ul><li>For your studies it’s sufficient to know about how the industry has grown since the end of World War 2. ...
Communications: Rail <ul><li>The cuts have since been portrayed as a mistake: </li></ul><ul><li>Cut off communities from e...
Communications: Rail <ul><li>British railway network at its peak covered more than 20,000 miles  </li></ul><ul><li>It now ...
Mass Transport  <ul><li>Transport Minister who gave job to Dr Beeching was former director of road-building firm </li></ul...
UK Roads Policy <ul><li>Government builds a road network in collaboration with the large construction firms  </li></ul><ul...
Air Transport Infrastructure  <ul><li>1980 approximately 50 million people used UK airports  </li></ul><ul><li>2000 there ...
Impact of Rail Disasters <ul><li>Southall, Ladbroke Grove, Hatfield and Potters Bar train crashes in 2000 to 2002  </li></...
Increased Leisure Time  <ul><li>Governments have enacted legislation to ensure that workers are able to take holidays  </l...
Increased Leisure Time <ul><li>Technological impact  </li></ul><ul><li>Increased affluence  </li></ul><ul><li>People have ...
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History

  1. 1. Historical Development Travel and Tourism
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>The development of the travel and tourism industry: </li></ul><ul><li>origins in the growth of the middle classes in Britain </li></ul><ul><li>here that the industrial revolution began </li></ul><ul><li>the introduction of holiday time as a working right </li></ul>
  3. 3. Communications: Rail <ul><li>Growth of the train network that preceded the second world war hit the buffers during the 1950s and 60s </li></ul><ul><li>Government cut large number of train lines and stations. Closure programme recommended by BR chief Dr Beeching </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of about 50% of Britain’s network over a number of years </li></ul>
  4. 4. Focus <ul><ul><li>For your studies it’s sufficient to know about how the industry has grown since the end of World War 2. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three Pre-Requisites for T & T: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvements to communications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport for the masses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased leisure time </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Communications: Rail <ul><li>The cuts have since been portrayed as a mistake: </li></ul><ul><li>Cut off communities from each other </li></ul><ul><li>Lost modern parts of the network </li></ul><ul><li>Focused the train network on London to detriment of regions </li></ul><ul><li>Failed to save much money </li></ul>
  6. 6. Communications: Rail <ul><li>British railway network at its peak covered more than 20,000 miles </li></ul><ul><li>It now covers approximately 10,000 miles </li></ul><ul><li>Analysts believe that this will be reduced further </li></ul><ul><li>Many country lines loss-making serve few passengers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mass Transport <ul><li>Transport Minister who gave job to Dr Beeching was former director of road-building firm </li></ul><ul><li>Roads have offered successive governments a number of advantages over railways </li></ul><ul><li>This has affected UK transport policy </li></ul>
  8. 8. UK Roads Policy <ul><li>Government builds a road network in collaboration with the large construction firms </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers or business must buy vehicles to use the network </li></ul><ul><li>Government raises tax revenue through vehicle excise duty (road fund tax) and fuel duty (petrol tax) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Air Transport Infrastructure <ul><li>1980 approximately 50 million people used UK airports </li></ul><ul><li>2000 there were 180 million flyers </li></ul><ul><li>Expected to rise to 500 million by 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>Airports privatised and expanded </li></ul>
  10. 10. Impact of Rail Disasters <ul><li>Southall, Ladbroke Grove, Hatfield and Potters Bar train crashes in 2000 to 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Chaos affected the rail industry at that time </li></ul><ul><li>Significant numbers of people began to travel by plane within the UK </li></ul>
  11. 11. Increased Leisure Time <ul><li>Governments have enacted legislation to ensure that workers are able to take holidays </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in people’s lives both at work and at home </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer products such as washing machines, driers and dishwashers have become more affordable </li></ul>
  12. 12. Increased Leisure Time <ul><li>Technological impact </li></ul><ul><li>Increased affluence </li></ul><ul><li>People have greater leisure time on their hands </li></ul><ul><li>All of the above have underpinned the growth of the UK travel and tourism industry </li></ul>

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