STUDY OF ENVIRONMENTAL
ON ADOLESCENTS ACADEMIC
DR.NEERU SHARMA RUCHIRA SAPRU
To identify the nature of academic perceptions and performance
of adolescents’ by studying the following environmental factors:
Parental beliefs and expectations
To draw a model of environmental and self-perceptions based on
the findings of the above.
To study the influence of these on the adolescents’ academic
To plan an intervention programme for the target group.
Academic performance and perceptions are in part influenced by-
There will be difference in academic performance due to
difference in ecological settings.
Higher the environmental and self expectations, higher the level
School based or community based counseling services are not
available in Jammu
SAMPLE: The sample for the present study consists of
Group I- Adolescents
Group II- Parents
Group III- Teachers
Group IV- Community Members
Phase I- Tools used for screening the sample
Phase II- Tools used for in depth study.
Phase I- Tools used for screening sample
A) Adjustment Inventory for School Students
B) Level of Aspiration Scale
C) Scale for Assessing Academic Stress
Phase II- Tools used for core group
Group I- Adolescents
a) Self Concept Checklist-
b) School Environment Inventory
c) Academic Records
d) Interview Schedule for Adolescents
e) Intelligence Test
Group II – PARENTS
a) Interview Schedule:
b) Measures of Approving Parents
Group III- TEACHERS
Group-IV- COMMUNITY MEMBERS
The data of the present study were subjected to
analysis under two phases.
Phase I- Original data which were subsequently
analyzed to deduce the sample comprising the core
Phase II: Data from screened adolescents, their
parents along with a group of teachers and community
members were further subjected to analysis with
statistical tests like mean, percentages, t-tests, chi-
square, correlations and regression.
The results of the present study reveal –
* Majority adolescents in the stressed and unstressed groups were in
the age group of 14-16 years.
* Stressed Adolescents perceive academics as burdensome
* They do not enjoy studying
* Studying for them is to fulfill parental expectations and their
* There is lack of motivation and concentration and feel anxious and
nervous while taking exams.
*Studying for them means to secure best possible marks to maintain
themselves in the competitive environment.
* Health related problems were more common in stressed adolescents, as they
perceive their environment more demanding than unstressed ones.
*Students in stressed group had lower self concept than their counterparts in
the other group.
*Students in the stressed group scored low-average grades in their exams
whereas students in the unstressed group were average to high
*Academic performance over the past three consecutive years also showed a
declining performance of stressed adolescents whereas performance of
unstressed adolescents remained consistent over the three years.
CORRELATION AND REGRESSION MODEL
OF STRESSED ADOLESCENTS
CORRELATION AND REGRESSION ANALYSIS MODEL
OF STRESSSED ADOLESCENTS
CORRELATION AND REGRESSION MODEL OF
• Adolescents perceive parents as controlling, strict, restricting and
distressing, in matters of meeting up with friends, participating in ECA,
• School environment was perceived by adolescents in stressed group as less
favourable, which is apparent from the results of the school environment
• Teachers are perceived as guides and most of the adolescents were
satisfied with their teachers and communicating with them.
• Pressures were also experienced by students from their community settings
in the form of constant comparisons on grades and performance and
justifying parental expectations.
• Majority parents in both the groups were graduates, followed by
postgraduates and most of them running their own business and followed
by those who were pursuing government jobs.
• Parents desire that their children excel in studies and want their
aspirations to be fulfilled by their children.
• They believe their children should have a competitive approach in life to
have a successful career.
• Parents of stressed adolescents made undue demands on academic front
from their children yet at the same time showed only peripheral
involvement in their studies.
• A mixed reaction evolved towards children over not being able to fulfill
• Results of MAP reveal that parents of stressed adolescents were
less favorable than parents of unstressed adolescents towards
• Infact parental approval is a significant contributor towards
predicting the performance of unstressed adolescents, than
stressed adolescents who consider their parents less favorable.
• Career related decisions are taken by parents alone.
• Parents believe, their children should spend max. time with
studies and attend tutions
• ECA considered important but feel it affects their child’s
Teachers on the other hand project themselves biased towards good and
Favor the most liked by them
Feel services make the functioning of schools effective and teaching is not a
major contributing factor.
Expectations from students is justified as it makes the students work hard.
Students in the present study are seen as sufferers due to pressures from
the neighborhood in the form of comparisons with the other children.
The present intervention programme was planned with the
following objectives in mind.
Provide students with a clear understanding of the
meaning of academic stress its causes and how it affects
Recognize the signs and symptoms of stress
Provide practical coping strategies to manage stress.
COPING STRATEGIES TO MITIGATE ACADEMIC
STUDY AND WORK EFFICIENTLY AND EFFECTIVELY
PLAN YOUR WORK AHEAD.
SET REALISTIC GOALS
TAKE CARE OF YOURSELF
SEEK HELP AND GUIDANCE
TIPS FOR COPING WITH EXAMINATION STRESS
DRAFT YOU OWN STUDY TIME
TAKE BREAKS TO AVOID FATIGUE
HAVE A WELL BALANCED DIET, AVOID TEA, COFFEE AND CARBONATED DRINKS
EXERCISE AND INVOLVE IN SOME KIND OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
RELAX THE NIGHT BEFORE EXAMS
DO SOME KIND OF MEDITATION FOR RELEASING STRESS AND TENSION..
CAN DO DEEP BREATHING, PALMING, PHYSICAL EXERCISES.
Be sensitive to any behavioral change in your child.
Try to give choices to children other than medical, engineering, IIT’s.
Guide your child for first time events such as talking to somebody, handling an
awkward situation or person, so discuss the difficulties arising from such situations,
be open as it will help children develop confidence in you.
Since uncertainty is the biggest stress-inducing factor, parents should help their
children in taking informed decisions about their career.
Parents need to talk to their children however busy or tired they might be.
Parents should be around with their child to provide assistance and support during
SUGGESTIVE MEASURES FOR PARENTS CONTI….
Introduce children to some relaxation techniques to relieve them from stress.
Encourage children to take time out for pursuing their hobbies or sports they love
Compliment children when they do well.
Avoid scolding or punishing children.
Encourage relationships with extended family members, friends, and helpful
Don’t overburden your child with too many after school activities and responsibilities.
Let children learn the pace themselves, and don’t expect them to be first in
Your expectations as parents should be based on realistic potential assessment of
students, since not everyone is blessed with the same talent and abilities.
Stop comparing your child with your neighbor’s or relative’s children.
Be friendly and positive while interacting with students in class.
Foster a relaxed classroom environment
Be precise and clear on all expectations and the kind of expectations from students.
Communicate with students in such a way that they feel free to question and discuss
any kind of issue with you.
Treat students as individuals rather than a generalized whole.
Encourage the performance of students even if they perform poorly, as it makes them
Avoid sex role stereotyping.
Take some time out with students for a class on therapy such as relaxation, breathing
exercises, goal setting and so on.
Try to identify the skills among students.
Adopt novel and practical ways of teaching, as it reduces boredom and breaks
Adolescents should identify strategies to develop effective study
develop a positive attitude towards parents, consider them their
friends and treat their suggestions positively
Involve themselves in extra curricular activities, which will help
them in developing positive attitude and invigour a sense of
confidence, and dispel any negative influence.
Involve themselves in a healthy peering interaction for developing
better academic and co curricular atmosphere.
Inculcate a sense of dignity in themselves by rational thinking and
positive attitudes, collate their activities in such a manner which is
useful for doing away any stresses.
Adolescents, both as individual and as a part of a group should
develop a habit of positive questioning amongst themselves, with
parents, and teachers for clarifying any doubts that crop up in class
Inculcate reading habits by going through good literature,
cognitively stimulating material which sharpens their concentration.
Set realistic goals for their children keeping in view their capabilities,
aptitudes and learning skills.
Develop an encouraging approach towards their children, which will help in
infusing confidence in them.
Avoid drawing comparisons amongst children instead infuse a sense of
confidence amongst the underachievers to boost their dormant capabilities.
Monitor the academic and co curricular activities of children.
For overall development of adolescents, parents need to encourage their
children for equiv-distribution of time towards academics as also extra
curricular activities for their all round development.
Teaching and role of teachers should be reality oriented instead of following the
process of abstraction so as to make students better learners.
Identify the positive as well as negative capabilities of students and encourage them
to improve their faculties.
Avoid distinguishing the academic achievers and non-achievers, instead should help
raise the level of expectations and performance of underachievers.
Act as friends, guides, and counselors for improving and overall development of their
Render positive advise periodically to help students improve their performance.
Implement specific intervention programmes to de-stress children and boost their
morale and attitude.
Should play a positive role in the overall development of children in their
community or neighborhood.
They as a group should essentially avoid creating spot distinctions amongst
achievers and non-achievers.
Encourage a positive interaction between the achievers and underachievers
by infusing a sense of propriety and belonging among them.
Avoid making a distinction among the children on the basis of caste and
Help by identifying weak areas not only amongst children but also their
parents and suggest measures to improve on these weaknesses.
Organize stress-relieving programme in the community for children.
Involve children in various activities of the community, so that they feel a
part of it and become confident.
Provide school based counseling for regular monitoring of stress.
Monitor the academic capabilities of teachers and encourage improvement and
improvisation amongst faculty.
Pay special attention to the academic programs being implemented in different
Academic programmes, syllabus pattern and the overall work load should be
monitored regularly for developing unstressful and healthy academic flow.
Aptitude testing and psychological testing should be made a part of school
Provision of special teachers or resource rooms for weak children.