SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 54
Download to read offline
Welcome
CONTENTS 
 INTRODUCTION OF WIRELESS 
 0G TECHNOLOGY (MOBILE RADIO NETWORK) 
 1G TECHNOLOGY 
 2G TECHNOLOGY 
 MODELS OF 1G & 2G 
 2.5G TECHNOLOGY 
 3G TECHNOLOGY 
 4G TECHNOLOGY 
 CONCLUSION
 Wireless network refers to any 
type of computer network that is 
wire-less 
 Mobile wireless technology 
came early in 1970s. 
 Uses electromagnetic waves, 
such as radio waves
0G 
1946 - 1978 
1G 
1978-1995 
2G 
1991-Now 
3G 
2003-Now 
4G 
2008 - Now 
?
WHAT IS G???? 
The use of G, standing for generation in mobile 
technology covers the major advances of the 
past 20-30 years. Since the first generation of 
so-called “analog” mobile radio networks 
was created in 1980, the mobile telephone has 
seen many upheavals. 
wikipedia
 MTS(Mobile Telecommunication service) 
• Analog system telecommunication 
• Setup By Operator 
• It is very heavy in weight and big size 
• There were initially only 3 channels for all the 
users in the metropolitan area 
• Generally Mobile Radio Telephone system provides half 
duplex communications i.e. only one person will speak 
and other should hear
 In 1960, a system launched by Bell Systems, called IMTS, brought 
quite a few improvements such as direct dialing and more 
bandwidth. 
 IMTS(Improved Mobile Telecommunication service) 
• Simultaneously Call 
• Reduced Size and weight 
• Eliminate Setup by Operator 
• The total to 32 channels across 3 bands 
 Frequency 450 -470 MHz 
• Feature Includes 
• Voice Call Analog 
• These mobile telephones were placed in vehicles (truck, cars 
etc). The mobile telephone instrument had two main parts 
those were transceiver (transmitter – receiver) and head 
(instrument which had display and dial keys)
 The first commercially automated cellular network (the 
1G generation) was launched in Japan by NTP (Nippon 
Telegraph and Telephone) in 1979. 
 NMT (Nordic Mobile Telephone) system in 1981,by 
Denmark, Finaland etc. 
 AMPS(Advanced Mobile Phone Service) 
• Frequency 800 MHz 
• Analog Systems
• Feature Includes 
• Voice Call Analog 
• Text message also possible with some sophisticate 
devices 
• It has low capacity, unreliable handoff 
• poor voice links 
• no security at all 
• It allows the voice calls in 1 country.
• 2G technology refers to the 2nd 
generation which is based on GSM. 
• GSM ( Global System Mobile 
Communication) 
• It was launched in Finland in the year 
1991. 
• 2G network use digital signals. 
• Sim Card 
(Subscriber Identity Module)
• It enables services such as text messages, picture messages. 
• It provides better quality and capacity . 
• 2G requires strong digital signals 
to help mobile phones work. If there 
is no network coverage in any specific 
area , digital signals would weak. 
• These systems are unable to 
handle complex data such as Videos
2G WIRELESS NETWORK
WIRELESS MODELS OF 1G & 2G 
1G WIRELESS SYSTEMS 2G WIRELESS SYSTEMS
2.5G TECHNOLOGY 
 2.5G is a technology between the second (2G) and third (3G) generation 
of mobile telephony. 
 2.5G is sometimes described as 2G Cellular Technology 
combined with GPRS. 
GPRS( General Packet Radio Service) 
Features Includes: 
 Phone Calls 
 Send/Receive E-mail Messages 
 Web Browsing 
 Speed : 64-144 kbps 
 Camera Phones 
 Take a time of 2-5 mins. to download a 3 mins. Mp3 song
Mobile Technology and communication 
• 3G Technology is designed for multimedia communication 
• 1st lunched in Japan by NTT, 2001 
• 3G has the following enhancements over 2.5G 
• Enhanced audio and video streaming; 
• Several Times higher data speed; 
• Video-conferencing support; 
• Web and WAP browsing at higher speeds 
• IPTV (TV through the Internet) support. 
• There are many 3G technologies
FEATURES INCLUDES 
• Mobile Application ( Banking , Social Media, Music, E-book) 
• Mobile Store application ( ITunes store , Play Store , Apps world) 
• Video Streaming (YouTube) 
• GPS ( Google Maps , etc) 
• Send/Receive Large Email Messages 
• Multimedia Service 
• Data transfer rate: 
144 Kbps – 2 Mbps 
• 11 sec – 1.5 min. time to download a 3 min Mp3 song
DRAWBACKS OF 3G TECHNOLOGY 
Expensive fees for 3G Licenses Services 
It was challenge to build the infrastructure 
for 3G 
 High Bandwidth Requirement 
 Expensive 3G Phones. 
 Large Cell Phones
3G WIRELESS NETWORK
Evolution of Mobile technology : 
o 1G-First Generation 
• Speech 
o 2G-Second Generation 
• SMS , MMS 
• CDMA , GPRS , EDGE 
• Voice ,Mail 
o 3G-Third Generation 
• Wireless Internet 
• Video Calling 
• Mobile TV
Going To tell You About… 
o What is 4G ? 
o What Evolution is 4G of ? 
4G 
o Evolution Features 
of 4G 
o Features 
4G hardware and 
o 4G software 
hardware and 
o Technologies 
software 
o Technologies 
Applications 
o Applications 
Componants of 4g 
o Advantages and Disadvantages 
o Conclusion
What is 4G ? 
oIn telecommunication systems, 4G is 
the fourth generation of mobile phone mobile 
communication technology standards. It Is a 
successor to the third generation (3G) 
standards. A 4G system provides mobile ultra-broadband 
Internet access, for example to 
laptops with USB wireless modems, 
to smartphones, and to other mobile devices. 
Conceivable applications include a 
mended mobile web access, IP telephony, 
gaming services, high-definition mobile TV, 
video conferencing, 3D television, and cloud 
computing.
What’s new in 4G ? 
o IP (Internet Protocol) 
based mobile systems. 
o Entirely packet-switched 
networks. 
o Digital in nature 
o Wider Bandwidths 100 
Mhz 
10 times faster than 
current 3G 
o Global mobility and 
service portability. 
o User Friendly.
4G Hardware : 
oUltra Wide Band Networks 
oSmart Antennas 
4G Software : 
oSoftware Defined Radio 
oPacket Layers 
oPackets
Virtual Presence 
Virtual Navigation 
Better usage of 
multimedia applications 
Crisis Management 
Application 
Security 
Telegeoprocessing, 
telemedicine
WHICH COUNTRIES HAVE 4-G 
Except for the Scandinavian countries, a few countries have 
started the 4G commercially 
In the UK, 4G SERVICE LAUNCHED BY EE IN OCTOBER 2012 AND BY 
BY VODAFONE IN AUGUST 2013 
IN CHINA THERE WERE 13.97 MILIONS 4G SUBSCRIBERS IN JUNE 
2014 AND ALMOST ON 13.93 MILIONS CHINA MOBILES 
Countries expected to launch 4G by this year are Germany, 
Spain, India and England Completely 
6.6 billion GSM, HSPA and LTE subscriptions and still 
growing!
• Bharti Airtel launched India's first 4G service, using TD-LTE 
technology, in Kolkata on April 10, 2012. Fourteen 
months prior to the official launch in Kolkata, , a group 
consisting of CHINA mobiles ,bharati airtel .and soft bank 
mobile came together ,called Global TD-LTE Initiative 
• Airtel 4G services are available in 
Kolkata, Bangalore, Pune and Chandigarh region (The 
Tricity or Chandigarh region consists of a major city 
Chandigarh, Mohali and Panchkula. 
• Bharti Airtel is launching 4G services in Delhi by Jan 2014[ 
• India uses the TD LTE frequency #40 (2.3 GHz), Apple iPhone 
5s supports the TD LTE 40 band.
Telecom Companies Developing 
4G 
1. NTT DoCoMo (JAPAN) 
2. DIGIWEB (IRELAND) 
3. SPRINT (CHICAGO) 
4. VERIZON WIRELESS 
5. VODAFONE GROUP 
6. AMERICAN WIRELESS PROVIDER CLEARWIRE 
ETC..
4G ARCHITECTURE IN 
DETAILS
How 4G Works ? 
• The IP address is based on IPv6. 
• IPv4: X . X . X . X (32 bits) 
example: 10.0.17.189 
• IPv6: 4 × IPv4 (128 bits) 
• example: 
216.37.129.9 , 79.23.178.229 , 65.198.2.10 , 192.168.5.120 
Home 
Address 
Care of 
Address 
Mobile IP 
address 
Local network 
address
4G NETWORK 
BREADTH 
25 Markets Expanding to 28 in 2012 
Atlanta 
Austin 
Baltimore 
Boston 
Los Angeles 
Miami 
Northern Virginia 
New York 
Charlotte 
Chicago 
Colorado 
Dallas 
Fort Worth 
Ft Lauderdale 
Greensborough 
Huston 
Phoenix 
Providence 
Raleigh/Durham 
San Antonio 
Newport 
Oakland 
Orange County 
Philadelphia 
San Francisco 
San Diego 
San Jose 
Seattle 
(expansion cities listed below in yellow)
SAMSUNG : 
4G Phones: 
NOKIA’s WRISTBAND 
PHONE 
T3’s 3D GOGGLE 
PHONE
COMPONENTS OF 4G: 
• There are some components which makes the successful 4G systems 
they are: 
a) OFDMA 
b) MIMO 
c) IPv6.0 
d) SDR(Software Defined Radio) 
e) Smart antennas
COMPONENTS (CONTD..) 
OFDMA: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access. 
• It captures entire energy 
• Only few signals are affected or lost in OFDM while compared to 
CDMA in 3G. 
MIMO(Multi Input Multi Output): 
• improve the communication performance between sender and 
receiver 
• range, quality of received signal and spectrum efficiency are 
high.
COMPONENT (CONTD..) 
IPv6.0: 
• Allows more address than IPv4.0 
• IPv6 each device have own IP address. 
SDR(Software Defined Radio): 
• A SDR will allow increasing network capacity at specific 
time.
COMPONENTS(CONTD..) 
Smart antenna 
• Switched Antenna: Based on the requirement of the 
system ,signal is received at any given time. 
• Adaptive Antenna: Steer the signal at any direction of 
interest ,nullify the interfering signal.
High usability: 
anytime, 
anywhere, and 
with any 
technology. 
• Support for 
multimedia 
services at 
low 
transmission 
cost. 
• Higher 
bandwidth, 
tight network 
security.
Need 
complicate 
d 
hardware 
Hard to 
implemen 
t 
Battery 
uses are 
more. 
Expensive.
APPLICATIONS OF 4G 
• 4G Car 
• 4G and public safety 
• Sensors in public vehicle 
• Cameras in traffic light 
• First responder route selection 
• Traffic control during disasters
TRAFFIC CONTROL DURING DISASTER
MAGIC : 
M : Mobile Multimedia 
A : Anytime / Anywhere 
G : Global Mobility Support 
I : Integrated 
C : Customized Personal 
Network
4G TECHNOLOGY IN MARKET.!
High 
speed 
Peak 
Downlink 
rates 
upto10mb 
ps 
IP packet 
data 
centric 
Wider 
Bandwidth
REFERENCES 
 www.slideshare.net/4g technology 
 www.google.com 
 www.Wikipedia.com 
 www.youtube.com 
 www.researchandmarkets.com/.../the_impact 
_of_3g_and_4g 
 4G Prototype Testing by 
W. Knight
THANK 
YOU

More Related Content

What's hot

Wireless Systems
Wireless SystemsWireless Systems
Wireless SystemsSaqib Ahmed
 
4G technology and its history, 1G, 2G, 3G
4G technology and its history, 1G, 2G, 3G4G technology and its history, 1G, 2G, 3G
4G technology and its history, 1G, 2G, 3GVipin Tejwani
 
Evolution of wireless communication systems (1 G to 5G).
Evolution of wireless communication systems (1 G to 5G).Evolution of wireless communication systems (1 G to 5G).
Evolution of wireless communication systems (1 G to 5G).MANIRAFASHA Cedrick
 
4G technology
4G technology4G technology
4G technologyArun V
 
4g technology Ganesh Deshmukh
4g technology Ganesh Deshmukh4g technology Ganesh Deshmukh
4g technology Ganesh DeshmukhGanesh Deshmukh
 
3 g (3rd generation mobile technology)
3 g (3rd generation mobile technology)3 g (3rd generation mobile technology)
3 g (3rd generation mobile technology)Anushree Nene
 
Cellular technology overview
Cellular technology overviewCellular technology overview
Cellular technology overviewLee Chang Fatt
 
Neha 4g wireless network
Neha 4g wireless networkNeha 4g wireless network
Neha 4g wireless networkpankaj143neha
 
Analysis of 1G, 2G, 3G & 4G
Analysis of 1G, 2G, 3G & 4GAnalysis of 1G, 2G, 3G & 4G
Analysis of 1G, 2G, 3G & 4GPrateek Aloni
 
4 g wireless_system (1)
4 g wireless_system (1)4 g wireless_system (1)
4 g wireless_system (1)Rockstar2020
 

What's hot (20)

Wireless Systems
Wireless SystemsWireless Systems
Wireless Systems
 
4G technology and its history, 1G, 2G, 3G
4G technology and its history, 1G, 2G, 3G4G technology and its history, 1G, 2G, 3G
4G technology and its history, 1G, 2G, 3G
 
4g technology
4g technology4g technology
4g technology
 
4 G
4 G4 G
4 G
 
Evolution of wireless communication systems (1 G to 5G).
Evolution of wireless communication systems (1 G to 5G).Evolution of wireless communication systems (1 G to 5G).
Evolution of wireless communication systems (1 G to 5G).
 
3g 4g ppt
3g 4g ppt3g 4g ppt
3g 4g ppt
 
4G technology
4G technology4G technology
4G technology
 
3g and 4g
3g and 4g3g and 4g
3g and 4g
 
4g technology Ganesh Deshmukh
4g technology Ganesh Deshmukh4g technology Ganesh Deshmukh
4g technology Ganesh Deshmukh
 
3 g (3rd generation mobile technology)
3 g (3rd generation mobile technology)3 g (3rd generation mobile technology)
3 g (3rd generation mobile technology)
 
Wireless system
Wireless systemWireless system
Wireless system
 
4G Mobile Communications
4G Mobile Communications4G Mobile Communications
4G Mobile Communications
 
3G & 4G presentation
3G & 4G presentation 3G & 4G presentation
3G & 4G presentation
 
Cellular technology overview
Cellular technology overviewCellular technology overview
Cellular technology overview
 
Neha 4g wireless network
Neha 4g wireless networkNeha 4g wireless network
Neha 4g wireless network
 
Analysis of 1G, 2G, 3G & 4G
Analysis of 1G, 2G, 3G & 4GAnalysis of 1G, 2G, 3G & 4G
Analysis of 1G, 2G, 3G & 4G
 
4G
4G4G
4G
 
4G technology
4G technology4G technology
4G technology
 
4 g wireless_system (1)
4 g wireless_system (1)4 g wireless_system (1)
4 g wireless_system (1)
 
Mobile Generations
Mobile GenerationsMobile Generations
Mobile Generations
 

Viewers also liked

4 g LTE, LTE Advance
4 g LTE, LTE Advance 4 g LTE, LTE Advance
4 g LTE, LTE Advance Sajid Marwat
 
4G technology (Fourth Generation Mobile System)
4G technology (Fourth Generation Mobile System)4G technology (Fourth Generation Mobile System)
4G technology (Fourth Generation Mobile System)Muhammad Ahmed
 
Tecnología 4 g lte 20
Tecnología 4 g lte 20Tecnología 4 g lte 20
Tecnología 4 g lte 20freddy2154
 
4 g lte_drive_test_parameters
4 g lte_drive_test_parameters4 g lte_drive_test_parameters
4 g lte_drive_test_parametersAryan Chaturanan
 

Viewers also liked (6)

4 g LTE, LTE Advance
4 g LTE, LTE Advance 4 g LTE, LTE Advance
4 g LTE, LTE Advance
 
4 g demystified-celplan
4 g demystified-celplan4 g demystified-celplan
4 g demystified-celplan
 
4G technology (Fourth Generation Mobile System)
4G technology (Fourth Generation Mobile System)4G technology (Fourth Generation Mobile System)
4G technology (Fourth Generation Mobile System)
 
Tecnología 4 g lte 20
Tecnología 4 g lte 20Tecnología 4 g lte 20
Tecnología 4 g lte 20
 
Handover In 4 G Networks
Handover In 4 G NetworksHandover In 4 G Networks
Handover In 4 G Networks
 
4 g lte_drive_test_parameters
4 g lte_drive_test_parameters4 g lte_drive_test_parameters
4 g lte_drive_test_parameters
 

Similar to ppt on 4g in detail from og to 4g

Networking and Communication
Networking and Communication Networking and Communication
Networking and Communication Dheeraj Negi
 
Seminar on 4G Wireless Communication
Seminar on 4G Wireless CommunicationSeminar on 4G Wireless Communication
Seminar on 4G Wireless CommunicationShubham Roy
 
4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMlalit kumar
 
4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION BY SAIKIRAN PANJALA
4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION BY SAIKIRAN PANJALA4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION BY SAIKIRAN PANJALA
4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION BY SAIKIRAN PANJALASaikiran Panjala
 
Evolution From 1G to 5G.pptx
Evolution From 1G to 5G.pptxEvolution From 1G to 5G.pptx
Evolution From 1G to 5G.pptxMohammed Amer
 
The 5G Technology Presentation.pptx
The 5G Technology Presentation.pptxThe 5G Technology Presentation.pptx
The 5G Technology Presentation.pptxabdulsamiabbasi7896
 
4g wireless communication
4g wireless communication4g wireless communication
4g wireless communicationEkta Singh
 
Generations of Mobile Communications
Generations of Mobile CommunicationsGenerations of Mobile Communications
Generations of Mobile Communicationssivakumar m
 
mobile communication for student and lecture
mobile communication for student and lecturemobile communication for student and lecture
mobile communication for student and lecturenovrain1
 
4G WIRELESS SYSTEM
4G WIRELESS SYSTEM4G WIRELESS SYSTEM
4G WIRELESS SYSTEMAkash Behera
 

Similar to ppt on 4g in detail from og to 4g (20)

Networking and Communication
Networking and Communication Networking and Communication
Networking and Communication
 
Himanshu kamboj4 g
Himanshu kamboj4 gHimanshu kamboj4 g
Himanshu kamboj4 g
 
Himanshu kamboj4 g
Himanshu kamboj4 gHimanshu kamboj4 g
Himanshu kamboj4 g
 
3G & 4G Network
3G & 4G Network3G & 4G Network
3G & 4G Network
 
Seminar on 4G Wireless Communication
Seminar on 4G Wireless CommunicationSeminar on 4G Wireless Communication
Seminar on 4G Wireless Communication
 
4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
 
4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION BY SAIKIRAN PANJALA
4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION BY SAIKIRAN PANJALA4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION BY SAIKIRAN PANJALA
4G MOBILE COMMUNICATION BY SAIKIRAN PANJALA
 
4g technology
4g technology4g technology
4g technology
 
Evolution From 1G to 5G.pptx
Evolution From 1G to 5G.pptxEvolution From 1G to 5G.pptx
Evolution From 1G to 5G.pptx
 
The 5G Technology Presentation.pptx
The 5G Technology Presentation.pptxThe 5G Technology Presentation.pptx
The 5G Technology Presentation.pptx
 
4g wireless communication
4g wireless communication4g wireless communication
4g wireless communication
 
4G
4G4G
4G
 
From 0G to 5G network
From 0G to 5G networkFrom 0G to 5G network
From 0G to 5G network
 
Generations of Mobile Communications
Generations of Mobile CommunicationsGenerations of Mobile Communications
Generations of Mobile Communications
 
mobile communication for student and lecture
mobile communication for student and lecturemobile communication for student and lecture
mobile communication for student and lecture
 
4G Technology
4G Technology4G Technology
4G Technology
 
4g-technology-ppt.pptx
4g-technology-ppt.pptx4g-technology-ppt.pptx
4g-technology-ppt.pptx
 
4G - The mobile race to evolution
4G - The mobile race to evolution4G - The mobile race to evolution
4G - The mobile race to evolution
 
4g5
4g54g5
4g5
 
4G WIRELESS SYSTEM
4G WIRELESS SYSTEM4G WIRELESS SYSTEM
4G WIRELESS SYSTEM
 

Recently uploaded

US Department of Education FAFSA Week of Action
US Department of Education FAFSA Week of ActionUS Department of Education FAFSA Week of Action
US Department of Education FAFSA Week of ActionMebane Rash
 
Artificial Intelligence in Power System overview
Artificial Intelligence in Power System overviewArtificial Intelligence in Power System overview
Artificial Intelligence in Power System overviewsandhya757531
 
Secure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech Labs
Secure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech LabsSecure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech Labs
Secure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech Labsamber724300
 
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.elesangwon
 
High Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS
High Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMSHigh Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS
High Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMSsandhya757531
 
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdfCS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdfBalamuruganV28
 
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School CourseKatarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Coursebim.edu.pl
 
Prach: A Feature-Rich Platform Empowering the Autism Community
Prach: A Feature-Rich Platform Empowering the Autism CommunityPrach: A Feature-Rich Platform Empowering the Autism Community
Prach: A Feature-Rich Platform Empowering the Autism Communityprachaibot
 
Computer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithm
Computer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithmComputer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithm
Computer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithmDeepika Walanjkar
 
Research Methodology for Engineering pdf
Research Methodology for Engineering pdfResearch Methodology for Engineering pdf
Research Methodology for Engineering pdfCaalaaAbdulkerim
 
SOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATION
SOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATIONSOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATION
SOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATIONSneha Padhiar
 
priority interrupt computer organization
priority interrupt computer organizationpriority interrupt computer organization
priority interrupt computer organizationchnrketan
 
The Satellite applications in telecommunication
The Satellite applications in telecommunicationThe Satellite applications in telecommunication
The Satellite applications in telecommunicationnovrain7111
 
Mine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptx
Mine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptxMine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptx
Mine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptxRomil Mishra
 
Curve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
Curve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptxCurve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
Curve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptxRomil Mishra
 
Input Output Management in Operating System
Input Output Management in Operating SystemInput Output Management in Operating System
Input Output Management in Operating SystemRashmi Bhat
 
AntColonyOptimizationManetNetworkAODV.pptx
AntColonyOptimizationManetNetworkAODV.pptxAntColonyOptimizationManetNetworkAODV.pptx
AntColonyOptimizationManetNetworkAODV.pptxLina Kadam
 
Comprehensive energy systems.pdf Comprehensive energy systems.pdf
Comprehensive energy systems.pdf Comprehensive energy systems.pdfComprehensive energy systems.pdf Comprehensive energy systems.pdf
Comprehensive energy systems.pdf Comprehensive energy systems.pdfalene1
 
TEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACH
TEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACHTEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACH
TEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACHSneha Padhiar
 

Recently uploaded (20)

US Department of Education FAFSA Week of Action
US Department of Education FAFSA Week of ActionUS Department of Education FAFSA Week of Action
US Department of Education FAFSA Week of Action
 
Artificial Intelligence in Power System overview
Artificial Intelligence in Power System overviewArtificial Intelligence in Power System overview
Artificial Intelligence in Power System overview
 
ASME-B31.4-2019-estandar para diseño de ductos
ASME-B31.4-2019-estandar para diseño de ductosASME-B31.4-2019-estandar para diseño de ductos
ASME-B31.4-2019-estandar para diseño de ductos
 
Secure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech Labs
Secure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech LabsSecure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech Labs
Secure Key Crypto - Tech Paper JET Tech Labs
 
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
 
High Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS
High Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMSHigh Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS
High Voltage Engineering- OVER VOLTAGES IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS
 
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdfCS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
 
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School CourseKatarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
Katarzyna Lipka-Sidor - BIM School Course
 
Prach: A Feature-Rich Platform Empowering the Autism Community
Prach: A Feature-Rich Platform Empowering the Autism CommunityPrach: A Feature-Rich Platform Empowering the Autism Community
Prach: A Feature-Rich Platform Empowering the Autism Community
 
Computer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithm
Computer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithmComputer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithm
Computer Graphics Introduction, Open GL, Line and Circle drawing algorithm
 
Research Methodology for Engineering pdf
Research Methodology for Engineering pdfResearch Methodology for Engineering pdf
Research Methodology for Engineering pdf
 
SOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATION
SOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATIONSOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATION
SOFTWARE ESTIMATION COCOMO AND FP CALCULATION
 
priority interrupt computer organization
priority interrupt computer organizationpriority interrupt computer organization
priority interrupt computer organization
 
The Satellite applications in telecommunication
The Satellite applications in telecommunicationThe Satellite applications in telecommunication
The Satellite applications in telecommunication
 
Mine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptx
Mine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptxMine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptx
Mine Environment II Lab_MI10448MI__________.pptx
 
Curve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
Curve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptxCurve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
Curve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
 
Input Output Management in Operating System
Input Output Management in Operating SystemInput Output Management in Operating System
Input Output Management in Operating System
 
AntColonyOptimizationManetNetworkAODV.pptx
AntColonyOptimizationManetNetworkAODV.pptxAntColonyOptimizationManetNetworkAODV.pptx
AntColonyOptimizationManetNetworkAODV.pptx
 
Comprehensive energy systems.pdf Comprehensive energy systems.pdf
Comprehensive energy systems.pdf Comprehensive energy systems.pdfComprehensive energy systems.pdf Comprehensive energy systems.pdf
Comprehensive energy systems.pdf Comprehensive energy systems.pdf
 
TEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACH
TEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACHTEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACH
TEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACH
 

ppt on 4g in detail from og to 4g

  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. CONTENTS  INTRODUCTION OF WIRELESS  0G TECHNOLOGY (MOBILE RADIO NETWORK)  1G TECHNOLOGY  2G TECHNOLOGY  MODELS OF 1G & 2G  2.5G TECHNOLOGY  3G TECHNOLOGY  4G TECHNOLOGY  CONCLUSION
  • 5.  Wireless network refers to any type of computer network that is wire-less  Mobile wireless technology came early in 1970s.  Uses electromagnetic waves, such as radio waves
  • 6. 0G 1946 - 1978 1G 1978-1995 2G 1991-Now 3G 2003-Now 4G 2008 - Now ?
  • 7. WHAT IS G???? The use of G, standing for generation in mobile technology covers the major advances of the past 20-30 years. Since the first generation of so-called “analog” mobile radio networks was created in 1980, the mobile telephone has seen many upheavals. wikipedia
  • 8.  MTS(Mobile Telecommunication service) • Analog system telecommunication • Setup By Operator • It is very heavy in weight and big size • There were initially only 3 channels for all the users in the metropolitan area • Generally Mobile Radio Telephone system provides half duplex communications i.e. only one person will speak and other should hear
  • 9.  In 1960, a system launched by Bell Systems, called IMTS, brought quite a few improvements such as direct dialing and more bandwidth.  IMTS(Improved Mobile Telecommunication service) • Simultaneously Call • Reduced Size and weight • Eliminate Setup by Operator • The total to 32 channels across 3 bands  Frequency 450 -470 MHz • Feature Includes • Voice Call Analog • These mobile telephones were placed in vehicles (truck, cars etc). The mobile telephone instrument had two main parts those were transceiver (transmitter – receiver) and head (instrument which had display and dial keys)
  • 10.
  • 11.  The first commercially automated cellular network (the 1G generation) was launched in Japan by NTP (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone) in 1979.  NMT (Nordic Mobile Telephone) system in 1981,by Denmark, Finaland etc.  AMPS(Advanced Mobile Phone Service) • Frequency 800 MHz • Analog Systems
  • 12. • Feature Includes • Voice Call Analog • Text message also possible with some sophisticate devices • It has low capacity, unreliable handoff • poor voice links • no security at all • It allows the voice calls in 1 country.
  • 13.
  • 14. • 2G technology refers to the 2nd generation which is based on GSM. • GSM ( Global System Mobile Communication) • It was launched in Finland in the year 1991. • 2G network use digital signals. • Sim Card (Subscriber Identity Module)
  • 15. • It enables services such as text messages, picture messages. • It provides better quality and capacity . • 2G requires strong digital signals to help mobile phones work. If there is no network coverage in any specific area , digital signals would weak. • These systems are unable to handle complex data such as Videos
  • 17. WIRELESS MODELS OF 1G & 2G 1G WIRELESS SYSTEMS 2G WIRELESS SYSTEMS
  • 18. 2.5G TECHNOLOGY  2.5G is a technology between the second (2G) and third (3G) generation of mobile telephony.  2.5G is sometimes described as 2G Cellular Technology combined with GPRS. GPRS( General Packet Radio Service) Features Includes:  Phone Calls  Send/Receive E-mail Messages  Web Browsing  Speed : 64-144 kbps  Camera Phones  Take a time of 2-5 mins. to download a 3 mins. Mp3 song
  • 19. Mobile Technology and communication • 3G Technology is designed for multimedia communication • 1st lunched in Japan by NTT, 2001 • 3G has the following enhancements over 2.5G • Enhanced audio and video streaming; • Several Times higher data speed; • Video-conferencing support; • Web and WAP browsing at higher speeds • IPTV (TV through the Internet) support. • There are many 3G technologies
  • 20. FEATURES INCLUDES • Mobile Application ( Banking , Social Media, Music, E-book) • Mobile Store application ( ITunes store , Play Store , Apps world) • Video Streaming (YouTube) • GPS ( Google Maps , etc) • Send/Receive Large Email Messages • Multimedia Service • Data transfer rate: 144 Kbps – 2 Mbps • 11 sec – 1.5 min. time to download a 3 min Mp3 song
  • 21. DRAWBACKS OF 3G TECHNOLOGY Expensive fees for 3G Licenses Services It was challenge to build the infrastructure for 3G  High Bandwidth Requirement  Expensive 3G Phones.  Large Cell Phones
  • 23. Evolution of Mobile technology : o 1G-First Generation • Speech o 2G-Second Generation • SMS , MMS • CDMA , GPRS , EDGE • Voice ,Mail o 3G-Third Generation • Wireless Internet • Video Calling • Mobile TV
  • 24.
  • 25. Going To tell You About… o What is 4G ? o What Evolution is 4G of ? 4G o Evolution Features of 4G o Features 4G hardware and o 4G software hardware and o Technologies software o Technologies Applications o Applications Componants of 4g o Advantages and Disadvantages o Conclusion
  • 26. What is 4G ? oIn telecommunication systems, 4G is the fourth generation of mobile phone mobile communication technology standards. It Is a successor to the third generation (3G) standards. A 4G system provides mobile ultra-broadband Internet access, for example to laptops with USB wireless modems, to smartphones, and to other mobile devices. Conceivable applications include a mended mobile web access, IP telephony, gaming services, high-definition mobile TV, video conferencing, 3D television, and cloud computing.
  • 27. What’s new in 4G ? o IP (Internet Protocol) based mobile systems. o Entirely packet-switched networks. o Digital in nature o Wider Bandwidths 100 Mhz 10 times faster than current 3G o Global mobility and service portability. o User Friendly.
  • 28. 4G Hardware : oUltra Wide Band Networks oSmart Antennas 4G Software : oSoftware Defined Radio oPacket Layers oPackets
  • 29. Virtual Presence Virtual Navigation Better usage of multimedia applications Crisis Management Application Security Telegeoprocessing, telemedicine
  • 30. WHICH COUNTRIES HAVE 4-G Except for the Scandinavian countries, a few countries have started the 4G commercially In the UK, 4G SERVICE LAUNCHED BY EE IN OCTOBER 2012 AND BY BY VODAFONE IN AUGUST 2013 IN CHINA THERE WERE 13.97 MILIONS 4G SUBSCRIBERS IN JUNE 2014 AND ALMOST ON 13.93 MILIONS CHINA MOBILES Countries expected to launch 4G by this year are Germany, Spain, India and England Completely 6.6 billion GSM, HSPA and LTE subscriptions and still growing!
  • 31. • Bharti Airtel launched India's first 4G service, using TD-LTE technology, in Kolkata on April 10, 2012. Fourteen months prior to the official launch in Kolkata, , a group consisting of CHINA mobiles ,bharati airtel .and soft bank mobile came together ,called Global TD-LTE Initiative • Airtel 4G services are available in Kolkata, Bangalore, Pune and Chandigarh region (The Tricity or Chandigarh region consists of a major city Chandigarh, Mohali and Panchkula. • Bharti Airtel is launching 4G services in Delhi by Jan 2014[ • India uses the TD LTE frequency #40 (2.3 GHz), Apple iPhone 5s supports the TD LTE 40 band.
  • 32. Telecom Companies Developing 4G 1. NTT DoCoMo (JAPAN) 2. DIGIWEB (IRELAND) 3. SPRINT (CHICAGO) 4. VERIZON WIRELESS 5. VODAFONE GROUP 6. AMERICAN WIRELESS PROVIDER CLEARWIRE ETC..
  • 33.
  • 35.
  • 36. How 4G Works ? • The IP address is based on IPv6. • IPv4: X . X . X . X (32 bits) example: 10.0.17.189 • IPv6: 4 × IPv4 (128 bits) • example: 216.37.129.9 , 79.23.178.229 , 65.198.2.10 , 192.168.5.120 Home Address Care of Address Mobile IP address Local network address
  • 37. 4G NETWORK BREADTH 25 Markets Expanding to 28 in 2012 Atlanta Austin Baltimore Boston Los Angeles Miami Northern Virginia New York Charlotte Chicago Colorado Dallas Fort Worth Ft Lauderdale Greensborough Huston Phoenix Providence Raleigh/Durham San Antonio Newport Oakland Orange County Philadelphia San Francisco San Diego San Jose Seattle (expansion cities listed below in yellow)
  • 38. SAMSUNG : 4G Phones: NOKIA’s WRISTBAND PHONE T3’s 3D GOGGLE PHONE
  • 39. COMPONENTS OF 4G: • There are some components which makes the successful 4G systems they are: a) OFDMA b) MIMO c) IPv6.0 d) SDR(Software Defined Radio) e) Smart antennas
  • 40. COMPONENTS (CONTD..) OFDMA: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access. • It captures entire energy • Only few signals are affected or lost in OFDM while compared to CDMA in 3G. MIMO(Multi Input Multi Output): • improve the communication performance between sender and receiver • range, quality of received signal and spectrum efficiency are high.
  • 41. COMPONENT (CONTD..) IPv6.0: • Allows more address than IPv4.0 • IPv6 each device have own IP address. SDR(Software Defined Radio): • A SDR will allow increasing network capacity at specific time.
  • 42. COMPONENTS(CONTD..) Smart antenna • Switched Antenna: Based on the requirement of the system ,signal is received at any given time. • Adaptive Antenna: Steer the signal at any direction of interest ,nullify the interfering signal.
  • 43. High usability: anytime, anywhere, and with any technology. • Support for multimedia services at low transmission cost. • Higher bandwidth, tight network security.
  • 44. Need complicate d hardware Hard to implemen t Battery uses are more. Expensive.
  • 45. APPLICATIONS OF 4G • 4G Car • 4G and public safety • Sensors in public vehicle • Cameras in traffic light • First responder route selection • Traffic control during disasters
  • 47. MAGIC : M : Mobile Multimedia A : Anytime / Anywhere G : Global Mobility Support I : Integrated C : Customized Personal Network
  • 48. 4G TECHNOLOGY IN MARKET.!
  • 49.
  • 50.
  • 51. High speed Peak Downlink rates upto10mb ps IP packet data centric Wider Bandwidth
  • 52. REFERENCES  www.slideshare.net/4g technology  www.google.com  www.Wikipedia.com  www.youtube.com  www.researchandmarkets.com/.../the_impact _of_3g_and_4g  4G Prototype Testing by W. Knight
  • 53.