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# Week 5.2 the senate

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### Week 5.2 the senate

1. 1. Article I Section 3: Senate
2. 2. Article I Section 3: The Senate <ul><li>How many senators per state? </li></ul>
3. 3. Article I Section 3: The Senate <ul><li>How many senators per state?
4. 4. - two
5. 5. How long a term? </li></ul>
6. 6. Article I Section 3: The Senate <ul><li>How many senators per state?
7. 7. - two; one vote per senator; small states have = power in the Senate
8. 8. How long a term?
9. 9. - six years
10. 10. How were senators originally chosen? </li></ul>
11. 11. Article I Section 3: The Senate <ul><li>How many senators per state?
12. 12. - two; one vote per senator; small states have = power in the Senate
13. 13. How long a term?
14. 14. - six years
15. 15. How were senators originally chosen?
16. 16. - chosen by their state legislatures; now elected by popular vote due to Amendment XVII
17. 17. Why are the senators divided into three groups? </li></ul>
18. 18. Article I Section 3: The Senate <ul><li>How many senators per state?
19. 19. - two; one vote per senator; small states have = power in the Senate
20. 20. How long a term?
21. 21. - six years
22. 22. How were senators originally chosen?
23. 23. - chosen by their state legislatures; now elected by popular vote due to Amendment XVII enacted in 1913
24. 24. Why are the senators divided into three groups?
25. 25. - to ensure stability so that only a third are up for election every two years (contrast with the entire House which faces reelection every two years) </li></ul>
26. 26. The Senate <ul><li>Note: Amendment XVII also changed the way Senate vacancies are filled. State governors can either make a special appointment or call a special election. This is what happened when Ted Kennedy died during his term.
27. 27. What are the requirements to be a Senator? </li></ul>
28. 28. The Senate <ul><li>Note: Amendment XVII also changed the way Senate vacancies are filled. State governors can either make a special appointment or call a special election. This is what happened when Ted Kennedy died during his term.
29. 29. What are the requirements to be a Senator?
30. 30. - at least 30 years old
31. 31. - a citizen for 9 years or more
32. 32. - must live in the state he represents
33. 33. How is the Vice President involved with the Senate? </li></ul>
34. 34. The Senate <ul><li>Note: Amendment XVII also changed the way Senate vacancies are filled. State governors can either make a special appointment or call a special election. This is what happened when Ted Kennedy died during his term.
35. 35. What are the requirements to be a Senator?
36. 36. - at least 30 years old
37. 37. - a citizen for 9 years or more
38. 38. - must live in the state he represents
39. 39. How is the Vice President involved with the Senate?
40. 40. - serves as President of the Senate but rarely there
41. 41. - only votes to break a tie since the # of senators is even (100) </li></ul>
42. 42. The Senate cont. <ul><li>What other officers does the Senate have? </li></ul>
43. 43. The Senate cont. <ul><li>What other officers does the Senate have?
44. 44. - Senate Pro Tempore = leads the Senate when the VP is absent; third in line in the presidential succession after the VP and Speaker of the House
45. 45. - Majority & Minority Leaders, Whips, etc.
46. 46. The Founders wanted the Senate to be more stable and stately and hopefully wiser than the House, acting in the national interest more than the local interests of the people. Thus the two houses would balance each other in their focus. </li></ul>
47. 47. The Senate cont. <ul><li>What is the Senate's role wrt impeachment? </li></ul>
48. 48. The Senate cont. <ul><li>What is the Senate's role wrt impeachment?
49. 49. - The House makes the charge or indictment, but the Senate actually tries the officer being impeached. Thus, the Senate becomes a court of law in an impeachment case.
50. 50. Who presides as judge if the President is impeached? </li></ul>
51. 51. The Senate cont. <ul><li>What is the Senate's role wrt impeachment?
52. 52. - The House makes the charge or indictment, but the Senate actually tries the officer being impeached. Thus, the Senate becomes a court of law in an impeachment case.
53. 53. Who presides as judge if the President is impeached?
54. 54. - the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
55. 55. How many Senators are needed to make a conviction? </li></ul>
56. 56. The Senate cont. <ul><li>What is the Senate's role wrt impeachment?
57. 57. - The House makes the charge or indictment, but the Senate actually tries the officer being impeached. Thus, the Senate becomes a court of law in an impeachment case.
58. 58. Who presides as judge if the President is impeached?
59. 59. - the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court; otherwise the VP presides over the court
60. 60. How many Senators are needed to make a conviction?
61. 61. - 2/3 of those present </li></ul>
62. 62. The Senate cont. <ul><li>What is the punishment for conviction in a case of impeachment? </li></ul>
63. 63. The Senate cont. <ul><li>What is the punishment for conviction in a case of impeachment?
64. 64. - Removal from office
65. 65. - Barring from holding future office in the U.S. Govt.
66. 66. However, the person removed from office could still be tried in a regular court of law depending on what other charges may be made against him.
67. 67. Which presidents have been impeached? </li></ul>
68. 68. The Senate cont. <ul><li>What is the punishment for conviction in a case of impeachment?
69. 69. - Removal from office
70. 70. - Barring from holding future office in the U.S. Govt.
71. 71. However, the person removed from office could still be tried in a regular court of law depending on what other charges may be made against him.
72. 72. Which presidents have been impeached?
73. 73. - Andrew Johnson in 1868 and Bill Clinton in 1998
74. 74. - Richard Nixon resigned before being impeached in 1974. </li></ul>
75. 75. The Senate's Confirmation & Ratification Powers <ul><li>The Senate has the power to confirm or deny appointments of the President to the judiciary and various offices such as top-level positions in the military, diplomatic, and executive departments
76. 76. This can get very contentious especially in the confirmation hearings for the Supreme Court
77. 77. The Senate also must ratify treaties by 2/3 vote before they can take effect. </li></ul>