RDA is Here: Are You Ready?

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On March 31, the Library of Congress will begin implementing Resource Description and Access (RDA), the cataloging rules designed to replace AACR2. In this session, Emily Nimsakont, the NLC’s Cataloging Librarian, will discuss the changes that are in store and how they will affect your library.

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  • Dracula as test search
  • Working Forest as example
  • Instead of searching for “Jane Austen”, a user could search for women authors from England who wrote in the 1800s.
  • Richer authority records include things like gender, associated dates, associated place, and field of activity. Instead of searching for “Jane Austen”, a user could search for women authors from England who wrote in the 1800s.
  • Partnership between the Archives of Michigan, the Internet Archive, Freebase, Digital Scholarship Lab at the University of Richmond, and LookBackMaps.Does anyone know of any other examples, either of data that is out there, or particular projects?
  • RDA is Here: Are You Ready?

    1. 1. RDA: Are We There Yet? Emily Dust Nimsakont • Nebraska Library Commission NCompass Live • September 12, 2012 #NCompLive @enimsakont Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/stmpjmpr/4922756740/
    2. 2. • Work started on AACR3 2003 • Focus changed to RDA 2005 • RDA published 2010 • RDA tested by national libraries 2010-2011 The Story So Far…
    3. 3. Recommendations of Testers • Rewrite the RDA instructions in clear, unambiguous, plain English. • Define process for updating RDA in the online environment. • Improve functionality of the RDA Toolkit. • Develop full RDA record examples in MARC and other encoding schemas. • Announce completion of the Registered RDA Element Sets and Vocabularies. • Demonstrate credible progress towards a replacement for MARC. • Ensure and facilitate community involvement. • Lead and coordinate RDA training. • Solicit demonstrations of prototype input and discovery systems that use the RDA element set (including relationships).
    4. 4. March 31, 2013 Implementation Date
    5. 5. What will be different right away?
    6. 6. RDA Structure Recording Attributes Section 1 – Recording Attributes of Manifestation and Item Section 2 – Recording Attributes of Work and Expression Section 3 – Recording Attributes of Person, Family, and Corporate Body Section 4 – Recording Attributes of Concept, Object, Event, and Place
    7. 7. RDA Structure Recording Attributes • Recording Relationships – Section 5 – Recording Primary Relationships Between a Work, Expression, Manifestation, and Item – Section 6 – Recording Relationships to Persons, Families, and Corporate Bodies Associated with a Resource – Section 7 – Recording Subject Relationships – Section 8 – Recording Relationships Between Works, Expressions, Manifestations and Items – Section 9 – Recording Relationships Between Persons, Families, and Corporate Bodies – Section 10 – Recording Relationships Between Concepts, Objects, Events, and Places
    8. 8. Lack of Abbreviations 300 _ _ $a 253 pages : $b illustrations ; $c 28 cm. NOT 300 _ _ $a 253 p. : $b ill. ; $c 28 cm.
    9. 9. Lack of Latin Abbreviations 264 _1 $a [Place of publication not identified] : $b[publisher not identified], $c 1967. NOT 260 _ _ $a [S.l. : $b s.n.], $c 1967.
    10. 10. Lack of Latin Abbreviations 245 10 $a Micromagentic study of magnetoeleastic materials 246 1_ $iTitle should read: $a Micromagnetic study of magnetoeleastic materials NOT 245 10 $a Micromagentic [sic] study of magnetoeleastic materials
    11. 11. No Rule of Three in Statement of Responsibility … / $c by Nancy Drew, George Fayne, Bess Marvin, and Ned Nickerson. OR … / $c by Nancy Drew *and three others+. NOT … / $c by Nancy Drew … *et al.+.
    12. 12. More Transcription - “Take What You See” 250 _ _ $aThird edition NOT 250 _ _ $a 3rd ed. (if that is how it appears on the item)
    13. 13. More Transcription - “Take What You See” / $c forward by Dr. John Smith. NOT / $ c forward by John Smith. (if that is how it appears on the item)
    14. 14. More Transcription - “Take What You See” 264 _1 $a Chicago, IL NOT 260 _ _ $a Chicago, Ill. (if that is how it appears on the item)
    15. 15. Content Type, Media Type and Carrier Type 336 _ _ $a two-dimensional moving image $2 rdacontent 337 _ _ $a video $2 rdamedia 338 _ _ $a videodisc $2 rda carrier NOT 245 00 $aAvatar $h [videorecording]
    16. 16. Some Changes to Headings Smith, John, approximately 1837-1896 NOT Smith, John, ca. 1837-1896
    17. 17. Some Changes to Headings Bible. Corinthians. NOT Bible. N.T. Corinthians.
    18. 18. Related Works 700 1_ $i Sequel to: $a Mitchell, Margaret, $d 1900-1949. $t Gone with the wind. NOT 500 _ _ $a Sequel to Margaret Mitchell’s Gone with the wind.
    19. 19. Relationship Designators 100 1_ $a Smith, John, $e author. 700 1_ $a Eastwood, Clint, $d 1930- $e film producer, $e film director, $e actor.
    20. 20. New MARC Fields • 336, 337, 338 • Content type, media type, carrier type 336 _ _ $a text $2 rdacontent 337 _ _ $a unmediated $2 rdamedia 338 _ _ $a volume $2 rdacarrier 336 _ _ $a two-dimensional moving image $2 rdacontent 337 _ _ $a computer $2 rdamedia 337 _ _ $a video $2 rdamedia 338 _ _ $a online resource $2 rdacarrier
    21. 21. New MARC Fields • 264 • Production, Publication, Distribution, Manufacture and Copyright Statements • First indicator: – Sequence of statements # - Not applicable/No information provided/Earliest 2 - Intervening 3 - Current/latest
    22. 22. New MARC Fields • 264 • Production, Publication, Distribution, Manufacture and Copyright Statements • Second indicator: – Function of entity 0 - Production 1 - Publication 2 - Distribution 3 - Manufacture 4 - Copyright notice date
    23. 23. New MARC Fields • 040 $e = rda
    24. 24. Differences in Authority Records • 046 - Special Coded Dates • 368 – Other Corporate Body Attributes • 370 - Associated Place • 371 - Address • 372 - Field of Activity • 373 - Associated Group • 374 - Occupation • 375 - Gender • 376 - Family Information • 378 - Fuller Form of Personal Name
    25. 25. What could be different later? (which is to say, no, we’re not there yet…)
    26. 26. OLAC Moving Image Discovery Interface http://blazing-sunset-24.heroku.com/
    27. 27. Scherzo, Indiana University http://webapp1.dlib.indiana.edu/scherzo/
    28. 28. AustLit http://www.austlit.edu.au/subscribe/samples.xml
    29. 29. New Search Options
    30. 30. Open Library as an Example http://www.openlibrary.org
    31. 31. Richer Authority Records Jane Austen Women authors From England Wrote in 1800s
    32. 32. Semantic Web/Linked Data
    33. 33. Wikipedia says… “Linked Data describes a method of publishing structured data, so that it can be interlinked and become more useful. It builds upon standard web technologies, such as HTTP and URIs - but rather than using them to serve web pages for human readers, it extends them to share information in a way that can be read automatically by computers.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linked_Data
    34. 34. resource resource resource resource resource links to links to links to links to
    35. 35. data links to links to links to links to data data data data data data data data data data data
    36. 36. HTML <h1>This is a heading.</h1> <p>This is a paragraph.</p>
    37. 37. RDF/XML <rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.recshop.fake/cd/Empi re Burlesque"> <cd:artist>Bob Dylan</cd:artist> <cd:country>USA</cd:country> <cd:company>Columbia</cd:company> <cd:price>10.90</cd:price> <cd:year>1985</cd:year> </rdf:Description> http://www.w3schools.com/rdf/rdf_example.asp
    38. 38. Relationships are key Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/brenda-starr/3509344100/
    39. 39. We are used to connecting pieces of information based on their context. Title: A Christmas Carol Author: Charles Dickens
    40. 40. Linked Data makes the relationships explicit. subject object A Christmas Carol Charles Dickens has author predicate
    41. 41. <rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.recshop.fake/cd/Empi re Burlesque"> <cd:artist>Bob Dylan</cd:artist> <cd:country>USA</cd:country> <cd:company>Columbia</cd:company> <cd:price>10.90</cd:price> <cd:year>1985</cd:year> </rdf:Description> http://www.w3schools.com/rdf/rdf_example.asp
    42. 42. Civil War Data 150 http://www.civilwardata150.net
    43. 43. Tips for Implementation
    44. 44. Decide When You Will Implement • Be prepared to deal with RDA records in copy cataloging
    45. 45. Talk to Your ILS Vendor • How to display and index new fields
    46. 46. Vendor Interviews on the RDA Toolkit Website http://www.rdatoolkit.org/blog/category/29
    47. 47. Think about Authority Control • If you outsource this, talk to your vendor • If not, make decisions about what you will do
    48. 48. Plan for Training • Who? • How? • When?
    49. 49. Resources ALCTS RDA Webinars: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1AAFB573 158DC4A1&feature=plcp Changes from AACR2 to RDA: http://faculty.washington.edu/aschiff/ Library of Congress RDA site: http://www.loc.gov/aba/rda/ NCSU RDA Test Materials: https://staff.lib.ncsu.edu/confluence/display/MNC/ RDA
    50. 50. Thank you! Emily Dust Nimsakont Cataloging Librarian Nebraska Library Commission emily.dust.nimsakont@nebraska.gov 800-307-2665 @enimsakont

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