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NCompass Live: Visual Impairment & Intellectual Freedom: Access & Acessibility


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NCompass Live - Oct. 4, 2017

Join Scott Scholz, Director of the Nebraska Library Commission Talking Book & Braille Service, to learn about the free audiobooks, audio magazines, and braille that are available through the TBBS. Scott will also talk about the various services that come together to provide accessibility to different kinds of resources for people with reading disabilities.

Published in: Education
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NCompass Live: Visual Impairment & Intellectual Freedom: Access & Acessibility

  1. 1. Visual Impairment and Intellectual Freedom: Access & Accessibility Scott Scholz Director, Nebraska Library CommissionTalking Book & Braille Service
  2. 2. Visual Impairment Statistics ▪ Difficult to determine numbers ▪ Many lose sight as part of the aging process and might not be represented in statistics ▪ These population estimates are based on the 2013 American Community Survey results Nebraska Missouri Visually impaired population 33,600 143,900 Receiving library service 3500 11,000
  3. 3. Braille readership ▪ Percentage of children currently learning Braille in school: 10 percent ▪ Percentage of employed visually impaired people who read and write Braille fluently: 80 percent ▪ Statistics via National Federation for the Blind, 2009 ▪
  4. 4. History of Braille ▪ Embossed raised letters ▪ NewYork Point ▪ Modified Braille ▪ American Braille ▪ Revised Braille ▪ Unified English Braille
  5. 5. More Braille Issues ▪ Music code for musical notation ▪ Nemeth code for mathematics ▪ Braille is “contracted” to save space, but this also makes learning more difficult ▪ Refreshable Braille Displays: used for reading and writing Braille with computers, but these are very expensive ($3500-$15,000)
  6. 6. Audio Formats ▪ Vinyl Records ▪ Cassette ▪ DigitalTalking Book ▪ Text-to-speech
  7. 7. Various service providers ▪ National Library Service (Library of Congress) ▪ Bookshare (Benetech; Dept. of Ed.) ▪ Learning Ally (formerly Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic) ▪ Newsline (National Federation for the Blind) ▪ RadioTalking Book ▪ Christian Record Services ▪ Commercial audiobooks; ebooks with text-to-speech capability
  8. 8. Complications ▪ Multiple services to remember ▪ Multiple non-compatible formats ▪ Multiple devices required to use ▪ Sound quality ▪ Ease of use ▪ Depth of collections ▪ Modern user expectations/machine stigma
  9. 9. Using Computers ▪ Adaptive technology ▪ Screen magnification ▪ Screen Readers ▪ Speech Recognition ▪ OCR readers ▪ Currency readers
  10. 10. Computer complications ▪ Hardware and software are expensive and prone to obsolescence ▪ Connectivity issues in rural areas or out of the home ▪ Complex interfaces require training ▪ Visual impairment population leans toward elderly ▪ Competing focus for newly-blind: orientation and mobility, cooking and home maintenance, taking medications, other health issues
  11. 11. Accessible Web Design ▪ Adaptive technology relies on proper design ▪ Commercial websites ▪ Government websites ▪ Academic databases ▪ Social media ▪ WCAG 2.0
  12. 12. Accessibility for libraries ▪ Association of Specialized and Cooperative Library Agencies (ASCLA) ▪ MarrakeshVIPTreaty (if it is ratified) ▪ Intellectual Freedom relies on access—and accessibility!
  13. 13. Thanks for listening! ▪ Scott Scholz: