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NCompass Live: Empowering Immigrant Community Members Through Education & Information


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NCompass Live - Sept. 20, 2017

Libraries in the United States have a long history of providing resources and educational programming to immigrants. Today, this role is especially relevant with the increasing immigrant population in addition to increasing uncertainty regarding the new administration’s policies on immigration. Libraries have a unique opportunity and responsibility to not only welcome our immigrant community members, but also to provide information and educational opportunities to protect and empower our immigrant friends, neighbors, and patrons.

Presenter: Mindy Rush Chipman, Senior Managing Attorney, Justice For Our Neighbors-Nebraska.

Published in: Education
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NCompass Live: Empowering Immigrant Community Members Through Education & Information

  1. 1. Empowering Immigrant Community Members Through Education and Information Mindy Rush Chipman, JD, MLS
  2. 2. Libraries Play a Critical Role! • For many people new to the United States, libraries serve as a gateway to citizenship, offering English language learning, training materials and resources on immigration and citizenship • More than 55% of new Americans use the public library at least once a week • Libraries in the United States have a long history of promoting inclusion, as well as standing up for all members of the communities they serve
  3. 3. Who are the Members of Our Community? U.S. Citizens •By birth in the U.S. •By acquisition •By naturalization •By derivation Non-U.S. Citizens •Immigrants / Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) •Fleeing persecution •Temp. permission •Non-immigrants •Undocumented
  4. 4. Words Matter! • NO human is “illegal” • Being present in the U.S. without permission is not a crime • Over 11 million undocumented individuals in the U.S.
  5. 5. Subject Headings Matter! • “Whereas the terms ‘illegal’ and ‘alien,’ when used in reference to people, have undergone perforation and acquired derogatory connotations, becoming increasingly associated with nativist and racists sentiments; • “Whereas referring to undocumented immigrants as ‘illegal’ is increasingly viewed as dehumanizing, offensive, inflammatory, and even a racial slur; Resolution on Replacing the Library of Congress Subject Heading “Illegal Aliens” with “Undocumented Immigrants” Adopted by the ALA Council on January 12, 2016
  6. 6. Subject Headings Matter! In response to constituent requests, the Library of Congress concluded that the meaning of “Aliens” is often misunderstood and should be revised to “Noncitizens” and that the phrase “Illegal Aliens” has become pejorative. The heading “Illegal aliens” will therefore be cancelled and replaced by two headings: “Noncitizens” and “Unauthorized immigration” which may be assigned together to describe resources about people who illegally reside in a country. Library of Congress Cancels the Subject Heading “Illegal Aliens” on March 22, 2016
  7. 7. Limited Categories of Immigration Relief: • Diversity Program • Employment Based Immigration • Family Based Immigration • Immediate Relatives • Preference Categories • Humanitarian Relief • Refugee/Asylum • Relief for Victims of Crime (VAWA, U-Visa, T-Visa) • Special Immigrant Juvenile Status (SIJ)
  8. 8. Where Are Undocumented Community Members “Safe"? Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE) Policy includes certain “sensitive locations,” including: • Schools, including preschools, colleges, universities and other institutions of learning; • Hospitals; • Churches, synagogues, mosques, and other institutions of worship; • Site of a funeral, wedding, or other public religious ceremony; and • Public demonstration sites, such as marches, rallies or parades. .
  9. 9. How Can Libraries Respond? • Be the information resource your patrons need • Provide information to your patrons so that they understand what their rights are in the U.S. and how to create a safety plan • Organize / participate in community preparedness and response plans to an immigration enforcement action • Have a clear set of directives for staff • Meetings to gather feedback and to clarify your local threat model • Connections made with local civic and non-profit groups in this area
  10. 10. Why now? Administration's Executive Orders:  Theme: immigration through a strictly “law-enforcement” lens which seeks to “criminalize” immigrants.  Prioritizes everyone who is removable and ineligible for limited forms of relief  Encourages states and localities to enforce federal immigration laws  Build a wall and detention facilities  Expands application of Expedited Removal  Reduces the number of refugees to be admitted in FY 2017 (parts of this memo blocked by injunctions)  Ends the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program
  11. 11. ALA’s Responses to EOs:  “ALA opposes new administration policies that contradict core values”  “[R]ecent executive orders . . . stand in stark contrast to the core values of the American Library Association.”  “We will continue to speak out and support efforts to abolish intolerance and cultural invisibility, stand up for all the members of the communities we serve, and promote understanding and inclusion through our work.”  “We are disappointed that the protections of the Deferred Action For Childhood Arrivals program are in jeopardy”  “We ask Congress to work together to find a solution to this issue.”  “Our nation’s libraries serve all community members, including immigrants, offering services and educational resources that transform communities, open minds and promote inclusion and diversity.”
  12. 12.  Advocacy:  Diversity, Literacy, and Outreach Services:  Government Relations:  Information and Technology Policy:  Intellectual Freedom:  Libraries Respond: respond (includes best practices and resources to better serve immigrant populations) ALA Resources:
  13. 13. Other Resources Needed! Know Your Rights and Safety Planning Guide: (Resources)
  14. 14. What is in the Rights and Planning Guide? • A Summary of the Administration’s Executive Orders • Information to prepare patrons for the uncertainties with respect to immigration enforcement • Know Your Rights Information • Safety Planning Information
  15. 15. Know Your Rights
  16. 16.  Remain Silent  At Home (Including Sample Judicial Warrant)  On the Street (Red cards.)  At Work  In a Vehicle (Driver v. Passenger)  At the Airport (I-407) (Citizens v. Noncitizens)  If Arrested (Dos and Don’ts)  In Removal Proceedings What Are Your Rights:
  17. 17. How to Find the Right Help:  Unauthorized Practice of Law  Beware of Notarios  Who is an Attorney/DOJ Representative  How to Find Out  Referral List  How to Report Malpractice and UPL
  18. 18. Safety Planning
  19. 19. Safety Planning Information A library patron comes to you concerned about the Executive Orders signed by the Administration ending the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. The patron asks you what he can do to help his family prepare for the future if he is ever detained or deported. He is married with children. The family lives in an apartment and owns a car. What should the patron do? Unless you are an attorney, or DOJ representative, you cannot give legal advice. SCENARIO:
  20. 20. Status of DACA program? Deferred action and work authorization are valid until the expiration date on the work permit. No new initial applications will be accepted; however, any applications received by 9/5/17 will continue to be processed. Only those with work permits expiring between 9/5/17 and 3/5/18 can file a renewal application, but must be received by October 5, 2017. All DACA youth should seek a legal consultation to evaluate whether there are other legal option available!
  21. 21.  Passport  Birth Certificate  Identification Documents  Proof of Presence  Immigration Documents  Medical Information       Individual Checklist:
  22. 22.  Passport  Birth Certificate  Register  Identification Documents  Proof of Presence  Immigration Documents  Medical Information  TDPP  School       Checklist for Children:   
  23. 23.  Passport  Certificate  Register  Identification Documents  Proof of Residency  Immigration Documents  Medical Information  Marriage Certificate  Death Certificate       Checklist for Spouses:   
  24. 24.  Durable Power of Attorney  Nebraska DMV Power of Attorney  Title  Lease/Deed  Apartment/House Keys  Car Keys       Property Checklist:
  25. 25.  Interpretation/Translation Resources  Consulate Contact Information  Pro-Bono Detainee Project  Detainee Locator  Resources    What Else?  
  26. 26. Call to Action!  Use the Rights and Planning Guide as a community resource  Make the most recent edition available on your website  Schedule trainings and share information in your community  Have a policy regarding how to respond to immigration enforcement actions in your library  Call you members of Congress to voice support for DACA youth, their families and other immigrant community members
  27. 27. Access to Immigration Legal Services Anyone can apply for low-income immigration legal services by calling the Nebraska Immigration Legal Assistance Hotline (NILAH) Call: 855-307-6730
  28. 28. Questions? Contact Information: Justice For Our Neighbors-Nebraska 2414 E Street Omaha, NE 68107 Phone: (402) 898-1349 Fax: (402) 502-4604 Mindy Rush Chipman Senior Managing Attorney