Recent research in disaster education


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Presentation for a paper delivered to The International Emergency Management Society (TIEMS) 2013 annual conference held in Velaux, France. Paper outlines exploratory research relating to content and process of disaster resilience learning. The paper strongly advocates the use of social media and experiential learning such as gaming, simulations, exercises and drilling.

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Recent research in disaster education

  1. 1. 2013 TIEMS Conference2013 TIEMS Conference Recent research inRecent research in community disastercommunity disaster education and itseducation and its implications for emergencyimplications for emergency managementmanagement Neil DuftyNeil Dufty
  2. 2. Molino StewartMolino Stewart 22 need for disaster learningneed for disaster learning
  3. 3. Molino StewartMolino Stewart 33 Currently ECE=disasterCurrently ECE=disaster learninglearning BeforeBefore DuringDuring AfterAfter Other waysOther ways  EvaluationEvaluation  CrowdsourcingCrowdsourcing LEADS TO PUBLIC SAFETY +LEADS TO PUBLIC SAFETY + PROPERTY PROTECTIONPROPERTY PROTECTION
  4. 4. Molino StewartMolino Stewart 44 disaster resiliencedisaster resilience External influencesExternal influences Climate changeClimate change Political unrestPolitical unrest EconomiesEconomies PopulationPopulation HazardHazard GoalsGoals ‘‘Bounce back’Bounce back’ ‘‘Bounce forward’Bounce forward’ WHAT ISWHAT IS LEARNING FORLEARNING FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE (LfDR)?DISASTER RESILIENCE (LfDR)?
  5. 5. research methodologyresearch methodology Molino StewartMolino Stewart 55 EXPLORATORY CONFIRMATORY To provide insights and understanding To test specific hypotheses and examine relationships Information needed is defined only loosely Information needed is clearly defined Research process is flexible and unstructured Research process is formal and structured Sample is non-representative Sample is representative Analysis of primary data is qualitative Data analysis is quantitative
  6. 6. focus on LfDR content &focus on LfDR content & processprocess Molino StewartMolino Stewart 66
  7. 7. Molino StewartMolino Stewart 77 researching LfDR contentresearching LfDR content DR learning DR learning
  8. 8. Molino StewartMolino Stewart 88 researching LfDR processresearching LfDR process Disaster Psychology Disaster Sociology         Learning Theories       Disaster Resilience Learning
  9. 9. Molino StewartMolino Stewart 99 findings – LfDR contentfindings – LfDR content VulnerabilityVulnerability CommunityCommunity Social capitalSocial capital Policies /InstitutionsPolicies /Institutions DR LearningDR Learning RiskRisk HazardHazard PreparednessPreparedness ResponseResponse RecoveryRecovery
  10. 10. Molino StewartMolino Stewart 1010 findings – LfDR processfindings – LfDR process BehaviouralBehavioural DrillsDrills ExercisesExercises CognitiveCognitive Social mediaSocial media InformationInformation DR LearningDR Learning Oral historiesOral histories GamingGaming AffectiveAffective CounsellingCounselling Role playsRole plays SocialSocial MeetingsMeetings ForumsForums
  11. 11. implications for emergencyimplications for emergency managementmanagement  LfDR should not only include content in relation toLfDR should not only include content in relation to the ‘hazard’ but also the potential resilience ofthe ‘hazard’ but also the potential resilience of community itselfcommunity itself  LfDR should extend across behavioural, cognitive,LfDR should extend across behavioural, cognitive, affective and social learning domains and not relyaffective and social learning domains and not rely primarily on the provision of informationprimarily on the provision of information  Social media appears to be a strong method of DRSocial media appears to be a strong method of DR learning across three learning domainslearning across three learning domains  Experiential learning through drills, exercises,Experiential learning through drills, exercises, simulations and gaming appears to be an importantsimulations and gaming appears to be an important DR learning methodDR learning method Molino StewartMolino Stewart 1111
  12. 12. FURTHER RESEARCHFURTHER RESEARCH REQUIREDREQUIRED merci beaucoupmerci beaucoup Molino StewartMolino Stewart 1212