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Overview data macedonia (ppt)

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Overview of the community-based data collected within the Women2030 Gender Assessment in Macedonia

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Overview data macedonia (ppt)

  1. 1. Overview of the community based data collected within the Women2030 Gender Assessment in Macedonia
  2. 2. Towards the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) until 2030 with a focus on Gender Equality (SDG 5) and Climate Action Gender Assessment in Macedonia: Collecting community based data to give a significant VOICE to local people in the monitoring of the SDG • Women2030 Interviews: 1st Part. Basic Questionnaire: 5 Questions / 250 interviews - 202 women and 48men 2nd Part. Focus Group Discussion: 7 Questions Men 19% Women 81% Rural 30% Periurban 38% Urban 32%
  3. 3. Survey respondents – demographic information Survey respondents by gender, location and age group Respondents by marital status and gender  250 persons participated in the survey: 202 (81%) were women and 48 (19%)men • Respondents by AGE GROUPS • Around 85 % of total interviewed population to the age group from 25 to 55 years • Respondents by MARITAL status Men - rural, 15 Women - rural, 60 Men - periurban, 17 Women - periurban, 78 Men - urban, 16 Women - urban, 64 15 - 25 5% 25 - 35 23% 35-45 32% 45-55 30% 55-65 10% 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Men Women Men Women Men Women Rural Periurban Urban % 15 - 25 25 - 35 35-45 45-55 55-65 65-95 Marrie d 64% Single 25% Divorc ed 6% Widow /er 5%Total Marri ed 53% Single 38% Divorc ed 7% Widow/er 2% Men Married 66% Single 22% Divorce d 6% Widow/er 6% Women
  4. 4. Survey repondents by education level and gender • Respondents by EMPLOYMENT status: respondents mostly employed; slightly lower women´s employment, especially in rural area • Employment status by gender and location • Education level by gender and location Survey respondents – demographic information • Respondents by EDUCATION level Survey repondents by employment status and gender primary education 4% secondar y education 19% vocationa l training 23% not finished higher education 42% university 12% Menprimary educatio n 5% secondar y educatio n 35% vocation al training 26% not finished higher educatio n 19% university 15% Womenprimary educatio n 5% secondar y educatio n 32%vocational training 25% not finished higher educatio n 23% universit y 15% Total employed 94% unemploy ed 6% Men employ ed 74% unemployed 26% Women employed 78% unemplo yed 22% Total 100 57 94 81 88 81 0 43 6 19 12 19 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Men Women Men Women Men Women RuralUrban Peri Urban employed unemployed 13 17 0 0 0 1 27 48 13 14 18 42 47 25 13 27 12 26 13 5 44 33 65 18 0 5 31 27 6 13 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Men Women Men Women Men Women RuralUrbanPeriUrban primary education secondary education vocational training not finished higher education university
  5. 5. (Q1) Question about time spent for paid, unpaid work and leisure time 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 Men Women Men Women Men Women Rural Periurban Urban hours/day 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 Men Women Men Women Men Women Rural Periurban Urban hours/day 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 Rural Peri-urban Urban hours/day Gender differences in domestic time and free time - positive figure shows male advantage Domestic work Free time *Domestic work such as preparing meals, cleaning the house, maintenance of house & garden, fetching water, fetching firewood, child care, voluntary work, public activities **Free time and relaxing like watching TV, playing games, reading, etc • Average time (hours/day) for domestic work* by gender and region • Average free time** (hours/day) by gender and region • Women in rural region have 2.7 hours daily less leasure time than men, and they spend 4.6 hours daily more then men doing domestic work • The gender gaps in peri-urban and urban area are similar: women from both urban and peri-urban region spend 1.5 hours daily less than men on leaisure activities, and 1.7-1.8 hours daily more than men for domestic work  Men in all three regions reported spending more time on leisure activities and less time for domestic work than women
  6. 6. (Q2) Question about living conditions • Percentage (%) of the survey respondents that think that their living conditions in terms of: economic situation, housing, water, sanitation and energy are bad or very bad. • Disaggregation of data by age group – not relevant  Rural respondents (both female and male) were more likely to be dissatisfied than urban respondents especially with their economic situation 20 7 7 7 7 27 17 12 10 12 Economic situation Housing Water Sanitation Energy RuralMen Women 6 6 6 6 65 2 0 0 0 Economic situation Housing Water Sanitation Energy Urban 0 0 0 0 0 5 1 0 0 1 Economic situation Housing Water Sanitation Energy Peri-urban
  7. 7. (Q3) Question about hygiene and sanitation at home and at work/school TO WOMEN: Do you have decent sanitation and hygiene conditions and were you able to wash and change in privacy during your last menstrual period? If you have a daughter or personally know a girl in your family or neighbourhood in age of puberty (between 10 and 18 years old) who goes to school: does your daughter or this girl have decent sanitation and hygiene conditions at school and is she able to wash and change in privacy in school during her last menstrual period? TO MEN: Do you have decent sanitation and hygiene conditions? • Respondents perception on hygiene and sanitation at home and at work/school good/yes 95% bad/no 5% Women at home /RURAL good/yes 100% Women at home / Urban good/ye s… bad/ no 93% Daughters/girls in school /RURAL good/yes 26% bad/no 72% don´t know 2% Daughters/girls in school/URBAN good/yes 93% bad/no 7% Men at home /RURAL good/yes 100% Men at home /URBAN good/yes 93% bad/no 7% Men at work / RURAL good/yes 100% Men at work / URBAN MEN: Mostly satisfied For daughters/girls: Mostly dissatisfied WOMEN at WORK: Mostly satisfied good/yes 91% bad/no 6% don´t know 3% Employed WOMEN / RURAL good/yes 88% bad/ no 10% do n´… Employed WOMEN/URBAN good/yes 100% Women at home /peri urban good/yes 10% bad/ no 90% Daughters/girls at school/ peri-urban good/yes 100% Men at home /peri- urban good/yes 95% bad/no 5% Employed women at work / Periurban good/yes 100% EMployed Men at work / Peri-urban
  8. 8. (Q4) Question about decision-making *positive opinion – (1) totally agree, (2) somehow agree • Percentage (%) of all survey respondents in rural, peri-urban and urban areas that expressed positive opinion* on participation of WOMEN in community/neighbourhood meetings and in decision-making at local and national level 67 73 67 55 40 55 participate in meetings influence on local influence on national RURAL 94 81 100 97 59 95 participate in meetings influence on local influence on national URBAN 88 65 94 77 59 82 participate in meetings influence on local influence on national PERI-URBAN  Both genders think that women have the least influence/participation on local level  Rural respondents are more sceptical about women´s participation in decision making processes, but still likely positive
  9. 9. get official marriage/divorce papers for women campaign to stop violence against women safer public transportation punish parents/religious organisations for underage marriage pre-school for children from 3 - 5 yrs more paid work for women equal pay for women doing the same work as men Men (Rural) Women (Rural) Men (Urban) Women (Urban) Men Women (Q5) Question on equality between men and women The answer choices with the higest priority for both genders in rural and urban areas: equal pay and more paid work for women Respondents´ average ranking of 8 (+ others) proposed issues that could help improving equality between women and men in their community/neighbourhood
  10. 10. (Q3) Question about hygiene and sanitation at home and at work/school TO WOMEN: Do you have decent sanitation and hygiene conditions and were you able to wash and change in privacy during your last menstrual period? If you have a daughter or personally know a girl in your family or neighbourhood in age of puberty (between 10 and 18 years old) who goes to school: does your daughter or this girl have decent sanitation and hygiene conditions at school and is she able to wash and change in privacy in school during her last menstrual period? TO MEN: Do you have decent sanitation and hygiene conditions? • Respondents perception on hygiene and sanitation at home and at work/school good/yes 95% bad/no 5% Women at home /RURAL good/yes 100% Women at home / Urban good/ye s… bad/ no 93% Daughters/girls in school /RURAL good/yes 26% bad/no 72% don´t know 2% Daughters/girls in school/URBAN good/yes 93% bad/no 7% Men at home /RURAL good/yes 100% Men at home /URBAN good/yes 93% bad/no 7% Men at work / RURAL good/yes 100% Men at work / URBAN MEN: Mostly satisfied For daughters/girls: Mostly dissatisfied WOMEN at WORK: Mostly satisfied good/yes 91% bad/no 6% don´t know 3% Employed WOMEN / RURAL good/yes 88% bad/ no 10% do n´… Employed WOMEN/URBAN good/yes 100% Women at home /peri urban good/yes 10% bad/ no 90% Daughters/girls at school/ peri-urban good/yes 100% Men at home /peri- urban good/yes 95% bad/no 5% Employed women at work / Periurban good/yes 100% EMployed Men at work / Peri-urban

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