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MBFS student field guide 3


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Student created Field guide for marine species

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MBFS student field guide 3

  1. 2. 0 Species In this section you will find information about the species’ habitat , range, niche, community and population status. In this section you will find key features for field identification In this section you will find key features and specific morphology In this section you will find scientific classification Field Identification features Species Photograph Genus species : common name (alphabetized by… )
  2. 3. Aleochara bilineata ………. Rove Beetle Busycon contrarium ………. Lightning Whelk Calidris alba (a)………. Sanderling Calidris alba (b) ………. Sanderling Calidris alba (c)………. Sanderling Calidris alba (d) ………. Sanderling Callinectes sapidus ………. Blue Crab, Chelonia mydas (a).………. Green Sea Turtle Chelonia mydas (b)………. Green Sea Turtle Cheonecides bairdi ……… Snow Crab Emertita analoga ………. Mole Crab (Pacific) Eupagurus bernhardus ………. Hermit Crab Eurypharanx pelecanoides ………. Gulper Eel Hermodice carunculata ………. Bearded Fireworm Mellita Quinqueisperforata ………. Sand Dollar Menippe Mercenaria ………. Stone Crab Gavialis gangiticus ………. Gaharial – (Asia) Grimpoteuthis ………. Dumbo Octopus Latimeria chalumnae ………. Coelacanth Gombessa Latimeria chalumnae ………. Coelacanth Numenius americanus ………. Long-Billed Curlew Oocypode quadrata ………. Ghost Crab Paralithodes camtschaticus ……… Red King Crab Pelecanus occidentalis ………. Brown Pelican Phycodurus eques ………. Leafy Sea Dragon Placopecten magellanicus ………. Sea scallop Regalecus glesne ………. Oarfish Lutra canadensis ………. River Otter Special Bibliography by Sharon Tong Genus species (Linneaus) Species (common)
  3. 4. Aleochara bilineata – Rove Beetle Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Coleoptera Suborder: Polyphaga Infraorder: Staphyliniformia Family: Staphylinidae The Rove Beetle (Scientific Name: Aleochara bilineata) is a type of beetle that lives on ocean shores submerged at high tide. <ul><li>Rove Beetles can grow from 1 to 35mm (1.5in), with most in the 2 to 8 mm range. </li></ul><ul><li>They eat just about everything but the living tissue of higher plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Colors range from yellow to reddish-brown to brown to black. </li></ul><ul><li>Most rove beetles are predators of insects and other kinds of invertebrates. </li></ul><ul><li>Several types are known to live on ocean shores that are submerged at high tide . </li></ul><ul><li>Their labium can shoot out from the head using blood pressure. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Busycon contrarium; Lightning Whelk Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mulusca Class: Gastropoda Family: Buccinidae Genus: Busycon Species: Busycon contrarium Scource: <ul><li>Key Features: </li></ul><ul><li>species has a left-handed or sinistral shell </li></ul><ul><li>has a low spire </li></ul><ul><li>species are diurnal </li></ul><ul><li>the knobs of the lightning whelk are usually dull </li></ul><ul><li>whelks prefer to stay in deeper waters when feeding on mud flats </li></ul> Lightning Whelks are exclusively marine . They are native to southeastern North America, south to Florida and the Gulf states in the sandy or muddy substrate of shallow embayments. Lightning Whelks feed primarily on marine bivalves. Because of their location, Lightning Whelks are very common. They’ve been around for thousands of years and were used by many Native Americans as food, to make tools, and make shell gorgets.
  5. 6. <ul><li>Sanderlings are birds that are mainly white with a few patches of black and grey. </li></ul><ul><li>The beak and feet of the Sanderling are absolutely jet black. </li></ul>(Calidris Alba) Sanderling <ul><li>The Sanderling is a sandy beach creature that lives on the beach. </li></ul><ul><li>You can commonly find these birds on your local beaches, if you live in Australia or new Zealand. </li></ul>Kingdom : Animalia Phylum: Craniata Class: Aves Order: Charadriformes Family: Scolopacidae Genus Species : Calidris alba <ul><li>Habitat: The Sanderling's habitat is on the Australian coastlines, and in New Zealand. </li></ul><ul><li>Niche: The niche of this species is that the sanderling must be smart and work fast to avoid predators. </li></ul><ul><li>The ecosystem of Sanderling: This bird prefers grasslands, wetlands, and/or marine ecosystems. </li></ul><ul><li>The population of this species: The population is nearly 1,500 sanderlings. </li></ul>Pringle, J.D. 1987. The Shorebirds of Australia . Angus and Robertson and the National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife, Sydney. Morcombe, M. 2000. Field guide to Australian Birds . Steve Parish Publishing. Higgins, P.J. and S.J.J.F. Davies (eds) 1996. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds, Volume 3 (Snipe to Pigeons) . Oxford University Press, Victoria.
  6. 7. Calidris alba Sanderling <ul><li>Males are aggressive when it comes to territory. </li></ul><ul><li>Voice is a sharp kip. Conversational chatter while feeding. </li></ul><ul><li>  Nests 4 olive eggs, spotted with brown, placed in a hollow on the ground lined with grasses and lichens. </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps the most identifiable small shore bird. </li></ul><ul><li>Juveniles have black or white backs. </li></ul><ul><li>Adults have white wing stripe bordered in black. </li></ul><ul><li>Medium gray upperparts and plain white below in winter. </li></ul><ul><li>Nest on barrens near the sea around the North Pole, and they winter on sandy beaches virtually everywhere. </li></ul><ul><li>Breeds in the high Arctic and winters along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts from Canada to Argentina. </li></ul><ul><li>Range is estimated globally at 100,000 to 1,000,000 square kilometers. </li></ul><ul><li>Diet includes small crustaceans and mollusks. </li></ul><ul><li>Prefers grassland, wetland, or marine ecosystems. </li></ul><ul><li>Most commonly seen in flocks, chasing receding waves on ocean beaches, and running away from them when they return. </li></ul><ul><li>Chooses nesting sites in dry, stony areas near moist areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently not an endangered species. </li></ul><ul><li>Weight ranges from 40 – 100 grams. </li></ul><ul><li>18 – 20 cm in length. </li></ul>Sandy beach species Sharon Tong
  7. 8. Calidris Alba Sanderlings <ul><li>A Sanderling is </li></ul><ul><li>mostly white </li></ul><ul><li>with a hint of a </li></ul><ul><li>dark eye stripe . </li></ul><ul><li>A Sanderlings </li></ul><ul><li>beak is </li></ul><ul><li>short straight </li></ul><ul><li>and black. </li></ul><ul><li>A Sanderlings </li></ul><ul><li>Legs are jet </li></ul><ul><li>Black. </li></ul><ul><li>they are </li></ul><ul><li>Commonly found </li></ul><ul><li>on relatively </li></ul><ul><li>undisturbed </li></ul><ul><li>beaches. </li></ul>Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Craniata Class: Aves Order: Charadriformes Family: Scolopacidae Genus species: Calidris alba <ul><li>Habitat: the Sanderlings habitats are found in Australia </li></ul><ul><li>by the Coast lines. And in New Zealand. </li></ul><ul><li>Niche: the niche of the sanderling is that it must be </li></ul><ul><li>Fast and have a strong work ethnic. </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 1,500 </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem: grassland, wetlands, or marine. </li></ul>
  8. 10. The Sanderling is one of the most widespread wintering shorebirds in the world. It is found on nearly all temperate and tropical sandy beaches throughout the world. Among shorebirds, only the Ruddy Turnstone and the Whimbrel rival its worldwide distribution. The mating system of the Sanderling appears to vary among areas, and possibly also among years. It is predominantly monogamous, but occasionally the female lays eggs for several different males in quick succession. It is common for nonbreeding individuals of Arctic-breeding shorebirds to remain on the wintering grounds through the summer. Why make that long trip if you're not going to breed anyway? Many Sanderlings remain in South America without breeding, but only small numbers remain along the North American coasts Sanderlings are small sandpipers with black legs and feet and a stout, short, black beak. They are from 18 to 20 cm in length and 40 to 100 g. In their non-breeding plumage these sandpipers have a very pale, whitish head, with pale gray upperparts and white under parts. They have a dark shoulder patch that extends onto the throat and breast. In flight they have a white wing stripe that is bordered by black. In their breeding plumage the upperparts take on a reddish brown color and the head becomes more deeply colored. Females and males are similar. . Sanderling Habitat -Nests on islands and coastal tundra of high Arctic. -On migration and in winter prefers sandy beaches. -Sanderlings are found very widely along Australian coastlines and are regular visitors to New Zealand. They breed from north America to north Russia and islands in the Arctic Ocean. Food -Aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates. Nesting -Shallow scrape in tundra. Lined sparsely with leaves and lichens. -Clutch Size 3–4 eggs Egg Description Dull greenish with small irregular brown spots around large end. Pointed on one end. Condition at Hatching Downy young leave nest day after hatching. Behavior -Pecks and probes in sand for food. Runs along tide line. Runs up beach ahead of incoming wave, then turns around and runs after receding wave to pick up stranded invertebrates and probe in wet sand. What is it? What do they look like? Scientific Information Calidris Alba Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order: Charadriiformes Family: Scolopacidae Genus: Calidris Species: C. alba
  9. 11. there body and looks like an oval is a female. The males is long and skinny. The blue crab has probably the strongest pinching power and a male can very easily take off your pinky. The Male crab called a jimmy or channler. A Mature female called a sook. Immature female is called a sally or she-crab. Mature female carrying brood of eggs called a sponger or sponge crab. Mating pair called a doubler. The Blue Crab, Callinectes sapidus The blue crab can be identified by its claws if the tips of the claw is pink/red than it’s a female. If they are blue than it’s a male. The female can also be identified by the flapper under The blue crab can be found anywhere from Maryland to Florida's Coast and is commercial fished everywhere. The blue crab likes grass because it can find some food there and they are Scavengers so they eat anything they find like dead fish. They are in this would because they clean up the ocean floor and they are very good to eat. There endangerment is humans and a few years ago there were not very many due to over fishing so now there are seasons put on them and bag limits on how many you can keep.
  10. 13. They can grow to larger than six feet in length and can weight up to 200 pounds. They have rough scales unlike most other existing fish species . They survived for tens of millions of years after the dinosaurs went extinct, but they now face extinction in our lifetimes. Its was discovered in 1938 by a South African museum curator on a local fishing trawler fascinated the world and ignited a debate about how this bizarre lobe-finned fish fits into the evolution of land animals. There are only two known species of coelacanth’s : one lives near comorous islands, and the other is found off the waters of sulawesi. But unfortuenatly it is considered endangered. They have internal egg fertilization, but the eggs hatch inside the mother and the young are born alive. fun fact !!!!!!!! Scientists estimate they can live up to 60 years or more. coelacanth
  11. 14. Chelonia mydas The Green Sea Turtle-- These sea turtles are easily distinguished from other sea turtles because they only have one pair of prefrontal scales, rather than two pairs, which most sea turtles have. Their body is nearly oval and is more flat compared to other sea turtles. All of it’s flippers have 1 visible claw. It’s body color varies from pale to very dark green and plain to very bright yellow, brown and green with stripes. For more than 100 million years, sea turtles have traveled the seven seas. With their paddle-shaped flippers and hydrodynamic bodies, they can cross entire oceans, only coming out to build nests and lay their eggs. When they hatch, baby sea turtles instinctively head towards the ocean where they will live until they lay eggs. But over the past few years, these creatures have been dying due to human activities, and their numbers are now plunging. From the destruction of their nesting sites to the poaching of turtle eggs, all of the world’s Green sea turtles are facing the threat of extinction.
  12. 17. Niche: to scavenge for food Habitat: beaches My species live on the beach in there shells Tiny with shell and little legs Lives in a shell in the sand Over 1100 species Eupagurus bernhardus or the hermit crab
  13. 20. Grimpoteuthis - Strange Dumbo Octopus <ul><li>Soft-bodied or semi- gelatinous octopuses. </li></ul><ul><li>At least 20 known species </li></ul><ul><li>and are poorly known. </li></ul><ul><li>Class: Cephalopoda </li></ul><ul><li>Family: Opisthoteuthidae </li></ul><ul><li>Genus: Grimpoteuthis </li></ul><ul><li>Species: There are 14 known species of the Dumbo octopus. </li></ul><ul><li>Read more: </li></ul><ul><li>They live in depths of 3000–4000 meters, with some living up to 7000 meters below sea level. </li></ul><ul><li>An octopod, meaning it has 8 arms. </li></ul><ul><li>Some may be found some meters from the seabed where they drift, with arms outspread. </li></ul><ul><li>They are graceful swimmers and capable of rapid escape when threatened. </li></ul><ul><li>Ear-like fins on the top of their head-like bodies, resembling the ears of Walt Disney's flying elephant. </li></ul><ul><li>Can grow to up to 20 centimeters </li></ul>
  14. 21. A Bearded Fireworm is yellowish or redbrown. It has 4 eyes in the shape of a rectangle. These worms get up to 300mm. This worm has palps ( a cushion-like eating structure) and its head is shaped like an arrow. Has a pink segmented body with red margins and white spiny tuffs The fireworm is in the amphinomidae family. This worm is usually found in a reef or under ocean rocks. Bearded Fireworm ( Hermodice carunculata ) (habitat) A bearded fireworm is usually found on reefs, under stones and, it can be found in rocky areas of the sea. The Bearded fireworms main diet (ecology) is soft and hard corals, anemones and small crustaceans. Its niche is to eat (remove) the last few centimeters of the tip on a branching coral such as staghorn coral.
  15. 22. Latimeria chalumnae Coelacanth, Gombessa Believed to have been extinct 65 million years ago (the end of the Cretaceous period), this species is said to have been sighted in certain areas of the Indian Ocean, especially near the coasts of Indonesia and South Africa. Coelacanths are usually found in cold depths of 120-250 meters with other members of its species. The home range consists of daytime caves where they congregate in order to save up energy and avoid large predators, sharks especially. It is known that sharks prey on coelacanths, determined by scientific observation. Coelacanths feed mainly on small fish that occur in their deep habitat during the night, using their rostral organ: skates, cuttlefish, eels, cardinal fish, and various other bony fish. The average life span of a coelacanth is believed to be 60 years. Research indicates that the coelacanth’s life span is shortened when it nears the surface. It is believed change in pressure and warmer water (which contains less dissolved oxygen) are the cause. It is currently an endangered species. <ul><li>Name origin is Greek for “hollow spine.” </li></ul><ul><li>Can grow to become 2m long and 100kg in weight. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientifically related to lungfish in an ancient Devonian lineage. </li></ul><ul><li>It retains its notochord throughout its life. </li></ul>Each coelacanth has its own distinctive pattern of white markings, allowing recognition of individuals and tracking of their movements. It’s eyes (shown at the top circle) are unique for their sensory abilities, since the species is virtually color blind. They contain a layer behind the retina known as the tapetum lucidum. It acts like a mirror, behind the retina known as the -tapetum lucidum. It acts like a mirror, intensifying weak light. The coelacanth also has a feature in the center of its snout (shown in the bottom left circle) known as the rostral organ. It can detect and respond to electrical fields in the water. Another feature is the coelacanth’s lobe-like fins (shown in the bottom right circle). These fins allow it move 180° and swim faster. BENTHICSPECIES Sharon Tong
  16. 23. Phycodurus eques , Leafy Sea Dragon General Marine SPECIES <ul><li>Can grow to be 18 inches long. </li></ul><ul><li>Lifespan is 5-10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Relatives are the weedy sea dragon, seahorses, and pipefish. </li></ul><ul><li>Can move 150 meters (490 feet) per hour. </li></ul><ul><li>Only member of the genus Phycodurus . </li></ul><ul><li>They are brown, green and yellow in color. </li></ul><ul><li>Jointed plates cover the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Has sharp spines along their backs. </li></ul><ul><li>Have appendages all over their body that are shaped like leaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of pelvic fins. </li></ul><ul><li>Has a long snout and fused jaws. </li></ul><ul><li>Has some of the looks of the sea horses. </li></ul><ul><li>Has a dorsal fin on the back of its tail to aid with movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Has a pectoral fin on ridge of neck to aid in movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes can look in many directions at the same time. </li></ul><ul><li>They are only said to have been found in ocean water to the east and south of Australia’s coastal waters. </li></ul><ul><li>habitat includes rocky reefs, seaweed beds, sea grass meadows and sand patches near coral reefs covered with sea weeds. </li></ul><ul><li>Diet includes small invertebrates, including shrimps and other zooplankton, and larval fishes </li></ul><ul><li>Because leafy sea dragons are such fascinating and unique creatures, some people illegally collect them for their aquariums </li></ul><ul><li>Being slow moving, they rely heavily on camouflage for survival. They are able to change color to match their surroundings. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually live a solitary life, but males and females pair up to breed. </li></ul><ul><li>After six to eight weeks, the baby seadragons hatch and swim away. They are completely independent from the moment they hatch and they grow fast. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently listed as near threatened. </li></ul>Dorsal fin Snout Appendages Sharon Tong
  17. 24. Lutra canadensis River Otter <ul><li>Their fossils date back to the Pleistocene period. </li></ul><ul><li>3 -4 ft long. </li></ul><ul><li>Weigh 15 to 25 pounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Live up to 25 years in captivity and about 15 years in the wild. </li></ul><ul><li>Can hold their breath for up to 8 minutes while under water. </li></ul><ul><li>Run up to 15-l8 mph. </li></ul>Estuary SPECIES <ul><li>Nose is diamond shaped, with two nostrils at the bottom of the nose. </li></ul><ul><li>Nose pad is usually black. </li></ul><ul><li>Body shape is slender and flexible. </li></ul><ul><li>Has webbed and clawed feet. </li></ul><ul><li>Belly is silvery or grayish-brown. </li></ul><ul><li>Most active from early evening through early morning. </li></ul><ul><li>Play more than most wild animals -- wrestling, chasing other otters, tossing and diving for rocks and clamshells, toying with live prey and occasionally, sliding. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be found in Alaska and most of Canada, in the Pacific Northwest, the Great Lakes and most states along the Atlantic Coast and Gulf of Mexico.   </li></ul><ul><li>Home range varies considerably depending on age, gender and food availability. </li></ul><ul><li>Otters live in dens, usually borrowed from beavers, muskrats or woodchucks.  </li></ul><ul><li>Diet includes fish, crustaceans, amphibians, snakes, water insects, snails, worms, small mammals, birds, eggs, frogs, and turtles. </li></ul><ul><li>They frequent lakes and ponds, but usually live in marshes and along wooded rivers and streams. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently endangered from human actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Coats range from nearly black to reddish or grayish brown on their backs. </li></ul><ul><li>Tail is about one-third of total body length. They are thick at the base, muscular, and add to flexibility. </li></ul>Sharon Tong
  18. 25. Sand dollars reach reproduction age at about ages 1-4 years old. A sand dollar is considered a suspension feeder which means it feeds on little particles is water currents. A sand dollar has radial symmetry. Which pretty much means it is circular. A sand dollar is a marine invertebrate that lives on costal areas or beaches. The sand dollar’s colors are pale gray lavender to a purplish black. It has a water vascular system. Mellita Quinqueisperforata Sand Dollar <- Mouth Exoskeleton ^ Spine Sand dollars are listed as threatened species. The main threat is habitat loss due to human reclamation or human activity on beaches or coastal areas. Human activity’s can be pollution or collection. The main niche of a sand dollar is to gather detritus. They also collect many food particles that are in the oceans currents.
  19. 26. Only the claw of a stone crab is harvested and a legal size claw has a propodus base measurement of more than 70 mm (2.75 inches. Found from Texas coast to Florida coast and all between. Its a scavenger, cleans up the ocean floor. Its predators depend on its size. Us as humans cant really be called predators to them because we take the claws and throw the crab back. Birds and some species of other animals are there predators. and can be caught for own use or to sell since stone crab claws are pretty good money to buy. They are off shore and inshore so you can set traps either places. The stone crab's carapace is 5 to 6.5 inches (130 to 170 mm) long and about 5 in (130 mm) wide in larger specimens. Menippe Mercenaria, Stone Crab The stone crab is a crab found in Florida and a lot of other places. The stone crab is a crab that you take the claws and throw the crab back. They are a very tasty treat
  20. 27. Numenius americanus - Long-Billed Curlew How to identify Numenius americanus The Long-Billed Curlew has speckled brown wings, a buff brown color, and a long curved bill. Female Scolopacidae Numenius have longer bill’s than the male. Their long bill is used to retrieve burrowing insects and marine life . The Long-Billed Curlew also has a long neck. Range- Southern Canada to northern California, Utah, northern New Mexico and Texas. Winters to Mexico and Central America. Habitat- Breeds in grasslands, prairies, and plains. Winters on lake and river shores, and sandy beaches. How- They forage for food Niche- Foraging Endangerment- Special Concern (SARA) Length- 19.7–25.6 in 50–65 cm Wingspan- 24.4–35 in 62–89 cm Weight- 17.3–33.5 oz 490–950 g Diet- shrimp, crabs, burrowing earthworms, insects, marine crustaceans, bottom-dwelling marine invertebrates, grasshoppers, beetles, caterpillars, spiders, and occasionally small animals. Websites Long-Billed Curlew Numenius americanus Scientific Information- Highly territorial around nests. Both the male and female sit on the eggs to keep them warm. A baby Long-Billed Curlew has a bill that is a lot shorter than that of a males, but within the first year their bills may be the same size.
  21. 28. The sea scallop is the largest commercially available scallop, growing up to 20 cm (8 in) in diameter. Sea scallops are harvested and rarely survive the trip to the water's surface, so they are usually shucked immediately after capture. Because of the depths from which they are harvested sea scallops are also called Atlantic deep-sea scallops. Sea scallops are flat round disks inside of a shell that protects the meat that is safe to eat. A sea scallop is actually the adductor muscle that holds two scallop shells together. The meat is generally an inch and a half in diameter and is a creamy ivory or fleshy color. Sea scallops can be sized according to small, medium, large and jumbo. Sea scallops are filter feeders, feeding primarily on phytoplankton, but also on micro zooplankton and detritus. Sea scallops grow rapidly during the first several years of life. Between ages 3 and 5, they commonly increase 50 to 80% in shell height and quadruple their meat weight Sea Scallops generally occur in shallow water less than 40 m (22 fathoms) deep. South of Cape Cod and on Georges Bank, sea scallops typically occur at depths between 25 and 200 m (14 to 110 fathoms), with commercial concentrations generally between 35 and 100 m (19 to 55 fathoms) Most scallops are free-living, but some species can attach to a substrate by a structure called a bvssus or even be cemented to their substrate as adults. Other scallops can extend a &quot;foot&quot; from between their valves. Scientific Information Facts: Placopecten magellanicus Sea scallop Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Bivalvia Subclass: Pteriomorphia Order: Ostreoida Suborder: Pectinina Superfamily: Pectinoidea Family: Pectinidae Genus: Placopecten Species: P. magellanicus
  22. 29. - Pelecanus occidentalis - Brown Pelican <ul><li>Large, dark water bird. </li></ul><ul><li>Long bill with extensible pouch. </li></ul><ul><li>Legs short. </li></ul><ul><li>Body large and heavy. </li></ul><ul><li>Feet webbed. </li></ul><ul><li>Wings long and broad. </li></ul><ul><li>Tail short. </li></ul><ul><li>Soars close to water surface. </li></ul><ul><li>Babies are a pinkish color. </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile dirty brown all over with white belly. </li></ul><ul><li>Pale line along middle of under wing. </li></ul><ul><li>Bill gray-brown. </li></ul><ul><li>112-137cm long, and have a wingspan of approximately 2 meters (7 ft). </li></ul><ul><li>Family: Pelecanus </li></ul><ul><li>Species:  Pelecanus occidentalis </li></ul><ul><li>Common name: Brown Pelican </li></ul><ul><li>KINGDOM: Animalia PHYLUM: </li></ul><ul><li>Chordata CLASS : Aves </li></ul><ul><li>ORDER: Pelecaniformes </li></ul><ul><li>HABITAT: Primarily found along coasts and in bays and estuaries </li></ul><ul><li>American Pacific coast from western Canada to northern Peru and American Atlantic coast from northern United States to northern Brazil; within range, migratory movement from northern to southern regions occurs </li></ul><ul><li>POPULATION: GLOBAL Unknown </li></ul><ul><li>STATUS: IUCN Endangered (Except along Atlantic coast and Alabama) CITES Not listed USFWS Not listed </li></ul>
  23. 32. Oocypode quadrata Ghost Crab : Camoflauged Cruncher <ul><li>Scientific Information: </li></ul><ul><li>Will eat anything it can find, including other crabs. </li></ul><ul><li>Periodically take trips to the water line at night in order to wet their gills. </li></ul><ul><li>Can go at a fast pace along the beaches. </li></ul><ul><li>They are bottom dwellers. </li></ul><ul><li>Five walking legs with a segmented body. </li></ul><ul><li>Live in sandy beaches along the eastern coast </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduce by laying eggs in their burrows. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to spot because they blend in with the sand. </li></ul><ul><li>Burry golf ball- shaped holes </li></ul><ul><li>Their burrows can be up too 330 feet from the sea and over </li></ul><ul><li>3 feet deep. </li></ul><ul><li>They dart quickly down the burrows in their first instinct </li></ul><ul><li>of disturbance. </li></ul><ul><li>Their white bodies blend in with the sand on the shore. </li></ul><ul><li>Size, about three inches across. </li></ul><ul><li>You can tell how big the crab is by the size of its burrow. </li></ul><ul><li>The crabs communicate by sound. </li></ul><ul><li>Their water-tight, external skeleton prevents water loss from their tissues & keeps them from drying out. </li></ul>
  24. 34. You can identify my species by looking at the shape and length of the fish, my fish is really long, and it has a somewhat pointy head. Also my fish has frilly fins of top of it back/body, and the oarfish has a really long strand of frilly hair on it pointy forehead. My fish also lives in the really deep water were there is a lot of pressure. My deep sea fish is regalecus glense/ oarfish. It can go down to water as deep as 3,000ft, and it can go up to waters a high as 600ft. It can grow up to 50ft WOW, and it eats small plankton and even small fish. Range: The oarfish may come at as much at to 600 feet and go down to as low as 3,000 feet. Habitat: The oarfish live in the deep dark world of the ocean and they survive because they have adapted to the changes in there environment. Niche: The niche of an oarfish is that it help eat the plankton. Ecosystem: The oarfish's ecosystem is in the deep water where there is under water volcanoes and it has a lot of pressure. Endangerment: The oarfish is not endangered at all in fact we don’t even really know a lot about these fish. Regalecus glesne also called the Oarfish Oarfish length Pointy forehead Frilly fins 10 ft
  25. 35. <ul><li>Tyson, Peter. &quot;NOVA | Anatomy of the Coelacanth.&quot; PBS: Public Broadcasting Service . WGBH. , 3 Jan. 2001. Web. 19 Mar. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Limson, Janice . &quot;What do we know about the coelacanths - behaviour, habitat.&quot; Science in Africa, Africa's First On-Line Science Magazine, Home Page . Janice Limson., n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li> . &quot;Coelacanths | Fish |; Animal Facts | . Website Design York Interweb, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li> - Photo Gallery: Len Blumin (page 11).&quot; - Dependable advice on birding Oregon, California and Europe . TOWHEE.NET, n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Mdf. &quot;Sanderling - Pictures and facts - Birds @; Animal pictures | Facts about mammals ., n.d. Web. 6 Apr. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;OTTERS - Physical Characteristics.&quot; SeaWorld/Busch Gardens ANIMALS - HOME . SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment, 7 Apr. 2011. Web. 7 Apr. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;River Otter Facts for Kids - NatureMapping.&quot; UW Departments Web Server . Washington NatureMapping Program, n.d. Web. 7 Apr. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>N air, Sonia. &quot;Leafy Sea Dragon Facts.&quot; Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web ., 25 Feb. 2010. Web. 7 Apr. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Miley, Michelle. &quot;Leafy Sea Dragon Facts |; eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More - Trusted Advice for the Curious Life | . Demand Media, Inc., n.d. Web. 7 Apr. 2011. <>. </li></ul>