TOP SECRET PresentationDepartment of Homeland SecurityA Brief History BAH 7/29/11 This document is confidential and is intended solely for the use and information of the client to whom it is addressed.
Table Of Contents Establishment of the Department of Homeland Security Development of the Department of Homeland Security and Consolidation of Parts Challenges Solutions 1
In the beginning… The Nation is devastated by the 9/11terrorist attacks on major U.S. establishments and the world opens its eyes fully to the threat of international extremist groups such as Al-Qaida President Bush establishes the Office of Homeland Security with former governor Tom Ridge as Director on October 8, 2001 – Stated purpose to ‘prepare for, prevent, and respond to domestic emergencies’ – Focus given to terrorist attacks, man-made accidents, and natural disasters Just over a year later the Homeland Security Act is passed on November 25, 2002, raising the OHS to cabinet status as the Department of Homeland Security – Expands to 3rd largest cabinet and assumes control of several domestic agencies Unlike the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security* is designated to protect the civilian sphere 2
Expansion On March 1, 2003 the 22 agencies that are to make up the Department are officially merged – These agencies include INS, which is then divided into two branches: enforcement and policy, the USM, as well as the Coast Guard Pros: Previously low budget agencies given more priority and funding under DHS umbrella Cons: Established agencies like Coast Guard and FEMA suffer from bureaucracy of large-scale cabinet 3
Reorganization Tom Ridge Steps down November 30, 2004 and is replaced by Michael Chertoff Chertoff proceeds to rebudget many of the DHS agencies placing a strong emphasis on the highest-risk areas Hurricane Katrina hits the Gulf in August, 2005 exposing the DHS lack of response and raising calls for FEMA to separate from the Department – Leads to massive reshaping of all disaster relief programs 4
Challenges On top of public criticism they received for the botched relief for Katrina victims, the Government Accountability Office gave the Department a scathing review – Accomplished less than 50% of stated goals The 22 agencies within the DHS, still suffered from confusion and disorganization 5 years after its inception – Poor inter-office communication leads to irresponsible spending – Multiple agencies pursuing same goal in different ways leading to repeat spending Looming budget cuts raise even bigger questions All on top of never ending public criticism for botched threat response and general ineptitude 5
Solutions Booz Allen has effectively ‘made their mission our mission’ – Embrace constantly changing role that the DHS must play and the resources and management they will need to do so Using ME2 template, the goal is to streamline the 22 varying agencies so that their mission is focused and effective – Reduce indirect spending – Increase cross-agency communication – Regular assessments One of the most important steps in the process to identify/categorize the four basic missions of DHS: Border Security, Domestic Protection, Immigration Management, Emergency Management – Then establish a transparent council for each with members from all agencies – These councils will specify real-time, achievable goals that best serve the Department as a whole, as opposed to individual agencies or offices Communicate, Invest, Operate more effectively 6