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Dhs presentation

  1. 1. TOP SECRET PresentationDepartment of Homeland SecurityA Brief History BAH 7/29/11 This document is confidential and is intended solely for the use and information of the client to whom it is addressed.
  2. 2. Table Of Contents Establishment of the Department of Homeland Security Development of the Department of Homeland Security and Consolidation of Parts Challenges Solutions 1
  3. 3. In the beginning…  The Nation is devastated by the 9/11terrorist attacks on major U.S. establishments and the world opens its eyes fully to the threat of international extremist groups such as Al-Qaida  President Bush establishes the Office of Homeland Security with former governor Tom Ridge as Director on October 8, 2001 – Stated purpose to ‘prepare for, prevent, and respond to domestic emergencies’ – Focus given to terrorist attacks, man-made accidents, and natural disasters  Just over a year later the Homeland Security Act is passed on November 25, 2002, raising the OHS to cabinet status as the Department of Homeland Security – Expands to 3rd largest cabinet and assumes control of several domestic agencies  Unlike the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security* is designated to protect the civilian sphere 2
  4. 4. Expansion  On March 1, 2003 the 22 agencies that are to make up the Department are officially merged – These agencies include INS, which is then divided into two branches: enforcement and policy, the USM, as well as the Coast Guard  Pros: Previously low budget agencies given more priority and funding under DHS umbrella  Cons: Established agencies like Coast Guard and FEMA suffer from bureaucracy of large-scale cabinet 3
  5. 5. Reorganization  Tom Ridge Steps down November 30, 2004 and is replaced by Michael Chertoff  Chertoff proceeds to rebudget many of the DHS agencies placing a strong emphasis on the highest-risk areas  Hurricane Katrina hits the Gulf in August, 2005 exposing the DHS lack of response and raising calls for FEMA to separate from the Department – Leads to massive reshaping of all disaster relief programs 4
  6. 6. Challenges  On top of public criticism they received for the botched relief for Katrina victims, the Government Accountability Office gave the Department a scathing review – Accomplished less than 50% of stated goals  The 22 agencies within the DHS, still suffered from confusion and disorganization 5 years after its inception – Poor inter-office communication leads to irresponsible spending – Multiple agencies pursuing same goal in different ways leading to repeat spending  Looming budget cuts raise even bigger questions  All on top of never ending public criticism for botched threat response and general ineptitude 5
  7. 7. Solutions  Booz Allen has effectively ‘made their mission our mission’ – Embrace constantly changing role that the DHS must play and the resources and management they will need to do so  Using ME2 template, the goal is to streamline the 22 varying agencies so that their mission is focused and effective – Reduce indirect spending – Increase cross-agency communication – Regular assessments  One of the most important steps in the process to identify/categorize the four basic missions of DHS: Border Security, Domestic Protection, Immigration Management, Emergency Management – Then establish a transparent council for each with members from all agencies – These councils will specify real-time, achievable goals that best serve the Department as a whole, as opposed to individual agencies or offices  Communicate, Invest, Operate more effectively 6