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Biodiversity in the city and port of Rotterdam

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Presentation held on the Montreal Biodiversity Summit 2010 (Sommet biodiversite Montreal) 27 april 2010

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Biodiversity in the city and port of Rotterdam

  1. 1. Biodiversity in the city and port of Rotterdam Montreal Biodiversity Summit 2010 Niels de Zwarte | 27 april 2010
  2. 2. bureau Stadsnatuur? Since 1997. Government  Natural History Museum urban ecology research center Onderzoek research Opslag data storage Overdracht sharing knowledge
  3. 3. Outline 1. Something about Rotterdam 2. Biodiversity in Rotterdam 3. Facts about the port 4. The project: Natterjack Toad 5. The problem 6. The process 7. The solution 8. Conclusions
  4. 4. 1. Something about Rotterdam
  5. 5. Location
  6. 6. 2. Biodiversity in Rotterdam >160 species 22 species 38 species ± 25 species 5 species 2 species 105 species 32 species 34 species >700 species 679 species
  7. 7. Nature in cities: Ferns
  8. 8. Nature in cities: Orchids
  9. 9. Nature in cities: Oystercatcher
  10. 10. Nature in cities: Foxes
  11. 11. All mammals of Rotterdam
  12. 12. Urban ecology • You can’t protect if you don’t know what is there • Investigate • Urban ecosystem biotic- a-biotic • Opportunities in projects Ronald van Dijk
  13. 13. Take care of biodiversity • Investigation • Mitigation • Compensation
  14. 14. Bats (Chirpotera) in the city
  15. 15. Political action • Nature policy • Green structures: connect and protect • Subsidize green roofs
  16. 16. 3. Facts about the port • Largest port in Europe “gateway to Northwest Europe” • 40 km (25 miles) long • 70,000 people at work
  17. 17. Some numbers • 10 million TEU (unit measurement) containers • 375 million tons of cargo • 36,000 seagoing and 135,000 inland vessels • 100 million tons of crude oil
  18. 18. Money • Goods and services economic value in the region of € 11 billion per year. • € 70 million of profits to - the municipality of Rotterdam - the Dutch government - its shareholders €11=15 C$/ €70=95 C$
  19. 19. 4. The project: Natterjack Toad • FR: Crapaud calamite Bufo calamita • Most populations in dune areas
  20. 20. Something about the toad • Not too big, 6 cm (2,4 inch) • Yellow stripe, red warts • Pioneer • Opportunistic • Highly dispersive
  21. 21. • Calls loud • Thousands of eggs in shallow water • Hibernates in sand Something about the toad 2
  22. 22. 5. The problem • Natterjack toad is highly protected by European legislation (Habitat Directive) • New port to be build: Maasvlakte 2 • Conflicts with new port • Big issue
  23. 23. Maasvlakte 2 January 2009 February 2009
  24. 24. Infra to Maasvlakte 2 • Overlaps habitat of the toad • Railways, roads, pipelines
  25. 25. 6. The process 2006 Discussion, literature, brainstorm New proposal, making a plan 2007 Discussion with authorities Agreements /negotiations Constructing ponds, translocation 2008 Monitoring
  26. 26. 7. The solution • New habitat with artificial ponds • 6 clusters with 3 ponds each • For undetermined time • License for translocation • Monitoring
  27. 27. Design Beebee&Denton, 1996
  28. 28. Construction
  29. 29. Costs new habitats • Construction: € 5,000x18= €90,000 • Monitoring: €4,000/ year • Maintenance: € 500 /year (?)
  30. 30. The year after
  31. 31. Monitoring • It worked! • Exciting results
  32. 32. Other projects • More habitats for other species • “Temporary nature” • Nature at bollards
  33. 33. 8. Conclusions • Even in highly urbanized cities and ports opportunities exist • Focus on the solution • Investigate nature values: risk management AND chances • Join nature in early stage of planning • Part of the CSR • Thus, nature and economy can go hand in hand
  34. 34. Awareness • Communication • Broad social basis • Enthusiasm
  35. 35. Thanks and Questions? Thanks to: • The team of bSR for all photo’s and feedback: Remko Andeweg, Mark Grutters, Garry Bakker, André de Baerdemaeker and Wouter Moerland • The Port of Rotterdam for all photo’s and facts Time for questions

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