Video: How …?
What did you see?
What did you think?
What did you
Feedback V Praise
Hattie and Timperley (2007)
‘This type of feedback is rarely converted into
increased engagement, commitment to learning,
enhanced self-perceptions or deeper
understanding about the task.’
Feedback is effective when it is connected to
learning and skill development.
To reduce discrepancies between
current understanding /
performance and desired goal.
The discrepancies can be reduced by…
• Increased effort & employment of more
effective strategies OR
• Abandoning, blurring or lowering goals.
Providing appropriate challenging &
Assisting students to reach them through
effective learning strategies & feedback.
Effective feedback answers 3
Where am I going? (goals)
How am I going? Feed Back
Where to next? Feed Forward
Each feedback question works at 4 levels.
How well the tasks are understood /
The main process needed to understand /
Self monitoring, directing, and regulating of
Personal evaluation and affect (usually positive)
about the lesson.