Breaking through Invisible Walls
Building a Discovery Catalog at the
Joint San Jose Libraries
Outline
● “Library without Walls” through the 20th century
● The Invisible walls in Digital Libraries
● Digital Resources ...
The Library Without the Walls
Reprints of Papers and Addresses
Selected and Annotated
by
Laura M. Janzow
Chief of the Regi...
Janzow’s History of Open Access
1. Books to be consulted only by a favored few
2. By any who paid a required fee.
3. Consu...
Library Without Walls: 1950 -
Library Without Walls: 1990 -
Did the walls go away?Do we have any more Walls?
Invisible Walls and Digital Libraries
● Economic/Institutional (Paywalls)
● Technical (Data Silos)
● Cultural (Web 2.0 ver...
Hitting an Invisible Wall
Library Gateway
Data Silos
1 Search Box 412 Search Boxes
“A sophomore in biology and classics noted her
difficulty choosing which database to use: ‘I
know the database one but som...
User Reviews AACR2
Folksonomy LCSH
San Jose’s Academic/Public Library
Digital Resources at the SJ Libraries
Too many websites to define us
● sjpl.org
● library.sjsu.edu
● sjlibrary.org
● catal...
Who has access to what?
SJSU Users SJPL Users
SJPL Physical materials Yes Yes
SJSU Physical materials Yes Yes
SJPL Databas...
Options for a New Catalog
Catalog Overlays
● Same catalog Content –
updated interface
● Adds “social” features
● Reviews
●...
Examples of Catalog Overlays
● Endeca: NCSU, 2006:
http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/catalog/
● SOPAC: AADL, 2007: http://www.aadl.o...
Catalog Overlay -- BiblioCommons
Discovery System Options
● WorldCat Local (at Berkeley):
http://berkeley.worldcat.org
● Summon (at Dartmouth) :
http://dar...
Discovery Systems – Xerxes/Summon
Catalog gets
766 hits;
Discovery
System 345,452
Differing Priorities for SJSU and SJPL Patrons
2011/2012 Circulation
● SJPL: 10,706,328
● SJSU: 464,475
2011/2012 Database...
Challenges in Making a Choice
● Staff perceptions differ between the
university and the public library
● Vendor focus diff...
How Encore/Synergy bridges the gaps
● It combines features of a “catalog overlay”
(Encore) with features of a discovery
sy...
Books
Articles
Social Stuff
Switch
Institutions
SJSU DBs
SJPL DBs
Options
Do we Need Walls?
Thank you
John Wenzler
San Jose State University
john.wenzler@sjsu.ecu
Breaking through invisible walls: Developing a new discovery catalog for a merged  Academic/Public Library / John Wenzler
Breaking through invisible walls: Developing a new discovery catalog for a merged  Academic/Public Library / John Wenzler
Breaking through invisible walls: Developing a new discovery catalog for a merged  Academic/Public Library / John Wenzler
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Breaking through invisible walls: Developing a new discovery catalog for a merged Academic/Public Library / John Wenzler

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The concept of a "library without walls" has evolved over the last 100 years. Are there any walls left for 21st century libraries to consider? One answer to this question is that the remaining walls are virtual, political, and economic rather than physical. These invisible walls segregate library content from other content available on the Internet and create various barriers that restrict access to library resources. The new discovery catalog at the joint academic/public library in San Jose is an attempt to break through some of these walls in a complex political and economic environment. John Wenzler is the Associate Dean of Digital Futures, Technical Services, and Information Technology at the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Library of San Jose State University. John oversees the development of a growing suite of digital resources and services available from the SJSU Library. Because the King Library is a joint academic/public library, he also works collaboratively with the management of the San Jose Public Library to establish strategic goals and priorities. Before moving to SJSU, John was the Electronic Resources Coordinator at San Francisco State University and has worked as a Systems Librarian at Innovative Interfaces.

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Breaking through invisible walls: Developing a new discovery catalog for a merged Academic/Public Library / John Wenzler

  1. 1. Breaking through Invisible Walls Building a Discovery Catalog at the Joint San Jose Libraries
  2. 2. Outline ● “Library without Walls” through the 20th century ● The Invisible walls in Digital Libraries ● Digital Resources at the Joint San Jose Libraries ● Implementing a Next Gen catalog at the Joint San Jose Libraries
  3. 3. The Library Without the Walls Reprints of Papers and Addresses Selected and Annotated by Laura M. Janzow Chief of the Registration Department, St. Louis Public Library New York The H.W. Wilson Company 1927
  4. 4. Janzow’s History of Open Access 1. Books to be consulted only by a favored few 2. By any who paid a required fee. 3. Consulted by anyone, but books could not be taken from the library building. 4. Books were loaned to a favored few. 5. Loaned to those who paid a fee. 6. The modern conception of “free as air and water” to all.
  5. 5. Library Without Walls: 1950 -
  6. 6. Library Without Walls: 1990 -
  7. 7. Did the walls go away?Do we have any more Walls?
  8. 8. Invisible Walls and Digital Libraries ● Economic/Institutional (Paywalls) ● Technical (Data Silos) ● Cultural (Web 2.0 versus Library Standards)
  9. 9. Hitting an Invisible Wall
  10. 10. Library Gateway
  11. 11. Data Silos
  12. 12. 1 Search Box 412 Search Boxes
  13. 13. “A sophomore in biology and classics noted her difficulty choosing which database to use: ‘I know the database one but sometimes there are some databases where I’m like, I don’t know if I should go onto PubMed versus BioOne. I know it has a description but there are so many of them. It’s kind of frustrating to go through all of them and find them out.’” “Paths of Discovery: Comparing the Search effectiveness of EBSCO Discovery Service, Summon, Google Scholar, and Conventional Library Resources” CR&L preprint: http://crl.acrl.org/content/early/2012/05/07/crl-374.full.pdf
  14. 14. User Reviews AACR2
  15. 15. Folksonomy LCSH
  16. 16. San Jose’s Academic/Public Library
  17. 17. Digital Resources at the SJ Libraries Too many websites to define us ● sjpl.org ● library.sjsu.edu ● sjlibrary.org ● catalog.sjlibrary.org SJPL 54 databases, SJSU 399 databases How can we simplify what we do jointly? SJSU SJPL Web Sites 6 4 Databases 412 54 eJournals 133,874 20 eBooks 121,140 38,739
  18. 18. Who has access to what? SJSU Users SJPL Users SJPL Physical materials Yes Yes SJSU Physical materials Yes Yes SJPL Databases Sometimes* Yes SJSU Databases Yes Sometimes** SJPL eBooks Sometimes* Yes SJSU eBooks Yes Sometimes*** *If the student is a resident of CA and has a physical library card **Not accessible to SJPL patrons at home or at a branch, but can be used in King
  19. 19. Options for a New Catalog Catalog Overlays ● Same catalog Content – updated interface ● Adds “social” features ● Reviews ● Tagging ● Improved search ● Keyword search and relevance ranking ● Faceted search limits Discovery Systems ● Includes most library content in one index: ● Books ● eBooks ● eJournal articles ● digital image collections ● Improved search ● Keyword search and relevance ranking ● Faceted search limits
  20. 20. Examples of Catalog Overlays ● Endeca: NCSU, 2006: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/catalog/ ● SOPAC: AADL, 2007: http://www.aadl.org/catalog ● SOPAC 2.0: http://www.darienlibrary.org/catalog ● AquaBrowser: http://aquabrowser.lib.ed.ac.uk/ ● BiblioCommons: http://sccl.bibliocommons.com/ ● Encore: http://encore.scottsdaleaz.gov/
  21. 21. Catalog Overlay -- BiblioCommons
  22. 22. Discovery System Options ● WorldCat Local (at Berkeley): http://berkeley.worldcat.org ● Summon (at Dartmouth) : http://dartmouth.summon.serialssolutions.com/ ● Primo Central (at Santa Clara University) : http://onesearch.scu.edu ● EBSCO Discovery Systems (at Mississippi State) : http://library.msstate.edu/ ● Xerxes / Summon (at Fresno State) : http://www.fresnostate.edu/library/
  23. 23. Discovery Systems – Xerxes/Summon Catalog gets 766 hits; Discovery System 345,452
  24. 24. Differing Priorities for SJSU and SJPL Patrons 2011/2012 Circulation ● SJPL: 10,706,328 ● SJSU: 464,475 2011/2012 Database Sessions ● SJSU: 3,661,783 (8 DB sessions for every circ) ● SJPL: 705,331 (15 circs for every DB session)
  25. 25. Challenges in Making a Choice ● Staff perceptions differ between the university and the public library ● Vendor focus differs (some emphasize the needs of academic libraries; others on the needs of public libraries) ● How do we get a new catalog that highlights the city/university collaboration?
  26. 26. How Encore/Synergy bridges the gaps ● It combines features of a “catalog overlay” (Encore) with features of a discovery system (Synergy) ● Displays both SJSU and SJPL resources in a way that tries to duplicate the “seamless service” in the King Library Building
  27. 27. Books Articles
  28. 28. Social Stuff
  29. 29. Switch Institutions SJSU DBs
  30. 30. SJPL DBs Options
  31. 31. Do we Need Walls?
  32. 32. Thank you John Wenzler San Jose State University john.wenzler@sjsu.ecu

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