Gatekeeping - witholding/ manipulation of informationMechanism the tool used to do thisDiversification – link to synergy/ companies owning many forms of mediaPrimary reception – cinema / secondary reception - dvd/ tv/ streaming
Intro to press regulation
• Regulatory bodies such asBBFC and the PCC
have responded to shifting trends in society, a
more media literate generation and the
removal of some government restrictions.
• Without doubt progression within society
means a more open culture, wider access to
media, more diversification and choice and a
digital revolution which has changed what is
even understood by the term, ‘media’.
• The internet has revolutionised culture and the
exchange of culture and regulatory bodies have
had to respond.
• Unregulated content is commonplace, global and
easy to find at the click of a mouse – ‘traditional’
media including films, television, newspapers,
radio and magazines are readily available along
with a raft of new media.
• The concept of regulation has been laid bare and
open to question in terms of the idea of
• Changes in society and moves towards a more liberal
culture has trusted the younger generation more with
learning about the media via accessing the media and
engaging in more interactive consumption.
• Just like traditional media though new media helps to
develop a worldview and a virtual understanding of the
world we live in.
• Mediated culture has replaced objectivity and much of
the information we know about the world we live in is
via media representations.
• Right wing, pro regulation campaigners have always
stated that parental control should work in
conjunction with regulation of the media to create a
safer environment – this concept is changing with the
march of technology.
• Digital Revolution
• Liberal culture
• Mediated culture
• Parental control
• Self regulation
• Active consumer
• Modes of reception
• Primary reception
• Secondary reception
• Effects model
What is regulation of the Press
• Discuss what you think it means to regulate
• What is regulated?
• For who ?
• By whom?
• A well known British actor, starring in many
famous films, has affairs/relationships with many
high profile women
• He had sex with a prostitute in America
• He has a child with a woman he claims is a friend
• He has had a medical complaint and seen the
doctor about it
Should we know all the intimate details of these
events just because he is a celebrity?
Would you like people knowing all these details
Regulating the press
• History of Press regulation
• Leveson Enquiry
• BBC Q&A Leveson
• BBC press regulation 10 major questions
Future of Press Regulation
• In November 2012, Lord Hunt, Chair of the PCC, responded to the
publication of Lord Justice Leveson's Report.
• He reiterated a commitment to moving forward as swiftly as
possible to a new regulatory body. The UK newspaper and
magazine industry has agreed to construct a new regulatory system
which is compliant with Lord Justice Leveson's recommendations
and is currently in discussions about the precise form that will take.
• Lord Hunt is working with the industry to set up the new
organisation in accordance with those agreed objectives, and is
keeping Government and Parliament informed of progress
• In the meantime the Press Complaints Commission will continue to
deal with complaints from members of the public, which can be
made in the normal way throughout the transition period. The
terms of the Editors' Code of Practice remain the same, and
members of PCC staff are available at any time to offer advice,
including on an emergency out-of-hours basis for concerns relating
to harassment or attention from journalists and photographers