Questioning Exploring  Writing  in the Middle School
Introduction <ul><li>‘ Welcome! </li></ul><ul><li>Middle school is when students become engaged readers or slip behind. Sh...
Program Overview Great Books Roundtable  preserves  the features that have made Great Books programs unique and exciting f...
Sample Unit – “Wolf” <ul><li>We are going to use “Wolf”, with the video that depicts a middle school classroom working on ...
Engaging Reluctant and Struggling Readers in the Middle Grades <ul><li>PREREADING QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Please tell ...
Engaging Reluctant and Struggling Readers in the Middle Grades <ul><li>Students who struggle or get bored who: </li></ul><...
Real Comments from Students   <ul><li>Can we do this again tomorrow (a boy) </li></ul><ul><li>Some times I don’t agree wit...
Skills <ul><li>Roundtable provides a superb framework for teaching the skills of </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Comprehension <...
The Teacher’s Role <ul><li>As a Shared Inquiry leader, you  do   not impart   information  or  present your own opinions ,...
Questioning <ul><li>TEACHERS -The key to a great discussion is learning how to ask questions. </li></ul><ul><li>STUDENTS –...
Why Interpretive Questions? <ul><li>Allows for different opinions to be accepted or rejected without judgments </li></ul><...
Great Books Shared Inquiry An active and collaborative search for answers to questions of meaning presented by a text
Sequence of Questions <ul><li>OPENING QUESTION   (1 question)  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduces and explores ideas, topics...
Materials <ul><li>Roundtable leader Materials include: </li></ul><ul><li>Leader's Edition </li></ul><ul><li>Audio CDs </li...
Leader’s Steps in Preparing a Selection <ul><li>Read  twice and take notes </li></ul><ul><li>Turn  notes & reactions into ...
Teacher’s Preparation <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>STUDY THE STORY </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FORMUL...
Discussion of Wolf <ul><li>Discussion of “Wolf” with Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion of “Wolf” from Students from Di...
Writing <ul><li>Writing is thinking on paper.  Knowing what you think and how to back it up is the first step – the next i...
Roundtable Features <ul><li>High-quality literature </li></ul><ul><li>In-depth reading, critical thinking, and writing act...
DIFFERENCIATION <ul><li>What do all students like to do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TALK IN CLASS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What k...
What About my Struggling Readers? <ul><li>Reading becomes  less lonely and difficult , and more exciting, as they experien...
Shared Solutions <ul><li>What do you see as ideas to share with the group as they struggle with struggling students </li><...
Roundtable Benefits <ul><li>For Teachers . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm shift in the way you teach </li></ul><ul><li>Int...
Benefits <ul><li>For Students . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of reading comprehension, critical thinking, speaking an...
For More Information <ul><li>For more information contact </li></ul><ul><li>Marg Mortimer  </li></ul><ul><li>[email_addres...
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M. mortimer ncmsa- engaging reluctant and struggling students in ms

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M. mortimer ncmsa- engaging reluctant and struggling students in ms

  1. 1. Questioning Exploring Writing in the Middle School
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>‘ Welcome! </li></ul><ul><li>Middle school is when students become engaged readers or slip behind. Shared Inquiry empowers all students to become better readers and thinkers -- starting with their questions and ideas and using collaboration to build defendable interpretations of what they've read. </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in a Great Books Shared Inquiry discussion about “Wolf” and find out how. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Program Overview Great Books Roundtable preserves the features that have made Great Books programs unique and exciting for more than forty years—a focus on the Shared Inquiry™ method of learning supported by high-quality literature.
  4. 4. Sample Unit – “Wolf” <ul><li>We are going to use “Wolf”, with the video that depicts a middle school classroom working on pre-discussion activities, discussing the selection, and completing post-discussion activities including writing. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Engaging Reluctant and Struggling Readers in the Middle Grades <ul><li>PREREADING QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Please tell us who you are and what concerns do you have for struggling /reluctant readers? </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________ </li></ul>
  6. 6. Engaging Reluctant and Struggling Readers in the Middle Grades <ul><li>Students who struggle or get bored who: </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t understand the words </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t want to speak up in class </li></ul><ul><li>Are afraid they have the wrong answer </li></ul><ul><li>Are embarrassed to read aloud </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>(what other painful example can you give) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Real Comments from Students <ul><li>Can we do this again tomorrow (a boy) </li></ul><ul><li>Some times I don’t agree with the class, sometimes I don’t even agree with myself </li></ul><ul><li>I didn’t like the story at first, but now I see it differently….more differently than everyone else </li></ul>
  8. 8. Skills <ul><li>Roundtable provides a superb framework for teaching the skills of </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Teacher’s Role <ul><li>As a Shared Inquiry leader, you do not impart information or present your own opinions , but guide participants in reaching their own interpretations. </li></ul><ul><li>You do this by asking thought-provoking questions and by being an active listener. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Questioning <ul><li>TEACHERS -The key to a great discussion is learning how to ask questions. </li></ul><ul><li>STUDENTS – It is more important to question answers than to answer questions. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Why Interpretive Questions? <ul><li>Allows for different opinions to be accepted or rejected without judgments </li></ul><ul><li>Builds critical thinking skills by leading students to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>develop ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>offer evidence from the text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>respond to the opinions of others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allows for a student centered discussion sharing ideas from quality literature addressing ideas and issues effecting middle schoolers </li></ul>
  12. 12. Great Books Shared Inquiry An active and collaborative search for answers to questions of meaning presented by a text
  13. 13. Sequence of Questions <ul><li>OPENING QUESTION (1 question) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduces and explores ideas, topics, and themes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FOCUS QUESTION (1 question) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examines a central point of the text </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CLUSTER QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes relevance revolving around the focus question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interprets a passage, explore a quotations, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FOLLOW UP QUESTIONS ( asked of students to probe and clarify) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Are you saying that...” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Where in the text did you find support for that?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ What do you mean by...” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tell us more about...” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Do you agree with Sally when she says……” </li></ul>
  14. 14. Materials <ul><li>Roundtable leader Materials include: </li></ul><ul><li>Leader's Edition </li></ul><ul><li>Audio CDs </li></ul><ul><li>CD-ROM </li></ul><ul><li>Activity Instruction Cards </li></ul><ul><li>Roundtable Road Map </li></ul><ul><li>Posters and Bookmarks </li></ul><ul><li>(The materials also include a student anthology) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Leader’s Steps in Preparing a Selection <ul><li>Read twice and take notes </li></ul><ul><li>Turn notes & reactions into questions </li></ul><ul><li>Test for answers and evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Revise your questions, if needed </li></ul><ul><li>Select questions for SI Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Plan ways to differentiate for your class </li></ul><ul><li>Always use a seating chart </li></ul>
  16. 16. Teacher’s Preparation <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>STUDY THE STORY </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FORMULATE QUESTONS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>REVIEW RULES </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>USE A SEATING CHART </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus Question: ______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: _____________________________ </li></ul>What do you mean by______? Have you heard an idea you disagree with? What do you think of ___’s_idea? Where do you find that in the text? AGREE QUESTIONS DISAGREE NEW IDEAS
  17. 17. Discussion of Wolf <ul><li>Discussion of “Wolf” with Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion of “Wolf” from Students from Disk </li></ul>
  18. 18. Writing <ul><li>Writing is thinking on paper. Knowing what you think and how to back it up is the first step – the next is the paperwork. </li></ul><ul><li>SI Discussion prepares students to explore ideas and conclude an evidenced point of view </li></ul><ul><li>Writing assignments can be differentiated or scored according to abilities (rubrics included on disk & TE) </li></ul><ul><li>Roundtable included a full featured writing component on CD ROM with tools to differentiate and use across curriculums. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Roundtable Features <ul><li>High-quality literature </li></ul><ul><li>In-depth reading, critical thinking, and writing activities </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching and learning in stages </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiated instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Common Core and 21 Century Alignments </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment options </li></ul><ul><li>Standards-and research-based learning </li></ul><ul><li>Renowned professional development </li></ul>
  20. 20. DIFFERENCIATION <ul><li>What do all students like to do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TALK IN CLASS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What keeps students from feeling uncomfortable? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No wrong answers in SI discussions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students talk openly and teaches only ask questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules that allow all to participate equally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules of civility that require acceptance of the opinions of others with the right to respectfully disagree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pace that allows for thinking </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. What About my Struggling Readers? <ul><li>Reading becomes less lonely and difficult , and more exciting, as they experience the joy of shared discovery. </li></ul><ul><li>SI discussions work best with a mix class of abilities and opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Quite (and second language students) become valued for their different and often thoughtful opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Gifted students learn to see there can be more than their one right answer </li></ul><ul><li>All students see that the teacher’s answer is not the question </li></ul><ul><li>Gives struggling students tools and shows the importance of multiple readings, as well as reading aloud </li></ul><ul><li>Students learn to collaborate to solve problems of meaning and develop their understanding of a text </li></ul>
  22. 22. Shared Solutions <ul><li>What do you see as ideas to share with the group as they struggle with struggling students </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Double circles, pairing students, ball toss, vocab physical exercises, theater time, tokens to limit # of answers, saving seating charts, etc. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Roundtable Benefits <ul><li>For Teachers . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm shift in the way you teach </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of 21st century skills into curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of the reading and writing processes </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting of New Core and other state standards </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of students in order to meet AYP </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility to differentiate </li></ul>
  24. 24. Benefits <ul><li>For Students . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of reading comprehension, critical thinking, speaking and writing skills </li></ul><ul><li>Growth as independent learners and thinkers </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in a collaborative classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Development of cognitive, emotional and social intelligences </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to learn and practice 21st century skills </li></ul>
  25. 25. For More Information <ul><li>For more information contact </li></ul><ul><li>Marg Mortimer </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>800-222-5870 x7123 or visit our web site at </li></ul><ul><li>www.greatbooks.org/roundtable </li></ul>

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