Referencing Revisited

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A guide to more advanced features and perculiarities of the Harvard Referencing standard used at Newcastle College, with worked examples ... and appalling puns!

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Referencing Revisited

  1. 1. Library Services Referencing Revisited: Harvard Day’s Cite
  2. 2. Library Services Library Services Referencing Revisited:
  3. 3. Library Services Referencing Referencing means outlining what research you have carried out for your assignment and acknowledging any pieces of information or ideas that you have included which are not your own. It is important for several reasons:  It adds authority to your work by revealing what background reading you have done,  It allows your reader to check your findings,  It avoids Plagiarism.
  4. 4. Library Services Harvard Referencing There are two things to do: 1. Include an “Author-Date” citation each time you refer to a source, in the body of your essay. 2. Compile a complete Reference List of all the sources you used, at the end of your work.
  5. 5. Library Services 1.“Author-Date” Citations In your assignment, after every source that you use write down the author’s surname and year when the text was written as you go along. Examples: (Put this in brackets if it doesn’t fit naturally into your sentence.) “Marley was dead to begin with. There is no doubt whatever about that.” Charles begins A Christmas Carol with Jacob Marley’s death. (Dickens, 1843, p.1). Dickens (1843) “Author-Date” Citation
  6. 6. Library Services 2. Reference Lists At the end of your work, write a list of all the sources you’ve used.  Be in Alphabetical order, by the Surname of the writer.  Include full details of who wrote each source, when it was published, what it’s called and where it was published.  Follow strict formatting, sequence and punctuation rules. This should…: Who When What Where Moore, Roger (2008) My word is my Bond. Oxford: O’Mara Books. Sandys, Jon (2009) Movie mistakes. [Internet]. Available at: <http://www.moviemistakes.com> [Accessed: 31/02/09]. Simmons, Gene (2006) Kiss and make-up. Journal of Rock. 22 (3), pp.10-13.
  7. 7. Who When What Where Required Reference List Details and Sequence: Back of the title page Author Surname, Author Forename/initials (Year) Title Edition (if not first edition). Place of publication: Publisher. Library Services Referencing a book Book front cover Published by Gerrupta Singh Books, Rick Order House, NASHVILLE, HI2 5XE. First published in Great Britain 2005 2nd Edition published 2010 © Carrie O’Kay All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced without the consent of the publishers. ISBN 2 903 6844360 6 Edition Year Publisher Place of publication Title (2010) Pop Icon 2nd edition. Nashville:Gerrupta Singh Books. Carrie O’Kay Author Forename Author Surname O’Kay, Carrie
  8. 8. Who When What Where Required Reference List Details and Sequence: Volume 6 Number 5 (June 2006) Journal of Television & Media Library Services Referencing a journal Author Surname, Author Forename/initials (Year) Article title. Journal title. Volume (number), page numbers. Front cover Article pages et al 34 36 British Soap Operas Corinne A. Shanstreet, Emma Dale, Holly Oakes and E. Stenders trace the history of the serial drama. Sometimes its hard to be a woman Giving all your love to just one man you'll have bad times and he'll have good times, doing things that you don't understand. But if you love him you'll forgive him Even though he's hard to understand. And if you love him Oh be proud of him Cause after all he's just a man Stand by your man. Give him two arms to cling to and something arm to come to. When nights are cold and lonely. Stand by your man And tell the world you love him. Sometimes its hard to be a woman Giving all your love to just one man you'll have bad times and he'll have good times, doing things that you don't understand. But if you love him you'll forgive him Even though he's hard to understand. And if you love him Oh be proud of him Cause after all he's just a man Stand by your man. Give him two arms to cling to and something arm to come to. When nights are cold and lonely. Stand by your man And tell the world you love him. 35 Author SurnameAuthor Forename Year (2006) Article title British soap operas. Journal title Journal of Television & Media. Volume number 6 (5), Page numbers pp.34-36. Corinne A.Shanstreet,
  9. 9. Who When What Where Required Reference List Details and Sequence: Library Services Referencing a website Author Surname, Author Forename/initials (Year of last update) Title. [Internet]. Available from: < URL > [Accessed: Today’s date]. URL Author Title Year of last update Newcastle College (2010) Talent : it’s in your DNA. [Internet]. Available from: <http://www.ncl-coll.ac.uk/> [Accessed: Today’s date ].
  10. 10. Library Services Deliberate Mistakes William Shakespeare: The Early Years The common belief that England’s greatest playwright, William Shakespeare, was born on St George’s Day, 21st April, 1564, is perhaps too much of a coincidence to be true. As Groom et al point out though, there is reliable evidence that a boy named William, son of John Shakespeare, glove-maker, and Mary Arden, his Catholic wife of 7 years, was baptized on 26th April of that year at Holy Trinity Parish church, Stratford-upon-Avon. Needs Date
  11. 11. Library Services Deliberate Mistakes William Shakespeare: The Early Years (continued) Truerod (cited in Dickson, 2005) speculates that the young boy would’ve attended King’s New School, but Amanda Mibillard (http://www.shakespeare-online.com/biography/educ&youth) believes he would’ve begun his education around the age of six or seven at the Stratford Grammar school. Even less is known about Shakespeare’s early adulthood, though both Millibard (no date) and “Rough Guide to Shakespeare” (2005) think that he may have worked as a lawyer’s clerk, a schoolmaster, or even a butcher. Write Year, not URL Write Author’s surname, not Title
  12. 12. Library Services Deliberate Mistakes William Shakespeare: The Early Years (continued) What we do know, however, is that in 1582 he was married to Anne Hathaway, a farmer’s daughter “8 years older than him and 3 months pregnant with his child” (2001, p.19) and that by ten years later he was not only acting on the London stage with his own theatrical company, The Chamberlain’s Men (Soakes, 1995), but also, as another critic points out, writing the first of his 37 celebrated plays and over 150 sonnets. Needs a Reference Needs Author’s surname
  13. 13. Library Services Deliberate Mistakes Reference List Andrew Dickson, (2005) Rough guide to Shakespeare. Penguin Books: York. Soakes, R.A. (1995) The repertoire of Shakespeare’s company. The Review of English Studies. 46 (182) pp.266-268. Groom, Nick; Heminge, John; Condell, Henry; Knight, Edward & Kempe, Tom (2001) Introducing Shakespeare. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Icon Books. Millibard, Amanda (no date) Shakespeare: education and childhood. Available at: <http://www.shakespeare-online.com/biography/youth > [Accessed: 31 November 2008]. Surname must come before forename City must come before publisher Write “et al” if 3+ Authors Don’t swap between Bold and Italics titles Needs the word “[Internet]” Needs to be Alphabetical Order by Surname
  14. 14. Library Services True or False True False 1. The system of Referencing used at Newcastle College is called the British Standard Referencing Method. 2. A “Bibliography” is exactly the same thing as a “Reference List”. 3. If your quotation refers to another book, write a reference for the original source, NOT the book where you read it in. 4. If you have two books written by the same author in the same year, you should miss out the year. 5. You must reference all interviews that you have carried out. True False True or False?
  15. 15. Library Services True False 1. The system of Referencing used at Newcastle College is called the British Standard Referencing Method. 2. A “Bibliography” is exactly the same thing as a “Reference List”. 3. If your quotation refers to another book, write a reference for the original source, NOT the book where you read it in. 4. If you have two books written by the same author in the same year, you should miss out the year. 5. You must reference all interviews that you have carried out.  True False True or False?
  16. 16. Library Services True or False True False 1. The system of Referencing used at Newcastle College is called the British Standard Referencing Method. 2. A “Bibliography” is exactly the same thing as a “Reference List”. 3. If your quotation refers to another book, write a reference for the original source, NOT the book where you read it in. 4. If you have two books written by the same author in the same year, you should miss out the year. 5. You must reference all interviews that you have carried out.   True False True or False?
  17. 17. Library Services True or False True False 1. The system of Referencing used at Newcastle College is called the British Standard Referencing Method. 2. A “Bibliography” is exactly the same thing as a “Reference List”. 3. If your quotation refers to another book, write a reference for the original source, NOT the book where you read it in. 4. If you have two books written by the same author in the same year, you should miss out the year. 5. You must reference all interviews that you have carried out.    True False True or False?
  18. 18. Library Services True or False True False 1. The system of Referencing used at Newcastle College is called the British Standard Referencing Method. 2. A “Bibliography” is exactly the same thing as a “Reference List”. 3. If your quotation refers to another book, write a reference for the original source, NOT the book where you read it in. 4. If you have two books written by the same author in the same year, you should miss out the year. 5. You must reference all interviews that you have carried out.     True False True or False?
  19. 19. Library Services True or False True False 1. The system of Referencing used at Newcastle College is called the British Standard Referencing Method. 2. A “Bibliography” is exactly the same thing as a “Reference List”. 3. If your quotation refers to another book, write a reference for the original source, NOT the book where you read it in. 4. If you have two books written by the same author in the same year, you should miss out the year. 5. You must reference all interviews that you have carried out.     True False True or False?
  20. 20. … and you have been working like a dog! Library Services In Summary  Plagiarism means copying someone else’s work. It is taken very seriously by the College.  You must properly reference all your assignments.  The Harvard system requires Author-Date citations in your text and an alphabetical Reference List at the end.  There are established rules about detail, sequence and punctuation.  The person who wrote this presentation has a dreadful sense of humour! (Lennon & McCartney, 1964) This has been Harvard Day’s Cite …

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