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Altmetrics - une introduction pour les chercheurs

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Définition des altmetrics, plusieurs exemples d'API disponibles, limitations et contexte.

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Altmetrics - une introduction pour les chercheurs

  1. 1. ALTMETRICS: DES INDICATEURS D’IMPACT IMMÉDIAT Image: AJ Cann NATALIE CLAIROUX Bibliothécaire BIBLIOTHÈQUE DE LA SANTÉ Hiver 2016
  2. 2. 2 LE MONDE DE LA PUBLICATION SCIENTIFIQUE TRADITIONNELLE EST BOULEVERSÉ • Publications disponibles en libre accès (OA) • Mentions des articles sur les réseaux sociaux: par les professionnels, mais aussi par le public (motivations différentes) • Nouvelles manipulations des articles: pages vues, téléchargement, référencement • Partage de la “science brute”: ensemble de données, code source, design expérimental CONSÉQUENCES DE L’ESSOR DU NUMÉRIQUE
  3. 3. 3 DES INDICATEURS ALTERNATIFS D’IMPACT • Mesure de l’impact potentiel et immédiat d’un article en analysant sa dissémination et sa discussion, notamment sur les réseaux sociaux. • Peuvent fournir un aperçu des interactions du public avec votre recherche – exploration des conversations autour de votre contenu. • Permettent de détecter l’impact « caché » des articles – exemple d’un article cité seulement 11 fois (WoS), mais très diffusé dans la communauté scientifique. • « Examen par les pairs » spontané?! Important de bien distinguer l’activité savante de l’activité publique. • Utilisés en complément des outils bibliométriques traditionnels. CARACTÉRISTIQUES DES ALTMETRICS
  4. 4. SOURCES DE DONNÉES POUR ALTMETRICS 4 Utilisation (visite, téléchargement) Saisies (signet, partage) Mentions (blogue, Wikipédia, nouvelle) Médias sociaux (Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, G+) Citations (Scopus, WoS, Google Scholar) DOI API Source: King & Tuna, 2013
  5. 5. QUELQUES API DISPONIBLES 5
  6. 6. ALTMETRIC 6 Source: Altmetric
  7. 7. 7 MODULE COMPLÉMENTAIRE (EXTENSION) DISPONIBLE POUR CHROME, FIREFOX ET SAFARI • À télécharger • Permet d’obtenir des données altmetrics pour un article. Ne fonctionne pas chez certains éditeurs. • Altmetric est aussi intégré chez plusieurs éditeurs. Voir un exemple d’article (JAMA Pediatrics) qui a suscité beaucoup de réactions. • Possibilité d’intégrer un badge Altmetric à votre page Web de laboratoire. • Autres produits ($): Explorer, Altmetric for Institutions ALTMETRIC BOOKMARKLET
  8. 8. 8 ALTMETRIC EXPLORER: RECHERCHE POUR DR BOUVIER
  9. 9. 9 DONNÉES FOURNIES PAR L’ÉDITEUR DE LA REVUE, PARFOIS EN COLLABORATION AVEC UN SERVICE D’API • PLoS ONE • BioMedCentral AUSSI: COLLECTIONS D’ARTICLES LES PLUS PARTAGÉS OU DISCUTÉS • NeuroStars (Springer) • Altmetric Top 100 de 2015 ARTICLE-LEVEL METRICS
  10. 10. 10 CRÉATION D’UN PROFIL D’IMPACT PERSONNEL • Recherche d’articles à partir du nom d’auteur, plus importation manuelle des produits provenant de sources diverses (ORCID, PMID, Twitter, etc.) • Organisation à but non lucratif, à code ouvert. • Accumulation d’insignes. Regardons mon profil! AUTRES EXEMPLES DE PROFILS INDIVIDUELS • Sur ResearchGate, le RG score tient compte des contributions, mais aussi des interactions avec d’autres membres du réseau. • Autres sites de mise en valeur de la communication savante via un profil: Academia.edu, ResearcherID... IMPACTSTORY
  11. 11. 11 LA REPRODUCTIBILITÉ DES RÉSULTATS EST CONTESTÉE • Volatilité des sites de réseaux sociaux • Besoin d’un lien direct vers l’article pour la collecte de données • Plusieurs versions d’un même article disponibles sur le Web • Couverture possiblement incomplète si un problème de serveur survient • Établissement de normes: en cours (NISO) • Les scientifiques ne sont pas vraiment des adeptes des réseaux sociaux... Mais c’est en progression, selon: van Noorden, R. (2014). Online collaboration: Scientists and the social network. Nature, 512(14 August 2014), 126–129. doi: 10.1038/512126a. LIMITES DES ALTMETRICS Source: Haustein et al. 2013
  12. 12. 12 ALLEZ AU DELÀ DE LA BIBLIOMÉTRIE! D’autres indicateurs peuvent également mettre votre recherche en valeur: voir le modèle Becker. Par exemple, voir la section “Carrière professorale” du Guide d’accueil pour les nouveaux professeurs de la Faculté de médecine de l’UdeM. Pour aller plus loin: Hall N. The Kardashian index: a measure of discrepant social media profile for scientists. Genome Biology. 2014;15(7):424. DÉMONTRER L’IMPACT DE VOTRE RECHERCHE

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