History of Marriage
• Marriage Counseling originated in Germany in the 1920’s as
part of the eugenics movement.
• Later introduced in the USA during 1950’s by activists such
as Margaret Sanger (created ﬁrst birth control clinic, now
known as Planned Parenthood)
What is a Marriage
•Marriage and family counselors treat individuals within the
context of their relationships. By dissecting the family
structure, a marriage counselor or family therapist can
evaluate where the difﬁculties lie and establish a plan for
•Many Marriage Counselors also serve as Family Counselors
What kind of situations
do they work with?
•Adolescent behavioral problems
•Marriage counselors typically need a masters degree in
•A bachelor degree with supporting counseling courses is
acceptable in some states.
• Most programs also require students to complete supervised
•Many marriage counseling students complete internships
while attending school to gain practical experience.
•All states require marriage counselors to be licensed.
•Licensing requirements vary by state and employer.
•Marriage counselors must also complete continuing education
courses every year to maintain their license, and many do so
by participating in graduate studies, conferences, and
•Active Listening requires the listeners to understand, interpret, and evaluate what
they heard. It improves personal relationship through reducing conﬂicts,
strengthening cooperation, as well as fostering understanding.
•When interacting, people often are not listening attentively to one another. They
may be distracted, thinking about other things, or thinking about what they are
going to say next, (the latter case is particularly true in conﬂict situations or
•Active listening is a structured way of listening and responding to others. It focuses
attention on the speaker. Suspending one’s own frame of reference and suspending
judgment are important in order to fully attend to the speaker.
•Emotionally focused therapy proposes that emotions
themselves have an innately adaptive potential that, if
activated, can help clients change problematic emotional
states or unwanted self-experiences.
•It helps people to manage their emotions in experiences
outside of therapy.