Mediterranean Sea Libyan DesertThe Tropic of Cancer 20 N Sahara DesertComplete Sahel Nile River L. Chad-->Topography Equator 0 L. Albert--> Δ Mt. Kenya L. Victoria Δ Mt. KilimanjaroOf L. Tanganyika-> Indian Ocean Atlantic OceanAFRICA Zambezi River Tropic of Capricorn Limpopo River 20 S Orange River Pacific Ocean
Controversy Over Egypt: Traditionalists Versus Afrocentricists
Social Darwinism, 19th Century Intellectual Black and Liberals Argued that Egypt as a positive in racial arguments.
Afrocentricists• The Egypt was a black civilization• Linked to other African Civilizations In the South• Important Impact on the Mediterranean Sea, especially Greek and Rome• Thus, promoted philosophy and science which is the basis for Western Civilization.
Traditionalists• Modern racial categories has no relevance to the ancient Egypt• Ancient Greece is the father of empirical science and ideas about individual freedom• Egypt did make huge contributions in religion, commerce and art.
Traditional African Society Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
1000 different languages; 1000+ different tribes
An African’s “Search for Identity” 1. Nuclear Family 2. Extended Family 3. Age-Set 4. Clan 5. Lineage (ancestry) TRIBE (communal living)
Traditional Family Structures C CNuclear Family: C W H W C C U GP Cs C CExtended Family: C W H W C C GP Cs A
Traditional African Religion ANIMISM1. Belief in one remote Supreme Being.2. A world of spirits (good & bad) in all things.3. Ancestor veneration.4. Belief in magic, charms, and fetishes.5. Diviner mediator between the tribe and God.
Other Religions in AfricaISLAM 25% * Nigeria largest sub-Saharan Muslim countries.CHRISTIANITY 20%
Common Traits or Characteristicsof Traditional African Tribal Life 1. The good of the group comes ahead of the good of the individual. 2. All land is owned by the group. 3. Strong feeling of loyalty to the group. 4. Important ceremonies at different parts of a person’s life. 5. Special age and work associations. 6. Deep respect for ancestors. 7. Religion is an important part of everyday life. 8. Government is in the hands of the chiefs [kings].
What is a Griot ? Musician Genealogist(Troubadour) Storyteller Tribal “Historian”