30 THE BOND                |                WORKPLACE 6<br />SEMINAR 16 <br />ESD Architecture: A Comprehensive Evaluat...
1.  INTRODUCTION<br />HYPOTHESIS<br /> “Workplace 6 would not exist without 30 The Bond”<br />
1.  INTRODUCTION<br />What  is  ESD ?<br />Environment<br />Economics<br />Ecologically Sustainable Development<br />ESD<b...
2.  RATING SCHEMES<br />GREEN STAR<br />“Environmental rating system that evaluates the environmental design and construct...
Indoor Environment Quality
Energy
Transport
Water
Materials
Land Use & Ecology
Emissions
Innovation</li></ul>NABERS <br />(National Australian <br />Built Environment Rating System)<br />“A performance-based rat...
Water
Indoor Environment
Waste</li></li></ul><li>2.  RATING SCHEMES<br />Results<br /><ul><li>60 Points (Green Star)
First in Australia to achieve 5 star Green Star - Office As Built Certified Rating,
Also achieved 5 Star Green Star - Office Design Certified Rating
First to achieve 5 Star AGBR rating NABERS
83 Points (Green Star)
First in NSW to achieved 6 star Green Star - Office As Built Certified Rating
Was the first to achieve The 6 Star Green Star – Design Certified Rating
Targeting 5 star NABERS</li></li></ul><li>
3.  DRIVERS AND MOTIVATIONS<br /><ul><li>In 1992 the Commonwealth of Australia created the National Strategy for Ecologica...
No Green Star Rating System
Ad hoc sustainability
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N. Carbone Gamarra. A comprehensive comparison 5 & 6 Stars, Green Star Buildings in Sydney Australia.

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A comparison between 30 The Bond And Workplace 6 both green buildings rated with high achievments in Green Star Rating System. 5 and 6 Stars respectively

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N. Carbone Gamarra. A comprehensive comparison 5 & 6 Stars, Green Star Buildings in Sydney Australia.

  1. 1. 30 THE BOND | WORKPLACE 6<br />SEMINAR 16 <br />ESD Architecture: A Comprehensive Evaluation of 30 The Bond, Lend Lease Headquarters at Hickson Road, and Workplace 6 at Darling Island, Sydney<br />Borg, Luke – Carbone, Nicolas – Fitzgerald, Cian - Gonzalez, Alfredo<br />Jerome, Joseph – Lie, Monika – Neilson, Warren<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. 1. INTRODUCTION<br />HYPOTHESIS<br /> “Workplace 6 would not exist without 30 The Bond”<br />
  4. 4. 1. INTRODUCTION<br />What is ESD ?<br />Environment<br />Economics<br />Ecologically Sustainable Development<br />ESD<br />“Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (WCED 1987).<br />Social<br />
  5. 5. 2. RATING SCHEMES<br />GREEN STAR<br />“Environmental rating system that evaluates the environmental design and construction of buildings” (GBCA, 2010)<br /><ul><li>Management
  6. 6. Indoor Environment Quality
  7. 7. Energy
  8. 8. Transport
  9. 9. Water
  10. 10. Materials
  11. 11. Land Use & Ecology
  12. 12. Emissions
  13. 13. Innovation</li></ul>NABERS <br />(National Australian <br />Built Environment Rating System)<br />“A performance-based rating system for existing buildings (formerly AGBR). That rates a building on the basis of its measured operational impacts on the environment” (NABERS, 2010)<br /><ul><li>Energy
  14. 14. Water
  15. 15. Indoor Environment
  16. 16. Waste</li></li></ul><li>2. RATING SCHEMES<br />Results<br /><ul><li>60 Points (Green Star)
  17. 17. First in Australia to achieve 5 star Green Star - Office As Built Certified Rating,
  18. 18. Also achieved 5 Star Green Star - Office Design Certified Rating
  19. 19. First to achieve 5 Star AGBR rating NABERS
  20. 20. 83 Points (Green Star)
  21. 21. First in NSW to achieved 6 star Green Star - Office As Built Certified Rating
  22. 22. Was the first to achieve The 6 Star Green Star – Design Certified Rating
  23. 23. Targeting 5 star NABERS</li></li></ul><li>
  24. 24. 3. DRIVERS AND MOTIVATIONS<br /><ul><li>In 1992 the Commonwealth of Australia created the National Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable Development (ESD). Brundtland Report 1987, 1992 Earth summit in Rio. </li></ul>30TB<br />WP6<br />NABERS<br />GS<br /> BC<br />ESD<br />CH2<br />1992<br />1987<br />2007<br />2002<br />2003<br />2004<br /><ul><li>Project commenced: 2002
  25. 25. No Green Star Rating System
  26. 26. Ad hoc sustainability
  27. 27. LLC in a down cycle
  28. 28. Project commenced: 2007
  29. 29. Green Star & Nabers Energy Rating Systems in place
  30. 30. Well developed CSR and Sustainability framework in GPT. </li></ul> KEYFACTS<br />
  31. 31. 3. DRIVERS AND MOTIVATIONS<br /><ul><li>LEND LEASE HEADQUARTERS
  32. 32. Goal: Revitalise the corporation
  33. 33. Tactic: Use the building to re-focus company & staff
  34. 34. How: Build an ‘Iconic Building’ that is ‘User Driven’ = Green Building
  35. 35. 8Task Forces set up to address critical issues
  36. 36. ‘Organisational Champions’ push for sustainable building
  37. 37. Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority required a Green Building on the site
  38. 38. Tender won by GPT and Citta, offering a 6 Star Green Star building
  39. 39. GPT sustainability strategy
  40. 40. ‘Future Proofing’ the property portfolio
  41. 41. Clear targets: Achieve the required number of points for GBCA 6 Star Rating
  42. 42. Develop Proficiency in delivering Green Buildings</li></li></ul><li>4. SITE AND MATERIALS<br />30TB<br />WP6<br />
  43. 43. 4. SITE AND MATERIALS<br /><ul><li>Decontaminated site from bitumen residues left by the first gasworks in Sydney
  44. 44. Heritage rock wall in the atrium is twice as significant, layering historical form with contemporary functionality.
  45. 45. Hand hewn by convicts in the early 1800s, it's the longest and oldest sandstone cutting in Sydney.
  46. 46. Commitment to site and heritage</li></li></ul><li>4. SITE AND MATERIALS<br /><ul><li>Recycled timber (stair treads)
  47. 47. Low e glazing (reduce solar heat gains)
  48. 48. Structural Concrete:
  49. 49. 40% fly ash (steel manufacturing bi-product)
  50. 50. 20% recycled crushed concrete as an aggregate
  51. 51. 30% recycled fiber
  52. 52. 10% conventional cement mix
  53. 53. Recycled Wharf timber (stair treads and exterior shade devices)
  54. 54. Furniture
  55. 55. Wood tables from sustainably forested timbers (koskela)
  56. 56. All office furniture eco - Labeled
  57. 57. Flooring : Bamboo rood | Recycled plastic vinyl | Goats hair carpet</li></li></ul><li>4. SITE AND MATERIALS<br />n<br />n<br />30TB<br />WP6<br />WP6<br />
  58. 58. 5. PASSIVE DESIGN<br /><ul><li>Lighting + Thermal Mass + Green Roof</li></ul>30 Bond Site Section<br />Thermal mass<br />4 storey<br />The Lobby<br />Lighting <br />Green Roof<br />Green Roof<br />
  59. 59. 5. PASSIVE DESIGN<br /><ul><li>Natural day lighting + Solar HW</li></ul>Solar Hot Water<br />Office floor<br />Lighting <br />24m<br />Atrium<br />Atrium<br />The Atrium<br />6 storey<br />
  60. 60. 5. PASSIVE DESIGN<br /><ul><li>Shading + Glazing </li></ul>EXTERIOR FACADE<br />
  61. 61. 6. HEATING AND COOLING STRATEGIES<br /><ul><li>Cooling</li></ul>PASSIVE CHILLED BEAM TECHNOLOGY<br /><ul><li>Hot air from occupants and equipment raises and makes contact with the chilled beam.
  62. 62. The chilled water inside the beam cools down the air.
  63. 63. Cooled air falls by natural convection due to gravity.
  64. 64. First Building in Australia in incorporate Chilled Beam technology.
  65. 65. Innovation points awarded for Green Star Rating
  66. 66. Reduction in ducting space needed, reduction in building height</li></li></ul><li>6. HEATING AND COOLING STRATEGIES<br />ACTIVE CHILLED BEAM TECHNOLOGY<br /><ul><li>Cooling</li></ul>Technology Transfer  Lessons learned from 30 The Bond enhance improving Chilled Beams technology<br /><ul><li>Passive chilled beams on interior and active ones at the perimeter
  67. 67. Air is distributed through special swivel distributors
  68. 68. 50% higher fresh air rate than prescribed by Australian Standards
  69. 69. CO₂ Sensors on every level </li></ul>How Active Chilled Beam work:<br />Air is continuously supplied to the chilled beam by the central air handling system. The chilled water inside the beam cools down the air.<br />
  70. 70. 6. ENERGY EFFICIENCIES<br />Harbour Water Heat Rejection System<br /><ul><li>HVAC</li></li></ul><li>7. ENERGY EFFICIENCIES<br /><ul><li>Provides 400kW of cooling (third of the building’s cooling load)
  71. 71. In winter, the generator’s hot water supply can be used for space heating in place of a gas-fired boiler (three).
  72. 72. Tri-Generation
  73. 73. Reduces peak energy demand by 25%
  74. 74. Natural Gas is cleaner source of electricity generation than coal </li></ul>COOLING<br />GAS<br />ELECTRICITY<br />HEATING<br />
  75. 75. 7. ENERGY EFFICIENCIES<br /><ul><li>GHG Emissions</li></ul>30 The Bond<br /><ul><li>1,103,300 kg CO2 emissions per year.
  76. 76. 59 kg CO2 emissions per m2 per year.
  77. 77. Overall 56% reduction of GHG Emissions.</li></ul>Source: Own Calculations with data from:<br />1. (Orsato et al 2006) - 2. (Spears n.d.)<br />Workplace 6<br /><ul><li>631,800 kg CO2 emissions per year.
  78. 78. 39 kg CO2 emissions per m2 per year.
  79. 79. Overall 70% reduction of GHG Emissions.</li></li></ul><li>7. WATER EFFICIENCIES<br /><ul><li>Black water treatment plant, consists of a black and grey water recycling system recovering 40,000 litres/day. 5 times bigger than the building needs
  80. 80. The system mines public sewer for water
  81. 81. Recycled water is reused for landscape irrigation (in all the building and two nearby parks) and for flushing toilets
  82. 82. Water Features</li></ul>AAA Rated Fixture<br />Waterless Urinals<br />30 The Bond<br /><ul><li>Installation of AAA rated water fixtures, dual flush toilets and waterless urinals. + Rain water collection on the roof
  83. 83. No Blackwater or Grey water treatment. </li></ul>Water Treatment Show Room<br />Water recycled for Irrigation<br />
  84. 84. 7. WATER EFFICIENCIES<br /><ul><li>Water Analysis</li></ul>30 The Bond<br /><ul><li>17,700,000 Lts of water per year
  85. 85. 947 Lts of water per m2 per year.1
  86. 86. Not rated NABERS Water
  87. 87. 30% reduction of water consumption</li></ul>Source: Own Calculations with data from:<br />1. (Orsato et al 2006) - 2. (Spears n.d.)<br />Workplace 6<br /><ul><li>2,100,000 Lts of water per year. 2
  88. 88. 130 Lts of water per m2 per year
  89. 89. Designed for 5 star rating in NABERS Water
  90. 90. 90% reduction of water consumption.
  91. 91. 29 million litres / year for total water savings </li></li></ul><li>8. CONCLUSION<br /><ul><li>Green Star 6 stars
  92. 92. NABERS 5 star
  93. 93. Future Proof Portfolio
  94. 94. Made Great Use of Site (Harbor Heat Rejection)
  95. 95. Roof Covered with Solar Hot Water Panels
  96. 96. Active Chilled Beam
  97. 97. Tri-generation & purchase of 25% green power
  98. 98. Black Water Recycling System
  99. 99. Green Star 5 star
  100. 100. NABERS 5star
  101. 101. Creating a New Corporate Culture (HQ building)
  102. 102. Made Great use of Site (Sandstone Wall for T-mass)
  103. 103. Roof Covered with Landscape (Green Roof)
  104. 104. Passive Chilled Beam
  105. 105. Energy Use From Conventional Means
  106. 106. Highly Water Efficient Plumbing Fixtures</li></li></ul><li>8. CONCLUSION<br />-------------------------------------------------------------- INFORMATION & TECHNOLOGY SHOULD ALWAYS BE TRANSFERABLE<br />30TB<br />CH2<br />GS<br />WP6<br />BARANGAROO<br />111 EAGLE STREET<br />Mandatory Disclosure<br />London Olympic Park<br />NABERS<br />2011<br />2010<br />2002<br />2007<br />2003<br />2004<br />2009<br />
  107. 107. SEMINAR 16 <br />ESD Architecture: A Comprehensive Evaluation of 30 The Bond, Lend Lease Headquarters at Hickson Road, and Workplace 6 at Darling Island, Sydney<br />Borg, Luke – Carbone, Nicolas – Fitzgerald, Cian - Gonzalez, Alfredo<br />Jerome, Joseph – Lie, Monika – Neilson, Warren<br />THANK YOU<br />31 MAY 2010<br />THANK YOU<br />

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