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Sciences de l'environnement - Préparation pour le test du module 3

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Un peu d'aide pour savoir sur quoi se préparer pour le test du Module 3 - sciences de l'environnement

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Sciences de l'environnement - Préparation pour le test du module 3

  1. 1. Préparation pour le test du Module 3 ENV SCI 120
  2. 2. En général  Tu es responsable de bien connaître tout le contenu du Module 3, y compris les bonnes réponses de devoirs. Les pages qui suivent devraient te donner une bonne idée sur quoi se concentrer, et les sites de la bonne information. Fais sur de réviser toutes les notes du cours.
  3. 3. Écologie et écologiste Connais la bonne définition pour « écologie » et « écologiste ». Qu’est-ce que l’écologie? Qu’étudie l’écologiste?
  4. 4. Niveaux trophiques  Connais c’est quoi les niveaux trophiques. Soit prêt à l’expliquer.  Explique comment le transfert d’énergie se fait d’un niveau à l’autre. http://www.slideshare.net/lisahetheringto n/niveaux-trophiques-dans-un-cosystme Fais de la recherche pour bien comprendre
  5. 5. Photosynthèse et Respiration Cellulaire  Connais ce qu’est la photosynthèse.  Connais ce qu’est la respiration cellulaire. Explique la différence entre les deux. Sont-elles complémentaires? Est-ce qu’une dépend sur l’autre? http://www.snv.jussieu.fr/vie/dossiers/met abo/photosynthese/ http://bv.alloprof.qc.ca/s1246.aspx
  6. 6. Cycle de nutriments biochimiques Pouvoir expliquer ceci, en termes généraux. Est-ce que le cycle aide à maintenir une balance dans la nature, ou un déséquilibre? http://youtu.be/09_sWPxQymA http://youtu.be/U3SZKJVKRxQ?list=PL-XGO82IIiuVcdff91jdxF2_ 7oBeQKpyr
  7. 7. L’azote et le phosphore dans l’environnement  Est-ce que le processus de photosynthèse, et/ou la respiration cellulaire, est responsable pour le cycle continu de l’azote et de phosphore dans l’environnement? http://www.troussedeslacs.org/pdf/fiche_ phosphore.pdf http://www.ecosociosystemes.fr/nutrition_ plantes.html
  8. 8. Adaptation de l’environnement  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adaptation  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adaptation#Types_of_adaptations  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RwfpAltkJ50&list=PL1jEts6hrenY Hkdj5qQiTrapa8BBD4f2t
  9. 9. Pression sélective En général, prépare-toi à expliquer ce qu’est la pression sélective en écologie.  http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pression_de_s%C3%A9lection
  10. 10. Autochtones et l’environnement Être prêt à décrire la relation entre les autochtones et l’environnement, dans le passé et présentement. http://www.pc.gc.ca/docs/r/pca-acl/ sec1/sec1g_f.asp http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/cur/s ocstud/frame_found_sr2/tns/tn-41.pdf
  11. 11. Préoccupations environnementales  Être prêt à décrire une préoccupation environnementale pour : Le biome de forêt dense tropicale Le biome de pleine mer
  12. 12. Carnivores versus herbivores Être prêt à expliquer pourquoi il y a toujours moins d’herbivores dans un écosystème… et à expliquer pourquoi il y a un nombre limité de niveaux trophiques dans tout écosystème. http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/ 171874/
  13. 13. Activités humaines Être prêt à expliquer comment les humains ont interrompu le cycle naturel de l’eau. Exemples?
  14. 14. SIG Décrire un SIG. Qu’est-ce qu’on les utilise pour?
  15. 15. Développement durable Qu’est-ce que le développement durable? Explique. Pense à un exemple  http://www.ec.gc.ca/dd-sd/default.asp?lang=Fr&n=C2844D2D-1  http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/D%C3%A9veloppement_durable  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4sJ-uixn7Jg  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O5lBwrJcUOk
  16. 16. Accords Être capable d’expliquer Accord Kyoto Protocole de Montréal Rapport Brundtland  Quoi? Quand? Pour qui? Comment? Résultats
  17. 17. Technologies Agricoles Quant à l’environnement: Quelles technologies ont eu un effet positive sur l’environnement? (agriculture) Quelles technologies ont eu un effet néfaste sur l’environnement?  http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/footprint/agriculture/impacts/  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_agriculture  http://www.agr.gc.ca/fra/?id=1295901472640
  18. 18. Milieux urbains  % de milieux urbains, mondialement  Croissance de régions rurales  % de milieux urbains, pays développés versus pays en développement  % de milieux urbains, Canada  % population urbaine, Afrique et Asie, maintenant et au futur
  19. 19. Écologistes du 20ième siècle  Exemple: David Suzuki est encore vivant, Roger Tory Peterson est considéré écologiste du 20ième siècle  Catégoriser l’ère (siècles) quand les écologistes suivants ont vécu (et ont fait des contributions envers l’environnement)  Rachel Carson  Henry Ford  Marie Curie  James Lovelock  Leopold Pauling  Clifford Sifton  Henry James Thoreau  Aldo Leopold  James Harkin  John Muir  Gifford Pinchot
  20. 20. Vision écologique du monde  Pouvoir décrire la vision écologique du monde.  http://www.teteamodeler.com/ecologie/ecologie2.asp
  21. 21. Lois (principes) de la thermodynamique Être capable de décrire, en termes généraux, les trois lois de la thermodynamique  http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principes_de_la_thermodynamique  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dL9NfiJjV14
  22. 22. Ordre des niveaux d’organisation de la vie  Pouvoir reconnaître les niveaux d’organisation suivantes:  biosphère  organisme  biome  collectivité  cellule  population  système d'organes  organe  Tissu Et les placer en ordre
  23. 23. D’autres définitions  Connaître la définition des termes suivants:  Omnivores  Décomposeurs  Saprophytes  Carnivores  Autotrophes  Hétérotrophes
  24. 24. Chaîne alimentaire Être prêt à décrire la chaîne alimentaire, les réseaux alimentaires, hiérarchie alimentaire

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