Child Malnutrition in India

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Child Malnutrition in India

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Child Malnutrition in India

  1. 1. Trends in Child Malnutrition Source: NFHS-1, 2 and 3
  2. 2. Trends in Child Malnutrition Source: NFHS-3
  3. 3. Trends in Malnutrition Among Children Under Three Years Source: NFHS-3
  4. 4. Nutritional Status of Children: India and other SAARC and BRIC Countries (2000-2007) Low Birth weight Under Five Underweight Children (WHO Reference Population) Wasting (Moderate & Severe) (NCHS/WHO) Stunting (Moderate & Severe) (NCHS/WHO) 43 19 38 4 - - 6 - 11 - 1 4 33 7 54 41 16 36 14 3 40 - 13 25 BRIC India* Brazil China Russia Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Maldives 28 8 2 6 22 15 22 SAARC Nepal 21 39 12 43 Pakistan 19 31 13 37 23 14 14 Sri Lanka 22 Source: The State of the World’s Children Report, UNICEF 2009.
  5. 5. Under-nutrition Among Children Under Five Years in Selected Countries Source: NFHS-3
  6. 6. Source: NFHS-3
  7. 7. Determinants of Malnutrition Outcomes Immediate Causes Malnutrition Inadequate dietary intake Inadequate access to food Underlying Causes Food Security Resources Food Security Resources •Income •Income •Diet Diversity •Diet Diversity •Quality of Food •Quality of Food •Food Transfer •Food Transfer Disease Inadequate care for mothers and children mothers and children and discrimination and discrimination against Women against Women Insufficient Insufficient health services health services Inadequate education/lack of knowledge Unhealthy Unhealthy Environment and Environment and Unsafe drinking Unsafe water water Resources for Health •Availability of public health services •Sanitation Source: from UNICEF 1990; Jonsson 1993; Smith, Haddad 2000 and Mehrotra 2003
  8. 8. Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight Among Children Under Five Years by Age Source: NFHS-3
  9. 9. Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight Among Children Under Five Years by Residence Source: NFHS-3
  10. 10. Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight Among Children Under Five Years by Mother’s Education Source: NFHS-3
  11. 11. Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight Among Children Under Five Years by Household Wealth Source: NFHS-3
  12. 12. Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight Among Children Under Five Years by Caste/Tribe Source: NFHS-3
  13. 13. Percentage of Households with Taps as a Source of Drinking Water (2008-9) Source: NSSO 65th round
  14. 14. Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight Among Children Under Five Years by Source of Drinking Water Source: NFHS-3
  15. 15. Households with Improved Sanitation, 2002 and 2008-9 (in %age) Source: NSS 58th and 65th rounds
  16. 16. Villages with Proportion of People still Defecating in the Open, 6 States, 2008 None 20-40 per cent 40-60 per cent 5 Andhra Pradesh <20 per cent 4 1 Chhattisgarh Maharashtra 60-80 per cent >80 per cent Total 10 4 6 5 1 10 36 4 6 7 1 60 Tamil Nadu 11 6 9 5 2 33 Uttar Pradesh 1 7 6 1 15 West Bengal 11 18 3 2 34 Total 6 64 39 29 20 4 162 Per cent of Total 4 40 24 18 12 2 100 Source: UNICEF – TARU Primary Study 2008
  17. 17. Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight Among Children Under Five Years by Type of Toilet Facility Source: NFHS-3
  18. 18. Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight Among Children Under Five Years by the Method of Disposal of Children’s Stools Source: NFHS-3
  19. 19. Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight Among Children Under Five Years by the Child’s Weight at the Time of Birth Source: NFHS-3
  20. 20. Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight Among Children Under Five Years by Mother’s Nutritional Status Source: NFHS-3
  21. 21. Percentage of Anganwadi Centres operational against total sanctioned Source: ICDS Data Tables – 2011-12 http://wcd.nic.in/
  22. 22. Supplementary food received from an Anganwadi Centre by Children Under Six Years Source: NFHS-3
  23. 23. 6Months-6 years Beneficiaries of SNP vis-à-vis below 6 Years Population Source: ICDS Data Tables – 2011-12 http://wcd.nic.in/
  24. 24. Mid-day Meal Coverage against Total Children Enrolled Source: http://mdm.nic.in/QPR_Report2012.html

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