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Introduction to Doing Business in Australia
Dr Nigel Bairstow
Introduction
Key Learning Objectives:
➤  To gain a deeper understanding of doing business with
Australia
➤  To understand ...
Overview of DBIA workshop
Australia
Today
Geography
History
People
Growing
International
Trade
Robust
Economy
Fair Busines...
Module 1: Australia at a Glance
Dr Nigel Bairstow
Contents
1.1 Australian Icons
1.2 Our Land
1.3 Our Climate
1.4 Our People
1.5 Our History – The Way We Were
Overview
Australia
Today
Geography
History
People
International
Trade
Robust
Economy
Fair Business
Practice
Sustainable
En...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
The  Lucky  Country?	
Perceptions
Stereotypes
Images
Views
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Australian  Famous  Icons  you  may  know	
SOURCE: Australian Geographic
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Ticket  booth  Time  
Square,  New  York	
Marques  Restaurant	
2014  Top  #35  i...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Shield = Badge for each state
Star of the Federation
Golden Wattle – floral
embl...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Australia  –  a  glimpse  of  our  land  …  	
SOURCE: Tourism Ad
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
SMH, M Maiden June 2012SMH, M Maiden June 2012
•  Largest  island  in  the  
wor...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Our  Land  –  How  Australia  is  grouped	
ANZ – Australia and New Zealand
AUSTR...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Our  Land  –  it’s  big	
•  6th  largest  country  (US  is  4th  )	
•  7.6  mill...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Land  –  it’s  beautiful	
10,000+ beaches
•  World’s largest reef system
•  Home...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Our  Land  –  it’s  fun	
10,000+ beaches
30,000 km coastline
bondi, cronulla,
ma...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Nigel’s  Top  Pick  -­‐‑  Cronulla  
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Our  Land  –  it’s  rich  in  natural  resources	
G
U
Ranked  #1	
 Iron  Ore,  G...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Our  land  –  States,  Territories,  Cities	
What is the capital of Australia?!
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Australia.ed.au
Our  Climate
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Average Sunshine Hours per Day
Sydney vs Melbourne
Our  Climate  –  Where  does ...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Our  People  -­‐‑  Population	
24 million
52nd in the world (6th largest country...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Our  People  –  Population  Stats	
49.75%1 50.25%1
#  of  households  =  9.1  mi...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Demographics	
0
POPULATION
2.42 million - 10%
% OF WORKFORCE
Today: 1% | 2025: 0...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Our  People  –  Australia  St	
© McCrindle 2015 | Source: ABS, McCrindlePowered ...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Our  People  –  Multicultural  Australia	
28%  of  the  population  were  born  ...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Our  People  –  What  we  love	
Masterchef  show  and  
their   winners   most  ...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Our  Languages  –  What  we  speak	
MAJOR LANGUAGES SPOKEN IN AUSTRALIAN HOMES1
...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Australian	
 Meaning	
No  Worries	
 Everything’s  fine	
Too  Easy	
 Sure    -­‐‑ ...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Global  Liveability  Ranking,  August  2014	
#1  Melbourne	
#5  Adelaide	
#7  Sy...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
World  Happiness  Report  2015	
20 Happiest Countries in the world
Australia – R...
Our History
➤  The First Australians
➤  The Visitors
➤  The British Claim
➤  The Free Settlers and the Gold Rush
➤  The Ex...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
History  –  The  First  Australians	
An  estimated  500  clans  lived  in  the  ...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
The  First  Australians	
The First Australians clip
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
History  –  The  Visitors	
1422:    Admiral  Hong  Bao	
1606:    Dutch  William ...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
History  -­‐‑  Post  Captain  Cook  Timeline  	
1770	
Captain  
James  
Cook,  T...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
History  –  The  British  Claim  –  the  Penal  Colony	
1770:    Captain  James ...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
History  –The  Free  Seplers  and  the  Gold  Rush	
Gold  is  found  at  several...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
The  Gold  Rush	
Australia the Story of Us episode clip
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
The  Eureka  Stockade	
Australia the Story of Us episode clip
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
History  –  Explorers  and  Bushrangers	
1860s  Explorers  McDouall  Stuart  cro...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
The  Overland  Telegraph	
Australia the Story of Us episode clip
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
History  –The  Federation  (from  1901)	
From  separate  colonies  to  a  united...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
History  –  War  Years	
1914/1915  Outbreak  of  World  War  I;  Australia  comm...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
History  -­‐‑  Post  War  Years	
1946-­‐‑49:    Rebuilding  Australia  –  Transf...
Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance  	
Australia The Story of Us Excerpt from Episode 3
The  Ford  Story,  New  York  1...
Summary
➤  Australia is often referred to as a “lucky country”
although the origins of the phrase was meant to be
ironic, ...
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Doing Business in Australia - Module 1

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This is the introductory Module to a 2 day workshop titled "Doing Business in Australia"

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Doing Business in Australia - Module 1

  1. 1. Introduction to Doing Business in Australia Dr Nigel Bairstow
  2. 2. Introduction Key Learning Objectives: ➤  To gain a deeper understanding of doing business with Australia ➤  To understand the economic, political and culture makeup of Australia ➤  To provide industry insights of business opportunities in Australia ➤  To understand the nature of the US Australia Free Trade Agreement
  3. 3. Overview of DBIA workshop Australia Today Geography History People Growing International Trade Robust Economy Fair Business Practice Sustainable Environment
  4. 4. Module 1: Australia at a Glance Dr Nigel Bairstow
  5. 5. Contents 1.1 Australian Icons 1.2 Our Land 1.3 Our Climate 1.4 Our People 1.5 Our History – The Way We Were
  6. 6. Overview Australia Today Geography History People International Trade Robust Economy Fair Business Practice Sustainable Environment
  7. 7. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   The  Lucky  Country? Perceptions Stereotypes Images Views
  8. 8. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Australian  Famous  Icons  you  may  know SOURCE: Australian Geographic
  9. 9. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Ticket  booth  Time   Square,  New  York Marques  Restaurant 2014  Top  #35  in  the  world The  Flat  white  coffee   (Hugh  Jackman’s  coffee   shop  in  NY) Frank  Gehry  building   UTS  Business  School Australia  Chamber   Orchestra Beijing  Olympic  Aquatic   Center  “Water  Cube”   PTW  Architects Australian  Icons  you  may  NOT  know
  10. 10. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Shield = Badge for each state Star of the Federation Golden Wattle – floral emblem Emu and Kangaroo – animal emblem Neither animal can move backward, only forward (progress) Australian  Symbol  –  Our  Coat  of  Arms
  11. 11. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Australia  –  a  glimpse  of  our  land  …   SOURCE: Tourism Ad
  12. 12. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   SMH, M Maiden June 2012SMH, M Maiden June 2012 •  Largest  island  in  the   world •  Smallest  and  fla;est   continent  in  the  world •  Driest  continent  in  the   world •  Southern  Hemisphere: Bikinis  in  Dec/Jan Coats  in  Jun/July Australia – Australis Latin for “Southern”
  13. 13. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Our  Land  –  How  Australia  is  grouped ANZ – Australia and New Zealand AUSTRALASIA – Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, New Caledonia OCEANIA – Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, etc APAC – East Asia + Southeast Asia + Oceania New  Zealand Papua  New   Guinea SE  Asia Fiji,  and   other  Pacific   Islands
  14. 14. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Our  Land  –  it’s  big •  6th  largest  country  (US  is  4th  ) •  7.6  million  sq  km  (US  is  9.5  sq  km) •  6.15%  arable  land  (US  is  17%) •  18%  is  desert Sydney  to  Perth  =  LA  to  NY Image Credit: The Australian Government. Source: http://www.anbg.gov.au/maps/aust-usa-map.jpg
  15. 15. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Land  –  it’s  beautiful 10,000+ beaches •  World’s largest reef system •  Home to 10% of world’s fish species •  Can be seen from outer space World’s largest fringing reef Kakadu National Parkc Wet Tropics Fraser Island Great Barrier Reef Blue Mts Sydney Opera House Royal Exhibiition Bldg Tasmanian Wilderness Shark Bay 19  UNESCO  World  Heritage  Sites Uluru National Park Ningaloo Reef
  16. 16. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Our  Land  –  it’s  fun 10,000+ beaches 30,000 km coastline bondi, cronulla, manly, harbord, garie beach, newport, torquay, gold coast, noosa, crescent heads, byron bay, seal rocks, margaret river, Popular Surfing Brands
  17. 17. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Nigel’s  Top  Pick  -­‐‑  Cronulla  
  18. 18. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Our  Land  –  it’s  rich  in  natural  resources G U Ranked  #1 Iron  Ore,  Gold,  Lead,  Zircon,   Nickel,  Silver,  Uranium  1 Ranked  #2 Bauxite,  Brown  Coal,  Copper Ranked  #3 Lithium B B B G G iO N C B U 1 2013 Australia Identified Mineral Resources, based on EDR values 2 The Conversation, 1 May 2015, Australia’s five pillar economy: Mining (A Garnett) Australia’s mining sector is 50% of our exports (8.5% of GDP) 2
  19. 19. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Our  land  –  States,  Territories,  Cities What is the capital of Australia?!
  20. 20. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Australia.ed.au Our  Climate
  21. 21. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Average Sunshine Hours per Day Sydney vs Melbourne Our  Climate  –  Where  does  it  rain  more?  Sydney  or  Melbourne?
  22. 22. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Our  People  -­‐‑  Population 24 million 52nd in the world (6th largest country) 0.33% of world population 1 Sydney  (NSW  7.4M) 4,919 2 Melbourne  (VIC  5.95M) 4,539 3 Brisbane  (QLD  4.79M) 2,329 4 Perth  (WA    2.63M) 2,107 5 Adelaide  (SA  1.7M) 1,318 8 Canberra  (ACT  0.39M)      394 12 Hobart  (TAS  0.52M)      220 16 Darwin  (NT  0.25M)      144 ‘000 Australia – one of the most urbanised countries in the world. 89% llive in cities Population Growth = 1.6% (365,000 people year) 42% - Natural Increase 58% - Net Overseas Migration
  23. 23. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Our  People  –  Population  Stats 49.75%1 50.25%1 #  of  households  =  9.1  million Average  household  size  –  2.6  people Median  Age  =  37.3  years  old Lfie  Expectancy  female  –  84  years  old Life  Expectancy  male  =  80  years  old Median  marrying  age  female  –  28  years  old Median  marrying  age  male  –  30  years  old Median  age  parent  female  –  31  years  old Median  age  parent  male  –  33  years  old 1  in  3  marriages  end  up  in  divorce 60%+  Christians,  30%  no  religion/not  clear,   2.5%  Buddhism,  2.1%  Islam,  1.3%   Hinduism   McCrindle  Research  2015  statistics
  24. 24. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Demographics 0 POPULATION 2.42 million - 10% % OF WORKFORCE Today: 1% | 2025: 0% UNI DEGREE: 1 in 10 POPULATION 5.17 million - 22% % OF WORKFORCE Today: 25% | 2025: 8% UNI DEGREE: 1 in 5 POPULATION 4.78 million - 20% % OF WORKFORCE Today: 31% | 2025: 28% UNI DEGREE: 1 in 4 POPULATION 5.22 million - 22% % OF WORKFORCE Today: 34% | 2025: 33% UNI DEGREE: 1 in 3 POPULATION 4.43 million - 18% % OF WORKFORCE Today: 9% | 2025: 31% UNI DEGREE: 1 in 2 POP. 1.9 m 8% 1935 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005 2015‘40 ‘50 ‘60 ‘70 ‘80 ‘90 ‘00 ‘10 6 million 70+ 51-69 36-50 21-35 6-20 <6 24 million 80.0 84.3 Life expectancy at birth 33.0 30.8 Median age of parents (new births) 29.9 28.3 Australia: 1.9 OECD: 1.7 Total fertility rate ZYXB BB A U S T R A L I A’ S G E N E R AT I O N A L P R O F I L E P O P U L AT I O N B Y Y E A R O F B I R T H BUILDERS GENERATIONALPHA BABYBOOMERS GENERATIONX GENERATIONY GENERATIONZ TM SOCIAL RESEARCH CUSTOMER SEGMENTATION RESEARCH PRESENTATIONS DEMOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS RESEARCH VISUALISATION POWERED BY researchvisualisation.com mccrindle.com.au
  25. 25. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Our  People  –  Australia  St © McCrindle 2015 | Source: ABS, McCrindlePowered by researchvisualisation.com AUSTRALIA STREETIfAustraliawasastreetof100households... 3.6Births peryear 11.6km 200m 10.7km NATIONALPOPULATIONASSTREETLENGTH 51 2 1 ... Fastestgrowingstreetat140m/yr. IndiaSt.willbethelongestin2030 POPULATION:263PEOPLE Oliver William Jack Noah Jackson Charlotte Olivia Ava Emily Mia 1 2 3 4 5 CURRENTTOP5BABYNAMES Rank CHINAST. INDIAST. AUSTRALIAST. 1.4Marriages/yr 1.7Deaths/yr193Vehicles avg.14,000km/yr COMMUTERS 1in10catchpublictransport 2in3travelbycar 1in10buscommutersalsoneedacar Degreeor PostGrad. Dip.orCert. Year10 Year11/12 22% 27% 27% 24% Lessthan1in2knowtheterm: JoeBlake(snake) CaptainCook(look) Frogandtoad(road) HaroldHolt(bolt) Morethan1in2haveused: G'day Arvo Noworries Youbeauty! Broughttoyouby: Detached house Unitor apartment Terraceor townhouse 76%|56% 10%|13% 14%|31% HOUSINGTYPE Current | Newapprovals 1975 1995 TODAY 6x5x 10x AVG.HOUSEPRICE(SYDNEY) avg.full-timeannualincome 54% 34% 12% BothAus. born NoneAus. born OneAus. born PARENTPLACEOFBIRTH $438k $767k $2.2m $54,964 income(extax)$41,184 $94,328 $32k $192k $30,212$17,992 HOUSEHOLDWEALTHBYQUINTILE 33% 30% 23% 11% 3% Couple&kids Coupleonly Loneperson Singleparent Groupliving HOUSEHOLDTYPES 252 36% 33% 31% Mortgage Fullyown Renting 18yrsavg.lengthtenure 8yrs 1.8yrs HOMEOWNERSHIP 2745 9% 37% 37% 17% VEHICLEOWNERSHIP None 1 2 3 McCrindle  Research  2015  Vide  and  Infographic
  26. 26. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Our  People  –  Multicultural  Australia 28%  of  the  population  were  born  overseas   (compared  to  Canada  20%  &  UK  12% 46%  of  households  are  home  to  families   where  at  least  one  parent  was  born   overseas Melbourne  has  the  highest  Greek   population  after  Athens Sydney  is  the  most  multicultural  city  in   Australia  (2/3  have  at  least  one  parent   born  overseas. Top  5  Migrant  Countries  are  UK,  New   Zealand,  China,  India,  and  Italy 29%  of  total  labour  force  (12.4M  people)   were  born  overseas One of the most culturally diverse countries in the world
  27. 27. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Our  People  –  What  we  love Masterchef  show  and   their   winners   most   watched   show   in   prime   time,   Neil   Perry,   Kylie   Kwong,   B i l l   G r a n g e r ,   Margaret  Beer,   Our  Chefs Ian   Thorpe,   Greg   N o r m a n ,   R u g b y   League,   Cricket,   Australian   Rules   F o o t b a l l ,   J o h n   N e w c o m b e ,   Margaret   Court,   Evonne   Goolagong,   Kathy  Freeman Our  Sports Olivia   Newton   John,   Keith  Urban,  AC/DC,   Kylie   Minogue,   The   Wi g g l e s ,   G o t ye ,   D a m e ,   D e l t a   Goodrem,   Gabriella   Cimli       Angus   and   Julia  Stone Our  Music Nicole   Kidman,   Cate   B l a n c h e ; ,   H u g h   Jackman,  Russell  Crowe,   Naomi   Wa;s,   Geoffrey   Rush,   Toni   Colle;e,   Heath   Ledger,   Rachel   G r i ffi t h s ,   C h r i s   Hemsworth,   Margot   Robbie,   Rose   Byrne,   E m i l y B r o w n i n g E l l e   McPherson,   Sam   Neill,   Hugo   Weaving,     Liam   H e m s w o r t h ,   B e n   M e n d e l s o h n ,   M e l   Gibson,  Paul  Hogan Our  Actors
  28. 28. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Our  Languages  –  What  we  speak MAJOR LANGUAGES SPOKEN IN AUSTRALIAN HOMES1 – 2011 1. This list of languages consists of the ‘Most common languages spoken at home’ responses reported in the 2006 Census. The count is based on place of usual residence 2. Excluding languages not identified individually, ‘Inadequately described’ and ‘Non-verbal, so described’. Total includes other languages not in the table Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Cat. No. 2001, Census of Population and Housing, Basic Community Profiles (released 21 June 2012); Austrade Major Asian Languages2 2,164,235 Chinese 651,328 Indo-Aryan 382,844 Arabic 287,178 Vietnamese 233,388 Tagalog and Filipino 136,860 Dravidian (including Tamil) 100,375 Korean 79,786 Iranic languages 71,933 Indonesian 55,869 Japanese 43,692 Thai 36,680 Assyrian 31,323 Major European Languages2 1,273,420 Italian 299,833 Greek 252,217 Spanish 117,497 German 80,370 Macedonian 68,846 Croatian 61,548 Turkish 59,624 French 57,740 Serbian 55,116 Polish 50,692 Russian 44,059 Dutch 37,249 One in 10 Australians speak an Asian language at home Australia’s linguistic diversity is nationwide, ensuring a ready supply of personnel with foreign language skills in all major centres. More than 2.1 million Australians speak an Asian language at home – almost 10 per cent of the total population – and more than 650,000 Australians speak a Chinese language. Almost 1.3 million Australians speak a European language in addition to English at home, with Italian, Greek and Over 200+ languages are spoken in Australia, including 45 indigenous languages. About 650,000 speak Chinese at home About 2M+ speak an Asian language About 1.3M speak a European language (Top 3 are Italian, Greek and Spanish)
  29. 29. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Australian Meaning No  Worries Everything’s  fine Too  Easy Sure    -­‐‑  it  can  be  done Wrap  it  Up Finish  doing  somethin Run  it  past  … Check  it  with  …   It’s  your  call  … It’s  your  decision  .. Let’s  touchbase  again   Let’s  make  contact  …   That’ll  do It’s  good  enough Fair  enough Ok How  are  you  going How  are  you I  reckon I  think Our  Language  –  How  we  say  it
  30. 30. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Global  Liveability  Ranking,  August  2014 #1  Melbourne #5  Adelaide #7  Sydney #9  Perth #8   Helsinki #6  Calgary #4  Toronto #3  Vancouver @10   Auckland #2   Viennai Four of the top 10 most liveable city in the world are in Australia Economic Intelligence Unit Stability, culture, healthcare, environment, infractructure
  31. 31. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   World  Happiness  Report  2015 20 Happiest Countries in the world Australia – Ranked 10th out of 158 countries Survey Metrics: GDP per capita, Social Support, Generosity, Health Life Expectancy, Freedom to make life choices, Perceptions of corruption, and everything else World Happiness Report 2015
  32. 32. Our History ➤  The First Australians ➤  The Visitors ➤  The British Claim ➤  The Free Settlers and the Gold Rush ➤  The Explorers and Bushrangers ➤  The Federation ➤  The War Years ➤  The Postwar Years
  33. 33. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   History  –  The  First  Australians An  estimated  500  clans  lived  in  the   continent,  numbering  about  300,000+   around  the  continent.    Archaeological   evidence  dates  back  45,000  years  ago. Today,  the  indigenous  community  is  about   2.5%  of  population. Post  Federation  period  was  a  difficult  time   for  the  Aborigines  as  they  struggle  to  assert   their  rights 1967  –  Historic  referendum  vote  to  amend   Constitution  to  include  Aborigines  as  part   of  the  Commonwealth 1976  –  Aboriginal  Land    Rights  Act  -­‐‑  The   first  of  many  Land  Right  Acts,  allowing   right  of  claim  to  indigenous  Australians  to   own  the  land  on  evidence  of  traditional   association  with  land. 2008  –  National  Apology  to  Indigenous   Australia  by  Prime  Minister  Kevin  Rudd. An  Australian  Protocol  at  events,  and  meetings Acknowledgement  of  Country  –  statement  of  recognition   of  the  traditional  owners  of  the  land. “  Before  we  begin  the  proceedings,  I  would  like  to   acknowledge  and  pay  respect  to  the  Cadigal  band  of  Eora   tribe  …  “
  34. 34. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   The  First  Australians The First Australians clip
  35. 35. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   History  –  The  Visitors 1422:    Admiral  Hong  Bao 1606:    Dutch  William  Janz 1642:    Dutch  Abel  Tasman 1699:  William  Dampier  
  36. 36. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   History  -­‐‑  Post  Captain  Cook  Timeline   1770 Captain   James   Cook,  The   Endeavour Botany   Bay 1788   First  Fleet   se;lement   British   convicts   and   colonials 1850s   The   Gold   Rush   and  new   immigra nts 1860s   Explorers   and   Bushrangers   1901 The   Federation 1920-­‐‑40’s   The  War   Years Modern   Australia
  37. 37. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   History  –  The  British  Claim  –  the  Penal  Colony 1770:    Captain  James  Cook  arrives  in   Botany  Bay  and  claims  the  land  for  British   under  instructions  of  King  George  III 1788:    The  First  Fleet  of  11  ships  arrived  in   Botany  Bay  to  establish  the  first  British   colony  in  Australia.    Theywere  mainly   convicts  from  England,  most  of  whom   were  convicted  for  pe;y  crime.       .1790:    The  Second  Fleet  (“Death  fleet)   arrives  but  most  of  the  convicts  had  died   during  the  trip. 1825:    Van  Damien’s  land  (Tasmania)   colony  was  established. 1849:    Western  Australia  colonized
  38. 38. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   History  –The  Free  Seplers  and  the  Gold  Rush Gold  is  found  at  several  locations,  notably  in   Victoria.  A  third  of  the  world’s  gold  in  the   1850’s  will  come  from  there. The  start  of  the  wave  of  new  migrants   including  Chinese.  By  1852,  370,000   migrants  moved  to  Australia  and  by  1872,   Australia’s  population  was  1.7  million. Construction  boom  begins  and  railway  lines   are  build  in  Victoria  between  gold  towns  of   Ballarat,  Bendigo  and  Melbourne. Eureka  Stockade  1854  –  the  beginnings  of   Australian  nationalism Ballarat Museum image
  39. 39. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   The  Gold  Rush Australia the Story of Us episode clip
  40. 40. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   The  Eureka  Stockade Australia the Story of Us episode clip
  41. 41. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   History  –  Explorers  and  Bushrangers 1860s  Explorers  McDouall  Stuart  crosses   the  continent  successfully  while  Burke  &   Wills  expedition  was  not  completed. 1872  Overland  Telegraph  (Adelaide  to   Darwin  &  telegraph  link  to  London  was   established.   Ned  Kelly,  famous  bushranger,  was   hanged  in  Victoria 1887  Opal  was  discovered  in  Lightning   Ridge 1895:    Banjo  Paterson  writes  the   “Waluing  Matilda”
  42. 42. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   The  Overland  Telegraph Australia the Story of Us episode clip
  43. 43. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   History  –The  Federation  (from  1901) From  separate  colonies  to  a  united  states  of  Commonwealth,  the   Federation  was  proclaimed  in  1901 First  Parliament  was  held  in  the  Exhibition  Hall  in  Melbourne First  to  grant  women  the  right  to  vote  AND  the  right  to  sit  in   Parliament “White  Australia”  policy  –  one  of  the  first  laws  passed  by  the  new   parliament,  favouring  applicants  from  certain  countries. Edith Cowan First woman elected to the Australian Parliament in 1920 in Perth. She championed woman’s rights, and social justice.
  44. 44. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   History  –  War  Years 1914/1915  Outbreak  of  World  War  I;  Australia  commits  hundreds  of   thousands  of  troops  to  the  British  war  effort  –  the  Ba;le  of  Gallipoli Commonwealth  Electoral  Act  1924  –  compulsory  voting Harbour  Bridge  started  construction  in  1923  and  opened  in  1932.     Largest  steel  arch  (from  top  of  arch  to  harbour) World  War  II  –  1  million  Australians  served  war  in  Europe  and  Japan.     Bombing  of  Darwin  and  a;ack  on  Sydney  Harbour;  The  Kokoda  Trail  in   Papua  New  Guinea  –  most  significant  ba;le  fought  by  Australians General John Monash Considered one of the best general in the Allied Forces in World War 1
  45. 45. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   History  -­‐‑  Post  War  Years 1946-­‐‑49:    Rebuilding  Australia  –  Transform   Australia  to  a  modern,  industrial  and   manufacturing  country,  less  reliant  on  mining   and  farming  industries.  (Ref:  video  clip)   Populate  or  Perish  Immigration  campaign   mainly  from  Europe,  survivors  of  the  war;  In   1945,  population  grew  to  7.5  million.    Migration   strategy  to  build  Australia’s  domestic  economy. 1949  Snowy  Mountain  Hydro  Electric  Scheme  –   100,000  immigrants  from  30  countries;  major   engineering  project.
  46. 46. Module  1:    Australia  at  a  Glance   Australia The Story of Us Excerpt from Episode 3 The  Ford  Story,  New  York  1940s
  47. 47. Summary ➤  Australia is often referred to as a “lucky country” although the origins of the phrase was meant to be ironic, it has been used to describe Australia’s good fortune of a rich land, of good weather, of a culturally diverse society. ➤  Australia is often referred to as a “young country” but Australia’s history begins some 50,000 years ago when our diverse Aboriginal societies lived the land. ➤  The arrival of the British and the colonisation of Australia connected Australia with the rest of the world and defined how Australia would move forward into the future.

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