Question no 1: Define successful leadership anddescribe the differences betweensuccessful leadership andeffective leadership.Question no 33 :As a leader what method will youchoose to make a good decision
Define successful leadership Eleanor Roosevelt once said, “A goodleader inspires people to have confidencein the leader, a great leader inspirespeople to have confidence inthemselves.” It turns out, the skills and talentsnecessary to guide your team in theright direction can be simple, andanyone with the determination candevelop them.
Successful leadership If you look at the diagram above you willsee that a successful leaders will usuallybe able to achieve a satisfactory level ofachievement – at least in the short term –by focusing on each task and making surethat they are completed. They often achieve these results bymaking sure that the job gets donethrough close supervision, and evencompleting the job themselves
To achieve this it will necessitate theiralways being close by in order to keeppeople on task. The problem with this is it only works inthe short term and so the long termresults will depend upon a series of shortterm achievements.
Effective leadership Conversely effective leadership will lead tobetter performance and greater results inthe long term. This is achieved by the leaders focusingprimarily on the development of others intheir attitudes, feelings and commitmentto their goals by increasing their levels ofengagement and task skills.
This certainly takes more time from theleader up front, which is one of the majorreasonsconstantly hear why managers don’t do this. But in the long term it means that everyoneis skilled and committed to their job. The leader does not have to be around tomake sure that things are done properly andcan effectively delegate job whereappropriate.
In the long term this provides leaderswith more time to fulfill their leadershipresponsibilities effectively and long termsustainability of results can be achieved.
Question 33 Taking and implementing decisions are twoimportant roles in the management of aneffective school. Leader’s decision are crucial tothe achievement of education goals and theimplementation need participation from teacherand support staff. The quality of decisions takenreflects the leader’s effectiveness( Lunenburgand Ornstein 2004) Activities such as planning, organizing, directing,coordinating, monitoring, controlling, andevaluating all involve a certain degree of decisionmaking. Decision must be transparent andconsistent with reality( Everard et al. 2004)
There are four type of decisionmaking (Everard et al 2004) Autocratic – the leader will make the decision withoutconsulting other and they are expected to accept thedecision once the decision has been made Persuasive the leader will initially make the decision,and following that will persuade other to accept thedecision Consultative – the leader seeks views from otherbefore making the decision. Co-determinate – decision taken based on consensusor majority vote.
The Decision Making Process Regardless of the types of decision made,there are several steps that can be followed(Gorton and Alston 2009, 36)Step 1: Define the situationStep 2: identify the alternativeStep 3: Assess the alternativeStep 4: Select the best possible alternativeStep 5: Secure acceptance of the decisionStep 6: Implement the decisionStep 7: Evaluate the decision
Hoy and Miskel (2005) describe decision making as adynamic process that is required to solve organizationalproblem. They propose five different model of decisionmaking. The model are The classical model which uses a strategy to maximize goalachievement The administrative model which is viewed as a pragmaticdecision making strategy. This approach is normally chosenbecause an administrator does not have all the capacity tooptimize decision making The incremental model which approaches decision makingby comparing and reducing the numbers of alternatives.
Thank you…. The mixed scanning model which is consideredas a adaptive strategy focusing on board endsand tentative means of decisions. This approachcombines the best of the incremental and theadministrative approaches in decision making. The garbage can model which is considered as anon rational decision making strategy that viewsa good decision as one that match the problemwith a solution because organizations arecharacterized by problematic preferences,ambiguity, and decision relies on chance that onrationality