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Health education


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health education

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Health education

  1. 1. Health Education • Health can be defined as the state of being free from illness or injury. • WHO has defined health as, “A state of complete physical, mental and social well being not merely an absence of disease or infirmity.”
  2. 2. Health Education • Health education is the process that informs motivation and helps people to adopt and maintain healthy practices and life style, advocates environmental changes as need to facilitate the goals and conducts professional training and research to the same end. • Education that increases the awareness, and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of Health on a personal or community basis.
  3. 3. Incorporation of different issues related to health education in primary and secondary education in Bangladesh
  4. 4. Learning competency in the primary science curriculum
  5. 5. Among all the five grades, under this learning competency, it is mentioned in primary science curriculum that,
  6. 6. Primary science (Grade Five) textbook
  7. 7. Grade Six science textbook
  8. 8. Grade Seven science textbook
  9. 9. Home science textbook of Grade Six
  10. 10. Home science textbook of Grade Eight
  11. 11. Health education (শারীররক রশক্ষা ও স্বাস্থ্য) textbook of Grade Six
  12. 12. Health education ( শারীররক রশক্ষা ও স্বাস্থ্য ) textbook of Grade Seven
  13. 13. Health education ( শারীররক রশক্ষা ও স্বাস্থ্য ) textbook of Grade Eight
  14. 14. Types of Germs • Virus – Frequently get better on their own – Limited treatment, other than rest and control of symptoms – Few medications to treat viruses • Bacteria – Often need to be treated with antibiotics • Fungus – Often on surfaces of body and can be treated with creams or oral medication • Parasite – Typically cause diarrhea – Often need to be treated with antiparasitic medications
  15. 15. Definitions • Infection – When a germ causes a disease • Contamination – When a germ is placed in or on the body, a surface, or in food or water
  16. 16. More Definitions • Contagious – When germs can be spread to others • Infectious – Capable of causing an infection • Communicable – Can be transmitted to others Essentially all mean the same thing
  17. 17. Impact of Infectious Diseases • All members of society are affected
  18. 18. however • Germs in early education programs are the same as those in community outbreaks • 90% of infections are mild, self-limited, and require no treatment
  19. 19. Symptoms of Infectious Diseases • Cough • Runny nose and/or congestion • Difficult or noisy breathing • Vomiting, nausea, or stomachache • Diarrhea • Rash • Itching • Drainage or irritation of eye or other infected body part • Fever • Aches or pains: Sore throat, earache, headache, body ache • Mouth sores • Swollen glands • Behavior changes
  20. 20. How Infectious Diseases Spread • Respiratory droplets • Fecal-oral • Direct contact with people or objects (especially by germs on hands) • Body fluids: blood, urine, and saliva • Insects
  21. 21. Hygiene Personal Environmental
  22. 22. Personal hygiene - taking care of your body • Kids can sometimes be careless when it comes to personal hygiene. • The importance of good hygiene – especially during cold and flu season, when sickness can be passed around because of unwashed hands and uncovered coughs. – Therefore, good hygiene should be taught at school and at home. In the classroom alongwith at home, kids can learn about hygiene's importance and find the right ways to stay neat, clean and healthy.
  23. 23. Personal hygiene – Educating children about taking care of their body
  24. 24. Start With The Basics  Hand washing is one of the most important hygiene practices we can teach our kids.  The basics include washing several times daily, especially after using the bathroom, using soap and water (preferable to alcohol-based hand sanitizers), using friction when washing, washing for an appropriate period of time, and proper rinsing.  Soap and water are preferable to hand sanitizers because sanitizers don’t eliminate all types of germs and are not as effective when hands are visibly dirty.
  25. 25. Lead By Example  Let the children observe our own routine.  Invite them into the bathroom while we brush our teeth, comb our hair, and wash our face at night.  Remind ourselves aloud within their earshot to wash our hands before preparing dinner.  If they see us taking care to wash and brush, they will be more likely to follow suit.
  26. 26. Explain The Importance Of Grooming • The idea of using hygiene to introduce basic, age- appropriate concepts of health, wellness, and disease is important. • Kids can grasp the idea of infection without knowing the scary details. • Kids of certain ages can understand the ideas that diseases can be communicable and that they can prevent transmission by practicing good hygiene.
  27. 27. Make Use Of Visual Or Interactive Resources There are also tons of children’s books and videos on the hygiene related subject. Relax and let their favorite character teach them about the importance of proper hygiene. (Meena Cartoon)
  28. 28. Make It Routine • We hear it time and time again. Children thrive on routines. Incorporate hair and teeth brushing into our morning and evening ritual. Make bath time a precursor to our bedtime story. As they start to perform these tasks daily, they will begin to accept them as part of their daily life. They may even surprise us and remind us when we’ve forgotten an important part of the hygiene routine!
  29. 29. Environmental hygiene- Educating children about taking care of their environment : (Household, school and community)
  30. 30. Healthy Households  Make children conscious about the following aspects for household hygiene  Cleanliness and removal of dirt/garbage  Lighting  Ventilation  Domestic insects control  Heating and Cooling
  31. 31. Cleanliness of School • Children pass a big amount of time in school. Teachers can stimulate the children to make initiative to clean their respective classroom first and then the outside of the classroom. Let them give a list of to-do list in the classroom which they will abide by to make their school environment neat and clean.
  32. 32. Cleanliness of Community • When children are well aware of both household and school hygiene, they can understand the importance of community hygiene. • Take Initiative to keep the community clean partnering with community leader, clubs…
  33. 33. Adolescent Health issues
  34. 34.  Adolescence—the transition from childhood to adulthood—is one of the most dynamic stages of human development. It is a time of marked physical, emotional, and intellectual changes, as well as changes in social roles, relationships and expectations.  Adolescents are not just teenagers. Adolescents include 10-24 year-olds. Adolescence is not one developmental stage, but three developmental stages: – Early adolescence (10-14 years of age); – Middle adolescence (15-17 years of age); and – Late adolescence and young adults (18-24 years of age).
  35. 35. Educating about adolescent health issues  Giving guidance on hygiene, exercise, rest, eating, drinking, maturation, sexuality & relationship  Through introducing adolescent friendly policies to  fulfill the rights of adolescents  Take into account for special groups, including vulnerable & underserved groups  Pay attention to gender factor  Use of the media in relation to awareness raising and education
  36. 36. Educating about adolescent health issues  Providing accurate age appropriate information to school going children between age of 14-19 on adolescence and growing up  Reinforcing existing positive behavior and instill life skills that enable young people to protect themselves.
  37. 37. Public Health Issues in Bangladesh
  38. 38.  A number of challenges in health and nutrition remains. These are:  Improving health care-seeking behavior such as education, awareness-raising and skills building in recognizing and treating pneumonia and obstetric emergencies.  Rapid urbanization which creates conditions that make slum dwellers vulnerable to disease as a result of problems of sanitation, hygiene and the supply of clean water.  The emergence of arsenic in tube well water, leading to arsenic poisoning.  The potential for HIV/AIDS to develop into a major problem.
  39. 39.  Public health has improved markedly in Bangladesh over the past three decades  Life expectancy at birth is approximately 70 years, just above the World Health Organization’s world average of 69 years.  Maternal mortality, infant and child mortality, and malnutrition rates have all declined substantially
  40. 40. Educating children about public health issues in Bangladesh • School public health education may be delivered in a variety of ways, with varying emphases on biological, behavioral, and pedagogical concepts. • Teachers and other health professionals must be prepared to address the complex social, developmental, and health-related issues that children bring to the classroom. • Continued effort should be made to maximize the learning of critical issues and concepts in public health.
  41. 41. Educating children about public health issues in Bangladesh 1) Provide health information from traditional health content areas (community health; consumer health; environmental health; family health; mental health; injury prevention/safety; nutrition; personal health; diseases; and substance abuse), 2) Reminding children about the health risk behavior categories for the disease control and prevention specially in rural areas, 3) Describe various components of a coordinated school health program
  42. 42. Educating children about public health issues in Bangladesh 4. Making children aware of the current pressing public health issues like:  Arsenicosis  Acute Respiratory Infections (ARIs) and Pneumonia  Dengue  Diarrhea and Water-borne Diseases  Essential Nutrition  HIV/AIDS  Improved Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)  Malaria  Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (MNCH)
  43. 43. Educating children about public health issues in Bangladesh 6. Make them understand health promotion and disease prevention concepts 7. Let them Know how to access valid health information, products, and services 8. Make them to analyze the influence of culture, media, and technology on health 9. Tell them to use interpersonal communication skills to improve health condition 10. Introduce the term “Health Literacy” to the children so that they can have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
  44. 44. Family Life Education • Family Life Education is the educational effort to strengthen individual and family life through a family perspective. The objectives of family life education is to enrich and improve the quality of individual and family life by providing knowledge needed for effective living.
  45. 45. Contents of family Life Education • What is Family • Importance of family • Different family Pattern • Family members and their responsibility in successful functioning of the family • Correct terminology when talking about body parts and functions • All human beings are worthwhile and need to be accepted and appreciated as worthwhile • Growth & developent of child • Reproductive system • Behavior that enable child to gain friends & lose friends • Behavior in groups • How to respond appropriately to good touches & how to handle inappropriate approaches from relatives, strangers & others • Physical changes that begin to occur during puberty • Awareness of human fertilization & parental development • Basic human emotions & dealing them effectively
  46. 46. Contents of family Life Education • Child abuse & child neglect • Use of drugs • Food & nutrition • Personal Hygiene • Roles, duties & responsibilities of family members • Sexually transmitted diseases: AIDS, Syphilis, Gonorrhea etc • Curse of premarital sexual activity • Personal characteristics that can contribute to happiness for self & others • Community health care, safety agencies & their functions • Signs & symptoms of pregnancy • Responsibility for family planning • Contribution of various racial and ethnic group to family life & society • Sexual assault, rape & molestation
  47. 47. • Health, Population and environmental education are the three dimensions of life for the preservation and promotion of safe environment. Population, Health, Family Life Education and Environmental Education Interface
  48. 48. • In the same way, Health, Population and environment help to produce healthy, alert and active human resource for the country. • In fact safe and healthy environment is necessary for the health and happiness of human beings. So the conservation and promotion of various environmental factors like air, water, forests, residential area and vegetation is the responsibility and duty of every individual. Interface
  49. 49. • Health, population and environmental education are closely interrelated with each other. • Thus the study of these subjects motivates people to keep the basic knowledge of health education, population management and conservation and promotion of clean environment. Interface
  50. 50. • Biological aspects include plants, animals, birds etc. i.e. the living components of surroundings. • Human beings are also one of the components of bio diversity. • Moreover, Biodiversity is an important determinant of population distribution and density. • Various aspects of health and population are related with the biological aspects. Biological Aspect of Interface
  51. 51. • Human beings and other animals get food, medicine and other requirements from biological environment. • People are healthy due to sufficient nutritious food. Better agricultural production and healthy environment improve the quality of the people. • In this way, there is a close relation between biological aspect of environment, population and health. Biological Aspect of Interface
  52. 52. • Human beings made social and cultural rules and regulations. • Socio- cultural aspects include customs, religions, festivals, traditions etc. • Social and cultural rules play an important role on human life. • People spend too much money during festivals and ceremonies just to show their status in their society. Socio-Cultural Aspect of Interface
  53. 53. • Unmanaged celebration of festivals hampers poor people and also deteriorates environment as well as health of the people. • Over eating and haphazard disposal of the remaining food of festivals pollute the environment. • So, we should develop a habit to conduct various functions without disturbing environment is related to health and population. Socio-Cultural Aspect of Interface