Rrr roundtable

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This presentation was presented for Central Asian Education Roundtable at the University of Kentucky in March 27, 2013

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Rrr roundtable

  1. 1. Education in Kazakhstan:Education in Kazakhstan:Between Soviet Legacy andBetween Soviet Legacy andWestern Challenges. Is ItWestern Challenges. Is ItPossible to Build a NationalPossible to Build a NationalModel of Education?Model of Education?Nazgul MingishevaVisiting scholarOSF/FDFPEducation Policy Studies & Evaluation DepartmentUniversity of KentuckyRRR Roundtable on Central Asian EducationMarch 27, 2013
  2. 2. Provinces of KazakhstanProvinces of Kazakhstan
  3. 3. General informationGeneral informationDecember 16, 1991 – Independence ofKazakhstanTerritory – 2,7 million square kilometersPopulation – 16,9 million (2013 estimate)State language – Kazakh; official language -RussianGDP (PPP) – 2012 estimate:Total - $232,349 billionPer capita - $13,921GDP (nominal) – 2012 estimate:Total - $200,6 billionPer capita - $12,021HDI – 0,754 (2013 estimate)President – Nursultan Nazarbayev (from 1990)
  4. 4. Ethnic population inEthnic population inKazakhstanKazakhstanEthnicity 1989 1999 2009 2011Total (mln) 16 465 14 955 16 005 16 442Kazakh 6 535 7 971 10 099 10 527Russian 6 228 4 490 3 797 3 753Uzbek 332 370 457 481Ukrainian 896 549 333 321Uighur 185 210 223 233Tatar 328 249 203 204German 958 356 178 180
  5. 5. Education in Kazakhstan: 1991-2013Education in Kazakhstan: 1991-2013Basic periods of educational reforms in1991-2010The State Program “Bolashak”Nazarbayev University, NazarbayevIntellectual Schools, NazarbayevFoundation (2010-2013)Current educational reforms and languagepolicy in educationQualitative research on Kazakh languagein education and science (2011-2013)
  6. 6. Education in Kazakhstan: 1991-2013Education in Kazakhstan: 1991-20131928 – Kazakh State University in Almaty (nowKazakh National Pedagogical University)1991-1994 – Building of law basis for HE1995-1998 – Modernization and intensivereforming of HE1999-2000 – Decentralization of administrationand financing in HE, increasing of academicfreedom in HE (???)2001-2007 – Strategic development of higherand secondary education2005-2010 – Searching of effective ways ofadaptation of HE to the market economy inKazakhstan
  7. 7. The Program “Bolashak” (“The Future”) –The Program “Bolashak” (“The Future”) –1994-20131994-20132005 2006 2007 2008Number ofgrants1796 778 500 1105The quote of grants was increased to three thousand scholarshipsin 2005• 68 students were expelled from 1994• From 2010 – focus on MA and PhD programs preferably fortechnical and medical majorsEthnic structure of Bolashak students (2008):• Kazakh – 93,6%• Russian – 3%• Korean – 0,9%• Tatar – 0,5%
  8. 8. Nazarbayev UniversityNazarbayev University2010 – Nazarbayev University2011 – Law about status of NazarbayevUniversity (NU), Nazarbayev IntellectualSchools (NISs), and NazarbayevFoundation (NF)NU and NISs are autonomous educationalorganizations20 NISs in the future around ofKazakhstan
  9. 9. Structure of NazarbayevStructure of NazarbayevUniversityUniversity7 schools and one centerBA programs – 18 (engineering, natural,technical, medical and social sciences)MA programs – 3 (MBA, Public andEducation Policy)Research centers – 3 (Energy research,Life sciences, Education policy)Rector – Shigeo Katsu
  10. 10. Current educational reformsCurrent educational reformsNational universities 9International universities (including NU) 3State universities 32Non-civic universities 13Joint-Stock universities 15Private universities 69Total: 141The new program: one province – one university (state andprivate, except Astana, Almaty, Karaganda, and Shymkent)Ranking and number of universities in Kazakhstan (2012):
  11. 11. Language policy in educationLanguage policy in educationLanguages of education at secondaryschools (2012):Kazakh (3843 schools)Russian (1508 schools)Uzbek (58 schools)Uighur (14 schools)Tajik (2 schools)English (8 schools)German
  12. 12. Language policy in educationLanguage policy in educationStudy of the Kazakh language in the curricula:20 hours in 1-11 grades at secondary schools6 credits at universitiesTrilingual strategy (Kazakh, Russian and English)in secondary and higher education to 2020:Increasing of trilingual schools from 33 to 700Studying English from first grade at schools in2013-2014Development of trilingual strategy inundergraduate and graduate education
  13. 13. Kazakh language in education and scienceKazakh language in education and science Transition (or returning) to Latin alphabet to 2025:modernization of the Kazakh languageResearch on Kazakh language in education and socialsciences (10-11 interviews with linguists, instructorsin Kazakh, experts and journalist in 2011-2013): Political issues of Kazakh language development inpostcolonial period: Why we still don’t communicatein Kazakh? Challenges of urban areas for Kazakh languagedevelopment Institutionalization of academic language in Kazakh Development of the Kazakh language not only ineducation but also in media, Internet, television, andpopular culture
  14. 14. Thank you!nmi227@g.uky.edu

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