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လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)
လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)
လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)
လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)
လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)
လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)
လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)
လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)
လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)
လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)
လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)
လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)
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လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)

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လူမႈဖူလုံေရးဥပေဒ (၂ဝ၁၂)

  1. 1. 2012 ckESpf? vlrIzlvHka&;Oya'
  2. 2. 2012 ck E S p f ? vl r I z l v H k a &;Oya' (jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfOya' trSwf 15/ ) 1374 ckESpf? 0gacgifvqef; 14 &uf ( 2012 ckESpf? Mo*kwfv 31 &uf ) jynfaxmifpvwawmfonf þOya'udk jy|mef;vduonf/ k T f k f 1/ tcef ; (1) trnf ? pwif t mPmwnf j cif ; ES i f h t "d y Ü m ,f azmf j ycsuf r sm; (u) þOya'udk 2012 ckESpf? vlrIzlvHka&;Oya'[k ac:wGifap&rnf/ ( c ) þOya'onf EdkifiHawmfor®wu trdefYaMumfjimpm xkwfjyefí owfrSwfonfhaeY&ufrS pwif tmPm wnfap&rnf/ ( * ) þOya'onf 1954 ckESpf? vlrIzlvHka&;tufOya' t& tusKH;0ifoufqkdifcJhonfh t&yfa'orsm;wGif qufvuf tusKH;0ifoufqkdifap&rnf/ þOya' xyfrH tusK;H 0if oufqiap&rnfh t&yfa'orsm;ukd dk f tvkyform;0efBuD;Xmeu vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUESifh n§Ei;f í jynfaxmifptpk;d &tzGUJ twnfjyKcsujf zifh d dI k trdefYaMumfjimpmxkwfjyefí owfrSwfEkdifonf/ 1
  3. 3. 2/ þOya'wG i f y g&S d a om atmuf y gpum;&yf r sm;onf azmfjyygtwdkif; t"dyÜm,foufa&mufap&rnf (u) tvkyform; qdkonfrSm vkyfief;XmewpfckckwGif tNrJwrf;jzpfap? ,m,Djzpfap um,tm; odkYr[kwf ÓPtm;udk toH;k jyKNy;D vkyuií &&Saomvkycjzifh f kd f d f toufarG;0rf;ausmif;rI jyKaeoludkqdkonf/ ,if; pum;&yfwGif vkyfc &onfjzpfap? r&onfjzpfap tvkyf vkyuivsu&aom tvkyoifrsm;? ynmoif f kd f f dS f rsm;vnf; yg0ifonf/ odkY&mwGif tvkyf&SifESifhtwl aeNyD; tvkyf&Siftay: rSDcdkaeaom tvkyf&Sif rdom;pk ryg0if/ ( c ) tvky&if qdonfrm tvkyorm;tm; vkycay;&ef S f f f S k wm0ef&Sdol? tvkyfcefYxm;rI oabmwlnDcsufjzifh tvkyorm;tm; cefxm;ol? tvky&iud,pm; pDrH f Y f S f k f tkyfcsKyfolwdkYudk qdkonf/ ,if;pum;&yfwGif þ Oya'ü tjcm;enf;jzifh oD;jcm;jy|mef;xm;jcif;r&SvQif d ud,yivyief;vkyuiol odr[kwf tusK;d wl zufpyf k f kd f k f f kd f Yk vkyfief;vkyfudkifolESifh tvkyf&SifaoqHk;onfhtcg ,if; tarGqufcHol? vkyfief;qufcHol odkYr[kwf w&m;0if udk,fpm;vS,fwdkYvnf; yg0ifonf/ ( * ) tmrcHxm;ol qdonfrm þOya'ESioufqiaom k S hf kd f vkyief;Xmewpfccwif vkyuivsu&NdS y;D vlrzva&; f k k G f kd f f I l kH pepfEihf tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGihf tmrcHpepf S f G kd f I wdwif rSwywifNy;D tmrcHxm;&Saom tvkyorm;udk Yk G f kH d f aomfvnf;aumif;? tmrcHxm;&ef wm0ef&Sdaom 2
  4. 4. tvkyform;udkaomfvnf;aumif;? þOya'ESifh oufqdkifaom vkyfief;XmewpfckckwGif vkyfudkifjcif; r&Sapumrl vlrzva&;pepfEihf tvkywif xdcurI d I l kH S f G kd f tusK;d cHpm;cGihf tmrcHpepfwwif rdrwqE´tavsmuf Ykd G d Ykd tmrcHxm;&Sdoludkaomfvnf;aumif; qdkonf/ (C) vkyfief;Xme qdkonfrSm yk'fr 11? yk'frcGJ (u) yg tvky½Eihf tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;udk qdonf/ ,if;pum;&yf f kH S k wGif tqdkygvkyfief;Xme tvkyfudk vkyfudkifaom tvkyfae&mwpfckckvnf; yg0ifonf/ ( i ) vlrIzlvHka&;&efyHkaiG qdkonfrSm tmrcHxm;olrsm; twGuf aemifa&;pdwfat;NyD; ylyifaomur&Sdap&ef pDrxm;&Saom use;f rma&;ESihf vlra&;apmifa&SmufrI H d I h &efyaiG? rdom;pk axmufyr&efyaiG? tvkyf vkyuif kH hH I kH f kd EdkifpGrf; r&SdrI tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? oufjynfh tNidrf;pm; tusKd;cHpm;cGifhESifh usef&pfol tusKd;cHpm;cGifh&efyHkaiG? tvkyfvufrJhjzpfrItwGuf tusKd;cHpm;cGifh&efyHkaiG? vlrzva&;tdr&mpDrue;f &efyaiGwuvnf;aumif;? I l kH f H d kH Ykd kd tvkyorm;0efBu;D Xmeu vlrzva&;tzGUJ ESifh ndEi;f í f I l kH § Id jynf a xmif p k t pd k ; &tzG J U twnf j yKcsuf j zif h owfrSwfaom tjcm; vlrIzlvHka&;&efyHkaiGwdkYudk vnf;aumif; qdkonf/ ( p ) tvkyfwGifxdcdkufrI qdkonfrSm tvkyform;onf tvkyfcGiftwGif;ESifh tvkyfcGifjyifywGif tvkyfudk taMumif;jyKíjzpfap? tvkyfwm0efESifhqufpyfí jzpfap? tvkyf&SiftusKd;iSm tjcm;vkyfief;rsm; 3
  5. 5. aqmif&u&mwGijf zpfap? tvkywm0efxrf;aqmif&ef G f f tvkyciotoGm; odr[kwf tvkycirtjyef vrf; f G f Ykd Yk f G f S c&D;wGijf zpfap jzpfay:aom rawmfwq xdcu'Pf&m dk f &&SdrI? aoqHk;rI odkYr[kwf tvkyfESifhqdkifonfh a&m*g &&SdrIudk qdkonf/ ,if;pum;&yfwGif vkyfief;cGif ab;tEÅ&m,fuif;&Si;f a&;ESipyfvsO;f onfh trdeEihf hf Yf S ñTeMf um;csursm;? pnf;rsO;f pnf;urf;rsm;udk vduem&ef f k f wrifysufuGufjcif;aMumifh &&Sdonfh xdcdkufrIaomf vnf;aumif;? pDrHxm;&Sdonfh ab;tEÅ&m,f tum tuG,?f twm;tqD;ypön;f ud&,mrsm;udk z,f&m;jcif; d S odr[kwf toH;k rjyKjcif;aMumifh &&Sonfh xdcuraomf Yk d kd f I vnf;aumif;? t&ufaopm aomufpm;rI odkYr[kwf rl;,pfaq;0g;oHk;pGJrIaMumifh &&Sdonfh xdcdkufrIaomf vnf;aumif; ryg0if/ (q) tvkyfvkyfudkifEdkifpGrf;r&SdrI qdkonfrSm tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrIaMumifhr[kwfbJ rusef;rmrIESifh rD;zGm;rI tygt0if tjcm; taMumif;wpfpHkwpf&maMumifh &&Sdonfh xdcdkufrI odkYr[kwf a&m*g&&SdrIjzpfay:&mrS tNrJwrf;tvkyf vkyfudkifEdkifpGrf;r&SdrIudk qdkonf/ ( Z ) tvk y f w G i f xd c d k u f r I tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h & ef y H k a iG qdonfrm tvky&iu rdrtvkyorm;rsm;twGuf k S f S f d f tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrItusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm; &&Sdap&ef ay;oGif;onfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiGrsm;jzifh xlaxmif xm;&Sdaom &efyHkaiGudk qdkonf/ 4
  6. 6. (ps) vlrIzlvHka&;ESifhtvkyfwGifxdcdkufrI tusKd;cHpm;cGifh qdkonfrSm tmrcHxm;olrsm;tm; vlrIzlvHka&; &efyHk aiGEihf tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGihf &efyaiGwrS S f G kd f I kH Ykd þOya't&ay;aom tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;udk qdonf/ hf k k S f S f k f (n) vkyfc qdonfrm tvky&iu cdi;f apaomtvkyukd tvkyform;u vkyfudkifaqmif&Gufay;onfhtwGuf &oifhaom tcaMu;aiGtm;vHk;udk qdkonf/ ,if; pum;&yfwif tcseykd vkycESi0ifaiGtjzpf owfrwf G d f f hf S Edkifaom tjcm;tcaMu;aiGrsm;vnf; yg0ifonf/ odkY&mwGif c&D;p&dwf? tNidrf;pm; vkyfoufqkaiG? tvkyform;tm; ESpfpOf tydkay;aomqkaMu;aiGESifh tvkyform;0efBuD;Xmeu vkyfcESifhroufqdkif[k jynf a xmif p k t pd k ; &tzG J U twnf j yKcsuf j zif h owfrSwfaom tcaMu;aiGwdkY ryg0if/ ( # ) aq;oufaocHvufrSwf qdkonfrSm þOya'yg tusK;d cHpm;cGiuptvdim vlrzva&;tzGUJ u cefxm; hf d ö Yk S I l kH Y onfh odr[kwf todtrSwjf yKonfh q&m0efu tmrcH Yk xm;ol odr[kwf tmrcHxm;rnfotm; use;f rma&; Yk h l ppfaq;NyD; xkwfay;aom usef;rma&;ppfaq;csuf aq;oufaocHvufrSwfudk qdkonf/ ( X ) rS D c d k o l qdkonfrSm tvkyform;udk rSDcdkaeaom tvkyorm;ZeD; odr[kwf cifye;f udvnf;aumif;? f Yk G k xdtvkyorm; touf 18 ESpatmuf om;orD;ESihf k f f tcsdefjynfhynm oifMum;aeNyD; tdrfaxmifrjyKao; 5
  7. 7. aom touf 21 ESpEiatmuf&onfh om;orD;wdukd f S hf dS Yk vnf;aumif;? xdtvkyorm; rdbudvnf;aumif; k f k qdonf/ k ( ! ) tvkyftrIaqmifaumfrwD qdkonfrSm þOya' t& zG J U pnf ; aom vl r I z l v H k a &;tzG J U tvk y f trIaqmifaumfrwDudk qdkonf/ ( ¡ ) tvkyform;0efBuD;Xme qdkonfrSm jynfaxmifpk tpdk;&tzGJU tvkyform;0efBuD;Xmeudk qdkonf/ tcef ; (2) &nf & G , f c suf r sm; 3/ þOya'&nf&,csursm;rSm atmufygtwdi;f jzpfonfG f f k (u) tvkyorm;rsm; use;f rma&;ESihf vlra&;vdtyfcsuf f I k rsm;udk jznfhqnf;Edkifa&;twGuf tvkyf&Sif? tvkyf orm;ESihf Ediiawmfu pkaygif;tmrcHNy;D Ediiawmf k f H k f H t"du ukexwpr;f tm;pkjzpfaom tvkyorm;rsm; f k f G f vlrb0 vHNk cKH a&;ESihf use;f rma&;apmifa&Smufrrsm;udk I h I ydkrdk cHpm;&&Sdapjcif;jzifh ukefxkwfvkyfrIwdk;wufNyD; EdkifiHawmf pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrIudk taxmuf tul jzpfap&ef? ( c ) trsm;jynfolwdkYu rdrdwdkYqE´tavsmuf tmrcH xm;&S d E d k i f N yD ; vl r I b 0vH k N cH K a&;ES i f h usef ; rma&; apmifha&SmufrIrsm;udk ydkrdk &&SdcHpm;Edkifap&ef? 6
  8. 8. ( * ) vufawGUyuwdtajctaeESifhudkufnDaom tusKd; cHpm;cGirsm;ay;jcif;jzifh vlrzva&;pepftay: trsm; hf I l kH jynfol ,HkMunfudk;pm;rIrsm; ydkrdkwdk;yGm;vmap&ef? (C) tvky&iEitvkyorm;wdu ay;oGi;f xm;onfh tcsKUd f S f S hf f Yk aom xnf0ifaMu;aiGrsm;udk pkaqmif;aiGuoYkd owfrwf h hJ S csufrsm;ESifhtnD jyefvnf xkwf,lcHpm;cGifh &Sdap&ef? ( i ) tvkyform;rsm;tm; usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrIESifh ruse;f rmrI? rD;zGm;rI? aoqH;k rIEihf tvkywif xdcurI S f G kd f twGuf aiGaMu;tusK;d cHpm;cGiwtjyif tNir;f pm;,l hf Ykd d NyD;aemuf aq;0g;ukorI qufvufcH,lcGifh? rdom;pk axmufyrI tusK;d cHpm;cGi?hf tvkyvyuiEipr;f r&SrI hH f k f kd f kd f G d tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? oufjynfhtNidrf;pm; tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? usef&pfoltusKd;cHpm;cGifh? tvkyfvufrJh tusKd;cHpm; cGi?hf tdr&maexdiciEihf ydiqicirsm;udyg &&Sap&ef/ f k f G hf S k f kd f G hf k d tcef ; (3) vl r I z l v H k a &;tzG J U zG J U pnf ; jcif ; ES i f h v k y f i ef ; wm0ef r sm; 4/ jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJUonf (u) tvkyorm;0efBu;D XmeESihf oufqi&m jynfaxmifpk f kd f 0ef B uD ; Xmersm;? tpd k ; &Xme? tzG J U tpnf ; rsm;rS oifavsmaom yk*Kd¾ vrsm;? tvky&iEihf tvkyorm; h f f f S f S f wd ud,pm;vS,rsm;ESihf uRr;f usiorsm; yg0ifonfh Yk k f f f l trsKd;om;tqifh vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUudk zGJUpnf;&rnf/ 7
  9. 9. ( c ) yk'rcGJ (u) t& zGUJ pnf;xm;aom vlrzva&;tzGUJ udk f I l kH vdktyfygu jyifqifzGJUpnf;jcif; jyKEdkifonf/ 5/ vlrzva&;tzGUJ vkyief;wm0efrsm;rSm atmufygtwdi;f I l kH f k jzpfonf (u) þOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;udk taumiftxnfazmf aqmif&GufEdkifa&;twGuf vdktyfaom pDrHcefYcGJrIESifh BuD;MuyfuGyfuJrIjyKjcif;? ( c ) vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUu vTJtyfay;aom vkyfief;wm0ef rsm;udk aqmif&uEi&ef tvkytrIaqmifaumfrwDukd G f kd f f oufqi&m tpd;k &Xme? tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;ESinEi;f í kd f hf §d Id oifavsmaomyk*Kd¾ vrsm;jzifh zGUJ pnf;Ny;D ,if;aumfrwD h f f vkyfief;wm0efrsm;udk owfrSwfjcif;? ( * ) vlrzva&;tzGUJ vkyief;udk okawoeESizUHG NzKd ;rI tpD I l kH f hf tpOfrsm;? pDrcsursm;csrwNf y;D aqmif&uapjcif;ESihf H f S G f awGU&Sdcsufudk wifjyapjcif;? (C) use;f rma&;0efBu;D XmeESihf ndEi;f Ny;D aq;bufqi&m § Id kd f tBuay;tzGUJ udzUJG pnf;ívkyief;wm0efrsm; owfrwjfcif;? H k f S ( i ) use;f rmrIjriwifa&;vkyief;rsm;? vkyief;cGiuse;f rma&; § hf f f f ynmay;vkyief;rsm;ESihf use;f rma&;ESinñwaom f hf D G f ywf0ef;usijf zpfay:a&;vkyief;rsm;ukd pDpOf aqmif&uf f G apjcif;? ( p ) tNrwrf; roefpr;f rIEiqionfh tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;udk J G S hf kd f hf owfrw&mü tajccH&rnfh vkytm; qH;k ½I;H rI&mcdiEe;f S f f k f I 8
  10. 10. (q) (Z) (ps) (n) (#) rsm; xkwjf yefEi&ef use;f rma&;0efBu;D XmeESihf ndEi;f kd f § Id NyD; tvkyform;0efBuD;XmeodkY tBuHjyKwifjyjcif;? tvkyEioufqionfh a&m*grsm;pm&if;udk xkwjf yef f S hf kd f Ed k i f & ef usef ; rma&;0ef B uD ; XmeES i f h nd § E d I i f ; NyD ; tvkyform;0efBuD;XmeodkY tBuHjyKwifjyjcif;? tvkywif xdcuraMumifh vkytm;qH;k ½I;H oGm;olrsm; f G dk f I f twGuf vpfvyfaomtvkyfrsm;ukd cefYxm;&ef vkyfief; XmetrsKd;tpm;tvkduf tenf;qHk; xm;&Sd &rnfh tcsKd;tpm;ukd owfrSwfjcif;? vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJU vkyfief;wm0efwpf&yf&yfudk aqmif&uEi&ef vdtyfygu oufqi&m jynfaxmifpk G f kd f k kd f 0efBuD;Xmersm;ESifh n§dEdIif;NyD; oifhavsmfaom Xme? tzGUJ tpnf; odr[kwf yk*Kd¾ vtm; vTtyfwm0efay;jcif;? Yk f J vlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;csKyfESifh a'oqdkif&m vlrIzlvHka&; ½Hk;tqifhqifhwdkY vkyfief;wm0efrsm;ESifh pyfvsOf;í vnf;aumif;? vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUykdif odkYr[kwf ,if; tzGUJ ESihf oabmwlpmcsKyf csKyqxm;aom aq;½Hrsm;? f kd k aq;cef;rsm; vkyfief;wm0efrsm;ESifhpyfvsOf;í vnf;aumif; vrf;ñTefjcif;ESifh BuD;Muyffjcif;? Ediiawmfu cGijhf yKaom ajruGursm;wGijf zpfap? vlrI k f H f zlva&;&efyaiGEihf tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGihf kH kH S f G kd f I &efyaiGwrS tvkyorm;0efBu;D Xme cGijhf yKcsujf zifh kH Ykd f 0,f,laom ajruGufrsm;wGifjzpfap pDrHudef;rsm; csrSwfí vlrIzlvHka&;tdrf&mrsm; xlaxmifjcif;? 9
  11. 11. 6/ ( X ) vlrIzlvHka&;tdrf&mrsm;ESifhpyfvsOf;í owfrSwfaom pnf;urf;csursm;ESitnD aexdici?hf iSm;&rf;aexdici?hf f hf k f G k f G toH;k jyKci?hf ydiqici?hf 0,f,ci?hf a&mif;cscihf odr[kwf G k f kd f G l G G Yk tjcm; wpfenf;enf;jzifh vTJajymif;cGifhjyKjcif;ESifh ,if;tdr&m0,f,Eia&;twGuf aiGacs;,lcijhf yKjcif;? f l dk f G ( ! ) owfrwxm;aom pnf;urf;rsm;udk azmufzsuonfh S f f yk'frcGJ (X) yg cGifhjyKcsuf&&Sdolrsm;tm; ta&;,l aqmif&ua&;ESihf vdtyfygu xdowtm; vlrzva&; G f k k l Ykd I l kH tdrf&mrS owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD z,f&Sm;a&;wdkY twGuf oufqdkif&mvlrIzlvHka&;t&m&Sdtm; wm0ef ay;tyfjcif;? ( ¡ ) vlrzva&;ESihf tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGirsm; I l kH f G kd f I hf ydkrdkxda&mufpGmay;Edkifa&;ESifhpyfvsOf;í tjynfjynf qdi&m tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;? a'oqdi&mtzGUJ tpnf;rsm; k f k f ESifh qufoG,f n§dEdIif;aqmif&Gufjcif;? (P) vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJU vkyfief;wm0efrsm; aqmif&GufrI tpD&ifcpmudk owfrwcsursm;ESitnD jynfaxmifpk H S f f hf tpdk;&tzGJUodkY wifjyjcif;? (w) jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJUESifh tvkyform;0efBuD;Xme wdkYu ay;tyfaom tjcm;vkyfief;wm0efrsm;udk aqmif&Gufjcif;/ vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUonf (u) 1954 ckEp?f vlrzva&;tufOya't& wnfaxmifchJ S I l kH aom vlrzva&;tzGUJ ydif ra&TUrajymif;Ediaomypön;f ? I l kH k k f a&TUajymif;Ediaomypön;f ESihf &efyaiGrsm;udvnf;aumif;? kf kH k 10
  12. 12. vlrIzlvHka&;vkyfief;udpörsm;udkvnf;aumif;? vlrI zlvHka&; &efyHkaiGwdk;yGm;a&;twGuf vkyfudkifvsuf &Sdonfh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;udkvnf;aumif;? vlrI zlvHka&;tzGJU &ydkifcGifhESifh ay;&efwm0efrsm;udk vnf;aumif; toD;oD; qufcH&rnf/ ( c ) udk,fydkiftrnf? udk,fydkifwHqdyfwdkYjzifh aqmif&Guf ydici?hf pOfqufrjywf qufcaqmif&uyici?hf w&m; k f G H G f kd f G pGJqdkEdkifcGifhESifh w&m;pGJqdkjcif;cHEdkifcGifhwdkY &Sdap&rnf/ 7/ vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJU tpdk;&0efxrf;r[kwfaomtzGJU0ifESifh tvkyftrIaqmifaumfrwD0ifwdkYonf þOya't& vlrIzlvHka&; tzGJU vkyfief;wm0efrsm;udk aqmif&GufonfhaeY&ufrsm;twGuf owfrwxm;aom p&dwEitcaMu;aiGrsm;udk vlrzva&;&efyaiG S f f S hf I l kH kH ESihf tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGihf &efyaiGwrS usco;kH pG&rnf/ f G kd f I kH Ykd H J tcef ; (4) vl r I z l v H k a &;½H k ; rsm;? aq;½H k r sm;? aq;cef ; rsm; zG J U pnf ; jcif ; ES i f h 0 ef x rf ; rsm; cef Y t yf w m0ef a y;jcif ; 8/ (u) tvkyform;0efBuD;Xmeonf vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUESifh nd§EdIif;í þOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;udk taumif txnfazmf aqmif&Guf&mü vdktyfaom vkyfief; wm0efrsm;ESifh vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJU ½Hk;vkyfief;qdkif&m wm0efrsm;udk aqmif&uf Edi&eftvdim jynfaxmifpk G k f Yk S tpdk;&tzGJUu cGifhjyKaom 0efxrf;zGJUpnf;yHkESifhtnD atmufazmfjyyg vlrIzlvHka&; ½Hk;rsm;? aq;½Hkrsm;ESifh aq;cef;rsm;udk vdtyfcsut& zGUJ pnf;wnfaxmifí k f vdtyfaom0efxrf;rsm;udk ceftyf wm0efay;Edionfk Y k f 11
  13. 13. (1) vlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;csKyf? (2) wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,fvlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;? (3) udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&wdkif; vlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;? ukd,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&a'o vlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;? (4) c½dkifvlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;? (5) NrdKUe,fvlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;? (6) vlrIzlvHka&;aq;½Hkrsm;? (7) vlrIzlvHka&;aq;cef;rsm;/ ( c ) yk'frcGJ (u) t& zGJUpnf;aom vlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;wGif cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;cH&aom 0efxrf;rsm;onf tpdk;&0efxrf;rsm;ESifhoufqdkifonfh Oya'rsm;? enf;Oya'rsm;? pnf;rsO;f rsm;? pnf;urf;rsm;? trdersm;? Yf ñTeMf um;csursm;ESitnD vpm? p&dwEics;D jriaiGrsm; f hf f S hf § hf udkvnf;aumif;? tjcm; cHpm;cGifhrsm;udkvnf;aumif; cHpm;cGifh&SdNyD; 0efxrf;a&;&m pnf;rsOf;rsm;? pnf;urf; rsm;ESifh wm0efrsm;udk vdkufemaqmif&Guf&rnf/ ( * ) vlrzva&;tzGUJ onf þOya'yg jy|mef;csursm;udk I l kH f taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&Guf&mü vkdtyfaom vkyief;wm0efrsm;ESifh vlrzva&;tzGUJ ½H;k vkyief; f I l kH f qdi&mwm0efrsm;udk aqmif&uEia&;twGuf rdr k f G f dk f d &efyaiGtajctaeay:rlwnfí yk'rcGJ (u) yg vlrI kH f zlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;? aq;½Hkrsm;ESifh aq;cef;rsm;udk zGJUpnf; wnfaxmifjcif;? vdktyfaom0efxrf;rsm;udk cefYtyf wm0efa y;jcif;wdkYESihfpyfv sOf;í yk'frcGJ (c) yg 12
  14. 14. 9/ cHpm;cGifhrsm;tpm; vpm? p&dwfESifh csD;jr§ifhaiGrsm;udk vnf;aumif;? tjcm; cHpm;cGifhrsm;udkvnf;aumif; rdrd&efyHkaiGjzifh cHpm;cGihfjyKEdkifonf/ (u) tvkyorm;0efBu;D Xmeonf þOya't& use;f rma&; f apmifha&SmufrIESifh aq;ukorIay;Ekdif&ef tvdkYiSm (1) jynfaxmifpor®wjrefrmEdiiawmf aq;aumifp?D k k f H oGm;ESicwi;f qdi&maq;aumifpEihf jynfaxmifpk hf H G k f D S or®wjrefrmEdiiawmfoemjyKEihf om;zGm;aumifpD k f H l S wdu xkway;aom aq;ukocGivipif odr[kwf Yk f hf kd f Yk rSwywifvufrw&&Sonfh q&m0efrsm;? oGm;ESihf f kH S f d cHwi;f qdi&mq&m0efrsm;? olemjyKrsm;? om;zGm; G k f rsm;? enf;ynmuRr;f usiorsm;udvnf;aumif;? f l k wdi;f &if;aq;aumifpu xkway;aom rSwywif k D f f kH vufrSwf&&Sdonfh wdkif;&if;aq;q&mrsm;udk vnf;aumif; use;f rma&;0efBu;D XmeESinEi;f í hf §d Id wGJzufwm0efay;jcif;? vTJajymif;wm0efay;jcif; odkYr[kwf cefYtyf wm0efay;jcif; jyKEdkifonf/ (2) vdtyfygu tqdygaumifptoD;oD;u xkway; k k D f aom aq;ukocGifhvdkifpif odkYr[kwf rSwfyHkwif vufrSwf&&Sdaom q&m0efrsm;? oGm;ESifhcHwGif; qdkif&m q&m0efrsm;? olemjyKrsm;? om;zGm;rsm;? enf;ynmuRr;f usiorsm;ESihf wdi;f &if;aq;q&m f l k rsm;udkvnf; umvuefYowfcsufjzifh iSm;&rf;í jzpf a p? oabmwl p mcsKyf csKyf q d k í jzpf a p 13
  15. 15. cefYtyfNyD; vkyfief;wm0efrsm; owfrSwfay; Edionf/ k f ( c ) yk'rcGJ (u) t& ceftyf wm0efay;jcif;cH&olrsm;onf f Y oD;jcm; oabmwlnDcsufr&SdvQif tpdk;&0efxrf;rsm; ESihf oufqionfh Oya'rsm;? enf;Oya'rsm;? pnf;rsO;f kd f rsm;? pnf;urf;rsm;? trdefYrsm;? ñTefMum;csufrsm;ESifh tnD vpm? p&dwfESifhcsD;jr§ifhaiGrsm;udkvnf;aumif;? vkyfoufqkaiG? yifpifESifh tjcm;cHpm;cGifhrsm;udk vnf;aumif; cHpm;cGifh&SdNyD; 0efxrf;a&;&m pnf;rsOf; rsm;? pnf ; urf ; rsm;ES i f h wm0ef r sm;ud k vd k u f e m aqmif&Guf&rnf/ 10/ vlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;csKyf ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyfonf (u) þOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;udk taumiftxnfazmf aqmif&Guf&mü vdktyfaom vkyfief;wm0efrsm;udk vnf;aumif;? vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJU ½Hk;vkyfief;qdkif&m wm0efrsm;udvnf;aumif; wm0efcí aqmif&u&rnf/ k H G f ( c ) vlrzva&;tzGUJ vrf;ñTecsuEitnD atmufazmfjyyg I l kH f f S hf vlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;? aq;½Hkrsm;ESifh aq;cef;rsm; vkyfief;wm0efrsm;aqmif&GufrIukd BuD;Muyf&rnf (1) vlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;csKyf? (2) wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifhjynfe,fvlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;? (3) ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&wkdif; vlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;? ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&a'o vlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;? 14
  16. 16. (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) c½kdifvlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;? NrdKUe,fvlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;? vlrIzlvHka&;aq;½Hkrsm;? vlrIzlvHka&;aq;cef;rsm;? vlrzva&;tzGUJ ESihf oabmwlpmcsKyf csKyqxm; I l kH f kd onfh aq;½Hkrsm;ESifhaq;cef;rsm;/ tcef ; (5) vl r I z l v H k a &;pepf E S i f h t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h r sm; ouf q d k i f a omvk y f i ef ; Xmersm; 11/ (u) atmufygvkyfief;Xmersm;onf tvkyform;0efBuD; Xmeu vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUESifhnd§EdIif;í owfrSwfxm; aom tenf;qH;k tvkyorm;OD;a&ESitxuf tvkyf f hf vkyuiygu þOya'yg vlrzva&;pepfEihf tusK;d f kd f I l kH S cHpm;cGirsm;twGuf rSwykH rwifrae& jy|mef;csursm; hf f f ESifh oufqdkifap&rnf (1) puftm; odr[kwf pGr;f tm;wpfccukd toH;k jyKí Yk k k jzpfap? toHk;rjyKbJjzpfap pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; vkyuiaom pufrvufrtvkyXmersm;? ypön;f f dk f I I f xkwfvkyfrI? jyKjyifrI? 0efaqmifrIvkyfief;rsm; odkYr[kwf tif*sifeD,mvkyfief;vkyfudkifaom vkyief;rsm;? tvky½rsm;? odavSmif½rsm;? Xmersm;? f f kH k kH 15
  17. 17. (2) pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;vkyfudkifaom tpdk;&Xme? tpd;k &tzGUJ tpnf;ESihf a'oqdi&m tkycsKya&; k f f f tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? (3) pnfyifom,ma&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? (4) aiGa&;aMu;a&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? (5) pD;yGm;a&;vkyief;vkyuiaom ukrP?D toif;? f f kd f Ü tzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESifh ,if;wdkY vufatmufcH vkyfief;Xmersm;ESifh ½Hk;cGJrsm;? (6) qdirsm;? ukeo,tvkyXmersm;? trsm;jynfol k f f G f f azsmfajza&;tvkyfXmersm;? (7) pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;vkyfukdifaom tpdk;&Xme? tpdk;&tzGJUtpnf; odkYr[kwf a'oqdkif&m tkycsKya&; tzGUJ tpnf;ydif o,f,yaqmifa&; f f k l Ykd vkyief;rsm;ESihf ,if;Xme? tzGUJ tpnf; cGijhf yK f csujf zifjh zpfap? ,if;Xme? tzGUJ tpnf;ESihf zufpyf jzpfap pD;yGm;a&;t& vkyfukdifaom o,f,l ydkYaqmifa&;vkyfief;rsm;? (8) tvkycefxm;rI oabmwlncsujf zifh wpfEpEihf f Y D S f S txuf vkyuiaom aqmufvya&;vkyief;rsm;? f kd f kf f (9) EdiijH cm;&if;ES;D jrK§ yErjI zifjh zpfap? Ediiom; &if;ES;D k f f HS k f H jr§KyfESHrIjzifhjzpfap vkyfudkifaomvkyfief;rsm;ESifh zufpyfvkyfief;rsm;? (10) wnf q J O ya'wpf & yf & yf y g owå K wG i f ; ES i f h ausmufrsuf&wemqdkif&mvkyfief;rsm;? 16
  18. 18. (11) wnfqJOya'wpf&yf&yfyg a&eHESifhobm0 "mwfaiGUqdkif&mvkyfief;rsm;? (12) wnfqJOya'wpf&yf&yfyg qdyfurf;rsm;ESifh jyify qdyfurf;rsm;? (13) ukefwifukefcstvkyform;rsm;jzifh vkyfudkif aom vkyfief;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? (14) tvkyorm;0efBu;D XmeESihf ,if;vufatmufcH f Xme? tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? (15) þOya'yg vlrzva&;pepfEihf tusK;d cHpm;cGihf I l kH S rsm;twGuf rSwykH rwifrae& jy|mef;csursm; f f ESihf oufqionf[k tvkyorm;0efBu;D Xmeu kd f f vlrIzva&;tzGUJ ESihf ndEi;f í jynfaxmifpk tpd;k & l kH § Id tzGUJ twnfjyKcsufjzifh tcgtm;avsmfpGm owfrSwfaom vkyfief;Xmersm;/ ( c ) yk'frcGJ (u) yg rSwfyHk rwifrae& jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifh oufqdkifaom vkyfief;Xmewpfckckonf atmufyg tajctae wpf&yf&yfay:aygufaomfvnf; xdvyief; k k f udk qufvuf vkyfudkifaevQif owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifh qefYusifjcif; r&Sdygu þOya'ESifhqufvufí oufqdkifap&rnf (1) owfrSwfxm;aom tenf;qHk; tvkyform; OD;a&atmufavsmhenf;í wpfOD;ESifhtxuf vkyfudkifjcif;? 17
  19. 19. (2) tvkyf&Sif ajymif;vJjcif; odkYr[kwf vkyfief; trsKd;tpm; ajymif;vJjcif;/ ouf q d k i f j cif ; r&S d a omvk y f i ef ; XmeES i f h t vk y f o rm;rsm; 12/ (u) atmufygvkyfief;Xmersm;onf þOya'yg vlrI zlva&;pepfEihf tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;twGuf rSwykH rwif kH S hf f rae& jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifh oufqdkifjcif;r&Sdap& (1) pD;yGm;a&;vkyief;vkyuijf cif;r&Saom tpd;k &Xme? f f kd d tpdk;&tzGJUtpnf;rsm; odkYr[kwf a'oqdkif&m tkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? (2) tjynfjynfqdkif&mtzGJUtpnf;rsm;? EdkifiHjcm; tpdk;& oH½Hk;rsm;ESifh aumifppf0ef½Hk;rsm;? (3) &moDtvduf vkyuiaom pduysK;d a&;ESihf ig;zrf; k f kd f k f vkyfief;rsm;? (4) tjrwftpGef;r&nf&G,faom ukrÜPD? toif; odkYr[kwf tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? (5) oH;k vatmufenf;onfumvtwGuom tvkyf h f vkyfudkifonfh vkyfief;Xmersm;? (6) tvk y f o rm;ryg&S d b J rd r d rd o m;pk j zif h o m vkyfudkifaom udk,fydkifvkyfief;Xmersm;? (7) pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;twGufr[kwfaom tdrfwGif; 0efaqmifrIvkyfief;rsm;? 18
  20. 20. (8) yk'r 99 t& uif;vGwcijhf yKxm;onfh vkyief; f f G f Xmersm;/ ( c ) vkyfief;XmewpfckckwGif tvkyfvkyfudkifapumrl atmufygtvkyform;rsm;onf þOya'yg vlrI zlva&;pepfEihf tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;twGuf rSwykH rwif kH S hf f rae& jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifh oufqdkifjcif; r&Sdap& (1) wnfqJOya't& tvkyfvkyfudkifcGifh&Sdaom touf rjynfhao;onfh tvkyform;rsm;ESifh yk'fr 34 t& oufjynfhtNidrf;pm;,lcGifh&Sdonfh toufjynfhonfh tvkyform;rsm;? (2) ysHusvrf;ab;aps;onfESifh pufbD;? wGef;vSnf; ponfrsm;jzifh vSnfhvnfa&mif;csolrsm;? (3) &Hzef&Hcgtvkyfvkyfcdkif;onfh aeYpm;? tcsdefydkif;? ykwfjywf odkYr[kwf jyify tvkyform;rsm;? (4) þOya'yg vlrzva&;pepfEihf tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm; I l kH S hf twGuf rSwfyHk rwifrae& jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifh oufqdkifjcif;r&Sd[k tvkyform;0efBuD;Xmeu vlrI zlvHka&;tzGJUESifh nd§EdIif;í jynfaxmifpk tpdk;&tzGJU twnfjyKcsufjzifh tcgtm; avsmpm owfrwonfh tjcm;tvkyorm;rsm;/ f G S f f ( * ) þOya'yg vlrzva&;pepfEihf tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm; I l kH S hf twG u f rS w f y H k r wif r ae& jy|mef ; csuf r sm;ES i f h oufqijf cif; r&Saom vkyief;Xmersm;rS tvkyorm; kd d f f rsm;onf rdrdwdkY qE´tavsmuf rSwfyHkwifNyD; 19
  21. 21. xnf0ifaMu;ay;oGi;f í tmrcHxm;vQif þOya'yg h vlrIzlvHka&;tusKd; cHpm;cGifhrsm; &&Sdap&rnf/ vl r I z l v H k a &;pepf 13/ vlrzva&;tzGUJ onf tmrcHxm;olrsm;u vlrzva&; tusK;d I l kH I l kH cHpm;cGirsm; &&Scpm;Edia&;twGuf atmufyg vlrzva&;pepfrsm;udk hf d H k f I l kH owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD pDrHxm;&Sd&rnf (u) usef;rma&;ESifhvlrIa&;apmifha&SmufrItmrcHpepf(1) rusef;rrmrItwGuf aq;ukorIcH,lcGifhESifh aiGaMu; tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? (2) udk,f0efaqmifrIESifhrD;zGm;rItwGuf aq;ukorI cH,lcGifhESifh aiGaMu;tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? (3) tmrcHxm;olrsm; tNir;f pm;,lNy;D aemuf aq;0g; d ukorI qufvufcH,lcGifh? (4) rnfonftaMumif;aMumifrqdk aoqH;k rItwGuf h h ema&;p&dwfcHpm;cGifh/ ( c ) rd o m;pk a xmuf y H h r I t mrcH p epf (1) owfrSwfxm;aom 0ifaiGyrmPatmufenf; onfh tmrcHxm;ol ynmoifMum;aeaom om;orD;rsm;twGuf ynmoifp&dwfcHpm;cGifh? (2) obm0ab;tEÅ & m,f BuH K awG U &onf h t cg usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrIESifh axmufyHhulnDrI tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? 20
  22. 22. (3) rSDcdkolrdom;pktwGuf oifhavsmfaom tusKd; cHpm;cGi/ hf ( * ) tvk y f v k y f u d k i f E d k i f p G r f ; r&S d r I tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h ? ouf j ynf h tNid r f ; pm; tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h E S i f h usef & pf o l tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h t mrcH p epf (1) tvkyfvkyfudkifEdkifpGrf;r&SdrI tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? (2) oufjynfhtNidrf;pm; tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? (3) tvkyfudk taMumif;jyKír[kwfbJ aoqHk;rI twGuf usef&pfol tusKd;cHpm;cGifh/ (C) tvk y f v uf r J h tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h t mrcH p epf (1) tvk y f v uf r J h tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h & S d o l r sm;tm; use;f rma&; apmifha&SmufcGifh? (2) vkyief;cGirS tvkyvufrjhJ zpfrtwGuf aiGaMu; f f f I tusK;d cHpm;cGi/ hf ( i ) tjcm;vl r I z l v H k a &;pepf (1) tdrf&mpDrHudef;rsm;jzifh xlaxmifxm;onfh vlrI zlvHka&;tdrf&mrsm;wGif tmrcHxm;olrsm;tm; owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD aexdkifcGifh? iSm;&rf; aexdkifcGifh? 0,f,lcGifh? ydkifqdkifcGifh odkYr[kwf toHk; jyKcGifh? (2) tvkyform;0efBuD;Xmeu vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUESifh ndEi;f í jynfaxmifptpd;k &tzGUJ twnfjyKcsuf § Id k 21
  23. 23. jzifh trdefYaMumfjimpmxkwfjyefí owfrSwfaom rSwfyHkrwifrae& rSwfyHkwifNyD; xnfh0ifaMu;aiG ay;oGif;&rnfh vlrIzlvHka&;pepf odkYr[kwf rdrdwdkY qE´tavsmuf xnf0ifEionfh tjcm; vlrzva&; h kd f I l kH pepfrsm;/ 14/ tpd;k &0efxrf;rsm;onf yk'r 13? yk'rcGJ (*) ESihf (C) wdyg f f Yk tmrcHpepfrsm;ESihf oufqijf cif; r&Sap&/ od&mwGif tpd;k &0efxrf; kd d Yk rsm;onf yk'fr 13? yk'frcGJ (*) yg tmrcHpepfodkY rdrdwdkYqE´ tavsmuf rSwywifNy;D xnf0ifaMu;aiG ay;oGi;f í tmrcHxm;vQif f kH h oufqdkif&m tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;udk owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD &xdkufcGifh &Sdap&rnf/ vl r I z l v H k a &;&ef y H k a iG 15/ (u) vlrIzlvHka&;&efyHkaiGwGif atmufyg&efyHkaiGrsm; yg0if onf (1) usef;rma&;ESifhvlrIa&;apmifha&SmufrI&efyHkaiG? (2) rdom;pkaxmufyHhrI&efyHkaiG? (3) tvkyfvkyfudkifEdkifpGrf;r&SdrI tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? ouf j ynf h tNid r f ; pm; tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h E S i f h usef&pfol tusKd; cHpm;cGifh &efyHkaiG? (4) tvkyfvufrJhtusKd;cHpm;cGifh&efyHkaiG? (5) yk'fr 13? yk'frcGJ (i)? yk'frcGJi,f (2) t& tvkyorm; 0efBu;D Xmeu vlrzva&;tzGUJ ESihf f I l kH nd§EdIif;í rSwfyHk rwifrae& rSwfyHkwifNyD; 22
  24. 24. xnfh0ifaMu;aiG ay;oGif; &rnf[k owfrSwf aom vlrIzlvHka&;pepftwGuf tjcm; vlrI zlvHka&;&efyHkaiGrsm;? (6) yk'r 13? yk'rcGJ (i)? yk'rcGi,f (2) t& rdrw f f f J d Ykd qE´tavsmuf rSwfyHkwifNyD; xnfh0ifaMu;aiG ay;oGif;Edkifonf[k owfrSwfaom tjcm; vlrI zlvHka&; &efyHkaiGrsm;? (7) vlrIzlvHka&;tdrf&mpDrHudef;&efyHkaiG/ ( c ) vkyfief;Xmersm; tvkyf&SifESifhtvkyform;rsm;wdkY onf yk'frcGJ (u)? yk'frcGJi,f (1)? (3)? (4) ESifh (5) wdkYyg &efyHkaiGrsm;odkY rSwfyHkrwifrae& rSwfyHkwifNyD; xnfh0if aMu;aiGrsm; ay;oGif;&rnf/ ( * ) yk'rcGJ (u)? yk'rcGi,f (2) yg rdom;pkaxmufyrI tusK;d f f J hH cHpm;cGifh&efyHkaiGtwGuf xnfh0ifaMu;aiGudk oD;jcm; owfrwjf cif;rjyKbJ use;f rma&;ESihf vlra&;apmifa&SmufrI S I h &efyaiGrS owfrwxm;aomtcsK;d tpm;jzifh vTajymif; kH S f J oH;k pG&rnf/ J (C) vkyfief;Xmersm; tvkyf&SifESifhtvkyform;rsm;wdkY onf yk'frcGJ (u)? yk'frcGJi,f (6) ESifh (7) yg &efyHkaiG rsm;odkY rdrdwdkY qE´tavsmuf xnfh0ifaMu;aiGrsm; ay;oGif;Edkifonf/ 23
  25. 25. vl r I z l v H k a &;twG u f rS w f y H k w if N yD ; tmrcH x m;&S d j cif ; ES i f h xnf h 0 if a Mu;rsm; 16/ (u) atmufazmfjyyg tvky&irsm;onf rdrwvkyief; f S f d Ykd f Xmersm;&Sd tvkyorm;rsm;twGuf vlrzva&; tusK;d f I l kH cHpm;cGirsm; &&Scpm;Ediap&ef oufqi&mNrKd Ue,f vlrI hf d H k f dk f zlva&;½H;k wGif rSwyrwifrae& rSwywifNy;D xnf0if kH f kH f kH h aMu;udk yk'fr 15? yk'frcGJ (u)? yk'fcGJi,f (1)? (3)? (4) ESihf (5) wdyg vlrzva&;&efyaiGoYkd owfrwcsuf Yk I l kH kH S f rsm;ESitnD ay;oGi;f í tmrcHxm;&Sd&rnf hf (1) vkyfief;Xmersm;tvkyf&Sifrsm;? (2) tvkyform; tenf;qHk;wpfOD;ESifh tvkyf&Sifudk rSckd aeonfh ZeD;? cifye;f ? om;orD;ESihf rdbwdrty D G Yk S tvky&iaqGrsK;d rsm; tygt0if yk'r 11? yk'rcGJ f S f f f (u) t& owfrwxm;aom tvkyorm;OD;a& S f f ESitxuf tvkyvyuiaom vkyief;Xmersm; hf f k f kd f f tvkyf&Sifrsm;? (3) vkyfcr&&dSaom tvkyfoifESifh ynmoifwdkY tvky&irsm;/ f S f ( c ) vlrzva&;pepfEihf oufqijf cif;r&Saom vkyief;Xme I l kH S kd d f rsm; tvky&iEihf tvkyorm;rsm;onfvnf;aumif;? fSfS f yk'r 20 yg yk*Kd¾ vrsm;onfvnf;aumif; þOya't& f f vlrIzlvHka&; tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;udk &&SdcHpm;vdkygu tmrcHpepfwpfckcsif;pDtvdkuf oufqdkif&m NrdKUe,f 24
  26. 26. vlrzva&;½H;k wGif rdrwqE´tavsmuf rSwywif I l kH d Ykd f kH NyD; yk'fr 15 yg &efyHkaiGrsm;odkY owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifh tnD xnfh0ifaMu;rsm;udk ay;oGif;&rnf/ ( * ) yk'rcGJ (u) ESihf (c) wdt& rSwywifNy;D tmrcHxm;&Sd f Yk f kH jcif; rjyKrD tmrcHxm;rnfoonf use;f rma&;ppfaq; h l rIukd owfrwcsursm;ESitnD cH,Nl y;D tmrcHxm;ol S f f hf tjzpf rSwfyHkwifonfhtcg aq;oufaocHvufrSwf udk wifjy&rnf/ 17/ tmrcHxm;olrsm;ESihf xdowYkd aoqH;k Ny;D aemuf use&pfaom k l f rSDcdkolrsm;tm; þOya't&ay;onfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;twGuf vnf;aumif;? pDrHcefYcGJrItwGufvnf;aumif; ukefusonfhp&dwf rsm;udk usc&eftvdim yk'r 15 yg vlrzva&;&efyaiGtoD;oD;odYk H Yk S f I l kH kH tvky&iEihf tvkyorm;wdu tvkyorm; wpfvtwGuf vkyc f S f S f Yk f f tay: rlwnfí ay;oGif;&rnfh xnfh0ifaMu;EIef;xm;rsm;udk tvkyorm;0efBu;D Xmeu vlrzva&;tzGUJ ESihf ndEi;f í jynfaxmifpk f I l kH § Id tpdk;&tzGJU twnfjyKcsufjzifh trdefYaMumfjimpmxkwfjyefNyD; owfrwxm;&rnf/ S f 18/ (u) vlrIzlvHka&;pepfESifhoufqdkifonfh vkyfief;Xme toD;oD;&Sd tvkyorm;rsm;ESiywfoufí oufqi&m f hf kd f tvkyorm; vkyctvduf tvky&iEihf tvkyorm; f f k fSfS f wdu xnf0if&rnfh yk'r 17 t& owfrwxm;aom Yk h f S f EIef;xm;rsm;ESifh tnD xnfh0ifaMu;udk yk'fr 34 t& tNidrf;pm;,l&rnfh toufjynfhonftxd odkYr[kwf xd k t Nid r f ; pm;,l & rnf h touf j ynf h a omf v nf ; 25
  27. 27. qufvufí tvkyvyuifaevQif xdovyuiae f k f kd k Ykd k f kd f onfumvtxd oufqi&m vlrzva&;&efyaiGoYkd h kd f I l kH kH owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD ay;oGif;Mu&rnf/ ( c ) tvkyf&Sifonf þOya't& rdrdtvkyform;u ay;oGif;&rnfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiGudk ,if;vkyfcxJrS Ekwf,lNyD; rdrduay;oGif;&rnfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiGESifh twl oufqdkif&m vlrIzlvHka&;&efyHkaiGodkY ay;oGif;& rnf/ xdkodkY ay;oGif;&onfh ukefusp&dwfudkvnf; tvkyf&Sifu uscH&rnf/ ( * ) vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUonf xnfh0ifaMu;aiGay;oGif;&ef ysuuuaom tvky&itm; xnf0ifaMu;aiGtjyif f G f f S f h yk'fr 88 t& owfrSwfxm;aom ysufuGufaMu;udk xyfaqmif;í ay;oGif;&ef qHk;jzwfEdkifonf/ aq;½H aq;½k H? aq;cef ; rsm; wnf a xmif z G i f h v S p f j cif ; ES i f h uscH oH k ; pG J j cif ; 19/ vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUonf tmrcHxm;olrsm;udk usef;rma&; apmifha&SmufrIESifh aq;ukoay;rItwGuf rdrdtzGJU&efyHkaiGjzifh vHkavmufrIr&Sdygu rdrdtzGJUydkif aq;½Hk? aq;cef;rsm;? aq;0g;ESifh ypön;f ud&,mrsm;twGuf jynfaxmifpb@m&efyaiGrS cGijhf yKaom d k kH rwnfaiGjzifjh zpfap? axmufyaiGjzifjh zpfap? acs;aiGjzifjh zpfap aq;½H?k hH aq;cef;rsm; wnfaxmifzivpay;jcif;? iSm;&rf;toH;k jyKjcif;ESihf uscH G hf S f oHk;pGJjcif;wdkY jyKEdkifonf/ 26
  28. 28. vl r I z l v H k a &;twG u f rd r d w k d Y qE´ t avsmuf tmrcH xm;&S d j cif ; 20/ þOya't& vlrzva&;tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;udk cHpm;Edi&ef I l kH hf k f tvkdYiSm atmufazmfjyygyk*¾dKvfrsm;onf rdrdwdkYESpfoufonfh oufqi&m vlrzva&;&efyaiGoYkd owfrwxm;onfh xnf0ifaMu; kd f I l kH kH S f h aiGudk rdrdwdkYqE´tavsmuf xnfh0ifpkaqmif;EdkifNyD; oufqdkif&m vlrIzlvHka&;tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;udk owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD cHpm; Edkifonf (u) þOya'yg rSwfyHk rwifrae& jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifh oufqijf cif;r&Sonfh vkyief;Xmersm;&Sd tvky&irsm; kd d f f S f ESifh tvkyform;rsm;? ( c ) vkyfief;Xmersm;wGif tvkyfvkyfudkifjcif;r&Sdaom trsm; jynfolrsm;? ( * ) ausmif;olausmif;om;rsm;? vkyfief;cGifESifh uif;uGm aeolrsm;? tdrfazmfrsm;ESifh EdkifiHjcm;odkY oGm;a&mufí tvkyf vkyfudkifaeolrsm;? (C) udk,fydkifvkyfief; vkyfudkifaeolrsm;? pkaygif;vkyfief; vkyuiaeolrsm;ESihf toufarG;0rf;ausmif;ynm&yf f kd f qdi&m vkyief;vkyuiorsm;ESih f awmifov,form;rsm;? kf f f kd f l l ( i ) tvkyform;0efBuD;Xmeu vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUESifh ndEi;f í jynfaxmifptpd;k &tzGUJ twnfjyKcsujf zifh § Id k rdrw qE´tavsmuf rSwfyHkwifí tmrcHxm;Edkif d Ykd onf [ k tcgtm;avsmf p G m owf r S w f x m;onf h vkyfief;Xmersm;rS yk*¾dKvfrsm;/ 27
  29. 29. usef;rma&;ESifhvlrIa&;apmifha&SmufrItmrcHpepftusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm; 21/ usef;rma&;ESifhvlrIa&;apmifha&SmufrItmrcHpepf tusKd; cHpm;cGifhrsm;ESifh pyfvsOf;í (u) tmrcHxm;olonf atmufygtusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;udk owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf (1) ud,wif rnfonftaMumif;aMumifrqdk ruse;f k f kd h h rmrItwGuf a&m*gtrsKd;tpm;udk tajcjyKí usef;rma&; apmifha&SmufrIcH,lcGifh? aq;ukorI cH,lcGifhESifh aiGaMu;tusKd; cHpm;cGifh? (2) trsK;d orD;jzpfygu ud,0efaqmifjcif;ESihf rD;zGm; k f jcif;wdtwGuf use;f rma&; apmifa&Smufrc,ci?hf Yk h I H l G aq;ukorIcH,lcGifhESifh aiGaMu;tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? (3) ZeD;jzpfol rD;zGm;onftcg arG;uif;puav;tm; h jyKpkcGifhESifh aiGaMu;tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? (4) tNir;f pm;,lNy;D aemuf aq;0g;ukorI qufvuf d cH,ci/ l G hf ( c ) tmrcHxm;ol aoqH;k onftcg xdou trnfpm&if; h k l ay;oGi;f xm;jcif;cH&olujzpfap? xdoYkd trnfpm&if; k ay;oGi;f cJjh cif;r&SvQif xdotm; rScol odr[kwf ema&; d k l D kd Yk p&dwfudk pdkufxkwfay;olujzpfap awmif;cHvmvQif xdoYkd awmif;cHvmolonf yk'r 30 yg jy|mef;csuEihf k f f S tnD ema&;p&dwfudk cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ 28
  30. 30. rusef ; rmrI t wG u f aq;uk o rI c H , l c G i f h E S i f h uk e f u sp&d w f uscH j cif ; 22/ use;f rma&;ESivra&;apmifa&Smufr&efyaiGoYkd xnf0ifaMu; hf l I h I kH h ay;oGif;xm;aom tmrcHxm;ol rusef;rmonfhtcg tmrcH xm;olonf (u) cGijhf yKxm;onfh aq;½H?k aq;cef;ü aq;pwifuoonfh k aeYrS &ufowåywf 26 ywftxd aq;ukorIcH,lcGifh &Sonf/ od&mwGif xyfwvJvJ ruse;f rmrI? emwm&Snf d Yk a&m*gESifh a&m*gwpfrsKd;xufydkí jzpfyGm;rI odkYr[kwf txl; ta&;Bu;D aom ruse;f rmrItwGuf &ufowåywf 52 ywf odr[kwf vlrzva&;tzGUJ u oD;jcm;owfrwf Yk I l kH S ay;onfh umvtxd aq;ukorI cH,lcGifh&Sdonf/ ( c ) vl r I z l v H k a &;tzG J U yd k i f aq;½H k ? aq;cef ; rsm;wG i f vnf;aumif;? ,if;tzGJUESifh oabmwlpmcsKyf csKyfqdk xm;onfh Ediiawmfyif odr[kwf yk*vuydiaq;½H?k k f H kd Yk ¾ d k f aq;cef;rsm;wGivnf;aumif;? tvky&iu pDrxm;&Sd f f S f H aom aq;½Hk? aq;cef;rsm;wGivnf;aumif; use;f rma&; f apmifa&Smufrc,ciEihf aq;ukorIc,cihf &Sonf/ h I H l G hf S H l G d ( * ) vlrzva&;tzGUJ ydif odr[kwf ,if;tzGUJ ESihf oabmwl I l kH k Yk pmcsKyfcsKyfqdkxm;onfh aq;½Hk? aq;cef;rsm;odkY rvm a&mufEdkifygu vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJU pDpOfay;csuft& tmrcHxm;ol tvkyfvkyfukdif&mvkyfief;XmeodkY vma&mufí usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrIESifh aq; ukorIay;jcif;udk cH,lcGifh&Sdonf/ 29
  31. 31. (C) yk'r 21 ESihf þyk'rwdt& use;f rma&;apmifa&SmufrI f f Yk h ESifh aq;ukorIcH,l&mwGif ukefusp&dwfrsm;ESifh pyfvsOf;í usef;rma&;ESifh vlrIa&;apmifha&SmufrI &efyHkaiGrS owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD cHpm;ydkifcGifh &Sonf/ d rusef ; rmrI E S i f h q d k i f o nf h aiG a Mu;tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h 23/ tm cHxm;olonf (u) rusef;rmrIESifhqdkifonfh aiGaMu;tusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk rusef;rmrI pwifjzpfonfhaeYrwdkifrD tenf;qHk; ajcmufvrSpwifí vkyfief;XmewGif vkyfudkifcJhNyD; tqdyg ajcmufvtwGi;f tenf;qH;k av;vtwGuf k xnfh0ifaMu;aiGay;oGif;NyD;rSom rusef;rmrIESifhqdkif onfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ ( c ) rusef;rmaMumif; aq;oufaocHvufrSwfwifjy EdkifNyD; tvkyfrvkyfEdkifojzifh 0ifaiGavsmhenf;jcif; odr[kwf 0ifaiG &yfpjJ cif;jzpfvQif tvkyrvkyEionfh Yk f f kd f umv twGuf yk'rcGJ (u) yg owfrwcsuEitnD f S f f S hf vGefcJhaom av;vtwGif; ysrf;rQvkyfc 60 &mcdkif EIef;udk rusef;rmrIESifhqdkifonfh aiGaMu;tusKd;cHpm; cGitjzpf &ufowåywf26 ywftxd cHpm;cGihf &Sonf/ hf d 24/ ruse;f rmrIEiqionfh aiGaMu;tusK;d cHpm;cGiukd cHpm;ae S hf kd f hf &aom tmrcHxm;olu atmufyg taMumif;wpf&yf&yf ay:ayguf onfhtcg vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUonf tqdkygtusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk vHk;0 jzpfap? wpfpdwfwpfa'ojzpfap ray;bJ &yfqdkif;xm;Edkifonf - 30
  32. 32. (u) rdrdukd,fudkrdrd wrif rusef;rmrIjzpfatmifjyKjcif;? ( c ) jypf'Pfxuoifonfh rdrjyKvyraMumifh ruse;f rmjcif;? kd f h d kfI ( * ) aq;ukorIcH,l&ef odkYr[kwf aq;ukoay;aom q&m0ef ñTefMum;csufudk vdkufem&ef cdkifvHkaom taMumif;r&SdbJ wrifysufuGufjcif;? (C) ruse;f rmrIEiqionfh aiGaMu;tusK;d cHpm;cGi&&S&ef S hf kd f hf d vdrfvnfí awmif;qdkcJhjcif;? ( i ) jyefvnfxlaxmifa&;udpörsm;aqmif&Guf&ef cdkifvHk aom taMumif;r&SdbJ wrifysufuGufjcif;? ( p ) jynfyodkY tNyD;tydkifxGufcGmoGm;jcif;? (q) tvkyorm;0efBu;D Xmeu owfrwxm;aom tjcm; f S f pnf;urf;csursm;udk vduemaqmif&u&ef ysuuujfcif;/ f k f G f f G tmrcH x m;ol t rsKd ; orD ; uk d , f 0 ef a qmif r I E S i f h rD ; zG m ;rI twG u f aq;uk o rI c H , l c G i f h 25/ tpk;d &0efxrf;rsm;ESioufqionfh Oya'rsm;? enf;Oya' hf dk f rsm;? pnf;rsO;f rsm;? pnf;urf;rsm;? trdersm;ESihf ñTeMf um;csursm;wGif Yf f rnfokdYyifyg&Sdapumrl tmrcHxm;ol trsKd;orD;tvkyform;onf owfrwcsursm;ESitnD atmufygtusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;udk cHpm;cGihf S f f hf hf &Sdonf (u) udk,f0efaqmifaepOfESifh rD;zGm;onfhtcg cGifhjyKxm; onfh aq;½Hk? aq;cef;ü tcrJhaq;ukorI cH,lcGifh? ( c ) rD;zGm;Ny;D wpfEptxd rdruav;udk aq;ukorIc,ci?hf Sf d H lG 31
  33. 33. ( * ) rD;rzGm;rD &ufowåywfajcmufywfEihf rD;zGm;Ny;D aemuf S tenf;qH;k &ufowåywf&pywf? pkpaygif; tenf;qH;k S f k &ufowåywf 14 ywftxd rD;zGm;cGifhudk cHpm;cGifh&Sd onf/ xdtjyif t`rTmuav;arG;ygu rD;zGm;cGicpm; Yk hf H NyD;aemuf uav;apmifha&Smuf&ef &ufowåywf av;ywfudk qufvufcHpm;cGifh? (C) jypf'Pfxuoifonfh ud,0efysuapjcif;r[kwbJ kd f h k f f f udk,f0efysufonfhudpöwGif trsm;qHk; &ufowåywf ajcmufywftxd rD;zGm;cGifhtjzpf cHpm;cGifh? ( i ) ud,0efaqmifpOf cGijhf yKxm;onfh aq;½H?k aq;cef;ü k f prf;oyfppfaq;jyoEdi&eftwGuf wpfBurvQif wpf&uf kf df EIe;f jzifh trsm;qH;k ckepfBurtxd vkyctjynfcpm;cGi?hf d f f h H ( p ) wpfEpatmufuav;udk wnfqOya'ESitnD rSwykH S f J hf f wifí arG;pm;ygu xduav; wpfEpjf ynfonftxd k S h jyKpkapmifha&Smufa&;twGuf &ufowåywf &Spfywf xuf rausmaomcGiuk d arG;pm;uav;wpfO;D twGuom f hf f cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ tqdkygcHpm;cGifhumvtwGif; yk'fr 26 yg jy|mef;csufudk taxmuftxm;jyKvsuf yk'fr 27? yk'rcGJ (u) yg aiGaMu; tusK;d cHpm;cGiukd cHpm;cGi/ f hf hf rD ; zG m ;rI E S i f h q d k i f o nf h t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h r sm; 26/ tmrcHxm;oltrsK;d orD;ESihf trsK;d om;wdonf yk'r 27 ESihf Yk f 28 wdt& rD;zGm;rIEiqionfh aiGaMu;tusK;d cHpm;cGiukd cGihf pwif Yk S hf kd f hf cHpm;onfaeYrwdirD oufqi&mvkyief;XmewGif tenf;qH;k wpfEp h k f kd f f S 32
  34. 34. vkyfudkifcJholjzpf&rnfhtjyif tqdkyg wpfESpftwGif; tenf;qHk; ajcmufvtwGuf xnf0ifaMu;aiG ay;oGi;f Ny;D oljzpfrom cHpm;cGihf h S &Sdap&rnf/ 27/ tmrcHxm;oltrsK;d orD;tvkyorm;onf atmufygwdukd f Yk aq;oufaocHvufrSwft& owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD cHpm;cGifh &Sdonf (u) yk'r 25? yk'rcGJ (*) t& cHpm;cGi&aom rD;zGm;cGiumv f f hf dS hf twGuf rD;zGm;rIESifhqdkifonfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifhtjzpf wpfESpf twGif; ysrf;rQvkyfc 70 &mcdkifEIef;? ( c ) uav;wpfO;D arG;zGm;ygu rD;zGm;p&dwtjzpf ysr;f rQvyc f k f T wpfvpm 50 &mcdiEe;f ? t`rmuav;ESpO;D arG;ygu k f I f rD;zGm;p&dwtjzpf ysr;f rQvycwpfvpm 75 &mcdif f k f k EIef;? t`rTmuav;oHk;OD;ESifhtxufarG;ygu rD;zGm; p&dwtjzpf ysr;f rQvycwpfvpm 100 &mcdiEe;f ? f k f k f I ( * ) yk'r 25? yk'rcGJ (C) yg ud,0efysuraMumifh cHpm;cGihf f f k f f I &Sdaom rD;zGm;cGifhumvtwGif; ysrf;rQvkyfc 70 &mcdiEe;f / k f I 28/ tmrcH x m;ol t rsKd ; om;onf ZeD ; rD ; zG m ;rI t wG u f aq;oufaocH vufrwt& owfrwcsursm;ESitnD atmufyg S f S f f hf zcifb0 tusKd;cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf (u) tmrcHxm;oljzpfaomZeD; rD;zGm;onftcg arG;uif;p h uav;tm; jyKpkcGifh 15 &uf cHpm;cGifh? ( c ) tmrcHxm;oljzpfaomZeD; rD;zGm;onftcg yk'rcGJ (u) h f yg cGiumvtwGuf rD;zGm;rIEiqionfh tusK;d cHpm;cGihf hf S hf kd f 33
  35. 35. tjzpf vGefcJhaomwpfESpftwGif; ysrf;rQvkyfc 70 &mcdkifEIef;udk cHpm;cGifh? ( * ) tmrcHxm;olr[kwfaomZeD;jzpfol rD;zGm;onfhtcg yk'rcGJ (u) ESihf (c) wdyg tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;tjyif yk'r f Yk hf f 27? yk'frcGJ (c) yg rD;zGm;p&dwfcHpm;cGifh xuf0uf cHpm;cGi/ hf tNid r f ; pm;,l o l r sm; aq;0g;uk o cG i f h 29/ tmrcHxm;aom tpdk;&0efxrf;rsm;onf tNidrf;pm;,lNyD; aemufwGifaomfvnf;aumif;? tmrcHxm;olonf yk'fr 33 ESifh 35 wdt& tvkyvyuiEipr;f r&SrI tusK;d cHpm;cGiEihf oufjynfh Yk f k f kd f kd f G d hf S tNidrf;pm;tusKd;cHpm;cGifh &&SdNyD;aemufwGifaomfvnf;aumif; atmuf y gtcsuf r sm;ES i f h tusKH ; 0if v Qif aq;0g;uk o rI u d k owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf (u) xnfh0ifaMu;udk vaygif; 180 ESifhtxuf ay;oGif; cJholjzpfjcif;? ( c ) tNir;f pm;,lNy;D aemuf NrKd Ue,fvrzva&;½H;k u xkway; d l I l kH f xm;aom tNidrf;pm;pdppfa&; oufaocHvufrSwf udkifaqmifxm;oljzpfjcif;/ ema&;p&d w f c H p m;cG i f h 30/ tvkywixcurI odr[kwf tjcm;taMumif;wpfccaMumifh f G f d kd f Yk k k tmrcHxm;ol aoqH;k vQif ema&;p&dwukd tmrcHxm;olu trnf f pm&if;ay;oGif;cJhjcif;cH&olujzpfap? xdkodkY trnfpm&if; ay;oGif; cJhjcif;r&SdvQif xdkoltm; rSDcdkol odkYr[kwf ema&;p&dwf pdkufxkwf ay;xm;olu awmif;cHvmvQifjzpfap xdkaoqHk;ol aemufqHk; 34
  36. 36. av;vtwGif; ysrf;rQvkyfc wpfvpm trsm;qHk; ig;qtxd owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ rd o m;pk a xmuf y H h r I t mrcH p epf tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h r sm; 31/ (u) ynmoifMum;aeaomom;orD;twGuf ynmoif p&dwf cHpm;cGifhESifhpyfvsOf;í (1) xnfh0ifaMu;aiGudk tenf;qHk; 36 v ay;oGif; xm;Ny;D owfrwxm;aom 0ifaiG yrmPatmuf S f enf;onfh tmrcHxm;olonf tcsejf ynfh ynm d oifMum;aeaom om;orD;rsm;&Sygu ynmoif d p&dwfudk rdom;pkaxmufyHhrI&efyHkaiGrS owfrSwf csufrsm;ESifhtnD cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ (2) owfrwxm;aom 0ifaiGyrmPatmufenf;onfh S f tmrcHxm;olZeD;armifESHwdkYu arG;zGm;aom om;orD;twGuf yk'frcGJi,f (1) yg ynmoif p&dwfudk tmrcHxm;olwpfOD;uom cHpm;cGifh &Sdap&rnf/ ( c ) tmrcHxm;olEihf rdom;pkwonf obm0ab;tEÅ&m,f S Ykd BuKH awGU&onftcg atmufyg use;f rma&;apmifa&Smufr?I h h u,fq,fa&;ypön;f ESihf aiGaMu;axmufyunrrsm; hH l D I udk rdom;pkaxmufyr&efyaiGrS owfrwcsursm;ESihf hH I kH S f f tnD cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf (1) obm0ab;tEÅ & m,f BuH K awG U cH p m;&onf h twGuf udk,fESifhpdwfudk xdcdkuf'Pf&m &&SdvQif jzpfap? a&m*g&&SvQijf zpfap aq;ukorIc,ci?hf d H l G 35
  37. 37. (2) obm0ab;tEÅ&m,frBuKH awGUrD xnf0ifaMu;aiG h udk tenf;qH;k 36 v ay;oGi;f Ny;D aemuf obm0 ab;tEÅ&m,fBuKH awGU&onftwGuf rdryif ypön;f h d kd Opömrsm;qH;k ½I;H vQif xdoBYkd uKH awGU&aomaeYrwdirD k k f wpfEptwGi;f ysr;f rQvycwpfvpm 40 &mcdiEe;f Sf kf kfI aiGaMu;axmufyrcpm;cGiEihf vlrzva&;tzGUJ u hH I H hf S I l kH axmufyonfh u,fq,fa&;ypön;f rsm; cHpm;cGi/ hH hf ( * ) tmrcHxm;olonf rdrtm; rScorom;pktwGuf vlrI d D kd l d zlva&;tzGUJ u cGijhf yKonfh oifavsmaom tusK;d cHpm; kH h f cGirsm;udk rdom;pkaxmufyr&efyaiGrS owfrwcsuf hf hH I kH S f rsm;ESifh tnD cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ tvk y f v k y f u d k i f E d k i f p G r f ; r&S d r I t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h 32/ tmrcHxm;olonf tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrIaMumifhr[kwfbJ ruse;f rmrIEihf rD;zGm;rItygt0if taMumif;wpfccaMumifh tvkyukd S k k f vHk;0vkyfudkifEdkifpGrf;r&SdawmhvQif aq;oufaocHvufrSwft& tvkyfvkyfudkifEdkifpGrf;r&SdrI tusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk yk'fr 33 ESifhtnD cHpm;cGi&onf/ hf dS tvk y f v k y f u d k i f E d k i f p G r f ; r&S d r I t wG u f aiG a Mu;tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h 33/ (u) tmrcHxm;olonf yk'r 32 ESitnD tNrwrf; tvkyf f hf J vkyuiEipr;f r&Sonftcg tvkyvyuiEipr;f r&drI f kd f kd f G d h f k f kd f kd f G S tusK;d cHpm;cGi?hf oufjynftNir;f pm; tusK;d cHpm;cGiEihf h d hf S use&pfol tusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiGrS owfrwcsursm;ESihf f hf kH S f f tnD atmufygtusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;udk cHpm;cGi&onfhf hf dS 36
  38. 38. (1) tvkyvyuiEipr;f r&SaMumif; aq;oufaocH f k f kd f kd f G d vufrwjf zifh cGijhf yKonfaeYrwdirD xnf0ifaMu; S h k f h aiGukd vaygif; 180 ay;oGi;f Ny;D jzpfvQif xdtmrcH k xm;ol xnfh0ifaMu;aiG ay;oGif;cJhaomumv wGif &&Sconfh ysr;f rQvycwpfvpm 15 qudk d hJ k f xdkol qE´t& t&pfusjzpfap? wpfvHk;wpfcJ wnf;jzpfap cHpm;cGifh? (2) xnf0ifaMu;aiGuk d vaygif; 180 xufyí ay;oGi;f h kd xm;ygu xdoYkd ydíay;oGi;f xm;onfh umvESihf k k pyfvsOf;í yk'frcGJi,f (1) yg cHpm;cGifhwGif owfrwcsursm;ESitnD xyfaygif;ícHpm;cGi?hf S f f hf (3) xnf0ifaMu;aiGukd 12 vESitxufrS vaygif; h hf 180 atmuf xnf h 0 if x m;onf h u d p ö w G i f r l tvky&iu ay;oGi;f xm;onfh xnf0ifaMu;aiG fSf h 40 &mcdkifEIef;ESifh xdktmrcHxm;olu ay;oGif; xm;onfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiGwdkYudk owfrSwfcsuf rsm;ESifhtnD twdk;ESifhwuG cHpm;cGifh? (4) xnf0ifaMu;aiGukd 12 vatmufenf;í ay;oGi;f h xm;onfupwif xdtmrcHxm;ol ay;oGi;f xm; h d ö G k NyD;aom aiGrsm;udk wpfvHk;wpfcJwnf; jyefvnf xkw,ci/ f l G hf ( c ) tvky&ionf tmrcHxm;olu tvkyvyuiEipr;f f S f f k f kd f kd f G r&SrI tusK;d cHpm;cGi&&Sonftcg yk'r 15? yk'rcGJ (u) d hf d h f f 37
  39. 39. yk'rcGi,f (3) yg &efyaiGoYkd rdru 12 vESitxuf f J kH d hf ay;oG i f ; xm;onf h xnf h 0 if a Mu;aiG 25 &mcdiEe;f udk owfrwcsursm;ESitnD twd;k ESiwuG k f I S f f hf hf &xdkufcGifh &Sdonf/ ouf j ynf h t Nid r f ; pm;,l & rnf h t ouf E S i f h aiG a Mu;tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h 34/ tmrcHxm;ol oufjynftNirpm; tusK;d cHpm;cGi&&drnfh h d f hf S toufonf tvkyorm;0efBu;D Xmeu vlrzva&;tzGUJ ESinEi;f í f I l kH hf §d Id jynfaxmifptpd;k &tzGUJ twnfjyKcsujf zifh owfrwonfh twdi;f k S f k jzpfap&rnf/ 35/ (u) tmrcHxm;ol oufjynfhNidrf;pm;,lonfhtcg tvkyf vkyuiEipr;f r&SrI tusK;d cHpm;cGi?hf oufjynftNir;f pm; f kd f kd f G d h d tusK;d cHpm;cGiEihf use&pfotusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiGrS hf S f l hf kH atmufyg tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;udk owfrwcsursm;ESihf hf S f f tnD cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf (1) oufjynfhtNidrf;pm;cHpm;cGifh&onfhaeYrwdkifrD xnfh0ifaMu;aiGudk vaygif; 180 ay;oGif;NyD; jzpfvQif xdtmrcHxm;ol xnf0ifaMu;aiGay;oGi;f k h cJhaom umvrsm;wGif &&SdcJhonfh ysrf;rQvkyfc wpfvpm 15 qudk xkoqE´t& t&pfus d l jzpfap? wpfvHk;wpfcJwnf;jzpfap cHpm;cGifh? (2) xnf0ifaMu;aiGuk d vaygif; 180 xufyí ay;oGi;f h kd xm;ygu xdoYkd ydí ay;oGi;f xm;onfumvESihf k k h 38
  40. 40. pyfvsOf;í yk'frcGJi,f (1) yg cHpm;cGifhwGif owfrwcsursm;ESitnD xyfaygif;í cHpm;cGi?hf S f f hf (3) xnf0ifaMu;aiGukd 12 vESitxufrS vaygif; h hf 180 atmuf ay;oG i f ; xm;onf h u d p ö w G i f tvkyf&Sifu ay;oGif;xm;onfh xnfh0ifaMu; aiG 40 &mcdkifEIef;ESifh xdktmrcHxm;olu ay;oG i f ; xm;onf h xnf h 0 if a Mu;aiG w d k Y u d k owfrwcsursm;ESitnD twd;k ESiwuG cHpm;cGi?hf S f f hf hf (4) xnf0ifaMu;aiGukd 12 vatmufenf;í ay;oGi;f h xm;onfupwif xdtmrcHxm;ol ay;oGi;f xm; h d ö G k NyD;aomaiGrsm;udk wpfvHk;wpfcJwnf; jyefvnf xkw,ci/ f l G hf ( c ) tvky&ionf tmrcHxm;olu oufjynftNir;f pm; f S f h d tusKd;cHpm;cGifh&&Sdonfhtcg yk'fr 15? yk'frcGJ (u)? yk'rcGi,f (3) yg &efyaiGoYkd rdru 12 vESitxuf f J kH d hf ay;oGi;f xm;onfh xnf0ifaMu;aiG 25 &mcdiEe;f udk h k f I owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD twdk;ESifhwuG &xdkufcGifh &Sonf/ d tvk y f w G i f xd c d k u f r I a Mumif h r [k w f b J aoqH k ; rI t wG u f usef & pf o l t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h 36/ tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrIaMumifhr[kwfbJ tjcm;taMumif; wpfccaMumifh oufjynftNir;f pm;,l&rnftouf rjynfrD tmrcH k k h d h h xm;ol aoqHk;onfhtcg - 39
  41. 41. (u) tmrcHxm;olu trnfpm&if;ay;oGif;xm;jcif; cH&olonf usef&pfoltusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk yk'fr 33 yg tvkyf vkyuiEipr;f r&SrI tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;twdi;f f kd f kd f G d hf k xdkolqE´t& t&pfusjzpfap? wpfvHk;wpfcJwnf; jzpfap owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ ( c ) yk'frcGJ (u) yg trnfpm&if; ay;oGif;xm;jcif;cH&ol r&SvQif xdtmrcHxm;ol vkycudk rScaexdiorsm; d k f D kd k f l onf atmufygtpDtpOftvduf use&pfotusK;d cHpm; k f l cGiukd yk'r 33 yg tvkyvyuiEipr;f r&SrI tusK;d hf f f k f kd f kd f G d cHpm;cGifhtwdkif; xdkolqE´t& t&pfusjzpfap? wpfv;kH wpfcwnf;jzpfap owfrwcsursm;ESitnD J S f f hf cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf (1) aoqHk;olZeD; odkYr[kwf cifyGef;? (2) aoqHk;olZeD; odkYr[kwf cifyGef;r&SdvQif xdkol om;orD;rsm;? (3) aoqH;k olZeD;? cifye;f ESihf om;orD;rsm;r&SvQif G d xdkol rdcifESifhzcif/ ( * ) yk'rcGJ (u) ESihf (c) wdyg tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;udk &xduol f Yk hf k f &SdvQif tvkyf&Sifonf tvkyf vkyfudkifEdkifpGrf;r&SdrI tusK;d cHpm;cGi?hf oufjynftNir;f pm; tusK;d cHpm;cGiEihf h d hf S use&pfol tusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiGoYkd rdru 12 vESihf f hf kH d txuf ay;oGif;xm;onfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiG 25 &mckiEe;f udk owfrwcsuf rsm;ESitnD twd;k ESiwuG d f I S f hf hf &xdkufcGifh&Sdonf/ 40
  42. 42. (C) yk'rcGJ (u) ESihf (c) wdyg tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;udk &xduol f Yk hf k f r&SdvQif tvkyf&Sifonf tvkyf vkyfudkifEdkifpGrf;r&SdrI tusK;d cHpm;cGi?hf oufjynftNir;f pm; tusK;d cHpm;cGiEihf h d hf S usef&pfol tusKd;cHpm;cGifh&efyHkaiGodkY rdrdu ay;oGif; xm;onfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiGudk owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifh tnD twdk;ESifhwuG jyefvnfxkwf,lcGifh&Sdonf/ tvk y f v uf r J h t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h t wG u f vd k t yf c suf r sm; 37/ tmrcHxm;olonf xnfh0ifaMu;aiGudk tenf;qHk; 36 v ay;oGif;NyD;oljzpfonfhjyif atmufygtcsufrsm;ESifh tusKH;0ifvQif tvkyfvufrJhtusKd;cHpm;cGifh &xdkufap&rnf (u) rdroabmtavsmuf Ekwxujf cif;r[kwbJ tvkyf d f G f xkwfcH&jcif;aMumifhjzpfap? tvkyf tNrJydwfodrf;í tvky&yfpc&jcif;aMumifjh zpfap tvkyvufrjhJ zpfjcif;? f J H f ( c ) tvkyEipyfvsO;f í jypfrjI ypf'Pfxuoifojzifh tvkyf f S hf kd f h xkwc&olaomfvnf;aumif;? tvGo;kH pm;jyKraMumifh f H J I jzpfap? 0efxrf;pnf;urf; azmufzsuraMumifjh zpfap? f I tvkycipnf;urf;rsm;udk vduem&ef wrifysuuurI f G f k f f G f aMumifjh zpfap tvkyrxwypfjcif; odr[kwf tvkyrS f S k f Yk f xkwfy,fjcif;cH&olaomfvnf;aumif; r[kwfjcif;? ( * ) usef;rma&;aumif;rGefí tvkyfvkyfudkifEdkifoljzpf& rnfhtjyif tvkyf vkyfudkifvdkpdwf&Sdoljzpfjcif;? (C) oufqi&mNrKd Ue,f tvkytudiEitvkyorm; &SmazG kd f f k f S hf f a&;½H;k wGif owfrwcsursm;ESitnD rSwywifxm;ol S f f hf f kH 41
  43. 43. jzpfNyD; tvkyfvufrJhjzpfaMumif; xdk½Hk;ESifh NrdKUe,fvlrI zlva&;½H;k odYk wpfv wpfBurf owif;ydxm;oljzpfjcif;/ kH d Yk tvk y f v uf r J h t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h u mvES i f h tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h r sm; 38/ tmrcHxm;olonf yk'r 37 ESitnD tvkyvufrhJ tusK;d f hf f cHpm;cGifh&onfhtcg (u) xnf0ifaMu;aiGukd 36 vtxd xnf0ifNy;D oljzpfygu h h aemufq;kH wpfEptwGi;f ysr;f rQvyc wpfvpm 50 S f k f &mcdkifEIef;udk tvkyfvufrJhtusKd;cHpm;cGifhtjzpf ESpvtxd vpOfcpm;cGihf &Sonf/ xnf0ifaMu;aiGukd f H d h 36 vtxuf xnf0ifxm;oljzpfygu xnf0ifaMu;aiG h h 12 v wd;k wdi;f tvkyvufrtusK;d cHpm;cGiukd wpfvpD k f hJ hf wd;k í cHpm;cGi&onf/ od&mwGif tvkyvufrhJ tusK;d hf dS Yk f cHpm;cGifhumvpkpkaygif;onf ajcmufvtxdom cHpm;cGifh &Sdonf/ ( c ) tvkyfvufrJhjzpfcsdefwGif tdrfaxmif&Sdoljzpfygu xdkoltm; rSDcdkolrsm;tajctaeudk rlwnfí vlrI zlva&;tzGUJ u xyfaqmif;ícs;D jriaom yk'rcGJ (u) kH § hf f yg tvkyvufrhJ tusK;d cHpm;cGi 10 &mcdiEe;f xuf f hf k f I rydkonfhaiGaMu;udk txufazmfjyyg oufqdkif&m umvtwGif; vpOf cHpm;cGifh &Sdonf/ ( * ) rusef;rmrIjzpfvQif yk'fr 21? yk'frcGJ (u)? yk'frcGJi,f (1) ESifh yk'fr 23? yk'frcGJ (u) ESifh (c) wdkYyg cHpm;cGifh rsm;udk þyk'fr yk'frcGJ (u) ESifhtnD usef;rma&; 42
  44. 44. apmif h a &S m uf r I cH , l c G i f h ? aq;uk o rI c H , l c G i f h E S i f h aiGaMu;tusKd;cHpm;cGifhwdkY&Sdonf/ (C) udk,f0efaqmifrIESifh rD;zGm;rItwGuf yk'fr 21? yk'frcGJ (u)? yk'rcGi,f (2)? yk'r 26? yk'r 27 ESihf yk'r 28 f J f f f wdkYyg cHpm;cGifhrsm;udk þyk'fr yk'frcGJ (u) ESifhtnD tenf ; qH k ; ES p f v rS trsm;qH k ; ajcmuf v txd usef;rma&; apmifha&SmufrI cH,lcGifh? aq;ukorIcH,l cGifhESifh aiGaMu;tusKd; cHpm;cGifhwdkY&Sdonf/ ( i ) vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUu cGifhjyKonfh uRrf;usifrIoifwef; rsm;odkY wufa&mufoifMum;cGifh&Sdonf/ ( p ) yk'frcGJ (u) yg tvkyfvufrJhtusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk cHpm; aepOf umvtwGi;f tmrcHxm;ol aoqH;k ygu ema&; p&dwfudk owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ tvk y f v uf r J h t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h u ef Y o wf c suf 39/ (u) tmrcHxm;olonf (1) yk'fr 38? yk'frcGJ (u) ESifh (c) wdkYyg tvkyfvufrJh tusK;d cHpm;cGiukd vkyief;Xmewpfcwif wpfBurom hf f k G d f cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ (2) tvkyfvufrJhtusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk yk'frcGJi,f (1) t& wpfBurcpm;Ny;D aemuf xdvyief;XmewGiyif d f H k k f f tvkyfjyefvnf0ifa&mufvkyfudkifNyD; wpfzef tvkyfvufrJhjzpfygu xnfh0ifaMu;udk 36 v xyfrH ay;oGi;f Ny;D rSom tvkyvufrhJ tusK;d cHpm; f cGifhudk owfrSwfcsufESifhtnD cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ 43
  45. 45. ( c ) tvky&ionf tvkyvufrjhJ zpfaom tmrcHxm;ol f S f f twGuf wnfqJtvkyform;qdkif&m Oya'rsm;t& jzpfap? tvkycefxm;rI oabmwlncsut&jzpfap f Y D f xdktmrcHxm;olodkY ay;&ef&Sdonfh epfemaMu;aiGrsm; xJrS þOya't& xdtmrcHxm;ol &xduci&aom k k f G hf dS tvkyvufrhJ tusK;d cHpm;cGiukd owfrwcsursm;ESihf f hf S f f tnD Ekwf,lEdkifonf/ tvk y f v uf r J h t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h & yf p J j cif ; 40/ tvkyfvufrJhtusKd;cHpm;cGifh&&Sdaeolonf atmufyg tajctaewpf&yf&yf ay:aygufvQif xdkcHpm;cGifh&yfpJap&rnf (u) oufqdkif&mNrdKUe,f tvkyftudkifESifh tvkyform; &SmazGa&; ½H;k ujzpfap? oufqi&mNrKd Ue,f vlrzva&; kd f I l kH ½Hk;ujzpfap tvkyfvkyf&ef taMumif;Mum;aom tvkyfudk cdkifvHkaomtaMumif;r&SdbJ jiif;qdkjcif;? ( c ) vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUuñTefMum;aom toufarG;0rf; ausmif; ynmoifwef;udk wufa&muf&ef cdivaom k f kH taMumif; r&SdbJ jiif;qdkjcif;? ( * ) tvkyftudkiftopf jyefvnf&&Sdjcif;? (C) jypfrIqdkif&mOya'wpf&yf&yft& jypfrIwpfckckudk usL;vGeaMumif; jypfrxif&m;ojzifh axmif'Pf csrwf f I S S cH&jcif;? ( i ) EdkifiHjcm;odkY tNyD;tydkifxGufcGmoGm;jcif; odkYr[kwf EdkifiHjcm;odkY oGm;a&muftvkyfvkyfudkifjcif;/ 44
  46. 46. tvk y f v uf r J h t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h & &S d N yD ; aemuf vl r I z l v H k a &; &ef y H k a iG r S jyef v nf x k w f , l c G i f h 41/ tvkyvufrtusK;d cHpm;cGi&&Sonfh tmrcHxm;olu tvkyf f hJ hf d vufrtusK;d cHpm;cGiumv ukeq;kH aomfvnf; rdrrlvtvkyukd hJ hf f d f jzpfap? þOya't& vlrIzlvHka&;pepfESifhoufqdkifonfh tjcm; tvkyfwpfckckudkjzpfap 0ifa&mufvkyfudkifEdkifjcif;r&Sdygu (u) tmrcHxm;olonf tvkyvyuiEipr;f r&SrI tusK;d f k f kd f kd f G d cHpm;cGifh? oufjynfhtNidrf;pm; tusKd;cHpm;cGifhESifh use&pfol tusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiGoYkd xnf0ifaMu;aiGukd f hf kH h 36 vESifh txuf rdrdtwGuf tvkyf&Sifu ay;oGif; xm;onfh xnf0ifaMu;aiG 40 &mcdiEe;f ESihf rdru h k f I d ay;oGif;xm;onfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiGwdkYudk owfrSwf csufrsm;ESifhtnD twdk;ESifhwuG jyefvnf xkwf,l ydkifcGifh &Sdonf/ ( c ) tvkyf&Sifonf yk'frcGJ (u) yg &efyHkaiGodkY 36 vESifh txuf ay;oGif;xm;aom rdrd xnfh0ifaMu;aiG 25 &mcdiEe;f udk owfrwcsursm;ESitnD twd;k ESihf k f I S f f hf wuG jyefvnf xkwf,lydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ tjcm;vl r I z l v H k a &;pepf r sm;twG u f tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h r sm;ES i f h wm0ef 42/ (u) yk'fr 15? yk'frcGJ (u)? yk'frcGJi,f (7) yg vlrIzlvHka&; tdrf&mpDrHudef;&efyHkaiGodkY rdrd qE´tavsmuf xnfh0ifaMu;aiGay;oGif;xm;olonf vlrIzlvHka&; tdr&mrsm;ESihf pyfvsO;f í owfrwaompnf;urf;csuf f S f 45
  47. 47. rsm;ESihf tnD aexdici?hf iSm;&rf;aexdici?hf toH;k jyKci?hf k f G k f G G ydkifqdkifcGifh? 0,f,lcGifh? a&mif;cscGifh odkYr[kwf tjcm; wpfenf;enf;jzifh vTajymif;cGiEihf ,if;tdr&m 0,f,l J hf S f Edkifa&;twGuf aiGacs;cGifhwdkYudk OD;pm;ay;&xdkufcGifh &Sonf/ d ( c ) yk'fr 15? yk'frcGJ (u)? yk'frcGJi,f (7) yg vlrIzlvHka&; tdr&mpDrue;f &efyaiGoYkd xnf0ifaMu;aiG ay;oGi;f f H d kH h xm;jcif; r&Sdaom tmrcHxm;olonf owfrSwfcsuf rsm;ESihf udunvQif vlrzva&;tdr&mrsm;ESipyfvsO;f í k f D I l kH f hf aexdif cGi?hf iSm;&rf;aexdici?hf toH;k jyKci?hf ydiqici?hf k k f G G k f kd f G 0,f,ci?hf a&mif;cscihf odr[kwf tjcm;wpfenf;enf; l G G Yk jzifh vTajymif;cGiEihf ,if;tdr&m0,f,Eia&;twGuf J hf S f l kd f aiGacs;cGifhwkdYukd cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ 43/ vlrzva&;tdr&mrsm;wGif yk'r 42 yg cHpm;cGi&oonfI l kH f f hf dS l (u) owfrSwfxm;aompnf;urf;csufrsm;udk vdkufem &rnf/ ( c ) tqdygpnf;urf;csursm;udk azmufzsuygu owfrwf k f f S csufrsm;ESifhtnD ta&;,laqmif&Gufjcif; cH&rnfh tjyif vlrIzlvHka&;tdrf&mrS z,f&Sm;jcif;cH&rnf/ 44/ yk'r 15? yk'rcGJ (u)? yk'rcGi,f (5) ESihf (6) wdyg vlrzva&; f f f J Yk I l kH &efyHkaiGtoD;oD;odkY xnfh0ifaMu;aiG ay;oGif;xm;olrsm;onf tvkyorm;0efBu;D Xmeu vlrzva&;tzGUJ ESinEi;f í jynfaxmifpk f I l kH hf §d Id tpd;k &tzGUJ twnfjyKcsujf zifh owfrwxm;aom tusK;d cHpm;cGihf S f rsm;udk &&Sdap&rnf/ 46
  48. 48. tcef ; (6) tvk y f w G i f xd c d k u f r I t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h t mrcH p epf E S i f h ouf q d k i f j cif ; ? tvk y f w G i f xd c d k u f r I t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h &ef y H k a iG E S i f h t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h r sm; ouf q d k i f j cif ; 45/ þOya'yg tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrItusKd;cHpm;cGifhtmrcHpepf ESihf pyfvsO;f onfh jy|mef;csursm;onf atmufygtvkyorm;rsm;ESihf f f oufqdkifap&rnf (u) yk'r 16? yk'rcGJ (u) ESitnD rSwyrwifrae& rSwykH f k f hf f kH f wifNyD; yk'fr 15? yk'frcGJ (u)? yk'frcGJi,f (1)? (3)? (4) ESihf (5) wdyg vlrzva&;&efyaiGrsm;odYk xnf0if Yk I l kH kH h aMu;aiG ay;oGif;xm;onfh vlrIzlvHka&;pepfESifh oufqdkifaom vkyfief;Xmersm;&Sd tvkyform;rsm;? ( c ) tvkyorm;0efBu;D Xmeu vlrzva&;tzGUJ ESihf ndEi;f í f I l kH § Id jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJU twnfjyKcsufjzifh trdefY aMumfjimpmxkwfjyefí tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrI tusKd; cHpm;cGihf tmrcHpepfqi&m rSwyrwifrae& jy|mef; kd f f kH csufrsm;ESifh oufqkdifonf[k owfrSwfxm;aom tvkyorm;rsm;/ f 46/ vlrzva&;pepfEihf tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;twGuf rSwykH rwif I l kH S hf f rae& jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifh oufqdkifjcif;r&Sdaom yk'fr 12? yk'frcGJ (u) yg vkyief;Xmersm;rS tvky&irsm;onf ,if;wd tvkyorm; f f S f Yk f rsm;twGuf tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGihf cHpm;Edi&ef rdrw f G kd f I k f d Ykd qE´tavsmuf rSwfyHkwifNyD; xnfh0ifaMu;aiG ay;oGif;xm;jcif; 47
  49. 49. r&SvQif tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGihf tmrcHpepfEihf pyfvsO;f d f G kd f I S onfh jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifh oufqdkifjcif;r&Sdap&/ tvk y f w G i f xd c d k u f r I t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h t mrcH p epf E S i f h rS w f y H k wif j cif ; 47/ vlrzva&;tzGUJ onf tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGiukd I l kH f G kd f I hf tvky&iu wpfBurwnf;? wpfv;kH wpfcwnf;ay;&jcif;rS a&Smif&m; f S f d f J S Ediap&efEihf atmufazmfjyyg tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;udk tvkyorm;u k f S hf f &&Scpm;Ediap&eftvdim tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGihf tmrcH d H k f Yk S f G kd f I pepfudk owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD pDrHxm;&Sd&rnf (u) aq;ukorIcH,lcGifh? ( c ) ,m,DroefpGrf;rItusKd;cHpm;cGifh? ( * ) tNrJwrf;roefpGrf;rItusKd;cHpm;cGifh? (C) tvkyfudktaMumif;jyKí aoqHk;rIaMumifh usef&pfol tusK;d cHpm;cGi/ hf 48/ (u) tvkyf&Sifonf yk'fr 45 yg tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrI tusKd;cHpm;cGifhtmrcHpepftwGuf rSwfyHkrwifrae& jy|mef;csursm;ESioufqiaom tvkyorm;rsm;u f hf kd f f tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrItusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;&&Sdap&ef oufqdkif&m NrdKUe,fvlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;wGif rSwfyHkwifNyD; tvkywif xdcurI tusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiGoYkd xnf0if f G kd f hf kH h aMu;aiGudk owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD xnfh0ifí tmrcHxm;&S&rnf/ d ( c ) tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGitmrcHpepftwGuf f G kd f I hf rSwfyHkrwifrae& jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhoufqdkifjcif; 48
  50. 50. r&Saom tvkyorm;rsm;twGuf tvky&irsm;onf d f f S f rdrdwdkYqE´tavsmuf rSwfyHkwifNyD; tvkyfwGif xdcurI tusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiGoYkd owfrwxm;aom kd f hf kH S f xnf0if aMu;aiGukd ay;oGi;f Ny;D tmrcHxm;&SEionf/ h d kd f ( * ) yk'rcGJ (u) ESihf (c) wdt& tvkywif xdcurI tusK;d f Yk f G kd f cHpm;cGitmrcHxm;&Sa&;twGuf rSwywifonftcg hf d f kH h tvkyorm;onf aq;oufaocHvufrwukd wifjy f S f &rnf/ tvk y f o rm;avsmf a Mu;tuf O ya'ES i f h r ouf q d k i f j cif ; 49/ (u) yk'r 48? yk'rcGJ (u) t& tvkywif xdcurI tusK;d f f f G kd f cHpm;cGi&efyaiGoYkd tvky&iu rSwyrwifrae& rSwykH hf kH f S f f kH f wifíjzpfap? yk'fr 48? yk'frcGJ (c) t& tvkyf&Sif qE´t& rSwywifíjzpfap xnf0ifaMu;aiG ay;oGi;f f kH h xm;aom vkyfief;Xmersm; tvkyf&SifESifh tmrcH xm;olrsm;onf tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGiEihf f G kd f I hf S pyfvsOf;í tvkyform; avsmfaMu;tufOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifh oufqdkifjcif; r&Sdap&/ ( c ) yk'fr 48? yk'frcGJ (u) ESifh (c) wdkYt& tvkyfwGif xdcurI tusK;d cHpm;cGitwGuf tmrcHxm;olwonf kd f hf Ykd þOya'yg tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrItusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm; udkom cHpm;cGifh &Sdap&rnf/ 49
  51. 51. tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrItmrcHpepftwGuf xnfh0ifaMu;aiGrsm; 50/ tvkyform;u tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrItwGuf yk'fr 47 yg tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;udk cHpm;Edi&ef tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGihf hf k f f G kd f I &efyaiGoYkd tvky&iuay;oGi;f &rnfh xnf0ifaMu;aiGEipyfvsO;f í kH f S f h S hf tvkyorm;vkyctvduf vkyief;Xmersm; ab;tEÅ&m,f&EirI f f k f dS kd f tenf;trsm;tay: rlwnfNyD; xnfh0if&rnfhEIef;xm;rsm;udk tvkyform;0efBuD;Xmeonf vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUESifh nd§EdIif;í jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJU twnfjyKcsufjzifh trdefYaMumfjimpm xkwfjyefí owfrSwfxm;&rnf/ 51/ tvkyf&Sifonf (u) yk'r 50 t& owfrwxm;aomEIe;f xm;jzifh xnf0if f S f h aMu;aiGudk tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrI tusKd;cHpm;cGifh &efyHk aiGoYkd vpOf ay;oGi;f &rnf/ xdjYk yif xdoay;oGi;f onfh k Ykd twGuf ukefusp&dwfrsm;udkvnf; uscH&rnf/ ( c ) tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGihf tmrcHxm;Ny;D aemuf f G kd f I xnfh0ifaMu;aiGay;oGif;&ef ysufuGufygu xnfh0if aMu;aiGtjyif yk'r 88 t& owfrwonfh ysuuuf f S f f G aMu;udk xyfaqmif;í ay;oGif;&rnf/ tvk y f w G i f xd c d k u f r I t wG u f aq;uk o rI c H , l c G i f h E S i f h tjcm; tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h r sm; 52/ (u) tmrcHxm;olonf tvkyfwGif xdckdufrIjzpfay:vQif owfrwcsursm;ESitnD aq;ukorI cH,ci&onfh S f f hf l G hf dS tjyif þtcef;yg tjcm; tusK;d cHpm;cGivnf;&Sonf/ hf d 50
  52. 52. ( c ) yk'rcGJ (u) yg tvkyutaMumif;jyKíjzpfaom a&m*g f f kd trsKd;tpm;onf enf;Oya'rsm;? pnf;rsOf;rsm;jzifh owfrSwfxm;onfhtwdkif; jzpfap&rnf/ vk y f i ef ; cG i f a b;tEÅ & m,f u if ; &S i f ; a&; 53/ (u) tvkyf&SifESifhtvkyform;wdkYonf vkyfief;Xmersm;ü tvkyform;rsm; ab;tEÅ&m,f uif;&Sif;a&;ESifh ynmay;vkyfief;rsm;tjyif tvkyfwGif rawmfwq jzpfyGm;rIrsm;udkvnf;aumif;? tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrI aMumifh 'Pf&m&&dSrI? a&m*g&&SdrIESifh aoqHk;rIjzpfyGm; jcif;wdkYudkvnf;aumif; umuG,f&eftvdkYiSm ab; tEÅ&m,f uif;&Si;f a&;ESihf use;f rma&;qdi&m pDrcsuf k f H rsm;xm;&Sdjcif;wdkYESifhpyfvsOf;í vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUESifh jzpfap? tmrcHu,pm;vS,Xmersm;ESijhf zpfap ndEi;f kd f f § Id yl;aygif; aqmif&Guf&rnf/ ( c ) tvkyf&Sif jypfrIjypf'PfxdkufoifhaomjyKvkyfrI odkYr[kwf ysufuGufrIaMumifhjzpfap? tvkyf&Sifu vkyief;cGif ab;tEÅ&m,fuif;&Si;f a&;tpDtrHrsm;ESihf f tumtuG,frsm; jyKvkyfrxm;jcif;aMumifhjzpfap jzpfay:vmaom tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrItwGuf aq; ukorI ukefusp&dwfrsm;ESifh þOya't& cHpm;cGifh&Sd onfh tjcm;tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;udk tvkyf&Sifu owfrwcsursm;ESitnD usc&rnfjzpfNy;D ysuuuf S f f hf H f G jcif; r&Sdap&/ 54/ (u) tvkyf&Sifonf rdrdtmrcHxm;ol tvkyform; jyif;xefonfh rawmfwq xdckduf'Pf&m&rI jzpfyGm; 51
  53. 53. ygu oufqdkif&m NrdKUe,fvlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;odkY csufcsif; tpD&ifc&rnf/ xdoYkd tpD&ifc&ef cdivaom taMumif; H k H k f kH r&SdbJ aESmifhaES;MuefYMumjcif; r&Sdap&/ ( c ) vkyief;Xmersm;tm; Munf½ppfaq;aom t&mxrf;? f h I trIxrf;tzGUJ onf tvkyEih f oufqiaom rawmfwq fS kd f xdcdkuf'Pf&m&rI? aoqHk;rIESifh a&m*g&rIrsm; jzpfyGm; aMumif;awGU&Sdygu oufqdkif&m NrdKUe,f vlrIzlvHka&; ½Hk;odkY owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD tpD&ifcH&rnf/ ,m,D r oef p G r f ; rI E S i f h q d k i f o nf h tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h 55/ tmrcHxm;olonf tvkywif xdcuraMumifh tvkyf rvkyf f G kd f I Edií 0ifaiGavsmenf;jcif; odr[kwf 0ifaiG&yfpjJ cif;jzpfvQif tcrJh k f h Yk aq;ukorI cH,lcGifh&Sdonfhtjyif aq;oufaocHvufrSwft& ,m,DroefpGrf;rIESifhqdkifonfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifhtjzpf tvkyfwGif xdcurrjzpfrD av;vtwGi;f ysr;f rQvyc 70 &mcdiEe;f udk tvkyf kd f I k f k f I pwif rvkyfEdkifonfhaeYrS trsm;qHk; 12 vtxd cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ 56/ (u) yk'fr 55 t& ,m,DroefpGrf;rIESifhqdkifonfh tusKd; cHpm;cGionf 12 vtwGi;f xdtmrcHxm;ol jyefvnf hf k tvkyfvkyfEdkifonfhaeY&ufrSpí &yfpJ&rnf/ ( c ) tmrcHxm;olonf ,m,DroefpGrf;rIESifhqdkifonfh tusK;d cHpm;cGihf 12 v ukeq;kH aomfvnf; qufvufí f tvkyf rvkyEivQif tNrwrf;roefpr;f rIEiqionfh f kd f J G S hf kd f tusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk ajymif;vJNyD; cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ 52
  54. 54. ( * ) tmrcHxm;olonf tvkywif xdcuraMumifh ,m,D f G kd f I roefpGrf;rIESifhqdkifonfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifh cHpm;aepOf 12 v twGif;rSmyif aq;oufaocHvufrSwft& tNrwrf; roefpr;f rIjzpfrnf[k BuKd wifre;f qí&ygu J G S ,m,DroefpGrf;rIESifhqdkifonfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk &yfpJNyD; tNrJwrf; roefpGrf;rIESifhqdkifonfh tusKd; cHpm;cGifhudk ajymif;vJí cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ tNrJ w rf ; roef p G r f ; rI E S i f h q d k i f o nf h t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h 57/ tmrcHxm;olonf tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrIaMumifh tvkyf vkyEionfh tiftm; wpfpwwpfa'o tNrwrf; qH;k ½I;H Ediz,&m f kd f d f J k f G f taMumif;&SvQif tNrwrf; wpfpwwpfa'o roefpr;f rIEiqionfh d J d f G S hf kd f aiGaMu;tusK;d cHpm;cGiuvnf;aumif;? tvkyvyEionfh tiftm; hf kd f k f kd f vHk;0 tNrJwrf; qHk;½IH;EdkifzG,f&mtaMumif;&SdvQif tNrJwrf; vHk;0 roefpGrf;rIESifhqdkifonfh aiGaMu;tusKd;cHpm;cGifhudkvnf;aumif; cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ xdkcHpm;cGifhtwGuf tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrIrjzpfrD av;vtwGi;f ysr;f rQvycwpfvpm 70 &mcdiEe;f udk aq;buf k f k f I qdi&mtzGUJ tNrwrf; vkytm;qH;k ½I;H rI&mcdiEe;f qH;k jzwfcsutay: k f J f k f I f tajcjyKí wGufcsuf&&Sdrnfh aiGaMu; tusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk wpfv twGuf cHpm;cGi[k owfrwí yk'r 58 ESitnD cHpm;cGi&onf/ hf S f f hf hf dS 58/ vkytm;qH;k ½I;H olonf yk'r 57 yg ysr;f rQvycwpfvpm f f k f 70 &mcdkifEIef;tay: vkyftm;qHk;½IH;rI&mcdkifEIef;udktajcjyKí wGucsu&&Saom tNrwrf; roefpr;f rIEiqionfh tusK;d cHpm;cGiukd f f d J G S hf kd f hf atmufygtwdkif; owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf - 53
  55. 55. 59/ (u) vkytm;qH;k ½H;I rIrm 20 &mcdiEe;f ESiatmufjzpfygu xdol f S k f I hf k cHpm;cGi&aom vpOf tusK;d cHpm;cGi ig;ESptwGuf hf dS hf f &cduci&aomaiGaMu;udk wpfv;kH wpfcwnf; cHpm;cGi?hf k f G hf dS J ( c ) vkytm;qH;k ½I;H rIrm 20 &mcdiEe;f txufrS 75 &mcdif f S k f I k EIef;txdjzpfygu xdol cHpm;cGi&aom vpOf tusK;d k hf dS cHpm;cGi ckepfEptwGuf &xduci&aomaiGaMu;udk hf S f k f G hf dS xdkolqE´t& t&pfusjzpfap? wpfvHk;wpfcJwnf; jzpfap cHpm;cGifh? ( * ) vkytm;qH;k ½I;H rIrm 75 &mcdiEe;f txufjzpfygu xdol f S k f I k cHpm;cGi&aom vpOf tusK;d cHpm;cGi ud;k ESptwGuf hf dS hf f &xduci&aomaiGaMu;udk xdoqE´t& t&pfus k f G hf dS k l jzpfap? wpfvHk;wpfcJwnf; odkYr[kwf vpOf touf xufqHk;txdjzpfap cHpm;cGifh? (C) yk'rcGJ (*) yg tNrwrf; vH;k 0roefpr;f olukd tjcm;ol f J G wpfO;D wpfa,mufu tNrrjywf jyKp&efvtyfaMumif; J k kd aq;oufaocHvufrSwfwifjyvQif yk'frcGJ (*) yg cHpm;cGifhtjyif xdol cHpm;cGi&aom tusK;d cHpm;cGi k hf dS hf 10 &mcdkifEIef;ESifhnDrQaomaiGudk xdkolqE´t& t&pfusjzpfap? wpfvHk;wpfcJwnf; odkYr[kwf vpOf toufxufq;kH txdjzpfap xyfaqmif;í cHpm;cGi/ hf (u) tNrJwrf; wpfpdwfwpfa'o roefpGrf;rIESifhqdkifonfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifhESifh tNrJwrf; vHk;0 roefpGrf;rIESifh qdkifonfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifhwdkY tcsKd;tpm;onf tvkyfwGif xdcdkuf'Pf&m&rIaMumifh tvkyfvkyf Ediaom tiftm;qH;k ½I;H rI tcsK;d tpm;ESihf nDrQ&rnf/ k f 54
  56. 56. ( c ) tNrJwrf; wpfpdwfwpfa'oroefpGrf;rIESifhqdkifonfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifh&&SdcJhaom tmrcHxm;olonf tvkyf wGif tjcm; 'Pf&m&rIwpf&yf&yfjzpfyGm;vQif ,cif owfrSwfxm;onfh vkyftm;qHk;½IH;rI&mcdkifEIef;udk xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;NyD; xdkol vkyftm;qHk;½IH;rI &mcdkif EIef;udk topf xyfrHowfrSwf&rnf/ xdkodkY ESpfBudrf owfrwxm;aom vkytm;qH;k ½I;H rIEp&yfaygif;onf S f f S f xdoq;kH ½I;H cJaom pkpaygif;vkytm;qH;k ½I;H rI wefz;kd jzwf k l h k f &mcdkifEIef;xuf rausmfap&/ xdkodkY topfxyfrH owfrSwfjcif;aMumifh wdk;vmaom vkyftm;qHk;½IH;rI &mcdiEe;f twGuf xkuoifaom aiGaMu;tusK;d cHpm; k f I d f h cGifhudk owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD &xdkufcGifh&Sdonf/ jyef v nf x l a xmif a y;jcif ; ES i f h tvk y f a e&mrsm; pD p Of xm;&S d j cif ; 60/ vlrzva&;tzGUJ onf tvkywif xdcuraMumifh ud,t*Fg I l kH f G kd f I k f qHk;½IH;olrsm;tm; jyefvnfxlaxmifay;&ef odkYr[kwf xdkolwdkY tvkyfvkyf&ef rpGrf;aqmifEdkifonfudk pGrf;aqmifvmEdkifapa&; twGuf jyKvkyfay;&ef vdktyfonfhtcg (u) aq;oufaocHvufrwt& cGpwuo&ef ud&,m S f J d f k d wefqmyvmrsm;? jznfhpGufuko&efESifh wyfqif&ef ud&,mwefqmyvmrsm;udk jyKvyjf cif;? wyfqifjcif; d k ESifh axmufyHhjcif;rsm; jyKvkyfay;&rnf/ 55
  57. 57. ( c ) vkyfief;ESifhqdkifaom avhusifhrIoifwef;rsm;ay;jcif; ESihf vlrtodut0ef;wGif jyefvnf 0ifqvmapa&; I k f hH twGuf jyKpkysKd;axmifay;jcif;rsm; jyKvkyfay;&rnf/ 61/ owfrwaom tvkyorm;ta&twGuxuf ydronftjyif S f f f k kd h þOya'ESioufqiaom vkyief;Xmersm;tm; tvkywif xdcurI hf kd f f f G kd f aMumifh ud,t*Fgysu,i;f í roefpr;f jzpfNy;D vkytm;qH;k ½I;H ,kwavsmh k f f G G f f oGm;aom tvkyform;rsm;twGuf cefYay;&rnfh vkyfief;Xme trsK;d tpm;tvduf tenf;qH;k xm;&S&rnftcsK;d tpm;udk vlrzva&; k d h I l kH tzGJUu tvkyform;0efBuD;XmeESifh nd§EdIif;í owfrSwfEdkifonf/ tvk y f w G i f xd c d k u f r I a Mumif h aoqH k ; rI t wG u f usef & pf o l tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h 62/ tvkywif xdcuraMumifh tmrcHxm;ol aoqH;k onftcgf G kd f I h (u) tmrcHxm;olu trnfpm&if; ay;oGi;f xm;jcif; cH&ol onf xdtmrcHxm;ol raoqH;k rD av;vtwGi;f &&Sd k aom ysr;f rQvyct& xnf0ifaMu;aiG ay;oGi;f xm; k f h onfumvudk tajcjyKí atmufygtwdi;f use&pfol h k f tusKd; cHpm;cGifhrsm;udk xdkolqE´t& t&pfus jzpfap? wpfvHk;wpfcJwnf;jzpfap &xdkufcGifh&Sdonf(1) xnf0ifaMu;aiGukd vaygif; 60 ESiatmuf ay; h hf oGi;f Ny;D jzpfygu ysr;f rQvyc wpfvpm 30 q? k f (2) xnfh0ifaMu;aiGudk vaygif; 60 txufrS vaygif; 120 ESifhatmuf ay;oGif;NyD;jzpfygu ysrf;rQvkyfc wpfvpm 50 q? 56
  58. 58. (3) xnfh0ifaMu;aiGudk vaygif; 120 txufrS vaygif; 240 ESifhatmuf ay;oGif;NyD;jzpfygu ysrf;rQvkyfc wpfvpm 60 q? (4) xnf0ifaMu;aiGukd vaygif; 240 txuf ay;oGi;f h NyD;jzpfygu ysrf;rQvkyfc wpfvpm 80 q/ ( c ) yk'frcGJ (u) yg trnfpm&if; ay;oGif;xm;jcif;cH&ol r&SvQif xdtmrcHxm;olvkycudk rScaexdiorsm; d k f D kd k f l onf atmufygtpDtpOftvdkuf yk'frcGJ (u) yg use&pfol tusK;d cHpm;cGiukd xdoqE´t& t&pfus f hf k l jzpfap? wpfv;kH wpfcwnf;jzpfap owfrwcsursm;ESihf J S f f tnD cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ (1) aoqHk;olZeD; odkYr[kwf cifyGef;? (2) aoqHk;olZeD; odkYr[kwf cifyGef;r&SdvQif xdkol om;orD;rsm;? (3) aoqH;k olZeD;? cifye;f ESihf om;orD;rsm;r&SvQif G d xdkol rdcifESifhzcif/ tcef ; (7) vl r I z l v H k a &;&ef y H k a iG E S i f h tvk y f w G i f x d c d k u f r I t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h &ef y H k a iG E S p f & yf v H k ; ES i f h o uf q d k i f o nf h jy|mef ; csuf r sm; wpf N yd K if w nf ; ray;&aom tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h r sm; 63/ (u) atmufyg aiGaMu;tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;udk tmrcH xm;oltm; wpfNydKifwnf; ray;& (1) ruse;f rmrIEiqionftusK;d cHpm;cGiEihf rD;zGm;rI S hf kd f h hf S ESifhqdkifonfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? 57
  59. 59. (2) ruse;f rmrIEiqionfh tusK;d cHpm;cGiEihf ,m,D S hf dk f hf S roefpGrf;rIESifhqdkifonfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? (3) rD;zGm;rIESifhqdkifonfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifhESifh ,m,D roefpGrf;rIESifhqdkifonfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? (4) rusef;rmrI? rD;zGm;rI? ,m,DroefpGrf;rI tusKd; cHpm;cGifhrsm;ESifh tvkyfvufrJh tusKd;cHpm;cGifh/ ( c ) yk'rcGJ (u) yg tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;teuf tusK;d cHpm;cGihf f hf ESprsK;d udk ay;&rnfuprsm;wGif xdEprsK;d rSm aiGyrmP f h d ö k S f rwlvQif tusK;d cHpm;cGi&oltm; xdtusK;d cHpm;cGirsm; hf k hf aiGyrmPESp&yfteuf rsm;&maiGyrmPudk ay;&rnf/ f tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h r sm; &yf q d k i f ; jcif ; 64/ rusef;rmrI? rD;zGm;rIESifh ,m,DroefpGrf;rItusKd;cHpm;cGifh wpfckck cHpm;aeaom tmrcHxm;olwpfOD;OD;onf tvkyfrvkyfEdkif aMumif; aq;oufaocHvufrwf xkway;xm;onfvyief;XmewGif S f h k f jzpfap? tjcm;vkyfief;XmewpfckckwGifjzpfap vkyfcjzifh 0ifa&muf vkyuiaevQif xdotm; tqdyg tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;udk &yfqi;f &rnf/ f kd f k l k hf kd pd k u f x k w f u k e f u sp&d w f r sm;jyef v nf & xd k u f c G i f h 65/ tvkyf&Sifonf (u) tmrcHxm;oltm; usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrI? aq; ukorIEihf tjcm; tusK;d cHpm;cGi&aomudprsm;twGuf S hf dS ö vlrIa&;t& pdkufxkwfukefusxm;onfh p&dwfrsm;udk þOya't& cGijhf yKaom tusK;d cHpm;cGiaiGrsm;teufrS hf jyefvnf &xkdufcGifh&Sdonf/ 58
  60. 60. ( c ) tmrcHxm;oltm; þOya't& ruse;f rmrI? rD;zGm;rIEihf S ,m,D roefpr;f rItusK;d cHpm;cGihf wpfccay;aeonfh G k k umvtwGif; ,if;tm; xkwfay;xm;aomvkyfcESifh aiGvufiif;tusK;d cHpm;cGiwpkpaygif;rSm xdtmrcH hf Ykd k k xm;ol omreftm;jzifh &&SonfvycxufyvQif xdyaiG d h kf kd k kd udk þOya't& cGijhf yKonfh aiGvufiif;tusK;d cHpm;cGihf rsm;teufrS Ekw,Eionf/ xdoYkd ydíxkway;xm; f l kd f k k f aMumif; oufqi&mNrKd Ue,fvrzva&;½H;k odYk taMumif; kd f l I l kH Mum;&rnf/ tvk y f E S i f h p yf v sOf ; íwm;jrpf c suf 66/ (u) tvkyf&Sifonf yk'fr 67 ESifh 68 wdkYt& usef;rma&; apmifa&SmufrEihf aq;ukorIrsm;udk taxmuftxm; h I S jyKvsuf (1) þOya't& ruse;f rmrItusK;d cHpm;cGi?hf rD;zGm;cGihf tusK;d cHpm;cGi?hf tvkywixcuraMumifh ,m,D f G f d kd f I roefpGrf;rIESifhqdkifonfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifhwpfckck cHpm;aeaom tmrcHxm;oltm; xdkodkYcHpm;ae onf h umvtyd k i f ; tjcm;twG i f ; tvk y f r S xkwfy,fjcif;? &yfpJjcif;udkaomfvnf;aumif;? xdkol vkyfcxuf avsmhenf;onfhtqifhodkY avQmhcsjcif;udkaomfvnf;aumif; rjyK&/ (2) þOya't& xnf0ifaMu;aiGrsm; ay;oGi;f &rnfh h wm0efaMumifh rdrtvkyorm; vkycESihf tc d f f aMu;aiGrsm;udk avQmcsjcif;? jzwfawmufjcif; rjyK&/ h 59
  61. 61. ( c ) tmrcHxm;olonf yk'rcGJ (u) yg wm;jrpfcsursm;udk f f tvky&iu azmufzsuusL;vGeonftwGuf xdcuf f S f f f h kd epfemrIESifhpyfvsOf;í owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD ajz&Sif;aqmif&Gufay;&ef oufqdkif&m NrdKUe,f vlrI zlvHka&;½Hk;odkY wifjyEdkifonf/ usef ; rma&;apmif h a &S m uf r I E S i f h a q;uk o rI a y;jcif ; 67/ (u) tvky&ionf tmrcHxm;ol rdrtvkyorm;rsm; f S f d f tm; aq;ukoay;Edia&;twGuf vlrzva&;tzGUJ k f I l kH cGijhf yKcsuEihf pnf;urf;csursm;&,lNy;D aemuf wnfqJ f S f Oya'ESifhtnD yk*¾vduaq;½Hk? aq;cef;wnfaxmif zGivpí rdrd cefxm;aom q&m0efrsm;? olemjyKrsm; hf S f Y jzif h owf r S w f c suf r sm;ES i f h t nD usef ; rma&; apmifha&SmufrIESifh aq;ukorI ay;Edkifonf/ ( c ) vlrzva&;tzGUJ onf tmrcHxm;oltrsm;tjym;&SNd y;D I l kH owfrSwfxm;onfh OD;a&ESifhtxuf&Sdaom vkyfief; Xmersm;wGif vkyfom;tiftm;tcsKd;tpm;tvdkuf aq;cef;rsm; zGivpEia&;twGuf aqmif&uay;&rnf/ hf S f kd f G f ( * ) vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUonf yk'frcGJ (u) ESifh (c) wdkYt& zGifhvSpfaom aq;½Hk? aq;cef;rsm;wGif vdktyfaom aq;0g;ypön;f rsm;ESihf q&m0efrsm;? olemjyKrsm;twGuf uk e f u sp&d w f r sm;ud k owf r S w f c suf r sm;ES i f h t nD axmufyHh&rnf/ 68/ vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUonf usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrIESifh aq; ukorIwdkYESifhpyfvsOf;í atmifjrifpGm aqmif&GufEdkif&eftvdkYiSm - 60
  62. 62. (u) aq;bufqdkif&m tBuHay;tzGJUESifhnd§EdIif;NyD; vlrI zlva&; aq;bufqi&m0efxrf;rsm;tm; use;f rma&; kH kd f apmifha&SmufrIESifh aq;ukorIqdkif&mvkyfief; wm0ef rsm; owfrSwfay;&rnf/ ( c ) þOya'ESioufqiaom vkyief;Xmersm;&Sd vkyief;cGif hf kd f f f ab;tEÅ&m,fuif;&Sif;a&;ESifh usef;rma&;qdkif&m udp&yfrsm;udvnf;aumif;? use;f rma&;apmifa&SmufrI ö k h ESifh aq;ukorIqdkif&m vkyfief;rsm;udkvnf;aumif; oufqi&mXmersm;ESinEi;f í ynmay;jcif;? ppfaq; kd f hf §d Id jcif;ESifh BuD;MuyfuGyfuJjcif;rsm; jyK&rnf/ ( * ) vlrzva&;tzGUJ ydif aq;½H?k aq;cef;rsm;odYk aq;ukorI I l kH k cH,&ef vma&mufaom tmrcHxm;olrsm;tm; vdtyf l k onfh use;f rma&;apmifa&SmufrEihf aq;ukorIrsm; h I S ay;&ef MuyfrwfpDpOf aqmif&Gufay;&rnf/ (C) vdktyfygu usef;rma&;0efBuD;XmeESifh n§dEdIif;NyD; oabmwlpmcsKyrsm; csKyqí Ediiyif aq;½H?k aq;cef; f f kd k f H kd rsm;wGif aq;ukoay;jcif; odkYr[kwf usef;rma&; apmifa&SmufrEihf aq;ukorItwGuf ukeusp&dwukd h I S f f owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD uscHjcif; jyKEdkifonf/ ( i ) Xmeqdi&m aq;½H?k aq;cef;rsm; wm0ef&orsm;ESihf k f dS l vnf;aumif;? yk*¾vduydkifaq;½Hk? aq;cef;rsm; vkyief;&Sirsm;ESivnf;aumif; oabmwlpmcsKyrsm; f f hf f csKyfqdkí owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD usef;rma&; apmifa&SmufrEihf aq;ukorIay;jcif;udk cGijhf yKEionf/ h I S kd f 61
  63. 63. ( p ) use;f rma&;tqifjh riwifa&;? a&m*gumuG,a&;ESihf § hf f usef;rma&;ynmay;vkyfief;rsm;udk pDrHcsufrsm; csrSwfí aqmif&Guf&rnf/ xnf h 0 if a Mu;aiG a y;oG i f ; &ef ysuf u G u f a omf v nf ; tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h q H k ; ½I h H ; rI r &S d j cif ; 69/ (u) yk'fr 16 ESifh yk'fr 48 wdkYt& rSwfyHkwifcJhaom tvky&iuaomfvnf;aumif;? rSwywif&ef wm0ef f S f f kH &Saom tvky&iuaomfvnf;aumif;? xnf0ifaMu; d f S f h aiG r sm; ay;oG i f ; jcif ; rjyKapumrl od k Y r [k w f tvkyorm; vkycxJrS xnf0ifaMu;aiGukd Ekw,l f f h f ay;oG i f ; jcif ; rjyKapumrl tmrcH x m;ol o nf vnf ; aumif ; ? tmrcH x m;ol aoqH k ; NyD ; aemuf xdkolu trnfpm&if;ay;oGif;jcif;cH&ol odkYr[kwf xdkodkY trnfpm&if;ay;oGif;jcif;r&SdcJhvQif xdkoltm; rScoonfvnf;aumif; þOya'yg tusK;d cHpm;cGihf D kd l rsm;udk &xdkufcGifh &Sdap&rnf/ ( c ) xnf0ifaMu;aiGay;oGi;f &ef ysuuuonfh tvky&if h f G f f S onf yk'fr 17 ESifh yk'fr 50 wdkYt& ay;oGif;&rnfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiGrsm;ESifh yk'fr 88 t& owfrSwfxm; aom ysuuuaMu;udyg ay;oGi;f &rnftjyif tmrcH f G f k h xm;oltm; ay;&rnfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;ESifh ukefus p&dwftm;vHk;udkvnf; uscH&rnf/ 62
  64. 64. ouf q d k i f & mvl r I z l v H k a &;&ef y H k a iG r S jyef v nf x k w f , l c G i f h 70/ (u) yk'fr 34 t& owfrSwfaom oufjynfhtNidrf;pm; tusKd;cHpm;cGifh&&Sdrnfh toufrjynfhrD tmrcHxm; ol u rd r d q E´ t avsmuf tvk y f r S E k w f x G u f j cif ; odr[kwf þOya'ESihf roufqionfh tjcm; vkyief; Yk kd f f XmewpfckckodkY ajymif;a&TUjcif;jyKaomtcg (1) tmrcHxm;olonf tvkyfvkyfudkifEdkifpGrf;r&SdrI tusK;d cHpm;cGi?hf oufjynftNir;f pm; tusK;d cHpm; h d cGiEihf use&pfotusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiGoYkd xnf0if hf S f l hf kH h aMu;aiGukd vaygif; 180 txday;oGi;f Ny;D jzpfvQif xdktmrcHxm;ol xnfh0ifaMu;ay;oGif;cJhaom umvwGif &&Sconfh ysr;f rQvycwpfvpm 12 d hJ k f qudk xdkolqE´t& t&pfusjzpfap? wpfvHk; wpfcJwnf;jzpfap cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ (2) tmrcHxm;olonf xnf0ifaMu;aiGukd vaygif; h 180 xufyí ay;oGi;f xm;vQif yk'rcGi,f (1)yg kd f J cHpm;cGirsm;tjyif xdumvtwGi;f tvky&iu hf k f S f xnf0ifconfh xnf0ifaMu;aiG 40 &mcdiEe;f h hJ h k f I ESifh xdkodkY rdrdu ydkíay;oGif;xm;onfhxnfh0if aMu;aiGwdkYudk owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD twdk; ESiwuG xd&efyaiGrS jyefvnf xkw,ci&onf/ hf k kH f l G hf dS (3) tmrcHxm;olonf yk'rcGi,f (1) yg &efyaiGoYkd f J kH xnf0ifaMu;aiGukd 36 vtxufrS vaygif; 180 h atmufay;oGi;f xm;ygu tvky&iu rdrtwGuf fSf d 63
  65. 65. tNidrf;pm;tusKd;cHpm;cGifhESifh usef&pfol tusKd; cHpm;cGifh&efyHkaiGodkY ay;oGif;xm;onfh xnfh0if aMu;aiG 40 &mcdkifEIef;ESifh xdkumvtwGif; rdrdu xnfh0ifcJhonfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiGwdkYudk owf r S w f c suf r sm;ES i f h t nD twd k ; ES i f h w uG xdk&efyHkaiGrS jyefvnf xkwf,lcGifh&Sdonf/ (4) tvky&ionf tvkyvyuiEipr;f r&SrI tusK;d f S f f k f kd f kd f G d cHpm;cGi?hf oufjynftNir;f pm; tusK;d cHpm;cGiEihf h d hf S use&pfol tusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiGoYkd tmrcHxm;ol f hf kH twGuf rdrdu 36 vESifhtxuf ay;oGif;xm; onfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiGrsm; 25 &mcdkifEIef;udk owf r S w f c suf r sm;ES i f h t nD twd k ; ES i f h w uG xdk&efyHkaiGrS jyefvnf xkwf,lcGifh&Sdonf/ ( c ) tvkyfwGif xdcdkuf'Pf&m&rIaMumifh tmrcHxm;ol tNrJwrf; vHk;0 roefpGrf;jcif; odkYr[kwf aoqHk;jcif; jzpfonfhtcg (1) tvkyfvkyfudkifEdkifpGrf;r&SdrI tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? oufjynftNir;f pm;tusK;d cHpm;cGiEihf use&pfol h d hf S f tusKd;cHpm;cGifh&efyHkaiGodkY 36 vESifhtxuf tmrcHxm;olu ay;oGif;xm;onfh xnfh0if aMu;aiGudkvnf;aumif;? tvkyf&Sifuay;oGif; xm;onfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiG 40 &mcdkifEIef;udk vnf;aumif; tmrcHxm;olujzpfap? xdkol raoqHk;rD trnfpm&if;ay;oGif;jcif;cH&olu 64
  66. 66. jzpfap? xdoYkd trnf pm&if;ay;oGi;f jcif;r&ScvQif k d hJ tmrcHxm;oltm; rScoujzpfap owfrwcsuf D kd l S f rsm;ESifhtnD twdk;ESifhwuG jyefvnfxkwf,lcGifh &Sonf/ d (2) tvky&ionf tmrcHxm;oltwGuf yk'rcGi,f f S f f J (1) yg &efyaiGoYkd rdru 36 vESihf txuf ay;oGi;f kH d xm;onfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiG 25 &mcdkifEIef;udk owf r S w f c suf r sm;ES i f h t nD twd k ; ES i f h w uG xdk&efyHkaiGrS jyefvnf xkwf,lcGifh&Sdonf/ ( * ) tmrcHxm;olu rdrqE´tavsmuf tvkyrEwxuf d f S k f G jcif;? þOya'ESiroufqionfh tjcm;vkyief;Xme hf kd f f wpfccoYkd ajymif;a&TUjcif;? oufjynftNir;f pm;,ljcif;? k k h d tvkyvyuiEipr;f r&Sjd cif;? tvkywixcuraMumifh f k f d k f kd f G f G f d kd f I tNrJwrf; vHk;0roefpGrf;jcif; odkYr[kwf rnfonfh taMumif;aMumifhrqdk aoqHk;jcif;jzpfonfhtcg (1) xdktmrcHxm;olonfvnf;aumif;? tmrcH xm;ol aoqHk;NyD;aemuf xdkolu trnfpm&if; ay;oGi;f jcif;cH&ol odr[kwf xdoYdk trnfpm&if; Yk k ay;oGif;jcif; r&SdcJhvQif xdkoltm; rSDcdkolonf vnf;aumif; tvkyf vufrtusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiG hJ hf kH odYk tmrcHxm;olu 36 vESitxuf ay;oGi;f hf xm;onfh xnf0ifaMu;aiGukd owfrwcsursm; h S f f ESitnD twd;k ESiwuG jyefvnf xkw,ci&onf/ hf hf f l G hf dS 65
  67. 67. (2) tvky&ionf xdtmrcHxm;oltwGuf tvkyf f S f k vufrhJ tusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiGoYkd rdru 36 vESihf hf kH d txuf ay;oGif;xm;onfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiGudk owfrwcsursm;ESitnD twd;k ESiwuG jyefvnf S f f hf hf xkw,ci&onf/ f l G hf dS (C) vlrzva&;tdr&mpDrue;f &efyaiGoYkd xnf0ifaMu;aiG I l kH f H d kH h ay;oGi;f xm;olonf tdr&mESipyfvsO;f onfh tusK;d f hf cHpm;cGifh wpfpHkwpf&mr&&SdrD atmufygtajctae wpf&yf&yf ay:aygufygu tmrcHxm;olujzpfap? xdk tmrcHxm;olaoqHk;ygu xdkolraoqHk;rD trnf pm&if; ay;oGif;jcif;cH&olujzpfap? xdkokdY trnf pm&if; ay;oGi;f cJjh cif;r&ScvQif tmrcHxm;oltm; rSckd d hJ D olujzpfap xdktmrcHxm;olu vlrIzlvHka&; tdrf&m pDrHudef;&efyHkaiGodkY ay;oGif;cJhaom xnfh0ifaMu;aiG tm;vH;k udk owfrwcsuf rsm;ESitnD twd;k ESiwuG S f hf hf jyefvnfxkwf,lcGifh&Sdonf (1) oufjynfhtNidrf;pm;,ljcif;? (2) tvkyfvkyfudkifEdkifpGrf;r&SdrIjzpfjcif;? (3) tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrIaMumifh tNrJwrf; vHk;0 roefpGrf;jcif;? (4) tvkyrS Ekwxujf cif;? tvkyrS xkwy,fc&jcif; f f G f f H odkYr[kwf aoqHk;jcif;/ 66
  68. 68. tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h r sm;ES i f h p yf v sOf ; íwm;jrpf c suf 71/ rnfolrQ (u) þOya'ESitnDay;onfh tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;udk 0&rf; hf hf uyfjcif;aomfvnf;aumif;? vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJU cGifhjyKcsufr&SbJ vTajymif;jcif; odr[kwf vufcjH cif; d J Yk aomfvnf;aumif; rjyK&/ ( c ) vlrIzlvHka&;ESifh tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrItusKd;cHpm;cGifh wpf&yf&yfukd r½d;k rajzmifaomoabmjzifh awmif;qdk h jcif; rjyK&/ usef & pf o l t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h 72/ tusKd;cHpm;cGifh&xdkufcGifh&SdaomtmrcHxm;ol aoqHk;vQif xdkaoqHk;onfhaeY&uftxd ray;&ao;aomtusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk tmrcHxm;olu trnfpm&if;ay;oGi;f jcif;cH&olonfvnf;aumif;? xdkodkY trnfpm&if;ay;oGif;jcif;r&SdcJhvQif xdkoltm; rSDcdkolonf vnf;aumif; owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h r sm; awmif ; qd k & rnf h u mvuef Y o wf c suf 73/ vlrIzlvHka&;&efyHkaiGESifh tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrItusKd;cHpm;cGifh &efyaiGwrS cHpm;cGi&otm;ay;onfh tusK;d cHpm;cGiwpf&yf&yfEihf kH Ykd hf dS l hf S pyfvsOf;í (u) awmif;qdkydkifcGifh&Sdolonf tusKd;cHpm;cGifhtwGuf t&pfus jzpfap? vpOfjzpfap ay;&efcGifhjyKygu xkwf,lcGifh&SdonfhaeYrSpí atmufygumvtwGif; oufqdkif&m NrdKUe,fvlrI zlvHka&;½Hk;odkY taxmuf txm;rsm; yl;wGJíawmif;qdk&rnf- 67
  69. 69. (1) oufjynfhtNidrf;pm;tusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk tmrcH xm;ol yk'r 34 t& owfrwaom tNir;f pm; f S f d ,l&ef toufjynfhonfhaeYrSpí wpfESpf? (2) tvkyvyuiEipr;f r&SrI tusK;d cHpm;cGiukd aq; f k f kd f kd f G d hf oufaocHvufrwf xkway;onfaeYrpí wpfEp?f S f h S S (3) tvkyfudktaMumif;jyKír[kwfbJ aoqHk;rI twGuf usef&pfol tusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk tmrcH xm;ol aoqHk;onfhaeYrSpí wpfESpf? (4) tvkywixcuraMumifh tNrwrf; roefpr;f rI f G f d kd f I J G tusK;d cHpm;cGiukd tmrcHxm;ol xdcuonfaeY hf kd f h odr[kwf ,m,D roefpr;f rItusK;d cHpm;cGiumv Yk G hf ukefqHk;onfhaeYrSpí wpfESpf? (5) tvk y f u d k t aMumif ; jyKí aoqH k ; rI t wG u f usef&pfol tusKd;cHpm;cGifhudk tmrcHxm;ol aoqHk;onfhaeYrS pí wpfESpf? ( c ) yk'frcGJ (u) yg tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;rSty þOya'yg useftusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;twGuf awmif;qdkoifhonfh aeYrpí oH;k vtwGi;f oufqi&m NrKd Ue,fvrzva&; S kd f l I l kH ½H;k odYk taxmuftxm;rsm; yl;wGí awmif;qd&rnf/ J k ( * ) yk'rcGJ (u) ESihf (c) wdt& owfrwxm;onfumv f Yk S f h ausmveaomfvnf; cdivaomtaMumif;jycsujf zifh f G f k f kH wifjyawmif;qdEionf/ ckivaom taMumif;jycsuf k kd f d f kH r&Sdygu awmif;qdkcGifhr&Sdap&/ 68
  70. 70. xnfh0ifaMu;aiGESifh tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrSwfwrf;rsm; xm;&Sdjcif; ES i f h wif j yjcif ; 74/ þOya'ESioufqionfh vkyief;XmetoD;oD; tvky&if hf kd f f f S onf rdrdESifhrdrd tmrcHxm;ol tvkyform;rsm;twGuf vlrI zlva&;&efyaiGEihf tvkywixcurtusK;d cHpm;cGihf &efyaiGrsm;odYk kH kH S f G f d kd f I kH xnfh0ifaMu;aiGrsm; ay;oGif;aom rSwfwrf;xm;&Sdjcif;? tmrcH xm;olwpfOD;csif;tvdkuf &&Sdaom tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;udk rSwfwrf; xm;&Sdjcif;ESifh tmrcHxm;olwpfOD;csif;pDtwGuf aiGpm&if;zGifhvSpf xm;&Sjd cif;wdukd jyKvy&rnf/ xkrwwrf;ESipm&if;rsm;udk oufqi&m Yk k f d S f hf kd f NrdKUe,fvlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;odkY owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD wifjy&rnf/ tvk y f r S w f w rf ; ES i f h p m&if ; rsm;xm;&S d j cif ; 75/ þOya'ESifhoufqdkifonfh vkyfief;Xmersm; tvkyf&Sif onf (u) atmufygrSwfwrf;ESifhpm&if;rsm;udk rSefuefpGm jyKpk xm;&SNd y;D oufqi&mvlrzva&;½H;k odYk owfrwcsuf kd f I l kH S f rsm;ESifhtnD wifjy&rnf (1) tvkyorm;rsm; aeYpOf tvkywufqif;rSwwrf; f f f ESifh pm&if;rsm;? (2) tvkyorm;topf cefxm;jcif;? tvkyorm;tm; f Y f tvkyfajymif;vJí tvkyfvkyfapjcif;? tvkyf &yfpJjcif;? tvkyfrSxkwfy,fjcif;ESifh tvkyfrS EkwfxGufjcif; rSwfwrf;rsm;? 69
  71. 71. (3) tvkyorm;tm; &mxl;wd;k jriay;jcif;ESihf vkyc f § hf f ay;jcif; rSwfwrf;rsm;? (4) tvky&i?f refae*smESihf tkycsKyow rSwwrf; f S f f l Ykd f ESihf pm&if;rsm;? ,if;wdYk tajymif;tvJrwwrf;rsm;/ S f ( c ) atmufygudprsm;ay:aygufygu oufqi&m NrKd Ue,f ö kd f vlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;odkY taMumif;Mum;&rnf(1) tvkyorm;OD;a& ajymif;vJjcif;ESihf vkyief;Xme f f ae&yfvdyfpm ajymif;vJjcif;rsm;? (2) tvkyf&Sifajymif;vJjcif;? vkyfief;ajymif;vJjcif;? tvkyf&yfqdkif;jcif;ESifh tvkyfydwfodrf;jcif;rsm;? (3) tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrIaMumifh 'Pf&m&&Sdjcif;? aoqHk;jcif;ESifh a&m*g&jcif;rsm;/ ( * ) tvkyfrSwfwrf;ESifhpm&if;rsm;udk þOya't& vlrI zl v H k a &;½H k ; csKyf E S i f h a'oqd k i f & mvl r I z l v H k a &; ½H k ; tqifqifwu wm0efay;tyfaom ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ h h Ykd odr[kwf t&m&Su awmif;qkonftcg wifjy&rnf/ Yk d d h pH k p rf ; ppf a q;jcif ; 76/ vlrzva&;ESihf tvkywif xdcurtmrcHtusK;d cHpm;cGiEihf I l kH f G kd f I hf S pyfvsOf;í (u) vlrzva&;tzGUJ onf tvky&irsm;u þOya't& I l kH f S f xm;&S&rnfh tvkyrwwrf;ESihf pm&if;rsm;udk pepfwus d f S f xm;&Sdjcif; &Sd r&Sd? vlrIzlvHka&;&efyHkaiGESifh tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrI tusKd;cHpm;cGifh&efyHkaiGrsm;odkY xnfh0ifaMu; 70
  72. 72. ay;oGi;f aom rSwwrf;rsm;xm;&Sjd cif; &Sd r&S?d rSeuefpm f f G ay;oGi;f jcif; &Sd r&S?d tmrcHxm;olwpfO;D csi;f tvduf k aiGpm&if;rsm; zGifhvSpfxm;jcif;&Sd r&Sd? tmrcHxm;ol tvkyorm;rsm;u vlrzva&;ESihf tvkywif xdcurI f I l kH f G kd f tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;udk rSeuefpmxkw,&&Sjd cif; &Sd r&SEihf hf f G f l d S owfrwxm;aom tpD&ifcpmrsm; wifjyjcif; &Sd r&Sd S f H wdkYudk od&SdEdkif&efESifh ajz&Sif;qHk;jzwfEdkif&eftvdkYiSm oufqi&m vkyief;XmeodYk pHprf;ppfaq;jcif; odr[kwf kd f f k Yk oifavsmaom yk*Kd¾ vujkd zpfap? pHprf;ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ h f f k zGJUpnf;íjzpfap pHkprf;ppfaq;apjcif; jyKEdkifonf/ ( c ) vlrzva&;tzGUJ ujzpfap? ,if;tzGUJ u wm0efay;jcif; I l kH cH&onfy*Kd¾ vf odr[kwf pHprf;ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ ujzpfap h k Yk k vdktyfygu oufqdkif&mtvkyf&SifESifh tvkyform; rsm;udvnf;aumif;? pHprf;ppfaq;&mwGif vdtyfaom k k k tjcm; yk*Kd¾ vrsm;udvnf;aumif; qifqkd ppfar;jcif;ESihf f k h oufaocH pmwrf;trSwftom;rsm;udk wifjyap jcif;wdkY jyKEdkifonf/ ( * ) vlrzva&;tzGUJ ujzpfap? ,if;tzGUJ u wm0efay;jcif; I l kH cH&onfhyk*¾dKvf odkYr[kwf pHkprf;ppfaq;a&;tzGJUu jzpfap vdktyfygu vkyfief;XmetwGif; 0ifa&muf ppfaq;jcif; jyKEdkifonf/ tvk y f & S i f r sm;wm0ef E S i f h p yf v sOf ; í wm;jrpf c suf r sm; 77/ vlrIzlvHka&;ESifh tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrItusKd;cHpm;cGifESifh oufqdkifaom vkyfief;Xme rnfonfh tvkyf&SifrQ - 71
  73. 73. (u) yk'fr 74 ESifh yk'fr 75? yk'frcGJ (u) wdkYyg rSwfwrf; rsm;udk rrSeruef jyKpxm;&Sjd cif;? jyifqifajymif;vJjcif; f k odkYr[kwf y,fzsufjcif;rjyK&/ ( c ) oufqdkif&m NrdKUe,fvlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;odkY tvkyform; OD;a&ESihf xnf0ifaMu;aiGwEipyfvsO;f í rrSeruef h Ykd S hf f wifjy tpD&ifcHjcif;rjyK&/ ( * ) þOya't&jzpfap? vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJU wm0efay; tyfcsut&jzpfap ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ odr[kwf t&m&Su f Yk d xdrwwrf;rsm;? tpD&ifcpmrsm;ESihf tjcm;vdtyfaom k S f H k pm&Gufpmwrf;rsm;udk wifjy&ef awmif;qdkonfhtcg jiif;qdkjcif; rjyK&/ (C) þOya't&jzpfap? vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJU wm0ef ay;tyfcsuft&jzpfap? a'oqdkif&m vlrIzlvHka&;½Hk; tqif h q if h wm0ef ay;tyf c suf t &jzpf a p ppfaq;a&;tzGJU odkYr[kwf t&m&Sdu qifhac:onfh tcg vma&muf&ef ysufuGufjcif; r&Sdap&/ xnf h 0 if a Mu;aiG E S i f h y suf u G u f a Mu;rsm;ud k t&aumuf c H j cif ; 78/ (u) vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUu wm0efay;tyfaomt&m&Sdonf yk'fr 17? 50 ESifh 88 wdkYt& ay;oGif;&ef ysufuGuf onfh xnfh0ifaMu;aiGESifh ysufuGufaMu;rsm;udk ay;oGif;&ef ysufuGufvQifjzpfap? yk'fr 69? yk'frcGJ (c) t& uscH&rnfh tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;ESifh ukefus p&dwrsm;udk ay;oGi;f &ef ysuuuvQijf zpfap ajrcGef f f G f rajy useaiGjzpfbouJovnf;aumif;? w&m;rrIwif f d h Ykd G 72
  74. 74. 'Du&Dudk twnfjyKouJhodkYvnf;aumif; owfrSwf csufrsm;ESifhtnD vdktyfaom vkyfydkifcGifhrsm;udk usifhoHk;í t&aumufcH&rnf/ ( c ) yk'rcGJ (u) t& aumufc&&Srukd pDrcefc&mwGif vlrJG f H d I H Y JG tjzpfcH,ljcif; tufOya't&jzpfap? jrefrmukrÜPD rsm; tufOya't& ukrPuvnf;aumif;? tpkpyf Ü D kd vkyief; tufOya't& tpkpyfvyief;udvnf;aumif; f kf k zsufodrf;onfhtcgwGifjzpfap? tjcm; wnfqJOya' wpf&yf&yft&jzpfap &&ef&Sdonfha<u;NrDrsm;xuf vlrIzlvHka&;ESifh tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrItusKd;cHpm;cGifh &efyHkaiGtwGuf OD;pm;ay;í &xdkufcGifh &Sdap&rnf/ ( * ) yk'frcGJ (u) ESifhtnD aumufcHjcif;cH&onfh aiGay; oGi;f &ef ysuuuoonf xdoYkd t&aumufcaeonfh f G f l k H umvtwGi;f rdryif a&TUajymif;Ediaomypön;f ESihf ra&TU d kd k f rajymif;Ediaomypön;f wdukd azsmufzsujf cif;udk aomf k f Yk vnf;aumif;? vlrzva&;tzGUJ odr[kwf ,if;tzGUJ u I l kH Yk wm0efay;tyfaom t&m&ScGijhfyKcsuf r&SbJ wpfenf; d d enf;jzifh vTJajymif;jcif;udkaomf vnf;aumif; rjyK&/ tcef ; (8) vl r I z l v H k a &;&ef y H k a iG E S i f h tvk y f w G i f x d c d k u f r I t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h &ef y H k a iG w d k Y u d k xl a xmif x d e f ; od r f ; jcif ; 79/ (u) vlrzva&;tzGUJ onf þOya'yg &nf&,csursm;udk I l kH G f f taumiftxnfazmf aqmif&uEi&eftvdim vlrI G f kd f Yk S 73
  75. 75. (c) (*) (C) (i) (p) zlva&;&efyaiGEihf tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGihf kH kH S f G kd f I &efyHkaiGwdkYudk xlaxmifí xdef;odrf;xm;&Sd&rnf/ vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUonf rdrdvlrIzlvHka&;&efyHkaiGESifh tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrItusKd;cHpm;cGifh &efyHkaiGwdkYjzifh &yfwnf&rnf/ vlrzva&;&efyaiGukd tvky&iEihf tvkyorm;wd I l kH kH f S f S f Yk xnfh0ifaMu;aiGrsm;jzifhvnf;aumif;? jynfaxmifpk tpd;k &tzGUJ u cGijhf yKonfh jynfaxmifpb@m&efyaiGrS k kH axmufyHhaiGrsm;jzifhvnf;aumif; xlaxmif&rnf/ tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiGukd tvky&if f G kd f I hf kH f S rsm; xnf h 0 if a Mu;aiG r sm;jzif h v nf ; aumif ; ? jynfaxmifpk b@m&efyHkaiGrS axmufyHhaiGrsm;jzifh vnf;aumif; xlaxmif&rnf/ xlaxmifxm;onfh vlrzva&;&efyaiGEihf tvkywif I l kH kH S f G xdcdkufrItusKd;cHpm;cGifh&efyHkaiGwdkYudk EdkifiHawmfbPf wpfccwijf zpfap? vlrzva&;tzGUJ u ñTeMf um;onfh k k G I l kH tjcm;bPfwpfckckwGifjzpfap owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifh tnD bPfpm&if;zGifhí tyfESHxm;&rnf/ vlrIzlvHka&;&efyHkaiGESifh tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrI tusKd; cHpm;cGifh &efyHkaiGwdkYwGif yk'frcGJ (*) ESifh (C) wdkYyg xnf0ifaMu;aiGEihf axmufyaiGrsm;tjyif atmufyg h S hH wdkYvnf; yg0ifonf (1) &efyHkaiGrS aiGpkaqmif;rI? tyfESHrIESifh acs;iSm;rI rsm;rS &&Sdaom twdk;aiGrsm;? 74
  76. 76. (2) þOya't& csrSwfonfh ysufuGufaMu;rsm;? (3) &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIvkyfief;rsm;rS wdk;yGm;aiGrsm;? (4) jynfwGif;jynfyrS apwem&Sifrsm; xnfh0if vSL'gef;onfh aiGrsm;/ 80/ vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUaiGpm&if;wGif atmufazmfjyyg t"du &efyHkaiGESpf&yf yg0if&rnf (u) vl r I z l v H k a &;&ef y H k a iG (1) usef;rma&;ESifhvlrIa&;apmifha&SmufrI&efyHkaiG? (2) rdom;pkaxmufyHhrI&efyHkaiG? (3) tvkyfvkyfudkifEdkifpGrf;r&SdrI tusKd;cHpm;cGifh? ouf j ynf h tNid r f ; pm; tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h E S i f h usef&pfol tusKd;cHpm;cGifh &efyHkaiG? (4) tvkyfvufrJh tusKd;cHpm;cGifh&efyHkaiG? (5) vlrIzlvHka&;tdrf&mpDrHudef;&efyHkaiG? (6) yk'r 15? yk'rcGJ (u)? yk'rcGi,f (5) ESihf (6) wdt& f f f J Yk owfrSwfaom tjcm;vlrIzlvHka&; &efyHkaiG/ ( c ) tvk y f w G i f xd c d k u f r I t usKd ; cH p m;cG i f h & ef y H k a iG / 81/ vlrzva&;tzGUJ onf yk'r 80 t& bPfaiGpm&if; zGivpf I l kH f hf S xde;f odr;f xm;aom&efyaiGrsm;udk tmrcHxm;olrsm;tusK;d twGuf kH vdktyfygu &efyHkaiGacgif;pOf vTJajymif;oHk;pGJjcif;jyKEdkifonf/ 82/ (u) vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUonf owfrSwfxm;onfh aiGpm&if; vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;ESifhtnD - 75
  77. 77. (1) rdrd&efyHkaiGudk þOya'yg vlrIzlvHka&;pepf ESifh tvkyfwGif xdcdkufrI tmrcHpepfwdkYESifh oufqdkif&m tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;ESifh pDrHcefYcGJa&; udpörsm;twGufom oHk;pGJcGifh&Sdonf/ (2) EdkifiHjcm;oHk;aiG&&Sdygu xdkEdkifiHjcm;oHk;aiGudk oD;jcm;bPfpm&if; zGivpxm;&Sí þOya'yg hf S f d vlrzva&;pepfEihf tvkywif xdcurtmrcH I l kH S f G kd f I pepfwdkYESifh oufqdkif&m tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrsm;ESifh pDrcefca&;udprsm;twGuom oH;k pGci&onf/ H Y JG ö f J G hf dS ( c ) vlrIzlvHka&;&efyHkaiGESifh tvkyfwGifxdcdkufrI tusKd; cHpm;cGifh&efyHkaiGwdkYonf tmrcHxm;ol tvkyform; rsm; vlrzva&;ESihf tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm; I l kH f G kd f I cGifhtwGuf xnfh0ifpkaqmif;xm;aomaiGjzpfojzifh jynfaxmifpk b@m&efyHkaiGodkY &aiGtjzpf vTJajymif; ay;oGif;jcif; rjyK&/ 83/ vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUonf vlrIzlvHka&;&efyHkaiGESifh tvkyfwGif xdcurI tusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiGwukd enf;vrf;wus xde;f odr;f xm;&Sd kd f hf kH Ykd Edkif&efESifh ppfaq;jcif;jyKEdkif&eftvdkYiSm aiGpm&if;vkyfxHk;vkyfenf; rsm;udk jynfaxmifppm&if;ppfcsKy½;kH ESihf ndEi;f í a&;qGNJ y;D ,if; vkyx;kH k f § Id f vkyfenf;rsm;ESifhtnD aiGpm&if;rsm;udk jyKpkxdef;odrf;xm;&Sd &rnf/ 84/ vlrzva&;tzGUJ onf yk'r 79 ESihf yk'r 80 wdt& xlaxmif I l kH f f Yk xm;onfh vlrzva&;&efyaiGEihf tvkywif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGihf I l kH kH S f G kd f I &efyHkaiGwdkYudk wdk;yGm;apa&;twGuf vwfwavm toHk;jyK&ef rvdk 76
  78. 78. ao;onfh&efyHkaiGjzifh wnfqJOya'ESifhnDñGwfNyD; tusKd;tjrwf &&SdEdkifrnfh atmufygvkyfief;udpöwdkYudk aqmif&GufEkdifonf (u) EdiiawmfbPfwpfccwijf zpfap? tjcm;bPfwpfcck k f H k k G k wGijf zpfap aiGtyfEjHS cif;? pkaqmif;jcif;? aiGpvufrwf k S 0,f,jl cif;ESihf aiGacs;oufaocHvufrwf 0,f,jl cif;? S ( c ) &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIvkyfief;wpfckckudk vkyfudkifjcif;ESifh t&if;tESD; xnfh0ifjcif;? ( * ) xnfh0ifaMu;aiGay;oGif;xm;olrsm;tm; oifhavsmf aom pnf;urf;csursm;jzifh twd;k owfrwí acs;aiG f S f rsm; xkwfacs;jcif;? (C) pD r H u d e f ; rsm;csrS w f í vl r I z l v H k a &;td r f & mrsm; wnfaxmifNyD; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHjcif;? ( i ) vlrzva&;tzGUJ ykif a&TUajymif;Ekiaomypön;f ESihf ra&TU I l kH d d f rajymif;Ekiaomypön;f rsm;ukd iSm;&rf;jcif;? toH;k rvkd d f onfh xkdypönf;wpfckckukd owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD a&mif;csjcif; okdYr[kwf tjcm;wpfenf;enf;jzifh vTJajymif;jcif;? ( p ) vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUtusKd;twGuf tjcm;vkyfief; wpfckckudk vkyfudkifjcif;/ 85/ vlrIzlvHka&;tzGJUonf vlrIzlvHka&;&efyHkaiGESifh tvkyfwGif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiGwEihf pyfvsO;f í vmrnfh b@ma&; dk f I hf kH Ykd S ESptwGuf cefre;f ajc&aiGEifh oH;k aiGrsm;udk azmfjyonfh &oH;k rSe;f ajc f Y S S aiGpm&if;udk jyKpNk y;D tvkyorm;0efBu;D XmerSwpfqifh jynfaxmifpk f tpdk;&tzGJUodkY wifjy&rnf/ 77
  79. 79. tcef ; (9) jynf a xmif p k b @m&ef y H k a iG r S xnf h 0 if a xmuf y H h j cif ; 86/ tvkyorm;0efBu;D Xmeonf vlrzva&;tzGUJ ESihf ndEi;f í f I l kH § Id jynfaxmifpktpkd;&tzGJU cGifhjyKcsufjzifh 0efxrf;zGJUpnf;yHkESifhtnD vlrIzlvHka&;½Hk;rsm;? aq;½Hkrsm;ESifh aq;cef;rsm;wGif 0efxrf;rsm;udk cefYtyfwm0efay;NyD; ¤if;wkdY vpm? p&dwf? yifpifvpmESifh tjcm; cHpm;cGifhrsm;ukd tpdk;&0efxrf;rsm;ESifh oufqkdifonfh Oya'rsm;? enf;Oya'rsm;? pnf;rsOf;rsm;? pnf;urf;rsm;? trdefYrsm;? ñTefMum; csursm;ESitnD jynfaxmifpb@m&efyaiGrS usco;kH pGcijhf yK&rnf/ f hf k kH H J G 87/ (u) vlrzva&;tzGUJ onf vlrzva&;&efyaiGEihf tvkyf I l kH I l kH kH S wGif xdcurtusK;d cHpm;cGi&efyaiGwjYdk zifh &yfwnfí dk f I hf kH xk&efyaiGwrS tusK;d cHpm;cGirsm;ay;&mwGif vHavmufrI d kH Ydk hf k r&Sygu tusK;d taMumif;azmfjyí jynfaxmifpb@m d k &efyaiGrS xnf0ifjcif;? axmufyjh Hcif; okr[kwf acs;aiGrsm; kH h Yd xkwacs;jcif;jyKEi&ef tvkyorm;0efBu;D XmerSwpfqifh f dk f f jynfaxmifpktpkd;&tzGJUokdY wifjyawmif;cHEkdifonf/ ( c ) jynfaxmifptpk;d &tzGUJ onf yk'rcGJ (u) t& wifjy k f awmif;cHcsufESifhpyfvsOf;í pdppfNyD; oifhavsmfaom aiGyrmPukd jynfaxmifpkb@m&efyHkaiGrS xnfh0if jcif;? axmufyjhH cif; odr[kwf oifavsmonfh pnf;urf; Yk h f csufrsm;jzifh acs;aiGrsm; xkwfacs;jcif;jyKEkdifonf/ ( * ) tvkyorm;0efBu;D Xmeonf jynfaxmifpb@m &efykH f k aiGrS usco;kH pGonfaiG? xnf0ifaiG? axmufyaiGwEihf H J h h hH Ykd S pyfvsO;f í ESppOf &oH;k rSe;f ajcaiGpm&if;udk jynfaxmifpk f 78

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