The VAK model. Learning Styles.


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What do you know about your own learning style? Learn more about this!

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The VAK model. Learning Styles.

  1. 1. “The VAK model is the way in which each learner begins to concentrate on, process and retain new and difficult information”. – Rita Dunn
  2. 2.  Introduction  Learning Styles  Visual Learners  Auditory Learners  Kinaesthetic Learners  Conclusion
  3. 3.  The visual-auditory-kinaesthetic (VAK) model is a method created by Fleming which help us to know our dominant or preferred learning style  The model is based on our senses and the three primary modalities used to represent information, with the idea being that one will usually dominate  Children and everybody in general tend to learn through 3 different kinds of learning styles
  4. 4.  VAK means:  Visual Style  Auditory Style  Kinaesthetic Style You see it! You hear it! You do it!
  5. 5.  Visual learners tend to:  Learn through seeing  Think in pictures and need to create vivid mental images to retain information  Enjoy looking at maps, charts, pictures, videos, and movies  Have visual skills which are demonstrated in puzzle building, reading, writing, understanding charts and graphs, sketching, painting, fixing, designing practical objects…
  6. 6.  Encourage visual learners to:  Use graphics to reinforce learning  Colour code to organise  Illustrate ideas as a picture before writing them down  Ask for written directions notes and possessions  Use flow charts and  Use colour to highlight diagrams for note taking important points in text  Visualise spelling of words  Take notes or facts to be memorised
  7. 7.  Auditory learners tend to:  Learn through listening  Have highly developed auditory skills and are generally good at speaking and presenting  Think in words rather than pictures  Learn best through verbal lectures, discussions, talking things through and listening to what others have to say  Have auditory skills demonstrated in listening, writing, explaining, using humour, remembering information, arguing their point of view…
  8. 8.  Encourage auditory learners to:  Read aloud  Recite information to learn  Use tunes or rhymes as mnemonic devices  Read aloud and tape test questions or directions  Use verbal analogies and storytelling to demonstrate their point
  9. 9. I’ve to argue that! Hello…
  10. 10.  Kinaesthetic learners tend to:  Learn through moving, doing and touching  Express themselves through movement  Have good sense of balance and eye-hand coordination  Remember and process information through interacting with the space around them  Find it hard to sit still for long periods and may become distracted by their need for activity and exploration  Have skills demonstrated in physical coordination, athletic ability, hands on experimentation, using body language, acting, using their hands to create or build, dancing,
  11. 11.  Encourage kinaesthetic learners to:  Make models or role play to physically experience learning  Skim through reading material before reading it in detail  Annotate text and write questions while reading  Translate information into diagrams or other visual study tools  Recite a list of items by counting on fingers  Memorise or drill while moving e.g. when walking  Listen to music while studying
  12. 12.  The validity of the VAK model as well as other learning style theories has been questioned and criticized extensively  Despite the criticism and lack of empirical support, the VAK model remains fairly popular among both students and educators  Although we have a sense more developed than other we can make use of a mixture of different learning styles
  13. 13. “Develop your senses... realise that everything connects to everything else”. - Leonardo Davinci The En