Human Behaviour


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Human Behaviour

  1. 1. Behavior !! Presented by:- Nayan gaurav
  2. 2. HUMAN BEHAVIOR <ul><li>Aims to understand others </li></ul><ul><li>To determine how and why people behave the way they do. </li></ul><ul><li>Is a complicated phenomenon influenced by many factors. </li></ul><ul><li>A collection of activities influenced by culture, attitude, emotions, values, ethics, authority, rapport, hypnosis, persuasion and coercion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Classifications of Human Behavior <ul><li>Conscious - State of awareness of thoughts, feelings, perception and what is going on in the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Unconscious – </li></ul><ul><li>Overt - Open to public observation </li></ul><ul><li>Covert - Unseen objects such as thoughts, feelings or responses which are not easily seen. </li></ul><ul><li>Rational - Pertaining to reason, influenced or guided by reason rather than emotion. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cont.... <ul><li>Irrational - Illogical </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary - Intentional </li></ul><ul><li>Involuntary – Doing something against your will, action made without intent or carried out despite an attempt to prevent them. </li></ul><ul><li>Simple – ex. What you see is what you get. </li></ul><ul><li>Complex - compound complicated behavior. ex. Drinking alcohol </li></ul>
  5. 5. DESCRIPTION OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR <ul><li>Human behavior is motivated </li></ul><ul><li>motivation – driving force behind all action of an organism </li></ul><ul><li>Human behavior has multiple causes. </li></ul><ul><li>- Influenced by culture </li></ul><ul><li>Human behavior can be adaptive and maladaptive </li></ul><ul><li>Human are social beings </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Any person depend upon each other for survival </li></ul><ul><li>People need interaction </li></ul><ul><li>People play an integral part in creating their experience </li></ul><ul><li>Human lives are continuous process of change. </li></ul><ul><li>Every person is different yet the same. </li></ul><ul><li>Individual is a unique person. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Theoretical approaches about the factors that cause, maintain, alter behavior, and mental process : <ul><li>PSYCHODYNAMIC APPROACH </li></ul><ul><li>Is based on the belief that childhood experiences greatly influence the development of late personality traits and psychological problems. It also stresses the influence of unconscious fears, desires and motivations on thoughts and behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>HUMANISTIC APPROACH </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes that each individual has great freedom in directing his/her future, a large capacity for personal growth, a considerable amount of intrinsic worth & enormous potential for self-fulfillment. </li></ul><ul><li>BEHAVIORAL APPROACH </li></ul><ul><li>Studies how organism learn new behavior or modify existing ones, depending on whether events in their environment reward of punish these behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>COGNITIVE APPROACH </li></ul><ul><li>Examines how we process, store, and use information, and how this information influences what we attend to, perceive, learn, remember believe and feel. </li></ul>
  8. 8. HUMAN NEEDS THEORY BY: MASLOW <ul><li>PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS </li></ul><ul><li>Needs such as air, food, water, shelter, rest, sleep, activity and temperature maintenance are crucial for survival. </li></ul><ul><li>SAFETY AND SECURITY NEEDS </li></ul><ul><li>The need for safety has both physical and psychological aspects. The person needs to feel safe both in the physical environment and in relationship. </li></ul><ul><li>LOVE AND BELONGING NEEDS </li></ul><ul><li>The third level needs includes giving and receiving affection, attaining a place in group, and maintaining the feeling of belonging. </li></ul><ul><li>SELF-ESTEEM NEEDS </li></ul><ul><li>The individual needs both self-esteem (ex. Feelings of independence, competence, and self-respect) and esteem from others (ex. Recognition, respect, and appreciation) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>SELF-ACTUALIZATION </li></ul><ul><li>When the need for self-esteem is satisfied, the individual strives for self-actualization, the innate need to develop one’s maximum potential and realize one’s abilities and qualities. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Behave nicely