Robotics

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Robotics

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Robotics

  1. 1. A SEMINAR ON PRESENTED BY : IQxplorer ROBOTICS
  2. 2. CONTENTS 1.DEFINITION 2.THE WORD ROBOT COMES FROM 3.LAWS OF ROBOTICS 4.INTELLIGENCE BEHIND 5.NASA TELEROBOTICS PROGRAM 6.USE OF ROBOTS ->ROBOT IN DANGER ZONE ->ROBOSURGERY ->INDUSTRIAL ROBOTS ->HUMAN ROBOTS 7.CONCLUSION
  3. 3. .           What is the definition of a 'robot' ? “ A reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks" Obviously, this was a committee-written definition. It's rather dry and uninspiring. Better ones for 'robotics' might include: Force through intelligence. Where AI meet the real world. Webster says: An automatic device that performs functions normally ascribed to humans or a machine in the form of a human.
  4. 4. 1.            The word 'robot' was coined by the Czech playwright Karel Capek (pronounced "chop'ek") from the Czech word for forced labor or serf. There is some evidence that the word robot was actually coined by Karl's brother Josef, a writer in his own right. In a short letter, Capek writes that he asked Josef what he should call the artificial workers in his new play. Karel suggests Labori, which he thinks too 'bookish' and his brother mutters "then call them Robots" and turns back to his work, and so from a curt response we have the word robot.   1.            The word 'robot' was coined by the Czech playwright Karel Capek (pronounced "chop'ek") from the Czech word for forced labor or serf. THE WORD ROBOT COMES FROM
  5. 5. The term 'robotics' refers to the study and use of robots. The term was coined and first used by the Russian-born American scientist and writer Isaac Asimov. Asimov also proposed his three "Laws of Robotics", and he later added a 'zeroth law'.                               Law Zero: A robot may not injure humanity, or, through inaction, allow humanity to come to harm.      Law One: A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm, unless this would violate a higher order law.      Law Two: A robot must obey orders given it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with a higher order law.      Law Three: A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with a higher order law.                        Law Zero: A robot may not injure humanity, or, through inaction, allow humanity to come to harm.      Law One: A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm, unless this would violate a higher order law.      Law Two: A robot must obey orders given it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with a higher order law.      Law Three: A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with a higher order law.
  6. 6.      Law Zero: A robot may not injure humanity, or, through inaction, allow humanity to come to harm.      Law One: A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm, unless this would violate a higher order law.      Law Two: A robot must obey orders given it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with a higher order law.      Law Three: A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with a higher order law.    
  7. 7. A few decades from now experts claim, robots would have advanced functions and would rival human intelligence. According to them those intelligent machines would mimic humans in almost every possible way. In simple terms the ultimate artificial intelligence (AI) would be a recreation of the human thought process-a man made machine with some of our intellectual abilities. This would include the ability for the machines to learn just about anything and the ability to reason, think and possibly generate ideas. AI means the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems wherein the machines after interacting with their environments develop a power of reasoning and capable of arriving at specific conclusions. The real challenge for AI is to understand how natural intelligence works . The intelligence behind
  8. 8. NASA TELE ROBOTICS PROGRAM The NASA Telerobotics Program addresses the three specific mission and application areas: on-orbit assembly and servicing, science payload tending, and planetary surface robotics. Within each of these areas, the program supports the development of robotic component technologies, development of complete robots, and implementation of complete robotic systems focused on the specific manipulation and mobility aspects of the mission needs. These three program segments align with the application of space telerobotics to the class of missions identified by the potential space robotics user community.
  9. 9. INDUSTRIAL ROBOTICS Systematic is organization that specialization in developing custom solution. In the area of robotics and automation on the going abundance of technology in western world and its vis-a –Vis comparison to the Indian sub-continent while industrial Robots are a wide spread norm. In western countries particularly Germany. Toyota motor corporation unveiled to robots one with legs and other with wheels that it is developing for expo 2005.A 1.2m. High robot playing trumpet version of when you wish upon a star. TOYOTA the worlds second biggest car maker it had no definite plans on how it would commercialized the robots but said developing the technology help other aspects of its business .
  10. 10. ROBOSURGERY Thanks to their precision, robotics is increasingly being used during certain types of microsurgery. This let surgeons perform delicate procedures that would otherwise be too fine for human hands. The surgeon can control the surgery from the terminal in the room or at times several miles away from the patient while robots go on about their job.
  11. 11. ROBOTS IN DANGER ZONE Robots form an important part of landmines and bomb detection squads in many countries. Besides such land combing operations, the robot goes deep down the earth’s crust, where temperatures are unbearable and also search for buried treasures in the deepest of oceans and sometimes work in nuclear reactors. The very purpose of deploying robots is to shield humans from hazards. Work is going on to build autonomous robots that could search, detect and destroy the harmful elements. Robots were recently used to recover humans trapped under the debris of World Trade Center.
  12. 12. CONCLUSION The robotics field is quite promising but to make a really intelligent robot takes supreme effort. The ultimate goal of robotics is a super human system that embodies all the skills (such as intelligence, touch and sensitivity) of humans without of any their limitations (such as strength, ageing). THANK YOU

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