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Presented by:
NAVEEN KUMAR S
USN 1AY11AE029
Dept. of Aeronautical Engg
Name of the guide(s): SWETHA S
Asst Professor
Aeron...
Table of Contents
Abstract
Introduction
Mechanism
Advantage and disadvantage of nano drones
conclusion
References
5/14/201...
ABSTRACT
 The NANO drones is extremely small (NANO) unmanned
aerial vehicle (UAV) that is designed for use in urban areas...
 Reynold’s number is less than 10^5.
 For primarily intended and developed for defense application.
 The NANO drones ar...
INTRODUCTION
 An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), known as a drone, is an
aircraft without a human pilot.
What is DRONE ?
...
 essentially, a drone is an aircraft without a human pilot
aboard ; a flying robot.
 Small flight vehicles with a differ...
Different names
 Drone
 Unmanned aerial vehicle UAV
 Uninhabitated aerial vehicle UAV
 Unmanned aerial system UAS
 Re...
Different types of DRONES
 fixed wing drone
 rotary wing drone
5/14/2015 8NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
 Micro UAV’S
fixed wing aircraft
rotary wing aircraft
flapping wing aircraft
5/14/2015 9NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
 Biomimetic UAV
 Blimps or Balloons
5/14/2015 10NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
SCOPE OF DRONE
UAS category max takeoff range
weight category
Micro 0.10 close range
Mini W<10 close range
Small 10-150 cl...
TASKS OF NANO DRONES
 Military (Spying).
 Surveying farms (to check health of crops).
 Searching for victims of natural...
INTRODUCTION TO FLAPPING WING
MECHANISM
5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 13
KELVIN’S IDEA
 KELVIN’S IDEA is from the flapping wing aerodynamics.
 Kelvin’s circulation theorem, the net circulation ...
Working Principle
1. Air comes straight at the wing.
 Air comes straight at the wings, bends around it and leaves
straigh...
2. Air passing over the wing.
Fig. shows the stream line as in the action.
 To generate lift, a wing must divert air down...
5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 17
Unsteady Aerodynamics
The most important unsteady aerodynamic effects are
LEADING EDGE VORTEX
5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 18
CLAP AND FLING MECHANISM
5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 19
WING ROTATION OVER ONE FLAPPING
CYCLE
5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 20
SWEEP AND INCLINATION PARAMETER
5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 21
FLAPPING WING PARAMETERS
5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 22
WEIS FOGH’S 2-D flapping wing model
5/14/2015 23NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
Different NANO DRONES
 BLACK HORNET NANO DRONES
Weighing in at roughly half an ounce and four inches long, the
Black Horn...
 HUMMING BIRD DRONE
Shaped like a bird, the “nano humming bird” drone is negligibly
larger than an actual humming bird an...
 MOSQUITO DRONE
Mosquito drone, its potential to land on some one and use a
needle like pincer to extract DNA from its vi...
 DRAGONFLY DRONE
“ Insect sized spies” that could not be detected and would be able
to fly into buildings to ‘ photograph...
Different NANO DRONES
 Cyborg drone
 Samarai drone
 Nano quadrators
 Micro bat drone
 Spy butterfly drone
 Switch bl...
ADVANTAGES AND DISAVANTAGES OF
NANO DRONE
ADVANTAGES
 Nano drones are much cheaper to maintain than traditional
drones.
...
DISADVANTAGES
 Nano drones could be used by enemies to spy on other
nations possibly revealing top secret information for...
CONCLUSION
 MICRO OR NANO air vehicles are new development of the
technology by which a variety of operations are done.
...
REFERENCES
 mohd. Sharif ammo, Md. Nizam Dahalan , “micro air vehicle:
technology review and design study, department of ...
THANK YOU
5/14/2015 33NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
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Nano uav

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Nano uav

  1. 1. Presented by: NAVEEN KUMAR S USN 1AY11AE029 Dept. of Aeronautical Engg Name of the guide(s): SWETHA S Asst Professor Aeronautical Department NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES(UAV)
  2. 2. Table of Contents Abstract Introduction Mechanism Advantage and disadvantage of nano drones conclusion References 5/14/2015 2NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  3. 3. ABSTRACT  The NANO drones is extremely small (NANO) unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that is designed for use in urban areas.  NANO drones are controlled remotely and are equipped with camera and microphone.  The NANO drones are multi functional, military capable, small flight vehicles.  Size should be less than 15cms. 5/14/2015 3NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  4. 4.  Reynold’s number is less than 10^5.  For primarily intended and developed for defense application.  The NANO drones are Semi-autonomous.  Lift for flight is made with rotary wings and flapping wings. 5/14/2015 4NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION  An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot. What is DRONE ?  Drones stand for Dynamic Remotely Operated Navigation Equipment.  Its flight is either controlled autonomously by computers or under the remote control of a pilot on the ground. 5/14/2015 5NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  6. 6.  essentially, a drone is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard ; a flying robot.  Small flight vehicles with a different mechanism doing more missions.  Suitable for situations where human cannot involve directly.  Uses more efficient flapping wing mechanism. 5/14/2015 6NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  7. 7. Different names  Drone  Unmanned aerial vehicle UAV  Uninhabitated aerial vehicle UAV  Unmanned aerial system UAS  Remotely piloted vehicle RPV  Remotely piloted aircraft RPA  Remotely piloted aircraft system RPAS  Remotely operated air vehicles ROAV  Micro aerial vehicle MAV 5/14/2015 7NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  8. 8. Different types of DRONES  fixed wing drone  rotary wing drone 5/14/2015 8NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  9. 9.  Micro UAV’S fixed wing aircraft rotary wing aircraft flapping wing aircraft 5/14/2015 9NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  10. 10.  Biomimetic UAV  Blimps or Balloons 5/14/2015 10NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  11. 11. SCOPE OF DRONE UAS category max takeoff range weight category Micro 0.10 close range Mini W<10 close range Small 10-150 close range Medium short 150-500 short range Medium 500-2000 medium range Large W>2000 long range 5/14/2015 11NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  12. 12. TASKS OF NANO DRONES  Military (Spying).  Surveying farms (to check health of crops).  Searching for victims of natural disasters.  Reconnaissance application.  Operation in constraint environment.  Bio chemical sensing.  Crowd control.  Nowdays used for delivery purpose. 5/14/2015 12NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  13. 13. INTRODUCTION TO FLAPPING WING MECHANISM 5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 13
  14. 14. KELVIN’S IDEA  KELVIN’S IDEA is from the flapping wing aerodynamics.  Kelvin’s circulation theorem, the net circulation around insect body is zero.  ordinary insects, this build-up of high lift coefficient is delayed.  One species of insects, ENCASIA FORMOSA , which avoid any delay in built up of maximum lift. 5/14/2015 14NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  15. 15. Working Principle 1. Air comes straight at the wing.  Air comes straight at the wings, bends around it and leaves straight behind the wing.  There is no net action on the air so there can be no lift. 5/14/2015 15NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  16. 16. 2. Air passing over the wing. Fig. shows the stream line as in the action.  To generate lift, a wing must divert air down.  The air passes over the wing and is bent down.  As newton’s law suggests, the wing must change something of air to get lift.  Changes in the airs momentum will result in forces on the wing. 5/14/2015 16NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  17. 17. 5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 17 Unsteady Aerodynamics The most important unsteady aerodynamic effects are
  18. 18. LEADING EDGE VORTEX 5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 18
  19. 19. CLAP AND FLING MECHANISM 5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 19
  20. 20. WING ROTATION OVER ONE FLAPPING CYCLE 5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 20
  21. 21. SWEEP AND INCLINATION PARAMETER 5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 21
  22. 22. FLAPPING WING PARAMETERS 5/14/2015 NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) 22
  23. 23. WEIS FOGH’S 2-D flapping wing model 5/14/2015 23NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  24. 24. Different NANO DRONES  BLACK HORNET NANO DRONES Weighing in at roughly half an ounce and four inches long, the Black Hornet nano helicopter was designed to capture and relay video and still mages to remote users, and can fly even in windy conditions. 5/14/2015 24NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  25. 25.  HUMMING BIRD DRONE Shaped like a bird, the “nano humming bird” drone is negligibly larger than an actual humming bird and fits in the palm of one’s hand. 5/14/2015 25NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  26. 26.  MOSQUITO DRONE Mosquito drone, its potential to land on some one and use a needle like pincer to extract DNA from its victim or alternatively inject drugs or other foreign substances. 5/14/2015 26NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  27. 27.  DRAGONFLY DRONE “ Insect sized spies” that could not be detected and would be able to fly into buildings to ‘ photograph, record, and even attack insurgents and terrorists’. 5/14/2015 27NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  28. 28. Different NANO DRONES  Cyborg drone  Samarai drone  Nano quadrators  Micro bat drone  Spy butterfly drone  Switch blade drone  Raven drone 5/14/2015 28NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  29. 29. ADVANTAGES AND DISAVANTAGES OF NANO DRONE ADVANTAGES  Nano drones are much cheaper to maintain than traditional drones.  Nano drones can easily recover from in flight collisions.  Nano drones can save more lives in natural disaster because their small size and ability to fly makes them very maneuverable.  Nano drones can save soldiers in combat positions by scouting the enemy territory to make sure it is safe to procede.  Low mass , low power requirements, High lift and low landing speed. 5/14/2015 29NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  30. 30. DISADVANTAGES  Nano drones could be used by enemies to spy on other nations possibly revealing top secret information for an enemy.  They are not self powered.  cannot launch from ground.  There chances of air bag buckling. 5/14/2015 30NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  31. 31. CONCLUSION  MICRO OR NANO air vehicles are new development of the technology by which a variety of operations are done.  Simple flapping of the wings does not generate sufficient lift.  So special mechanism is designed to get the required lift using weis fogh’s model.  Flapping mechanism have more lift compared to fixed wing mechanism.  It can increase the lift without increasing vehicle speed. 5/14/2015 31NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  32. 32. REFERENCES  mohd. Sharif ammo, Md. Nizam Dahalan , “micro air vehicle: technology review and design study, department of aeronautics and automotive”, faculty of mechanical engineering university technology , Malaysia.  Dr K.C.Wang “ design and development of micro air vehicle” school of aerospace , University of Sydney.  www.slideshare.net/micro-air-vehicles . 5/14/2015 32NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)
  33. 33. THANK YOU 5/14/2015 33NANO UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV)

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