NATIONAL AGROMET
CENTRE
Pakistan Meteorological Department
Islamabad, Pakistan
Overview
• Establishment of Agromet network under National Agromet Centre
(NAMC) at Islamabad in 1988.
• Initially the net...
An Overview of Working at NAMC
•
•
•
•
•
•

Computerized compilation of Agromet data
Data scrutiny
Sell data to different ...
Pakistan
Topographical Outlook
Agriculture in Pakistan
Meteorological Observational Network
(PMD)
AGROMET NETWORK IN PAKISTAN
AGROMET NETWORK IN
PAKISTAN
National Agromet Centre
(Islamabad)

Regional Agromet Centers

•Ra...
Pictures from a
Regional Agromet Centre, Tandojam

(located in southern Sindh)
Regional Agromet Centre, Tandojam
(southern Sindh)
Regional Agromet Centre, Tandojam
(southern Sindh)
Functions at NAMC
•

•
•
•

The functions of NAMC include management of the
agrometeorological station network, data proce...
Contribution in National Service
• Monthly and decadal (10 days) Agromet bulletins.
• Decadal crop condition reports for m...
Monthly Agromet bulletin of Pakistan
(An important periodical from NAMC)

Main features









Moisture Regime d...
ETo Calculator
Meteorological data and ETo:
The button gives access to the Data and
ETo menu,
where the data description a...
Utilization of Budget
Observational work at Agromet Observatories
(Observation taken at 0300, 0900 & 1200 UTC)

• Rainfall
• Air Temperatures (M...
RAMCs & Agromet Stations
• The RAMCs are responsible for local agrometeorological
observing program, local and regional cr...
Study on Weather and Crop Development
(A periodical from each RAMC)

Motives
• To study the impact of different meteorolog...
AGRO-METEOROLOGICAL SERVICES
NDVI analysis
Research Publications from NAMC
•
•

•

•

•

A Hydrothermal Stress Model for Agricultural Plains of Punjab.
Rasul, G. A H...
Research Publications from NAMC
•

•

•

•

•

•

Performance Evaluation of Different Methods for Estimation of Evapotrans...
End-users for Agro Publications
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

•
•
•

DEPARTMENT OF MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY
UNIVERSITY OF PUNJAB, LAH...
End-users for Agro Publications
•
•
•
•
•

INCHARGE AGRO-CLIMATOLOGY LAB
UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE, FAISALABAD.
LIBRARIAN ...
Future projects
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

It is observed that minimum temperature of winter months is
on increase especially for th...
NAMC Training
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NAMC Training

  1. 1. NATIONAL AGROMET CENTRE Pakistan Meteorological Department Islamabad, Pakistan
  2. 2. Overview • Establishment of Agromet network under National Agromet Centre (NAMC) at Islamabad in 1988. • Initially the network was based on 13 observatories including 4 Regional Agromet Centers (RAMCs). • Presently over thirty Agromet observatories including five RAMCs. • The Agromet network covers the maximum agricultural plains/areas of Pakistan. • A number of meteorological as well as agricultural based data is being taken directly or calculated, for parameters like; air temperature, earth surface temperature, soil temperature, rainfall, air humidity, sunshine duration, dew duration, cloud cover, evaporation, evapotranspiration (ETo), general weather pattern, crop condition report including phenological report etc. • Short agromet trainings and refresher courses were repeatedly arranged at NAMC, Islamabad for the officers as well as the staff working at RAMCs and agromet observatories. The last one was conducted in November, 2010.
  3. 3. An Overview of Working at NAMC • • • • • • Computerized compilation of Agromet data Data scrutiny Sell data to different organizations/ multinational companies Provision of met data, free of cost to researchers Compilation of crop reports Employ different FAO’s recommended agro softwares/applications like ETo calculator, Budget, DSSAT & CropWat etc for current and future prospective. • Administrate and Facilitate the activities at Agromet stations across the country. • Communicate to agriculture institute and supply information on the weekly, decadal and monthly basis in the form of Agromet bulletin.
  4. 4. Pakistan Topographical Outlook
  5. 5. Agriculture in Pakistan
  6. 6. Meteorological Observational Network (PMD)
  7. 7. AGROMET NETWORK IN PAKISTAN AGROMET NETWORK IN PAKISTAN National Agromet Centre (Islamabad) Regional Agromet Centers •Rawalpindi •Faisalabad •Tandojam •Quetta •Usta Muhammad
  8. 8. Pictures from a Regional Agromet Centre, Tandojam (located in southern Sindh)
  9. 9. Regional Agromet Centre, Tandojam (southern Sindh)
  10. 10. Regional Agromet Centre, Tandojam (southern Sindh)
  11. 11. Functions at NAMC • • • • The functions of NAMC include management of the agrometeorological station network, data processing and its publication, weather-based crop yield and production estimates for central planning and food production strategies for agrometeorological advisory, research etc. The centre is mainly responsible to develop coordination and liaison with national authorities of agriculture and water sector to achieve best result from collaboration research and operational work. Establishment of agrometeorological data base for different agroclimatic zones of Pakistan. Agromet computer data processing for different Agromet activities is an additional duty of this centre. NAMC shares the research responsibilities on national level. Progressive work on water requirement of major crops, crop and animal diseases and analysis for climatic soil moisture stress conditions is an integral part of research at this centre.
  12. 12. Contribution in National Service • Monthly and decadal (10 days) Agromet bulletins. • Decadal crop condition reports for major agricultural plains of the country. • Climatic outlook for temperature, precipitation and soil moisture. • Outlook for seasonal precipitation and ETo. • Weather and Crop Development Reports for some important cultivars. • Crop vegetation index on decadal basis. • Farmer’s forecasts. • Provision of Farmer’s forecasts through provincial agriculture periodicals. • Agromet advisories on monthly, fortnightly as well as decadal basis.
  13. 13. Monthly Agromet bulletin of Pakistan (An important periodical from NAMC) Main features         Moisture Regime during preceding month. Temperature Regime during preceding month. Solar Radiations and Wind Regime during preceding month. Expected Weather conditions during next month (including Percentage probability of occurrence of different amount of rainfall) Monthly and Cumulative probabilities of Precipitation (mm). Monthly and Cumulative Evapotranspiration (ETo) graph. Weather Summary and Crop Report. Suggestions and recommendation for farmers in national language.
  14. 14. ETo Calculator Meteorological data and ETo: The button gives access to the Data and ETo menu, where the data description and meteorological data can be updated, specified and plotted, and where results can be exported; Update/Display Data Limits: The button gives access to the Meteorological data limits menu, where the lower and upper limits for the data can be altered.
  15. 15. Utilization of Budget
  16. 16. Observational work at Agromet Observatories (Observation taken at 0300, 0900 & 1200 UTC) • Rainfall • Air Temperatures (Minimum, Maximum & Mean) • • • • • • Soil Temperatures (at 5, 10, 20, 30, 50 & 100 cm depth) Cloudiness Relative humidity Sunshine Duration Wind Velocity Evaporation (taken from a water filled tank) & any weather phenomena such as Lightening, Dust/Thunder Storm etc.
  17. 17. RAMCs & Agromet Stations • The RAMCs are responsible for local agrometeorological observing program, local and regional crop weather studies, liaison with agricultural institutions in the region to determine local requirements and research priorities, collection and initial processing of agromet information on regional basis for on-ward transmission to NAMC, Islamabad. • The agromet stations are mainly responsible for provision of accurate data to NAMC. But it is desirable that the said offices may inform about any agriculture related event about the relevant area.
  18. 18. Study on Weather and Crop Development (A periodical from each RAMC) Motives • To study the impact of different meteorological parameters on crop growth and its development. • To develop the yield parameters of wheat crop in the Rainfed areas of Pakistan. • To investigate the water satisfaction sensitivity of crop in Potohar region. • To develop the relationship between weather parameters and crops life cycle. • To determine the onset of pests and diseases related to weather elements. • To organize data for development of crop wheat-weather model. • To cover a step forward for formulation of yield estimation.
  19. 19. AGRO-METEOROLOGICAL SERVICES NDVI analysis
  20. 20. Research Publications from NAMC • • • • • A Hydrothermal Stress Model for Agricultural Plains of Punjab. Rasul, G. A Hygrothermal Stress Model for Agricultural Plains of Punjab, 1993. Water Requirement of Sugarcane Crop in Pakistan. Rasul, G. Water Requirement of Sugarcane Crop in Pakistan. Science Vision, Vol. 7 No.4. pp. 237-245, 1996. Water Requirement of Cotton Crop in Pakistan Rasul G. and A. Bari. Water Requirement of Cotton Crop in Pakistan. J. of Engg. & App. Sci. Vol. 6 No.2. pp. 111-119, 1995. Recent Water Requirement of Cotton Crop in Pakistan Naheed, G. and G. Rasul.. Recent Water Requirement of Cotton Crop in Pakistan, Pak. J. of Meteorology, Volume 6,Issue 12,January 2010. A Simple Regression Model to Estimate Soil Temperature from Air Temperature over Low Elevation Agricultural Plains of Pakistan Rasul, G. A Simple Regression Model to Estimate Soil Temperature from Air Temperature over the Low Elevation Agricultural Plains of Pakistan. J. of Science Vol. 2 No.4. pp. 88-97, 1992.
  21. 21. Research Publications from NAMC • • • • • • Performance Evaluation of Different Methods for Estimation of Evapotranspiration in Pakistan Rasul, G. Performance Evaluation of Different Methods for Estimation of Evapotranspiration in Pakistan’s Climate. Submitted to Journal of Pakistan Agriculture. 2007. Early Yield Assessment of Wheat Crop on Meteorological Basis in Potohar Region Kazmi, D. H., and G. Rasul. Early Yield Assessment of Wheat Crop on Meteorological Basis for Potohar Region. Pak. J. of Met. Vol. 6, Issue 11. pp73-88, 2009. Agrometeorological wheat yield prediction in rainfed Potohar region of Pakistan Kazmi, D. H., and G. Rasul. Agrometeorological wheat yield prediction in rainfed Potohar region of Pakistan, under review for publication in Pak. J. of Meteorology. Water Requirement of Wheat Crop in Pakistan. Rasul, G. Water Requirement of Wheat Crop in Pakistan. J. of Engg. & App. Sci. Vol. 3 No.1. pp. 65-79, 1992. Recent Water requirement of wheat crop in Pakistan Naheed, G. and A. Mahmood. Water requirement of wheat crop in Pakistan, Pakistan Journal of Meteorology, Volume 6,Issue 11,July 2009. Effect of Meteorological Parameters on Pollen Concentration in the Atmosphere Haroon, M. A. and G. Rasul. Effect of Meteorological Parameters on Pollen Concentration in the Atmosphere of Islamabad. Pak. J. of Meteorology Vol.4 No.8. pp. 27-35, 2008. Most of them can be downloaded from the following link; http://www.pakmet.com.pk/rnd/rnd_files/Page707.htm
  22. 22. End-users for Agro Publications • • • • • • • • • • DEPARTMENT OF MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF PUNJAB, LAHORE.  AYUB AGRICULTURE RESEARCH INSTITUTE JHANG ROAD, FAISALABAD.  WHEAT COMMISSIONER MINISTRY OF FOOD AGRICULTURE & COOPERATIVES, ISLAMABAD.  INSTITUTE OF METEOROLOGY & GEOPHYSICS, KARACHI-32.  CHAIRMAN PAKISTAN AGRICULTURE RESEARCH COUNCIL, ISLAMABAD.  THE CHIEF ENGINEER ADVISOR CHAIRMAN FEDERAL FLOOD COMMISSION, ISLAMABAD.  DIRECTOR (COMPUTER MODELING) PAKISTAN WATER & POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY PLANNING & DESIGN DIVISION (WATER), LAHORE.  DIRECTOR, SOIL & WATER CONSERVATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE, CHAKWAL.  CHIEF/PD, NATIONAL FERTILIZER DEVELOPMENT CENTRE, PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT DIVISION, ISLAMABAD.  SCIENTIFIC OFFICER NATIONAL COORDINATOR WHEAT, ISLAMABAD. 
  23. 23. End-users for Agro Publications • • • • • INCHARGE AGRO-CLIMATOLOGY LAB UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE, FAISALABAD. LIBRARIAN (CERIAL SECTION), UNIVERSTIY OF CENTRAL PUNJABLAHORE 54600.  DIRECTOR, SPACE APPLICATION AND RESEARCH CENTER SUPARCO, ISLAMABAD CHAIRMAN, DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, BANNU PAKISTAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGICAL INFORMATION CENTRE, PLASTIC NATIONAL CENTER, ISLAMABAD.
  24. 24. Future projects 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. It is observed that minimum temperature of winter months is on increase especially for the last 18-19 years, in some cities of Pakistan. Investigation of the impacts being generated on the growth as well as final yield of Rabi crops, in major agricultural plains of the country. Making use of the software Water Budget for better irrigation management, atleast at RAMCs level. Utilizing the software DSSAT crop monitoring may initiated for some important crops. By using NDVI seasonal crop monitoring of cash crops. Making use of analyzed agrometeorological data and after getting the optimum professional skill, a better early warning or pre alert system may be established for local farmers.

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