Nutrition and wellness<br />Prepared by Miss Naugle<br />
S_D_N_A_Y L_F_S_Y_E<br />Z U L A E U S H<br />W A F D E K A I<br />D D J N E E I E<br />E I E R L T T E<br />Sedentary Lif...
Wellness and Health<br />Wellness:  Achievement of a persons best in six separate components of health.  They are influenc...
The BIG 6<br />Spiritual<br />Social<br />Physical<br />Emotional<br />Mental<br />Environmental<br />
LIFESTYLE DISEASES<br />Most health problems are related to lifestyle diseases<br />Caused by unhealthy behaviors and risk...
Which of the following are controllable risk factors?<br />Sedentary <br />Alcohol/drugs<br />Sexual activity<br />Behavio...
Risk Factor Notes<br />CONTROLLABLE <br />UNCONTROLLABLE<br />
Some Key Terms<br />Metabolism<br />Chemical process by which the body breaks the food down to produce energy<br />A unit ...
Deficiency<br />More Terms…<br />The 9 amino acids that the body cannot produce<br />A condition in which the person does ...
Do you feel that you are as healthy as you can be at this point in time?<br />Yes<br />No<br />
What part of your life could most be improved?<br />Diet<br />Exercise<br />Choices<br />None of the above<br />
The study of food and the way your body uses it.<br />Nutrition<br />
Nutrients<br />Substances that provide:<br />ENERGY<br />HELP FORM BODY TISSUES NECESSARY FOR LIFE AND GROWTH<br />
Nutrients<br />MACRONUTRIENTS<br />Carbohydrates<br />Fats<br />Proteins<br />NUTRIENTS THAT SUPPLY ENERGY THE BODY NEEDS ...
You are standing at the fridge…what do you grab?<br />30<br />Fruit<br />Cheese<br />Left over pasta<br />A piece of meat<...
Which of the following would provide the least amount of nutrients?<br />Fruit	 <br />Cheese<br />Left over pasta	<br />A ...
Macronutrients<br />Provides energy for daily tasks.<br />
Carbohydrates<br />Energy giving nutrients that include simple, complex, and fiber<br />Complex<br />Nutritionally dense –...
Specifically, Fiber…<br />A complex carbohydrate<br />Provides little energy and cannot be digested.<br />Advantages of di...
FATS<br />Essential nutrient<br />Adds texture, flavor, and aroma<br />Necessary for growth and repair of cells<br />Fats ...
Types of Fats<br />Saturated Fats<br />Solid at room temperature and comes from meat and milk (animal products)<br />Leads...
Trans Fat<br />Made from unsaturated fats, such as vegetable oil<br />A process is used that will make this fat solid at r...
Cholesterol<br />Found in the saturated fats of animal cells<br />High cholesterol can have a variety of problems includin...
PLAQUE<br />
Proteins<br />Responsible for growth and repair of body tissue<br />Provides energy with less calories<br />Meat, fish, po...
Provides no energy, but is <br />essential for overall health.<br />Micronutrients<br />
Vitamins<br />Needed for growth and repair<br />Help to regulate body processes<br />Two types<br />Fat Soluble (stored in...
Vitamins<br />Fat Soluble<br />A<br />D<br />E<br />K<br />CAN BE STORED IN THE BODY<br />Water Soluble<br />B<br />C<br /...
MINERALS<br />25 minerals are required daily in varying amounts<br />Calcium is very important for maintaining bones and t...
WATER<br />Essential for all life processes and energy reactions<br />Dehydration can mask it itself in a variety of ways<...
www.mypyramid.gov<br />Food guide pyramid<br />
GRAINS<br />Whole Grains<br />Contain the entire grain kernel<br />Reduce the risk or heart disease and other chronic dise...
FRUITS<br />Any fruit or 100% fruit juice<br />They can be fresh, canned, frozen, or dried<br />Provide nutrients and redu...
VEGETABLES<br />Dark Green <br />Broccoli, spinach, kale, romaine lettuce<br />Orange<br />Carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpki...
Vegetables<br />Provide nutrients such as Vitamins A, C, E, Folic Acid, and Dietary Fiber<br />May help maintain a healthy...
The Milk Group<br />All liquid milk products and foods made from milk that retain their calcium content<br />Bone and teet...
Meat and Bean Group<br />Meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs and nuts<br />Provide a variety of nutrients, including prot...
Fats and Oils<br />Fats are solid at room temperature<br />Oils are liquid at room temperatures<br />Oils are a good sourc...
HEALTHY ALTERNATIVES<br />
A BALANCED DIET<br />
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Nutrition II

1,289 views

Published on

0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,289
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
65
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Emotional: Expressing positive emotionsSocial: Quality of RelationshipsMental: Realizing and coping which leads to an increase in self-esteemSpiritual: Health valuesEnvironmental: Living and non-living about you
  • Nutrition II

    1. 1. Nutrition and wellness<br />Prepared by Miss Naugle<br />
    2. 2. S_D_N_A_Y L_F_S_Y_E<br />Z U L A E U S H<br />W A F D E K A I<br />D D J N E E I E<br />E I E R L T T E<br />Sedentary Lifestyle<br />
    3. 3. Wellness and Health<br />Wellness: Achievement of a persons best in six separate components of health. They are influenced by heredity, social, cultural, and environmental factors.<br />
    4. 4. The BIG 6<br />Spiritual<br />Social<br />Physical<br />Emotional<br />Mental<br />Environmental<br />
    5. 5. LIFESTYLE DISEASES<br />Most health problems are related to lifestyle diseases<br />Caused by unhealthy behaviors and risk factors<br />Controllable – you can change<br />Uncontrollable – you cannot change<br />Behaviors today<br />Effect you tomorrow<br />
    6. 6. Which of the following are controllable risk factors?<br />Sedentary <br />Alcohol/drugs<br />Sexual activity<br />Behaviors<br />Tobacco use<br />Diet<br />All of the above<br />
    7. 7. Risk Factor Notes<br />CONTROLLABLE <br />UNCONTROLLABLE<br />
    8. 8. Some Key Terms<br />Metabolism<br />Chemical process by which the body breaks the food down to produce energy<br />A unit to measure the amount of energy released when nutrients are burned<br />Building blocks of protein<br />Calorie<br />Amino Acids<br />
    9. 9. Deficiency<br />More Terms…<br />The 9 amino acids that the body cannot produce<br />A condition in which the person does not obtain enough of a specific nutrient<br />Dissolved substances in water<br />When the body loses important electrolytes along with water<br />Essential Amino Acids<br />Electrolytes<br />Dehydration<br />
    10. 10. Do you feel that you are as healthy as you can be at this point in time?<br />Yes<br />No<br />
    11. 11. What part of your life could most be improved?<br />Diet<br />Exercise<br />Choices<br />None of the above<br />
    12. 12. The study of food and the way your body uses it.<br />Nutrition<br />
    13. 13. Nutrients<br />Substances that provide:<br />ENERGY<br />HELP FORM BODY TISSUES NECESSARY FOR LIFE AND GROWTH<br />
    14. 14. Nutrients<br />MACRONUTRIENTS<br />Carbohydrates<br />Fats<br />Proteins<br />NUTRIENTS THAT SUPPLY ENERGY THE BODY NEEDS FOR DAILY TASK<br />MICRONUTRIENTS<br />Vitamins <br />Minerals<br />Water<br />PROVIDE NO ENERGY, BUT PLAY A VITAL PART IN STAYING FIT AND HEALTHY<br />
    15. 15. You are standing at the fridge…what do you grab?<br />30<br />Fruit<br />Cheese<br />Left over pasta<br />A piece of meat<br />Ice cream<br />Salty snack<br />20<br />
    16. 16. Which of the following would provide the least amount of nutrients?<br />Fruit <br />Cheese<br />Left over pasta <br />A piece of meat<br />Salty snack<br />WHY??<br />
    17. 17. Macronutrients<br />Provides energy for daily tasks.<br />
    18. 18. Carbohydrates<br />Energy giving nutrients that include simple, complex, and fiber<br />Complex<br />Nutritionally dense – large nutrients for calories <br />Simple<br />Empty calories – less than 15% of your total calories<br />
    19. 19. Specifically, Fiber…<br />A complex carbohydrate<br />Provides little energy and cannot be digested.<br />Advantages of diets high in fiber are:<br />Prevents constipation<br />May prevent colon cancer<br />May prevent heart disease<br />What are some foods<br />that are high in fiber?<br />
    20. 20. FATS<br />Essential nutrient<br />Adds texture, flavor, and aroma<br />Necessary for growth and repair of cells<br />Fats should be limited in your diet<br />
    21. 21. Types of Fats<br />Saturated Fats<br />Solid at room temperature and comes from meat and milk (animal products)<br />Leads to obesity, increase in cholesterol and heart disease<br />Unsaturated Fats<br />Common in plants<br />Liquid at room temperature<br />
    22. 22. Trans Fat<br />Made from unsaturated fats, such as vegetable oil<br />A process is used that will make this fat solid at room temperature<br />Effects are similar to saturated fats<br />Example would be solid margarine<br />
    23. 23. Cholesterol<br />Found in the saturated fats of animal cells<br />High cholesterol can have a variety of problems including, heart disease and atherosclerosis<br />Two types of cholesterol<br />LDL (Low density lipoprotein)<br />HDL (High density lipoprotein)<br />Cholesterol does have a role in the body<br />Necessary for:<br />Production of Vitamin D<br />Cell Membranes<br />Hormones<br />Bile (helps break down food)<br />
    24. 24. PLAQUE<br />
    25. 25. Proteins<br />Responsible for growth and repair of body tissue<br />Provides energy with less calories<br />Meat, fish, poultry, dairy, and nuts<br />Contains all 9 Essential Amino Acids<br />Missing 1 or more of the Essential Amino Acids<br />Complete Protein<br />Incomplete Protein<br />
    26. 26. Provides no energy, but is <br />essential for overall health.<br />Micronutrients<br />
    27. 27. Vitamins<br />Needed for growth and repair<br />Help to regulate body processes<br />Two types<br />Fat Soluble (stored in body)<br />Water Soluble (cannot be stored in body)<br />
    28. 28. Vitamins<br />Fat Soluble<br />A<br />D<br />E<br />K<br />CAN BE STORED IN THE BODY<br />Water Soluble<br />B<br />C<br />CANNOT BE STORED IN BODY, MUST BE INCLUDED IN YOUR DIET DAILY<br />The Major<br />
    29. 29. MINERALS<br />25 minerals are required daily in varying amounts<br />Calcium is very important for maintaining bones and teeth health<br />Food sources include:<br />Cheese, milk, dark green vegetables, sardines, and legumes<br />Sodium helps water balance<br />Most of us eat too much<br />Iron is necessary for RBC health<br />Best sources include red meat, fish, poultry<br />What’s anemia?<br />Lack of hemoglobin in RBC…O2 Deficiency…you will feel tired all the time<br />
    30. 30. WATER<br />Essential for all life processes and energy reactions<br />Dehydration can mask it itself in a variety of ways<br />Such as….<br />8<br />Glasses a day<br />
    31. 31. www.mypyramid.gov<br />Food guide pyramid<br />
    32. 32. GRAINS<br />Whole Grains<br />Contain the entire grain kernel<br />Reduce the risk or heart disease and other chronic diseases <br />Provide dietary fiber<br />Refined Grains<br />They have been milled<br />A process that removes the bran and germ as well as many nutrients<br />About 6 ounces a day is recommended<br />½ or more should be whole grains<br />
    33. 33. FRUITS<br />Any fruit or 100% fruit juice<br />They can be fresh, canned, frozen, or dried<br />Provide nutrients and reduce the risk of chronic disease<br />Go easy on the juices!<br />Because of added sugar!<br />2 cups per day<br />
    34. 34. VEGETABLES<br />Dark Green <br />Broccoli, spinach, kale, romaine lettuce<br />Orange<br />Carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin<br />Starchy <br />White potatoes, corn, green peas<br />Dry Beans and Peas<br />Kidney beans, pinto beans, and chickpeas<br />Others<br />Green beans, celery, cabbage, onions, mushrooms, and tomatoes<br />VARY YOUR VEGETABLES<br />
    35. 35. Vegetables<br />Provide nutrients such as Vitamins A, C, E, Folic Acid, and Dietary Fiber<br />May help maintain a healthy blood pressure<br />Reduces the risk of chronic diseases<br />2 ½ Cups Per day<br />
    36. 36. The Milk Group<br />All liquid milk products and foods made from milk that retain their calcium content<br />Bone and teeth health<br />Vitamin D which helps maintain stability in the body<br />Yogurt, cheese, and ice cream<br />Some that are not part…cream cheese, cream, and butter<br />3 cups per day<br />
    37. 37. Meat and Bean Group<br />Meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs and nuts<br />Provide a variety of nutrients, including protein, B vitamins, niacin, riboflavin, and iron<br />5 ½ ounces per day<br />A palm is about 3 ounces<br />
    38. 38. Fats and Oils<br />Fats are solid at room temperature<br />Oils are liquid at room temperatures<br />Oils are a good source of vitamin E and essential fatty acids<br />6 teaspoons a day!<br />
    39. 39. HEALTHY ALTERNATIVES<br />
    40. 40. A BALANCED DIET<br />

    ×