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COMPOSITION
Composition concerns the placement or
arrangement of the elements in an image
The artist determines what the center
of int...
What are the points of interest in this shot?
Where am I intentionally placing them?
The gaze of the viewer will tend to linger over these points of interest. The elements
are arranged with consideration of ...
Composition
Elements
FRAME
Frame refers to what you see through
your camera’s viewfinder
It’s the most basic tool to compose your image
HORIZONTAL FORMAT

VERTICAL FORMAT
WHEN TO USE HORIZONTAL
✓
✓
✓
✓

When the subject is horizontal
When your subject is wider than tall
To allow the subject t...
WHEN TO USE VERTICAL
✓
✓
✓
✓

When the subject is vertical
When your subject is taller than it is wide
To allow the subjec...
FILLING THE FRAME

A subject can be rendered more dramatic when it fills the frame.
There exists a tendency to perceive thi...
VANTAGE POINT
Vantage point refers to the angle,
place or point from which
something can be viewed
The position of the viewer can strongly influence
the aesthetics of an image, even if the subject is
entirely imaginary and...
Most pictures are shot from the same vantage point

Between five and six feet above the ground. This is
the average height ...
RULE OF THIRDS
The rule of thirds is thought to be a simplification of the golden
mean, a ratio that has been used by visual artists for c...
OTHER
COMPOSITION
ELEMENTS
Symmetry
Pattern

Emphasizing Pattern

Filling your frame with a repetitive pattern can give the
impression of size and large numbe...
Pattern
Breaking the Pattern

The other common use of repetition in photography is
to capture the interruption of the flow ...
Lines
Diagonal lines

Diagonal lines generally work well to draw the eye of an image’s
viewer through the photograph. They...
They can also add a sense of action to an image
and add a dynamic looks and feel.
Lines
Horizontal lines

Horizons are the most common horizontal line to be found in
photographs and they often act as a di...
Lines
Vertical lines

Vertical lines have the ability to convey a variety of different moods
in a photograph ranging from ...
Lines

Vanishing point

multiple lines that converge together (or come close to one another)
can be a great technique to l...
QUESTIONS?
Mentor
Photographer
Mentorship is a personal developmental
relationship in which a more experienced
or more knowledgeable person helps to
guid...
Subject
Nature, Landscape, People, Pets, Documentary, Sports, Fashion, etc.

Technique

Philosophy

Black & White
Color
Di...
TWO EXAMPLES
Andreas Gursky is a German visual artist known for his large
format architecture and landscape colour photographs, often
e...
Gursky’s work is characterized by the tension between the clarity and
formal nature of his photographs and the ambiguous i...
Hiroshi Sugimoto is a Japanese photographer currently
dividing his time between Tokyo, Japan and New York City,
United Sta...
Sugimoto has spoken of his work as an expression of ‘time exposed’,
or photographs serving as a time capsule for a series ...
Theatres
In 1978, Sugimoto's Theatres series involved photographing old
American movie palaces and drive-ins with a foldin...
Seascapes
In 1980 he began working on an ongoing series of photographs
of the sea and its horizon, Seascapes, in locations...
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Composition

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Composition

  1. 1. COMPOSITION
  2. 2. Composition concerns the placement or arrangement of the elements in an image The artist determines what the center of interest of the art work will be, and composes the elements accordingly
  3. 3. What are the points of interest in this shot? Where am I intentionally placing them?
  4. 4. The gaze of the viewer will tend to linger over these points of interest. The elements are arranged with consideration of several factors into a harmonious whole which works together to produce the desired statement
  5. 5. Composition Elements
  6. 6. FRAME
  7. 7. Frame refers to what you see through your camera’s viewfinder It’s the most basic tool to compose your image
  8. 8. HORIZONTAL FORMAT VERTICAL FORMAT
  9. 9. WHEN TO USE HORIZONTAL ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ When the subject is horizontal When your subject is wider than tall To allow the subject to “move” horizontally To convey a sense of space
  10. 10. WHEN TO USE VERTICAL ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ When the subject is vertical When your subject is taller than it is wide To allow the subject to “move” vertically To focus attention
  11. 11. FILLING THE FRAME A subject can be rendered more dramatic when it fills the frame. There exists a tendency to perceive things as larger than they actually are, and filling the frame fulfills this psychological mechanism. This can be used to eliminate distractions from the background.
  12. 12. VANTAGE POINT
  13. 13. Vantage point refers to the angle, place or point from which something can be viewed
  14. 14. The position of the viewer can strongly influence the aesthetics of an image, even if the subject is entirely imaginary and viewed "within the mind's eye". Not only does it influence the elements within the picture, but it also influences the viewer's interpretation of the subject.
  15. 15. Most pictures are shot from the same vantage point Between five and six feet above the ground. This is the average height of the human body
  16. 16. RULE OF THIRDS
  17. 17. The rule of thirds is thought to be a simplification of the golden mean, a ratio that has been used by visual artists for centuries as an aid to composition. The guideline proposes that an image should be imagined as divided into nine equal parts by two equally-spaced horizontal lines and two equally-spaced vertical lines, and that important compositional elements should be placed along these lines or their intersections.
  18. 18. OTHER COMPOSITION ELEMENTS
  19. 19. Symmetry
  20. 20. Pattern Emphasizing Pattern Filling your frame with a repetitive pattern can give the impression of size and large numbers. The key to this is to attempt to zoom in close enough to the pattern that it fills the frame and makes the repetition seem as though it’s bursting out
  21. 21. Pattern Breaking the Pattern The other common use of repetition in photography is to capture the interruption of the flow of a pattern Pay particular attention to where in your frame to place the break in the pattern. Also consider your focal point in these shots – the broken pattern might be a logical spot to have everything focussed sharply.
  22. 22. Lines Diagonal lines Diagonal lines generally work well to draw the eye of an image’s viewer through the photograph. They create points of interest as they intersect with other lines and often give images depth by suggesting perspective.
  23. 23. They can also add a sense of action to an image and add a dynamic looks and feel.
  24. 24. Lines Horizontal lines Horizons are the most common horizontal line to be found in photographs and they often act as a dividing point in a photograph
  25. 25. Lines Vertical lines Vertical lines have the ability to convey a variety of different moods in a photograph ranging from power and strength to growth
  26. 26. Lines Vanishing point multiple lines that converge together (or come close to one another) can be a great technique to lead your viewers eye into a shot.
  27. 27. QUESTIONS?
  28. 28. Mentor Photographer
  29. 29. Mentorship is a personal developmental relationship in which a more experienced or more knowledgeable person helps to guide a less experienced or less knowledgeable person.
  30. 30. Subject Nature, Landscape, People, Pets, Documentary, Sports, Fashion, etc. Technique Philosophy Black & White Color Digital manipulation Stereoscopic Polaroid Visual activism Photographic Tao Zen Spiritual Commercial Style Composition, Color, Light, etc.
  31. 31. TWO EXAMPLES
  32. 32. Andreas Gursky is a German visual artist known for his large format architecture and landscape colour photographs, often employing a high point of view. Rhein II, an image by Gursky, fetched $4.3m at Christie's, New York on November 8, 2011, becoming the most expensive photograph ever sold
  33. 33. Gursky’s work is characterized by the tension between the clarity and formal nature of his photographs and the ambiguous intent and meaning they present, occasioned by their insertion into a ‘high-art’ environment. Through all his work runs a sense of impersonality, a depiction of the structures and patterns of collective existence, often represented by the unitary behaviour of large crowds. His images of the stock exchanges of North America and East Asia are exemplary in the way that he uses crowds to create a type of picture comparable in formal terms to the ‘all-over’ compositions of the Abstract Expressionist painters. Before the 1990s, Gursky did not digitally manipulate his images.[5] In the years since, Gursky has been frank about his reliance on computers to edit and enhance his pictures, creating an art of spaces larger than the subjects photographed
  34. 34. Hiroshi Sugimoto is a Japanese photographer currently dividing his time between Tokyo, Japan and New York City, United States. His catalogue is made up of a number of series, each having a distinct theme and similar attributes.
  35. 35. Sugimoto has spoken of his work as an expression of ‘time exposed’, or photographs serving as a time capsule for a series of events in time. His work also focuses on transience of life, and the conflict between life and death. Sugimoto is also deeply influenced by the writings and works of Marcel Duchamp, as well as the Dadaist and Surrealist movements as a whole. He has also expressed a great deal of interest in late 20th century modern architecture. His use of an 8×10 large-format camera and extremely long exposures have garnered Sugimoto a reputation as a photographer of the highest technical ability. He is equally acclaimed for the conceptual and philosophical aspects of his work.
  36. 36. Theatres In 1978, Sugimoto's Theatres series involved photographing old American movie palaces and drive-ins with a folding 4x5 camera and tripod, opening his camera shutter and exposing the film for the duration of the entire feature-length movie, the film projector providing the sole lighting. The luminescent screen in the centre of the composition, the architectural details and the seats of the theatre are the only subjects that register owing to the long exposure of each photograph, while the unique lighting gives the works a surreal look, as a part of Sugimoto's attempt to reveal time in photography.
  37. 37. Seascapes In 1980 he began working on an ongoing series of photographs of the sea and its horizon, Seascapes, in locations all over the world, using an old-fashioned large-format camera to make exposures of varying duration (up to three hours). The blackand-white pictures are all exactly the same size, bifurcated exactly in half by the horizon line.

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