Reserva yasuni ttt.


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Reserva yasuni ttt.

  1. 1. What youd like to visit tourist place?I would love to know the ecological reserve yasuni IITWHY?Pos its variety of species because it is the largest reserve of mainland Ecuador?DESCRIPTIONYasuní National Park is the largest protected area of mainland Ecuador. It has982,000hectares of tropical rainforest, as the Ministerial Agreement of July 26, 1979, islocated within the provinces of Orellana, Pastaza and Napo. Within its territory thereare several types of vegetation, 500 species of birds, 173 species of mammals, 62species of snakes and 100 species of amphibians.ClimateThe warm humid climate varies greatly according to geography andgeomorphology. The equator determined by its hot climate, influenced by a number offactors such as wind, humidity, altitude and rainfall.The temperature ranges between 18 and 36 degrees Celsius with an average of 24 to26 degrees and annual rainfall varies between 2000 and 3000 mm.BIODIVERSITY PARKPlants. - The park protects one of the most diverse tree community in the world, with atleast 1,813 types of trees and shrub species and 300 species classified about thathave not yet been classified. The southern part known as the Intangible Zone, containmore than 160 of these additional species. On a single hectare of Yasuní, there areabout 644 species of trees, just to cite one example.
  2. 2. There are over 450 types of liana species (vines), 313 species of vascular epiphytes,epiphytes world record in the lowland forest (146 species in only 0.1 hectares).Cedars, the ceiba, mahogany, Ahuano, guayacan, peach bruise and the hundreds ofplants and giant trees are ancient watchers of the deep green forest, the Pachamamaof thousands of living beings.Birds. - 567 species have been documented, which makes this paradise one of themost diverse sites for birds in the world. A true sanctuary for the conservation, protects44% of the 1,300 bird species found in the Amazon, the region with the greatestdiversity of birds in the world. The harpy eagle, the parrot real, curassow, the hoatzin,kingfishers, swallows, egrets and hundreds of species of birds, it is easy to appreciatesailing the rivers and lakes of Yasuní.Mammals. - Ecuador is considered to be the ninth country in the world in a variety ofmammals, with at least 173, 40% of the species found in the forests of the Amazonbasin, 90% of mammals in the Ecuadorian Amazon and the 46% of all mammalspecies in Ecuador.Primates. - The park harbors at least 10 species, making it among the most diverse ofprimates in the world.Bats. - The Yasuní contains 81 species of bats, 10% of the 986 known species, whichis the second largest reserves of marsupials in the world, surpassed only by theIwokroma Forest in Guyana, which contains 86 species.Amphibians and Reptiles. - There have been 105 species of amphibians and 83reptile species, Yasuní National Park seems to be the area with the greatest diversityof herpetofauna throughout South America.
  3. 3. Fish. - An estimated 382 species of freshwater fish.Insects. - Yasuní has more than 100 000 species of insects per hectare and 6 trillionindividuals per hectare, the highest diversity yet discovered in the world.We have found 64 species of bees, the assembly richest in number from anywhere onearth. Scientists have found 94 species of ants that nest in trees and fallen branches ofthe greater wealth of species of army ants of tropical rainforests.Inside the Yasuní find an extraordinary cultural diversity, the Waorani, the Kichwa andShuar some communities. These people, despite the invasion of their territory for 500years by rubber tappers, settlers, oil, timber, and an absolute indifference of the stateand their governments have managed to resist and preserve a valuable knowledge.