บทที่ 11 โครงสร้างและหน้าที่ของพืชดอก

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บทที่ 11 โครงสร้างและหน้าที่ของพืชดอก

  1. 1. 2 1. 2. Meristem tissue) Permament tissue)
  2. 2. (Meristem tissue) 1. : 3 Apical meristem)
  3. 3. 2. Laterral meristem) : 1) 2 secondary pholem 2) secondary xylem :
  4. 4. Intercalary meristem) :
  5. 5. 2 Epidermis Parenchyma Collenchyma Sclerenchyma Coke Secretory tissue Epidermis Parenchyma 1.
  6. 6. Epidermis ( simple tissue Vacuole protoplasm - - epidermis (
  7. 7. Parenchyma Simple tissue Parenchyma Cell Cortex Pith Parenchyma cell cell wall Parenchyma -
  8. 8. Collenchyma Simple tissue Collenchyma cell epidermis Collenchyma - - Cortex
  9. 9. Sclerenchyma Simple tissue ( Protoplasm Sclerenchyma 2
  10. 10. 1. Fiber Fiber -
  11. 11. 2. Stone cell Stone cell - (
  12. 12. Cork -
  13. 13. Xylem Xylem complex tissue Coonduction
  14. 14. Tracheid Tracheid lumen )
  15. 15. Vessel member (end wall)
  16. 16. Xylem Parenchyma cell Xylem Parenchyma cell
  17. 17. Xylem Fiber fiber tracheid
  18. 18. Phloem Translocation
  19. 19. Sieve Tube Member
  20. 20. 1. epidermis
  21. 21. 2. cortex stele cortex endodermis epidermis
  22. 22. 3. stele stele 3.1 pericycle endodermis cortex 1-2 secondary root ) 3.2 vascular bundle xylem phloem vascular cambium phloem 4 3.3 pith xylem xylem 1-6
  23. 23. 3 1. primary root radicle tap root )
  24. 24. 2. secondary root root ) primary root pericycle lateral
  25. 25. 3. adventitious root radicle root 3.1 fibrous root ) primary
  26. 26. 3.2 prop root )
  27. 27. 3.3 ( photosynthetic root ) velamen )
  28. 28. 3.4 respiratory root or aerating root ) pneumatophore )
  29. 29. 3.5 climbing root )
  30. 30. 3.6 parasitic root )
  31. 31. 3.7 storage root )
  32. 32. 3.8 root thorn )
  33. 33. stem)
  34. 34. region/zone) 3 region of cell division) region of cell elongation) region of maturation)
  35. 35. 1. Epidermis epidermis trichome / hair guard cell epidermis
  36. 36. Cortex epidermis endodermis) 1.parenchyma 2.chlorenchyma 3.aerenchyma 4.collenchyma 5.sclerenchyma(fiber)
  37. 37. Stele endodermis endodermis endodermis
  38. 38. 1.vascular bundle phloem phloem vascular bundle phloem) xylem) pith xylem vascular cambium xylem
  39. 39. 2.pith parenchyma pith cavity
  40. 40. 2. Cortex epidermis 1-2 parenchyma endodermis (cork)
  41. 41. stel e 1 vascular bundle xylem, phloem vessel xylem parenchyma phloem phloem sclerenchyma bundle sheath vascular bundle vascular cambium
  42. 42. 2. pith parenchyma pith vascular bundle pith cavity
  43. 43. 1. creeping stem) prostrate
  44. 44. 2. - 2.1 - 2.2 twinter) tendrilcimber) climbing stem climber) twining stem stem yendri
  45. 45. - 2.3 - 2.4 root climber) stem spine) scrambler)
  46. 46. 3. cladophyll)
  47. 47. 1. rhizome)
  48. 48. 2. tuber) 3. bulb) 3-4
  49. 49. 1. 1. foliage 2 leaf) 2. leaf tendril) Modified leaf)
  50. 50. 2.2 2.3 Storage leaf) Floating leaf )
  51. 51. 2.4 Bract) 2.5 Floral leaf)
  52. 52. 2.6 2.7 Scale leaf) Vegetative reproduction organ)
  53. 53. 2.8 2.9 Carnivorous leaf Leaf spine) Insectivorous leaf)
  54. 54. 1. 2. (Simple leaf) (compound leaves ) petiolule petiolet Rachis 2
  55. 55. 2.1 pinnately compound leaves) 2 2.2 ) palmately compound leaves
  56. 56. 1. Epidermis layer 1.1 Upper epidermis 1.2 Lower epidermis (guard cell) stomata)
  57. 57. 2. Mesophyll Epidermis chlorenchyma) 2.1 Palisade cell 2.2 Spongy cell Epidermis Epidermis 2
  58. 58. 3. Vascular bundle Xylem vein) Phloem (bundle sheath) - Ventral) Dorsal) -
  59. 59. 1. Spongy mesophyll
  60. 60. 2. 3. ( Lenticel ) ( Root hair )
  61. 61. (mesophyll) (Spongy mesophyll )
  62. 62. (Lenticel)
  63. 63. transpiration transpiration) transpiration) (Stomata) 90
  64. 64. (Lenticel- )
  65. 65. - typical stomata) (mesophyte)
  66. 66. - sunken stomata) (xerophyte)
  67. 67. - raised stomata)
  68. 68. bulliform cell)
  69. 69. (Succunlent)
  70. 70. 5,200 10,100 46,000 6,800 21,600 0 0 0 1
  71. 71. 1. ( ) ( )
  72. 72. 2. (25- 30 ) 3. ( ) Guttation
  73. 73. 4. 5. (abscisic acid, ABA)
  74. 74. 6. 300 1000 7. ( )
  75. 75. 8. sunken stoma– – – – - (Xerophyte) raised stoma (hydrophyte) typical stomata (Mesophyte)
  76. 76. 1. 2. 3.
  77. 77. 1. ) 2. 3. 4. 5.
  78. 78. Root hair zone) Osmosis)
  79. 79. (epidermis) (endodermis (pericycle) (cortex) (xylem)
  80. 80. 1. (apoplast) ) 2
  81. 81. 2. (symplast) plasmodesmata casparian strip)
  82. 82. Select)
  83. 83. 1. root pressure)
  84. 84. 2. (capillary force)
  85. 85. 3. transpiration theory) cohesion) adhesion)
  86. 86. 1. 2.
  87. 87. 3.
  88. 88. hydathod) guttation) (guttation)-
  89. 89. (osmosis)
  90. 90. 1. transport) (Passive (Diffusion) 2. (Active transport) ATP
  91. 91. 1. 2. ) C, H, O, N C ATP S P 3. Mg Cu, Fe, Zn, Mn Cl 4. K ( N
  92. 92. N P ATP Ca
  93. 93. S B1 Mg
  94. 94. A. B. C. D. E. F. V
  95. 95. translocation of solute
  96. 96. 1. Malpighi)
  97. 97. 2. (Mason Maskell)
  98. 98. 3. 14C 35 14C
  99. 99. . 14C 14C . 14C . 14C
  100. 100. 4. (M.H. Zimmerman)
  101. 101. (Munch) flow hypothesis) (Source) (Mass-flow hypothesis (Sink) Bulk
  102. 102. (active transport)

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