Japanese industrial standard


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  • we overcome test by thirdy part according to IEC 60529 (2001). Can we issue a self declaration according to JIS C 0920 based on fact the both standard are the same ?
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  • JIS - National Business Goals decides the expectations used for business activities in Japan. The standardization process is synchronised by National Business Goals Section - JISC - and published through National Goals Relationship - JSA.

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Japanese industrial standard

  1. 1. Japanese Industrial Standard<br />JIS<br />
  2. 2. Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) (日本工業規格 Nippon KōgyōKikaku?) specifies the standards used for industrial activities in Japan. The standardization process is coordinated by Japanese Industrial Standards Committee and published through Japanese Standards Association.<br />Description<br />
  3. 3. In the Meiji era, private enterprises were responsible for making standards although the Japanese government did have standards and specification documents for procurement purposes for certain articles, such as munitions.<br />These were summarized to form an official standard (old JES) in 1921. During World War II, simplified standards were established to increase matériel output.<br />History<br />
  4. 4. The present Japanese Standards Association was established after Japan's defeat in World War II in 1945. The Japanese Industrial Standards Committee regulations were promulgated in 1946, Japanese standards (new JES) was formed.<br />The Industrial Standardization Law was enacted in 1949, which forms the legal foundation for the present Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS).<br />History<br />
  5. 5. The Industrial Standardization Law was revised in 2004 and the "JIS mark" (product certification system) was changed, and the new JIS mark was applied since October 1, 2005 upon re-certification. <br />History<br />
  6. 6. The old mark is allowed to be used until September 30, 2008, for a transition period of 3 years, and every manufacture obtaining new or renewing certification under the authority's approval are then able to use the new JIS mark. Therefore all JIS certified Japanese products shall have the new JIS mark after October 1, 2008.<br />History<br />
  7. 7. History<br />JIS symbol (adopted October 1, 2005)<br />Old JIS symbol (was used until September 30, 2008)<br />
  8. 8. JIS covers industrial and mineral products with the exception of (1) medicines, (2) agricultural chemicals, (3) chemical fertilizers, (4) silk yarn, and (5) foodstuffs, agricultural and forest products designated under the Law Concerning Standardization and Proper Labeling of Agricultural and Forestry Products.<br />Outline of JIS<br />
  9. 9. The, letter symbol indicates the technical area (JIS Division), and the 4-digit or 5-digit number is added to locate the JIS in an appropriate place within that Division (see the explanation in Figure 6)<br />Outline of JIS<br />
  10. 10. Standardization items established as JIS have the following symbols:JIS C 7501: The majorities of JIS have this type of symbol.JIS Q 14001: This symbol is mainly used in case JIS adopts international standard identically.JIS X 5056-1: This symbol is used in case JIS adopts international standard specifies only a part of the necessary requirements<br />Outline of JIS<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Standardization can be defined as “reducing, simplifying, and organizing matters which are apt to become diversified, complicated, and chaotic if left uncontrolled.” Standards can be defined as “rules” specified by standardization. There are mandatory standards and voluntary standards, but generally voluntary ones are referred to as “standards.” <br />Industrial standardization<br />
  13. 13. Industrial standardization represents standardization in the industrial sector, and in Japan, Japanese Industrial Standards are adopted as national industrial standards. With regard to “goods” and “matters,” which are apt to become diversified, complicated, and chaotic if left uncontrolled, industrial standardization aims to establish state-level “standards” in the form of technical documents and to “unify” or “simplify” them equally throughout Japan, <br />Industrial standardization<br />
  14. 14. From the multiple viewpoints of ensuring convenience in economic and social activities (securing compatibility), enhancing production efficiency (mass -production by reducing variety), securing fairness (assurance of consumer profits and simplification of transactions), promoting technology advancement (support for the creation of new knowledge<br />Industrial standardization<br />
  15. 15. and the development/dissemination of new technologies), preserving safety and health, and conserving the environment.The significance of industrial standardization can be explained as follows, focusing on the functions thereof (operation and effects).<br />Industrial standardization<br />
  16. 16. Functions contributing to economic activities<br />Functions as a means to achieve social goals<br />Functions as action rules to promote mutual understanding<br />Functions for promoting trade<br />Industrial standardization<br />
  17. 17. Assurance of appropriate product quality standards<br />Provision of product information<br />Dissemination of technology<br />Enhancement of production efficiency<br />Development of competitive environment<br />Securing compatibility and interface consistency<br />Functions contributing to economic activities<br />
  18. 18. Industrial standardization can promote the proactive activities of companies and consumers without imposing regulations by technical standards defined by mandatory legislation<br />Functions as a means to achieve social goals<br />
  19. 19. If they are working appropriately as a means to pursue policy goals such as “enhancement of industrial competitiveness,” “preservation of environment, safety, and rights,” and “promotion of energy conservation and resource conservation.”<br />Functions as a means to achieve social goals<br />
  20. 20. Industrial standardization can unify technical infrastructure such as terms, marks, measurement units, test assessment methods, production methods, safety levels, format display of specifications, etc. as a means to mutually communicate technical requirements and technical data between related parties (manufacturers, distributors, users, consumers, and researchers). <br />Functions as action rules to promote mutual understanding<br />
  21. 21. Furthermore, in recent years, guidelines for test assessment methods, specifications concerning consumer goods, mark display, and various management systems have become important aspects of industrial standardization, with a view to promoting international standardization.<br />Functions as action rules to promote mutual understanding<br />
  22. 22. As trade has become globalized and trade volume has increased, the maintaining of differing national standards and technical standards by individual countries, as defined by mandatory legislation, may hinder international trade. It is difficult to ensure that all countries bring their mandatory technical standards legislation into line with each other’s standards, <br />Functions for promoting trade<br />
  23. 23. but in such cases, industrial standardization can be utilized to maintain and develop free trade. In other words, countries’ national standards are to be adjusted to comply with international standards which the ISO/IEC adopts based on international consensuses, and such national standards are to be incorporated into countries’ mandatory legislation technical standards.<br />Functions for promoting trade<br />
  24. 24. Standards are named like "JIS X 0208:1997", where X denotes area division, followed by four digits (or five digits for some of the standards corresponding ISO standards), and the revision release year. Divisions of JIS and significant standards are:<br />Standard Classification and Numbering<br />
  25. 25. A – Civil Engineering and Architecture<br />B – Mechanical Engineering<br />JIS B 7021-1989 – Classification and Water Resistibility of Water Resistant Watches for General Use<br />JIS B 7512-1993 – Steel tape measures<br />JIS B 7516-1987 – Metal Rules<br />C – Electronic and Electrical Engineering<br />JIS C 0920:2003 – Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)<br />JIS C 8800 Glossary of terms for fuel cell power systems<br />
  26. 26. D – Automotive Engineering<br />E – Railway Engineering<br />F – Shipbuilding<br />G – Ferrous Materials and Metallurgy<br />H – Nonferrous materials and metallurgy[1]<br />JIS H 2105 – Pig lead<br />JIS H 2107 – Zinc ingots<br />
  27. 27. S H 2113 – Cadmium metal<br />JIS H 2116 – Tungsten powder and tungsten carbide powder<br />JIS H 2118 – Aluminum alloy ingots for die castings<br />JIS H 2121 – Electrolytic cathode copper<br />JIS H 2141 – Silver bullion<br />JIS H 2201 – Zinc alloy ingots for die casting<br />JIS H 2202 – Copper alloy ingots for castings<br />
  28. 28. JIS H 2211 – Aluminium alloy ingots for castings<br />JIS H 2501 – Phosphor copper metal<br />JIS H 3100 – Copper and copper alloy sheets, plates and strips<br />JIS H 3110 – Phosphor bronze and nickel silver sheets, plates and strips<br />JIS H 3130 – Copper beryllium alloy, copper titanium alloy, phosphor bronze, copper-nickel-tin alloy and nickel silver sheets, plates and strips for springs<br />JIS H 3140 – Copper bus bars<br />JIS H 3250 – Copper and copper alloy rods and bars<br />
  29. 29. IS H 3260 – Copper and copper alloy wires<br />JIS H 3270 – Copper beryllium alloy, phosphor bronze and nickel silver rods, bars and wires<br />JIS H 3300 – Copper and copper alloy seamless pipes and tubes<br />JIS H 3320 – Copper and copper alloy welded pipes and tubes<br />JIS H 3330 – Plastic covered copper tubes<br />JIS H 3401 – Pipe fittings of copper and copper alloys<br />JIS H 4000 – Aluminium and aluminium alloy sheets and plates, strips and coiled sheets<br />
  30. 30. JIS H 4001 – Painted aluminium and aluminium alloy sheets and strips<br />JIS H 4040 – Aluminium and aluminium alloy rods, bars and wires<br />JIS H 4080 – Aluminium and aluminium alloys extruded tubes and cold-drawn tubes<br />JIS H 4090 – Aluminium and aluminium alloy welded pipes and tubes<br />JIS H 4100 – Aluminium and aluminium alloy extruded shape<br />JIS H 4160 – Aluminium and aluminium alloy foils<br />JIS H 4170 – High purity aluminium foils<br />
  31. 31. JIS H 4301 – Lead and lead alloy sheets and plates<br />JIS H 4303 – DM lead sheets and plates<br />JIS H 4311 – Lead and lead alloy tubes for common industries<br />JIS H 4461 – Tungsten wires for lighting and electronic equipments<br />JIS H 4463 – Thoriated tungsten wires and rods for lighting and electronic equipment<br />JIS H 4631 – Titanium and titanium alloy tubes for heat exchangers<br />
  32. 32. JIS H 4635 – Titanium and titanium alloy welded pipes<br />JIS H 5401 – White metal<br />JIS H 8300 – Thermal spraying―zinc, aluminium and their alloys<br />JIS H 8601 – Anodic oxide coatings on aluminium and aluminium alloys<br />JIS H 8602 – Combined coatings of anodic oxide and organic coatings on aluminium and aluminium alloys<br />
  33. 33. JIS H 8615 – Electroplated coatings of chromium for engineering purposes<br />JIS H 8641 – Zinc hot dip galvanizings<br />JIS H 8642 – Hot dip aluminized coatings on ferrous products<br />K – Chemical Engineering<br />L – Textile Engineering<br />
  34. 34. L – Textile Engineering<br />M – Mining<br />P – Pulp and Paper<br />JIS P 0138-61 (JIS P 0138:1998): process finished paper size (ISO 216 with a slightly larger B series)<br />Q – Management System<br />JIS Q 9001 - Quality management systems - requirements<br />JIS Q 14001 - Environment management systems - requirements with guidance for use<br />
  35. 35. JIS Q 15001 - Personal information protection management systems - requrements<br />JIS Q 20000-1 - IT service management - specification<br />JIS Q 27001 - Information security management systems - requrements<br />R – Ceramics<br />S – Domestic Wares<br />
  36. 36. T – Medical Equipment and Safety Appliances<br />W – Aircraft and Aviation<br />X – Information Processing<br />JIS X 0201:1997 – Japanese national variant of the ISO 646 7-bit character set<br />JIS X 0202:1998 – Japanese national standard which corresponds to the ISO 2022 character encoding<br />JIS X 0208:1997 – 7-bit and 8-bit double byte coded kanji sets for information interchange<br />
  37. 37. JIS X 0212:1990 – Supplementary Japanese graphic character set for information interchange<br />JIS X 0213:2004 – 7-bit and 8-bit double byte coded extended Kanji sets for information interchange<br />JIS X 0221-1:2001 – Japanese national standard which corresponds to ISO 10646<br />JIS X 0401:1973 – To-do-fu-ken (prefecture) identification code<br />JIS X 0402:2003 – Identification code for cities, towns and villages<br />JIS X 0405:1994 – Commodity classification code<br />
  38. 38. JIS X 0408:2004 – Identification code for universities and colleges<br />JIS X 0501:1985 – Bar code symbol for uniform commodity code<br />JIS X 0510:2004 – QR Code<br />JIS X 3001-1:2009, JIS X 3001-2:2002, JIS X 3001-3:2000 – Fortran programming language<br />JIS X 3002:2001 – COBOL<br />JIS X 3005-1:2010 – SQL<br />JIS X 3010:2003 – C programming language<br />
  39. 39. JIS X 3014:2003 – C++<br />JIS X 3030:1994 – POSIX - repealed in 2010<br />JIS X 4061:1996 – Collation of Japanese character string<br />JIS X 6002:1980 – Keyboard layout for information processing using the JIS 7 bit coded character set<br />JIS X 6054-1:1999 – MIDI<br />JIS X 6241:2004 – 120 mm DVD – Read-only disk<br />JIS X 6243:1998 – 120 mm DVD Rewritable Disk (DVD-RAM)<br />
  40. 40. JIS X 6245:1999 – 80 mm (1.23GB/side) and 120 mm (3.95GB/side) DVD-Recordable-Disk (DVD-R)<br />JIS X 9051:1984 – 16-dots matrix character patterns for display devices<br />JIS X 9052:1983 – 24-dots matrix character patterns for dot printers<br />Z – Miscellaneous<br />JIS Z 8301:2011 – Rules for the layout and drafting of Japanese Industrial Standards<br />