Na Ii Ppt Module 5


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Na Ii Ppt Module 5

  1. 2. <ul><li>Module Title: </li></ul><ul><li>Suctioning: Oropharyngeal and Nasopharyngeal </li></ul>
  2. 3. Suctioning <ul><li>Definition: A flexible plastic suction catheter is inserted into the mouth or nose to remove secretions, fluid, food and secretions from the nose, mouth and airway, reducing the risk of aspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Two Areas for Suctioning: </li></ul><ul><li>Oropharyngeal </li></ul><ul><li>Nasopharyngeal </li></ul>
  3. 4. Suctioning <ul><li>Equipment necessary for suctioning: </li></ul><ul><li>Suction machine: wall or portable </li></ul><ul><li>Water or Saline </li></ul><ul><li>Sterile Container </li></ul><ul><li>Sterile Gloves </li></ul><ul><li>Protective Pad </li></ul>
  4. 5. Suctioning <ul><li>Oropharyngeal Airway : </li></ul><ul><li>A curved plastic or rubber device inserted into the mouth to the posterior pharynx </li></ul><ul><li>Used to keep the airway open in unconscious patients </li></ul><ul><li>Oral Airway prevents the tongue from falling to the back of the throat </li></ul><ul><li>The curve holds the tongue forward </li></ul><ul><li>Not to be used on those with loose teeth or recent oral surgery </li></ul>
  5. 6. Suctioning <ul><li>Nasopharyngeal Airway: </li></ul><ul><li>Curved soft rubber device inserted through one nostril </li></ul><ul><li>Extends from the nostril to the posterior pharynx area </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps the tongue off the back of the throat </li></ul><ul><li>May be used in conscious patients </li></ul><ul><li>May be used on those with loose teeth or recent oral surgery </li></ul><ul><li>May be referred to as a nasal trumpet </li></ul><ul><li>Should not be used on those receiving blood thinners, with nasal deformity, bleeding disorders or sepsis </li></ul>
  6. 8. Suctioning <ul><li>Patient Positioning : </li></ul><ul><li>Conscious Patients </li></ul><ul><li>Whenever possible position the patient in the High Fowler’s position </li></ul><ul><li>Unconscious Patient </li></ul><ul><li>If Hi Fowler’s is not possible, semi-fowler can be used, or the patient may be turned on their side </li></ul>
  7. 10. Suctioning <ul><li>Preparation for Suctioning : </li></ul><ul><li>Correct Pressure: </li></ul><ul><li>Some suction regulators have an adjustable pressure setting </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure may be set between 80 and 120 mm Hg </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory Therapist or RN will advise you of the needed setting </li></ul><ul><li>Crimp the tubing to determine the settings on your suction machine </li></ul>
  8. 11. Suctioning <ul><li>Catheter measurement for depth of tip: </li></ul><ul><li>For safety, measure the plastic suction catheter from the corner of the patient’s mouth to the earlobe on the same side. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not insert the catheter more than this distance </li></ul><ul><li>When using a Yankauer/tonsil tip catheter, it is not necessary to measure </li></ul>