Simon Taylor Mil Tekr All Slides


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Simon Taylor Mil Tekr All Slides

  1. 1. Waste Management in the Rural Sector Royal Agricultural College Friday 23 November
  2. 2. How waste is perceived <ul><li>Indifference – waste has always been back of house, low cost, low visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Unglamorous - none of the attractions of IT, HR or finance </li></ul><ul><li>Subsequently a low priority, no great need to change the way waste is handled. </li></ul><ul><li>INCREASED COST HAS CHANGED PERCEPTIONS </li></ul>
  3. 3. Typical waste management c.2001
  4. 4. What changed? <ul><li>Legislation leading to an end to the UKs dependence on cheap access to landfill </li></ul><ul><li>Landfill infrastructure running out fast </li></ul><ul><li>Public perceptions of waste and recycling changing </li></ul>
  5. 5. The EU Landfill Directive 1999 <ul><li>Made the environmental case for reducing landfill disposal. </li></ul><ul><li>Set binding targets to reduce the volumes of waste member states send to landfill. Fiscal penalties for non-compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced new requirements for landfill site operators to make provision for maintenance of the sites long after operations cease </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-treatment - finally introduced in the UK in October 2007 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Packaging Waste Regulations <ul><li>Still widely misunderstood- some respected high profile names still getting caught </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively easy for companies to buy their way out of their obligations </li></ul><ul><li>Some companies who are operating excellent recycling schemes are falling foul of the regulations </li></ul><ul><li>PRN system is seen by some as a tax on recycling </li></ul>
  7. 7. Landfill Tax <ul><li>Introduced in 1996 in response to the forthcoming LD </li></ul><ul><li>Larger increases since 2007 budget – now a major driver of the increase in waste costs </li></ul><ul><li>Politically neutral </li></ul><ul><li>Still very low in UK relative to our EU neighbours - eg Ireland </li></ul>
  8. 8. Landfill Tax <ul><li>2003 =£14 </li></ul><ul><li>2004 =£15 </li></ul><ul><li>2005 =£18 </li></ul><ul><li>2006 =£21 </li></ul><ul><li>2007 =£24 </li></ul><ul><li>2008 =£32 </li></ul><ul><li>2009 =£40 </li></ul><ul><li>2010 =£48 </li></ul><ul><li>By 2012 total landfill costs could be well over £100 / tonne </li></ul>
  9. 9. Public perception – image is everything
  10. 10. Recycling will cease to be optional <ul><li>Commercially essential to reduce costs </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers will demand best practice </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative barriers to old methods of disposal </li></ul>
  11. 11. Many firms still aren’t ready <ul><li>Research carried out by the EA recently suggests that a third of small businesses aren’t aware of the requirement to pre-treat their waste - that’s up to 1.6million firms who could be breaking the law and are potentially liable to EA fines. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Recycling is no longer optional <ul><li>A quote from an accountant in the Daily Telegraph in response to the pre-treatment laws </li></ul><ul><li>“… the first step towards making it illegal not to recycle” </li></ul><ul><li>Daily Telegraph 15 November 2007 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Recycling adds ££££s <ul><li>Every tonne of material removed from the landfill stream saves the organisation upwards of £50.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Some recyclable materials command revenue – cardboard and plastic, metals, textiles, EPS </li></ul>
  14. 14. Why would you put it into landfill?
  15. 15. What happens when there is too much recycling? <ul><li>Consumer demand for recycled products </li></ul><ul><li>Most recyclables are derived from finite resources - oil, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure on land use for pulp – more profitable to grow food or fuel crops. </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost of shipping recycled goods to areas of high demand (far east) from western consumer economies </li></ul>