Part Five - 'Open Education, Free for Education and Creative Commons'


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This is the last part of a five part presentation on copyright for Australian schools.

'Open Education, Free for Education and Creative Commons' discusses the Creative Commons (CC) licences and Open Education Resources (OER) and points schools to sources of CC and OER material. The presentation also explains what Free for Education (FFE) material is and identifies FFE initiatives in Australia.

This presentation was prepared by the National Copyright Unit.

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  • Part Five - 'Open Education, Free for Education and Creative Commons'

    1. 1. Part 5Open Education, Free for Education and Creative Commons 1
    2. 2. Some copyright challenges• While there is a lot that teachers can copy, the licence schemes and free use exceptions are restrictive and complicated: • Teachers are burdened with complex copying limits. • Teachers cannot modify, share or remix material except in limited circumstances. • The material can only be made available to parents and the community in limited circumstances. Free for education, open education and creative commons material is a great alternative! 2
    3. 3. OER - Definition• Open Educational Resources (‘OER’) is a growing trend towards openness of teaching and learning materials.• OER are teaching and learning materials that are freely available online for everyone to use, whether you are a teacher, student or self learner.• OER include: worksheets, curriculum materials, lectures, homework assignments, quizzes, class activities, pedagogical materials, games and many more resources from around the world. See: 3
    4. 4. OER: Fundamental Values• OER share some fundamental values: • Resources are free for any individual to use • Are licensed for unrestricted distribution • Possibility of adaptation, translation, re-mix, and improvement. 4
    5. 5. OER on the internet• These sites contain: • Curriculum material • Lectures • Lesson plans • Classroom activities • Homework assignments • Quizzes 5
    6. 6. Good OER Sites• Curriki:• OER Commons:• Encyclopaedia of Life:• Comprehensive Knowledge Archive• Network:• Connexions:• Teaching Ideas:• Smart History: The Smartcopying website lists OER: 6
    7. 7. CC Learn: A way to findOERCC learn is a division of Creative Commons dedicatedto providing an up to date list of OER resources. 7
    8. 8. OER and FFE• ‘Free for education’ (FFE) material is similar to OER material in that the copyright owner has given permission for the material to be used for educational purposes.• However, FFE material may not permit a teacher to communicate, modify or share the material. This will depend on the terms and conditions of use of the material.• Many websites are FFE because their terms and conditions allow copying for educational purposes. The Smartcopying website lists FFE: 8
    9. 9. Website Terms andConditions Terms and Conditions Not Free FreePersonal UsePersonal, non commercialPersonal and non commercialNon-commercial usePersonal or non commercialUse in your organisationFree copyingFree for education© name and/or year and no terms of useNo copyright © name and/ or year or no termsand conditionsCopying not permittedAll Rights Reserved 9
    10. 10. Example‘You may download, display, print and copy any material at this website, in unaltered form only, for you personal use, educational use or for non- commercial use within your organisation’ 10
    11. 11. Other Free for EducationInitiatives• A number of organisations have agreed to make their online material free for education: • Woolworths: • Museum Victoria: • National Museum of Australia: • Cancer Council • World Vision• Material available on these websites can be copied for ‘educational purposes’. The Smartcopying website lists FFE websites: 11
    12. 12. OER and Creative Commons• Most OER resources use Creative Commons (CC) licences.• This is because CC licences are well known blanket licences that are free and easy to use.• CC licences come expressed in three different formats: • Commons Deed (human-readable code), • Legal Code (lawyer-readable code); • Metadata (machine-readable code).• A creator needs only to do one thing - select the type of licence they want from the CC website! 12
    13. 13. OER sites and CreativeCommons… OER SITE CC LICENCE OER Commons Curriki Openlearn Teaching Ideas 13
    14. 14. What is CC?• CC creates a “some rights reserved” model.• This means that the copyright owner retains copyright ownership in their work while inviting certain uses of their work by the public.• CC licences create choice and options for the copyright owner. 14
    15. 15. CC Primary LicenceElementsThere are 4 primary licence elements which are mixedto create a licence: Attribution – attribute the author Non-commercial – no commercial use No Derivative Works – no remixing ShareAlike – remix only if you let others remix See the CC information pack at: 15
    16. 16. Six Standard CC LicencesAttribution Attribution – share alikeAttribution - non-commercial Attribution – non-commercial – share alikeAttribution - no derivatives Attribution – non-commercial – no derivatives 16
    17. 17. CC Licences Licence Type Licence Conditions Attribution Freely use, copy, adapt and distribute to anyone provided the copyright owner is attributed. Attribution No Derivatives Freely use, copy and distribute to anyone but only in original form. The copyright owner must be attributed. Attribution Share Alike Freely use, copy, adapt and distribute provided the new work is licensed under the same terms as the original work. The copyright owner must be attributed. 17
    18. 18. CC Licences Licence Type Licence Conditions Attribution Non Commercial Freely use, copy, adapt and distribute for non- commercial purposes. The copyright owner must be attributed. Attribution Non Commercial No Freely use, copy and distribute verbatim Derivatives copies of the original work for non-commercial purposes. The copyright owner must be attributed.Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Freely use, copy, adapt and distribute for non- commercial purposes provided the new work is licensed under the same terms as the original work. The copyright owner must be attributed. 18
    19. 19. CC Public Domain MarkCC has launched a new Public Domain Mark.Users can attach this Mark to works that are no longerprotected by copyright around the world.The Mark embeds metadata into the work which allowsit to be easily identified and discovered on the Internet. For further information, see the CC website at: 19
    20. 20. NSW DET and CCCentre of Learning Innovation(CLI) has created a number of online interactiveteaching resources licensed under CC Attribution Non-commerical Share-Alike Licence: • Sites2See Resource teaching students about copyright: • ‘Dynamic Calculus’ is a collection of interactive learning objects for teaching calculus: • ‘Tensile Testing’ is a video based resource on materials testing: • ‘A New Kind of Alchemy’ is an interactive online graphic novel: 20
    21. 21. New Opportunities for Education• The National Copyright Unit and CC Australia have developed an information pack on CC for teachers and students.• The information pack explains the different CC licences and tells teachers and students how to find, use and attribute CC material.• The pack is available on the Smartcopying website at: 21
    22. 22. Finding CreativeCommons Material Using Creative Commons Search Portal 22
    23. 23. Finding CC Material Using CreativeCommons Search Portal• There are two ways to get to the Creative Commons Search Portal.• You can access it directly by typing into the address bar on your web browser.• Alternatively, you can get to it by clicking on the Search CC Licensed Work button (see right) which is on the right hand side of the top header of each page on the Creative Commons website ( 23
    24. 24. 24
    25. 25. Choose the right licence youwant• To filter material based on the type of use you want to make, go to the box at the top right hand side of the search query field. This gives you two options ‘Search for works I can use for commercial purposes’ and ‘Search for works I can modify, adapt or build upon’.• Select the option/s appropriate for your use. You can select one, both or none of the boxes. 25
    26. 26. 26
    27. 27. The table below shows how each option willfilter the material by licence 27
    28. 28. Choose the type of material youwant• Next you need to choose the type of content you are looking for.• The Creative Commons Search Portal gives you access to a number of different search engines that let you search for different types of material. Each engine has its own tab on the search engine page. 28
    29. 29. 29
    30. 30. Choose the type of material you want• If you want to find content of all types you can use the general Google and Yahoo! search tabs.• Or you can limit your search to sites that only provide one type of content. The table below provides a summary of the type of content provided by each tab. 30
    31. 31.  Insert image 31
    32. 32. Running the search• Now that you’ve chosen the type of licence and material you want to search for, you can enter keywords for your refined search in the search query field at the top of the page.• To run your search, you can press Go or simply click on the tab you would like to search. 32
    33. 33. CC Information Pack• The CC information pack for teachers and students contains different guides on finding CC licensed material using: • Google • Yahoo • Mozilla Firefox The information pack is available on the Smartcopying website at: 33
    34. 34. Australian Cultural Institutes and CCMany Australian institutes are using CC: • National Library of Australia and Picture Australia • State Library NSW • Powerhouse Museum • Australian War Memorial • ABC through Pool 34
    35. 35. Public sector information and CC• Last year, the Australian government agreed in principle to recommendations that PSI should, by default, be released to the public free of charge under a creative commons attribution licence.• In light of this, the Attorney General’s Department is in the process of drafting guidelines to assist Government agencies in adopting creative commons or other open licences when releasing their PSI, including legacy material.• For further information, including a link to the draft guidelines, see: / 35
    36. 36. CC and the Australian Bureau ofStatistics ABS website material is licensed under a CC Attribution Licence:“Unless otherwise noted, all material on this website – except the ABS logo, the Commonwealth Coat of Arms, and any material protected by a trade mark – is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia licence” 36
    37. 37. CC and Australian Parliament Australian Federal Government documents including all bills, committee reports and transcript of ParliamentarySittings are available on a portal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial, No-derivatives licence: ‘With the exception of the Commonwealth Coat of Armsand where otherwise noted, all material presented on this website is provided underCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Australi licence.’ See the Parliament’s portal at: 37
    38. 38. CC and Public DatasetsAustralian Government and state and territory governments are releasing public datasets on available under a Creative Commons Attribution Licence: ‘With the exception of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms and where otherwise noted, all textual material presented on is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia licence’ See the website at: 38
    39. 39. DBCDE and CC Department of Broadband, Communication and the Digital Economy have licensed their Budd:e E-security EducationPackage under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Licence: ‘Unless otherwise noted, all material in the Cybersecurity Education Package – except the Commonwealth Coat of Arms, the Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy logo, and any material protected by a trade mark – is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 3.0 Australia licence …’ See Budd:e E-security Education Package at:
    40. 40. Geoscience Australia and CC•Geoscience Australia website is licensed under a CCAttribution Licence: ‘Save for the content on this website supplied by thirdparties, the Geoscience Australia logo, the CommonwealthCoat of Arms, and any material protected by a trade mark, Geoscience Australia has applied the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence’ See the Geoscience Australia website: 40
    41. 41. Flickr and International Institutes• The following organisations have released content under CC licences: • Al Jazeera CC Repository: • Smithsonian Institute • Imperial War Museum • Library of Congress • National Maritime Museum • George Eastman House • National Media Museum Smartcopying lists more at: 41
    42. 42. Attributing CC material• In addition to providing details of author and copyright owner, title of work and source, CC licences require that you state the type of CC licence the work is available under along with a link to the licence terms.• It is important to always check whether the creator has specified a particular attribution.• Open Attribute ( is a tool recently developed by Mozilla Drumbeat to assist users of CC material properly attribute the CC material.• Open Attribute is a simple tool that makes it easy for users to copy and paste the correct attribution for any CC licensed work. For further information on attributing CC material, see: 42
    43. 43. Where should I place the attribution?• For text resources (eg books, worksheets, PowerPoint slides etc), include the attribution details next to CC work or as the footer along the bottom of the page on which the CC work appears.• For video works, include the attribution information near the work as it appears on screen during the video.• For sound recordings (eg podcasts), mention the name of the artist during the recording (like a radio announcement) and provide full attribution details in text near the podcast where it is being stored (eg blog, school intranet, learning management system etc). For further information on attributing CC material, see: 43
    44. 44. Example: Image licensed under CC Attributionlicence Eid Mubarak by Hamed Saber available at 44
    45. 45. For More Information Sylvie Saab National Copyright Officer (02) 9561 8730 Carl Ruppin National Copyright Manager (02) 9561 1267 Delia Browne National Copyright Director (02) 9561 8876 45