IWC stands for the International
December 2nd 1946 , Washington DC.
The date of the first convention
The 15 nations present at this
convention where :Australia, Argentina
, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Denmark,
France, Netherlands, Peru, UK, United
States, South Africa.
It was during another international
meeting in 1956 that the term “
whale-catcher” was expanded to
include air craft as whaling vessels
and thus under the same
November 19th ,1956
“ of which today we have no inkling,
owing to the fact that the necessity
which now arouses our legitimate
apprehensions was never
The importance and relevance of these
league of nations meetings is at the
time no such agreement in respect to
the sea and its resources have never
seen this kind of global effort and
union of nations, in respect to
Whaling had become a international
concern because it had not only
specialized the ships and hunting
weapons but the now mechanized the
oil extraction process.
This conversion to floating
factories became and still is a
serious threat to whales because it
accelerates the processing of the
whale ten to twenty fold.
Although one must always be aware of
the conservation limit of all of earths
resources, the way whaling was
practiced pre – 1868, before
industrialized whaling , whaling was a
crude and primitive practice.
“ men from rowing boats would hurl hand
harpoons or bomb lances at the swift moving
The harpoon gun lunches a spear like projectile which is fastened
to a craft of sorts usually a large ship.
Whalers with the advent of this new technology where not
limited to certain species or whale of certain sizes as harpoons
where in discriminatory willingly piercing the flesh of all whale
species and setting off an explosive charge that proves the huge
creatures vulnerability and morality
the Atlantic Marine mammal commission is a alliance between Norway, Greenland
and the Fueroe Islands
• This act of defiance was a reaction to what the
Atlantic Marine mammal commission felt was
an unjust claim to international sovereignty
and the right to make international
This was also an attempt by pro- whaling nations
at the 54th convention to try to shape the issue
of whaling in a pro – whaling scope and away
from the current anti whaling movement that
they see as a “ western NGO view of whales as
• It was also at this 2002 convention that
Japanese scientist faced heavy criticism.
• This criticism was in response to the claim
made by Japanese scientist that whale
populations needed to be reduced because of
their consumption of fish which could other
wise feed millions of people.
“ environmental movement groups such as green peace and the environmental investigation
agency have been pressing the IWC to expand its mandate to protect about 70 species of small
whales , dolphins and porpoises.
• The IWC should be seen as a model for
environmental activism, and international
cooperation for conservation.
• One of the greatest examples of this is the
1982 IWC convention when there was a
majority ruling to put an end to international
• We must remember that wealth is often
attainted through over acclimation, in other
• The history of whaling and the environmental
consequences that have ensued are a
reminder of the price paid for greed and over
extension of natural resources.
If we as a global community wish to see an age with environmental integrity and
harmony we must put pressure on our governments to move from an
expansionist ideology to a protectionist one . International cooperation from the
global community is necessary to “ sustain a long term ecological balance.”
Yes compromises will have to be made and a form of incentive possibility
implemented to get all global actors on board but the IWC accomplishments
within the international community is a great example of what can be done in
terms of global governance. “ of whales and politics