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Windows

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Windows

  1. 1. Windows
  2. 2. <ul><li>Windows is an operating system </li></ul><ul><li>Windows is the program that manages all the other programs like the boss. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows knows which file to open when you double-click on an icon on the desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Windows (&quot;the boss&quot;) keeps everything in order. </li></ul>«AqÉÆøï
  3. 3. «AqÉÆøï <ul><li>Different Windows OS </li></ul><ul><li>Windows 1.0, 2.0, 2.1, 3.0, 3.1 </li></ul><ul><li>Windows 95 </li></ul><ul><li>Windows 98, Windows 98 SE </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Millenium, 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Windows XP </li></ul>
  4. 4. «AqÉÆøï <ul><li>Keyboards </li></ul>
  5. 5. «AqÉÆøï <ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>Shift Key <ul><li>Used exactly the same as a typewriter in Windows. Makes capital letters </li></ul><ul><li>allows you to use the &quot;cursing symbols&quot; such as @#$% </li></ul><ul><li>The Shift Key can also be used to highlight text, like you would do with your mouse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hold down the shift key (don't release it), now move your cursor with the arrow keys. You should be able to highlight text this way. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. «AqÉÆøï Alt Key <ul><li>The ALT key stands for &quot;Alternate.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>When you push this key in Windows, the cursor moves to the menu bar at the top of the screen. It's the same as clicking your mouse on the &quot;File&quot; Menu above. From there you can use the arrow keys to select menu options. </li></ul><ul><li>This is useful if you don't like switching between your mouse and keyboard often. Press &quot;Alt&quot; again to move the cursor back off of the menu bar. </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>
  7. 7. «AqÉÆøï Windows Key <ul><li>This key opens the &quot;Start Menu&quot; at the lower left corner of your screen. </li></ul><ul><li>It has the same effect as you clicking the &quot;Start&quot; button with your mouse. </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>
  8. 8. «AqÉÆøï Delete Key <ul><li>This key erases the character directly to the right of your cursor. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have text or graphics that are highlighted, those are erased by pushing this key as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>
  9. 9. «AqÉÆøï Backspace Key <ul><li>This key erases the character directly to the left of your cursor. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have text or graphics that are highlighted, those are erased by pushing this key as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>
  10. 10. «AqÉÆøï Enter Key <ul><li>Press Enter key to start New Paragraph only. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t press Enter key after every line. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows knows when you are reaching the end of a line, and will automatically go to the next line. </li></ul><ul><li>It is similar to pressing an &quot;OK&quot; button, or a &quot;Yes&quot; button when any windows dialog box asks you. </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>
  11. 11. «AqÉÆøï Tab Key <ul><li>The Tab key will insert indentation into a document. </li></ul><ul><li>It also jumps from box to box when entering a form online, or in Windows. </li></ul><ul><li>It also jumps from button to button or textbox to textbox in a dialog box of Windows. </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>
  12. 12. «AqÉÆøï Insert Key <ul><li>The insert mode toggles between the Insert Mode and the Overwrite Mode in Word Pad and MS Word </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Insert Mode will insert text where the cursor is when you type. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overwrite Mode simply writes over anything in its path. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>
  13. 13. «AqÉÆøï Num Lock Key <ul><li>When Num Lock is turned on, you can use those keys to enter numbers </li></ul><ul><li>When Num Lock is turned off, you can use the arrows and commands printed below the numbers. </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>
  14. 14. «AqÉÆøï Keys used to navigate in a document <ul><li>They move the cursor up/down one &quot;screen-length&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Remember that it will not move the page to next page. </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>Page Up & Page Down
  15. 15. «AqÉÆøï Keys used to navigate in a document <ul><li>Home key is used to move your cursor to the beginning of a line. </li></ul><ul><li>Home key is used to move your cursor to the end of a line. </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>Home and End Key
  16. 16. «AqÉÆøï Keys used to navigate in a document <ul><li>This combination key is used to move your cursor to the beginning of the document. </li></ul><ul><li>This combination key is used to move your cursor to the end of the document. </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>Ctrl+Home & Ctrl+End
  17. 17. «AqÉÆøï Other Key Functions <ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>Open New Document Ctrl+N Open Help for active application F1 Quit active application or close current window Alt+F4 Paste copied text or object(s) Ctrl+V Cut selected text or object(s) Ctrl+X Copy selected text or object(s) Ctrl+C
  18. 18. «AqÉÆøï Other Key Functions <ul><li>Keyboard Functions in Windows </li></ul>Save Ctrl+S Open Ctrl+O Undo Ctrl+Z Underline Ctrl+U Italic Ctrl+I Bold Ctrl+B Select All Ctrl+A
  19. 19. «AqÉÆøï <ul><li>Different Files </li></ul>
  20. 20. «AqÉÆøï Measurement of File Size <ul><li>Computer files are measured in units called &quot;bytes&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>A byte roughly translates into a character or letter. </li></ul><ul><li>Special formatting codes such as Bold, Italics, or Underline add bytes to the document, as well as different fonts or font sizes. </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding File </li></ul>
  21. 21. «AqÉÆøï Units of File Size <ul><li>Understanding File </li></ul>1,073,741,824 bytes 100,00,00,000 bytes or 10,00,000 KB or 1,000 MB Gigabyte GB 1,048,576 bytes 10,00,000 bytes or 1000 KB Megabyte MB 1024 bytes 1000 bytes Kilobyte KB 1 byte 1 byte Byte Byte Actual Size Rough Size Term Abbreviation
  22. 22. «AqÉÆøï How to see file size in Windows? <ul><li>Select the file you want to see the size. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right Click  Properties . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If the file is already open </li></ul><ul><ul><li>File  Properties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understanding File </li></ul>
  23. 23. «AqÉÆøï <ul><li>Understanding File </li></ul>Properties Dialog Box
  24. 24. «AqÉÆøï <ul><li>Understanding File </li></ul>File Name
  25. 25. «AqÉÆøï <ul><li>Your computer's files have names like myletter.doc or finance.xls. </li></ul><ul><li>The part before the &quot;dot&quot; (such as myletter) is Name of the file. </li></ul><ul><li>The part after the &quot;dot&quot; (such as doc) is called the extension. It tells the computer which type of file it is. </li></ul><ul><li>“ myletter.doc” has the extension of doc, the computer knows it is a Microsoft Word file, because doc is the extension associated with Microsoft Word. </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding File Name </li></ul>
  26. 26. «AqÉÆøï What is Folder? <ul><li>Folders are used to keep your files. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine like keeping things in a room </li></ul><ul><li>Folders help keep the files systematically. </li></ul><ul><li>You can create as much as folders you want. Even you create folders inside a folder also. </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding Folder </li></ul>
  27. 27. «AqÉÆøï Creating and Renaming a Folder <ul><li>Right click on blank space where you want to create folder. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Select New  Folder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type Name to the Folder </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You can rename the folder. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Select the Folder you want to rename. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right Click & Select Rename </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type New Name to the Folder </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understanding Folder </li></ul>
  28. 28. «AqÉÆøï Good Ways to Organise Folders & Files? <ul><li>Organize from the top down - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start by having a folder that has all of your files, documents, and sub-folders inside. Many people use the &quot;My Documents&quot; folder for this purpose. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understanding Folder </li></ul>
  29. 29. «AqÉÆøï Good Ways to Organise Folders & Files? <ul><li>Name your Files and Folders Amply – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead of naming your file &quot;rescoverltr&quot;, take the 3 extra seconds and name it &quot;Resume Cover Letter - 4/5/2000&quot;. Windows allows you to use up to 255 characters, so use them! It's easy to get tired of looking for a file when there are a whole bunch of abbreviations everywhere. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understanding Folder </li></ul>
  30. 30. «AqÉÆøï Good Ways to Organise Folders & Files? <ul><li>Create Sub-Folders – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make Sub-Folders in &quot;My Documents&quot; (or wherever you created your personal folder) that are logically oriented. For example, if you have lots of letters on your computer, create a sub-folder called &quot;Letters.&quot; If you mainly write to 2 different people, Mary and John, then create sub-folders inside of &quot;Letters&quot; called &quot;Mary&quot; and &quot;John&quot; respectively. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understanding Folder </li></ul>

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