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Week8 - Renaissance Part 2

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renaissance, art, art history, art appreciation

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Week8 - Renaissance Part 2

  1. 1. <ul><li>Greatest of the Venetian School </li></ul><ul><li>Most versatile: portrait, landscape, mythological, & religious paintings </li></ul><ul><li>Manner & styles changed drastically throughout long life, but consistent interest in use of color </li></ul>Titian 1485 - 1576
  2. 2. Titian, Pastoral Symphony, ca. 1508. Oil on canvas, approx. 3’ 7” x 4’ 6”. Louvre, Paris.
  3. 3. ÉDOUARD MANET, Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe (Luncheon on the Grass), 1863. Oil on canvas, approx. 7’ x 8’ 10”. Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
  4. 4. Assumption of the Virgin 1516-18 Oil on wood, 690 x 360 cm Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice
  5. 5. “ Occasionally he polished his later images to a sheen; other times he left them loose, almost abstract. Sublimely moving and often downright haunted, these paintings tend to leap across centuries” -NYTimes
  6. 6. Titian, “The Annunciation”, 1560, Oil on Canvas, 13’x7’8”
  7. 7. GIORGIONE DA CASTELFRANCO, The Tempest, ca. 1510. Oil on canvas, 2’ 7” x 2’ 4 3/4”. Galleria dell’Accademia, Venice. Giorgione is credited with establishing atmospheric landscape as a vehicle for human emotions and moods – this leads later to the development of landscape and still life paintings which were rare in the Renaissance
  8. 8. Giorgione's Sleeping Venus, 1510
  9. 9. TITIAN, Venus of Urbino, 1538. Oil on canvas, approx. 4’ x 5’ 6”. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence.
  10. 10. Titian And Workshop “Venus and the Lute Player?” 1565-70 Oil on Canvas
  11. 11. Mannerism <ul><li>Mannerist or “stylish” painting is produced in the latter half of the 16 th Century- marking the transition between Renaissance and Baroque </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baroque dominates the 17 th century </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extreme drama, and exaggerated compositions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deliberate rejection of early methods and logic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They were reacting against the logic, order, and balance of the High Renaissance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less importance given to harmonious, balanced compositions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elongated figures, irrational compositions, theatricality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes surreal or absurd effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement and diagonal compositions </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Raphael, The Transfiguration of Christ
  13. 13. Pontormo, Joseph with Jacob in Egypt, 1518
  14. 14. BRONZINO, Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time (The Exposure of Luxury), ca. 1546. Oil on wood, approx. 5’ 1” x 4’ 8 3/4”. National Gallery, London.
  15. 15. PARMIGIANINO, Madonna with the Long Neck, ca. 1535. Oil on wood, approx. 7’ 1” x 4’ 4”. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence.
  16. 16. JACOPO DA PONTORMO, Descent from the Cross, Capponi Chapel, Santa Felicità, Florence, Italy, 1525–1528. Oil on wood, approx. 10’ 3” x 6’ 6”.
  17. 17. EL GRECO, The Burial of Count Orgaz, Santo Tomé, Toledo, Spain, 1586. Oil on canvas, approx. 16’ x 12’.
  18. 18. Angelo Bronzino, Portrait of Lucrezia Panciatichi
  19. 19. SOFONISBA ANGUISSOLA, Portrait of the Artist’s Sisters and Brother, ca. 1555. Methuen Collection, Corsham Court, Wiltshire.
  20. 20. Renaissance in the North <ul><li>Northern Renaissance style evolved gradually out of Middle Ages styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intuitive perspective </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Illuminated Manuscripts </li></ul><ul><li>Close attention to details of the visible world – jewel-like qualities to the richness of light and texture portrayed </li></ul><ul><li>Some Northern works much harsher in emotionalism than Italian works </li></ul>
  21. 21. Limbourg brothers (Pol, Hennequin, Herman), January, from Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, 1413–1416. Ink on vellum, approx. 8 1/2&quot; x 5 1/2&quot;. Musée Condé, Chantilly.
  22. 22. LIMBOURG BROTHERS (POL, HENNEQUIN, HERMAN), October, from Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, 1413–1416. Ink on vellum, approx. 8 1/2” x 5 1/2”. Musée Condé, Chantilly.
  23. 23. <ul><li>WRITING ASSIGNMENT #2 </li></ul><ul><li>Go to: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/virtualbooks/viewall/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Open up the Virtual Book: Flemish Masters in Miniature ; the so-called ‘Golf Book’ </li></ul><ul><li>Write 1 page composed of two parts : </li></ul><ul><li>Part 1: Write a response to your experience of paging through the book. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summarize the overall appearance of the book – then move into a more detail. What do you notice first? What next, etc. What do the paintings tell you about their lives and/or culture? Is there a specific image/month you found more interesting than the others? Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Part 2: How would this book differ visually if it were done in a Baroque style? </li></ul>
  24. 24. ROBERT CAMPIN (Master of Flémalle), Mérode Altarpiece (open), The Annunciation (center panel), ca. 1425–1428. Oil on wood, center panel approx. 2’ 1” x 2’ 1”. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (The Cloisters Collection, 1956).
  25. 25. ROBERT CAMPIN (Master of Flémalle), Mérode Altarpiece (open), The Annunciation (center panel), ca. 1425–1428. Oil on wood, center panel approx. 2’ 1” x 2’ 1”. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (The Cloisters Collection, 1956).
  26. 26. José Manuel Ballester
  27. 27. JAN VAN EYCK, Ghent Altarpiece (open), Saint Bavo Cathedral, Ghent, Belgium, completed 1432. Oil on wood, approx. 11’ 6&quot; x 15’.
  28. 28. DIRK BOUTS, Last Supper (central panel of the Altarpiece of the Holy Sacrament), Saint Peter’s, Louvain, Belgium, 1464–1468. Oil on wood, approx. 6’ x 5’.
  29. 29. JAN VAN EYCK, Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride, 1434. Oil on wood, approx. 2’ 8&quot; x 1’ 11 1/2&quot;. National Gallery, London. <ul><li>Naturalism </li></ul><ul><li>Subtle and convincing impression of light on differently textured surfaces – a minimum of abstraction or stylistic distortion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Green represents fertility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dog symbolizes fidelity/loyalty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shoes off to signify holy ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single candle – presence of Christ </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. JAN VAN EYCK, detail of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride, 1434.
  31. 31. JAN VAN EYCK, Man in a Red Turban, 1433. Oil on wood, approx. 10 1/4&quot; x 7 1/2&quot;. National Gallery, London.
  32. 32. MATTHIAS GRÜNEWALD, Isenheim Altarpiece (closed), Crucifixion (center panel), from the chapel of the Hospital of Saint Anthony, Isenheim, Germany, ca. 1510–1515. Oil on panel This altarpiece was designed for a chapel in a hospital devoted to the treatment of illnesses afflicting the skin. The exaggeration of torture helped patients to identify with their own pain.
  33. 33. Otto Dix, The War, 1932
  34. 34. Albrecht Durer
  35. 35. Albrecht Durer
  36. 36. Albrecht Dürer Melencolia I ,1514
  37. 38. HANS HOLBEIN THE YOUNGER, The French Ambassadors, 1533. Oil and tempera on panel, approx. 6’ 8” x 6’ 9 1/2”. National Gallery, London. <ul><li>Two globes, a lute, books, and navigational instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols of wealth and worldliness </li></ul><ul><li>“anamorphic” skull </li></ul>
  38. 41. ROBERT LAZZARINI chair , 2000 Maple, edition of six 54 x 26 x 12 inches
  39. 42. PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER, Hunters in the Snow, 1565. Oil on panel, approx. 3’ 10” x 5’ 4”. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
  40. 45. <ul><li>Pieter Brueghel </li></ul><ul><li>Genre painting </li></ul><ul><li>Less serious than most Renaissance artists </li></ul><ul><li>Portrayed lives of peasants instead of religious scenes or royalty </li></ul><ul><li>Moral subtext </li></ul>
  41. 46. PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER, Netherlandish Proverbs, 1559. Oil on panel, 3’ 10” x 5’ 4 1/8”. Gemäldegalerie, Staatliche Museen, Berlin.
  42. 49. A Palace of Intimate Measure 30” x 40”. Oil on canvas, 2009. Jean-Pierre Roy
  43. 50. Hieronymus Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights, 1504
  44. 53. Counter-reformation <ul><li>“The kingdom of God is a kingdom of hearing, not seeing” – Martin Luther </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More depictions of landscape, still-life, and everyday scenes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Counter-reformation is the Catholic Church’s approach to preserve the strength of the church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotion, light and theatricality to art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baroque </li></ul></ul>
  45. 54. Tintoretto, The Last Supper, 1592-94, Oil on Canvas, 12’x18’

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