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05 reram final_conference_lviv_unfu_kiyko_en

Presentation at the final conference of the FP7 RERAM project. The forest based sectore of the ENP countries.

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EC-FP7 no. 609573
www.reram.eu
Resource Efficiency and Raw Materials in the
Forest-based Sector of Eastern Europe (ENP)
The forest-based sector of the ENP:
challenges & future opportunities
Final Event, 18 May 2016, Lviv, Ukraine
1.Introduction.
2.Analysis of the forest sectors in
ENP countries. Challenges and
future opportunities for forest
sectors of the ENP.
3.Conclusions.
Contents
Introduction
The concept of one large forest-based sector was put forward by the
European Union to promote a better understanding of one of its
largest industrial sectors. The main idea is to unite industries that are
closely related to the common resource ‘forest’ and can benefit from a
shared strategy for sustainable development.
Source; FAO. 2014. Contribution of the forestry sector to national
economies, 1990-2011, by A. Lebedys and Y. Li. Forest Finance
Working Paper FSFM/ACC/09. FAO, Rome.
Introduction
The forest-based sector, as defined for this survey, includes four main
branches, or subindustries, which are dependent on solid wood as a
main raw material: forestry, woodworking industries, furniture
manufacturing, carpentry and joinery.
Sector subindustry
Forestry
(02)
Wood-working industry
(16)
Furniture manufacturing
(31)
Carpentry and Joinery
(43.91, 43.99, 43.32)
The forest-based sector is described based on national statistics in
terms of turnover, number of enterprises and number of employees for
Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia. For a comparison, Poland was
included as an example of a post socialist country that is today a full
member of the EU.
Introduction
Self-assessment in RERAM project
Introduction
Contents of the actions Explanation
1 2
1. Identification of the wood-forest
sector.
We should identify wood-forest sectors to evaluate its
competitiveness and resource efficiency
a. Determination of the main
components for the wood-
forest sector.
It is suggested to consider forest sector in RERAM project
as a complex which includes following four subindustries
(subsectors): forestry, woodworking industry, furniture
manufacturing and carpentry (the main subindustries
which use wood as resource).
b. Determination of the main
parameters for the wood-
forest sector.
Determination of the main parameters for the wood-forest
sectors will allow analyzing its capacities. It is suggested
to determine the following main parameters of the national
forest sectors: turnover, number of enterprises and
number of employees.
2. Wood resources analysis. It is suggested to assess the quantity, quality and
availability of wood resources.
3. Determination of the forest sector
contribution to the national
industry.
It is suggested to determine the place (share,
contribution) of the national forest sector in regard to the
national industry.
4. Forest sectors main players
identifying.
It is suggested to identify the main players in the forest-
wood sector and assess their capacities and linkages (e.g.
authorities, wood industries, suppliers, research bodies,
supporting institutions, forest administration,
consultants, entrepreneurs in harvesting,
transportation, trade).
5. Market Position identifying. It is suggested on the base of carrying out of points 1-4 to
evaluate the forest-wood-sector profile, identify
gaps/opportunities, compare it against the
national/international state-of-the-art, explore new market
opportunities (e.g. SWOT).
6. Resource efficiency potentials
determination and elaborating of
the conclusions and
recommendations.
It is suggested on the base of carrying out of the points 1-
5:
• to synthesize innovation potentials for more
effective wood resources use that could have a strong
impact on national resource efficiency within the low
carbon economy;
• to conclude policy-relevant findings and
recommendations to decision-makers on the national
level.

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05 reram final_conference_lviv_unfu_kiyko_en

  • 1. EC-FP7 no. 609573 www.reram.eu Resource Efficiency and Raw Materials in the Forest-based Sector of Eastern Europe (ENP) The forest-based sector of the ENP: challenges & future opportunities Final Event, 18 May 2016, Lviv, Ukraine
  • 2. 1.Introduction. 2.Analysis of the forest sectors in ENP countries. Challenges and future opportunities for forest sectors of the ENP. 3.Conclusions. Contents
  • 3. Introduction The concept of one large forest-based sector was put forward by the European Union to promote a better understanding of one of its largest industrial sectors. The main idea is to unite industries that are closely related to the common resource ‘forest’ and can benefit from a shared strategy for sustainable development. Source; FAO. 2014. Contribution of the forestry sector to national economies, 1990-2011, by A. Lebedys and Y. Li. Forest Finance Working Paper FSFM/ACC/09. FAO, Rome.
  • 4. Introduction The forest-based sector, as defined for this survey, includes four main branches, or subindustries, which are dependent on solid wood as a main raw material: forestry, woodworking industries, furniture manufacturing, carpentry and joinery. Sector subindustry Forestry (02) Wood-working industry (16) Furniture manufacturing (31) Carpentry and Joinery (43.91, 43.99, 43.32) The forest-based sector is described based on national statistics in terms of turnover, number of enterprises and number of employees for Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia. For a comparison, Poland was included as an example of a post socialist country that is today a full member of the EU.
  • 6. Introduction Contents of the actions Explanation 1 2 1. Identification of the wood-forest sector. We should identify wood-forest sectors to evaluate its competitiveness and resource efficiency a. Determination of the main components for the wood- forest sector. It is suggested to consider forest sector in RERAM project as a complex which includes following four subindustries (subsectors): forestry, woodworking industry, furniture manufacturing and carpentry (the main subindustries which use wood as resource). b. Determination of the main parameters for the wood- forest sector. Determination of the main parameters for the wood-forest sectors will allow analyzing its capacities. It is suggested to determine the following main parameters of the national forest sectors: turnover, number of enterprises and number of employees. 2. Wood resources analysis. It is suggested to assess the quantity, quality and availability of wood resources. 3. Determination of the forest sector contribution to the national industry. It is suggested to determine the place (share, contribution) of the national forest sector in regard to the national industry. 4. Forest sectors main players identifying. It is suggested to identify the main players in the forest- wood sector and assess their capacities and linkages (e.g. authorities, wood industries, suppliers, research bodies, supporting institutions, forest administration, consultants, entrepreneurs in harvesting, transportation, trade). 5. Market Position identifying. It is suggested on the base of carrying out of points 1-4 to evaluate the forest-wood-sector profile, identify gaps/opportunities, compare it against the national/international state-of-the-art, explore new market opportunities (e.g. SWOT). 6. Resource efficiency potentials determination and elaborating of the conclusions and recommendations. It is suggested on the base of carrying out of the points 1- 5: • to synthesize innovation potentials for more effective wood resources use that could have a strong impact on national resource efficiency within the low carbon economy; • to conclude policy-relevant findings and recommendations to decision-makers on the national level.
  • 7. Analysis of the forest sectors in ENP countries Structure
  • 8. Opportunity 1 1. Forest sector as a single unit 2. Criteria and priorities 3. Public council of forest sector creation
  • 9. Analysis of the forest sectors in ENP countries Effectiveness of Forest resources Parameter Ukraine Moldova Georgia Poland1 Population (million persons) 46.05 3.60 4.40 38.20 Forest land area (million ha) 10.80 0.37 2.82 9.40 Forest land percentage (%) 15.70 12.70 40.50 30.06 Forest land area per inhabitant (ha/person) 0.23 0.10 0.64 0.25 Overall timber stock (billion m3) 1.80 0.05 0.45 2.40 Timber stock per inhabitant (m3/person) 39.09 12.50 103.30 62.83 Timber stock per enterprise (ths. m3/number of enterprises) 287.17 57.99 670.35 29.20 Turnover per timber stock (EUR/m3) 1.31 2.29 0.21 6.88 Procurement of merchantable wood (ths. m3) 17,506.7 490.0 447.5 37,045.0 Turnover per procurement of merchantable wood (EUR/m3) 134.30 210.11 208.40 445.86 Forest resources and key indices of ENP countries, 2012
  • 10. Opportunity 2 2. Cleaner Production system 3. Consistent training
  • 11. Analysis of the forest sectors in ENP countries Number of Enterprises Country Turnover1 (million EUR) Enterprises (number of) Employees (ths. persons) 2008 2012 Change (%) 2008 2012 Chang e (%) 2008 2012 Change (%) Ukraine 1502.0 2349.3 +56.4 1,2292 6,268 -49.0 189.4 151.7 -19.9 Moldova 99.5 102.6 +3.1 667 776 +16.3 13.1 8.8 -32.8 Georgia 22.7 93.3 +311.0 572 678 +18.5 3.5 5 +42.9 Poland 12668.4 14230.6 +12.3 8,4802 8,2194 -3.1 316.4 271.2 -14.3 Trends of the ENP forest-based sector, 2008 to 2012
  • 12. Opportunity 3 1. Availability of wood recourses 2. Sustainable development rules 3. Business climate improving
  • 13. Analysis of the forest sectors in ENP countries Some average parameters
  • 14. Opportunity 4 1. New internal and external investment 2. New technologies 3. Innovation and creativity Opportunity 4
  • 15. Analysis of the forest sectors in ENP countries Macroeconomic position - Underestimating Parameter Ukraine Moldova Georgia Poland1 Forest-based sector share of national turnover (%) 1.8 3.47 1.4 5.0 Forest-based sector share in national employment (%) 6.6 12.1 1.0 9.0 Forest sector’s share to the overall GDP. % 1.68 1.88 0.90 1.60 Macroeconomic position of the ENP forest-based sectors, 2012
  • 18. Understanding of the forest sector – common awareness. Opportunity 5
  • 19. Think tanks, in regard to forest sector, creation (at the country levels; EU etc.) Opportunity 5
  • 20. Implementations of the Think tanks' ideas Opportunity 5
  • 22. Decreasing of the forest sector's share to GDP Some challenges and conclusions 500000 1000000 1500000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 GDPofUkraine,mioUAH 3,50 4,00 4,50 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 ShareoftheforestsectortoGDP,%
  • 23. 3. Real involving of the woodworking and furniture SMSs representatives – real usefulness for business. Opportunity 5
  • 24. Opportunity 5. Promo campaign. 1. Only forest sector can provide three different possible ways of CO2 emissions reduction: sink effect, storage effect and substitution effect and, therefore, we can mitigate climate change and that is why provide life for our future generations by developing forest sectors 2. Bioeconomy needs cross sectorial approach with leading role of the forest sector 3. Everything that’s made with fossil-based materials today can be made from a tree tomorrow 4. Forest sector is an important player providing solutions in bioeconomy 5. Forest sector can provide your personal sustainability
  • 31. Thank you for your attention! UNFU Prof. Orest Kiyko Ukrainian National Forestry University (UNFU) Head of the furniture and wooden articles technology Department http://www.tvd.org.ua/en/koa-main-en.htm orest.kiyko@nltu.edu.ua