Gender Wage Gap

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  • Gender Wage Gap

    1. 1. Natasha Crompton-Dunn April 3, 2008 World in the 21 st Century The Gender Wage Gap
    2. 2. Issue: Gender Wage Gap <ul><li>The gender wage gap is a statistical measure of women’s income in relation to men’s (inequity). </li></ul><ul><li>This is an INTERNATIONAL ISSUE </li></ul><ul><li>Every country has a gender wage gap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different degrees </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. International Women’s Day <ul><li>Article: Women’s rights ‘under attack’ </li></ul><ul><li>“ I think that because there’s been so many big victories for women in the past, such as voting, people now kind of forget about feminism.” said Chelsea Phillips-Carr, age 16, Toronto. </li></ul><ul><li>She added that many of her peers aren’t interested or are scared away from learning about issues like the gender wage gap because of negative perceptions. </li></ul><ul><li>“ People my age think of feminism as a stereotype,” she said, referring to the idea that feminists hate men. </li></ul>(The Expositor: March 10, 2008)
    4. 4. Why this subject? <ul><li>I am a woman! </li></ul><ul><li>Laurier Brantford’s women student population, </li></ul><ul><li>Revive interest in feminism, </li></ul><ul><li>Subject that often gets overlooked, </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty of women and children, </li></ul><ul><li>UN Millennium Goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote gender equality and empowerment of women </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Lets talk terms <ul><li>Wage Gap – also called ‘income disparity’ </li></ul><ul><li>Feminism – a movement supporting women’s rights on the grounds of equality of the sexes </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination – unfair treatment of different categories of people on the grounds of race, sex, or age. </li></ul><ul><li>March 8th – International Women’s Day </li></ul>(Oxford Dictionary) equality
    6. 6. What are the causes? <ul><li>Educational attainment </li></ul><ul><li>Labour force discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Different occupational choices </li></ul><ul><li>Labour participation trends </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maternity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Care for elderly parents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Self-esteem (low) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Related Facts <ul><li>Women 1 year out of college earn 80% as much as male colleagues </li></ul><ul><li>In 10 years they earn just 69% as much as men. (American Association of University Women) </li></ul><ul><li>More women than men live in poverty and run single-parent homes </li></ul><ul><li>Women + disability + visible minority = greater wage gap </li></ul>
    8. 8. Average Earnings by Sex $ constant 2005, Based on full-year, full-time (Statistics Canada) $15,100 $40,530 $25,430 Average 15,100 41,900 26,800 2005 15,100 41,300 26,200 2004 15,300 41,100 25,800 2003 15,400 41,600 26,200 2002 15,800 41,600 25,800 2001 15,900 41,700 25,800 2000 15,100 40,400 25,300 1999 14,800 39,700 24,900 1998 14,700 38,500 23,800 1997 13,800 37,500 23,700 1996 Difference Men Women Year
    9. 9. At the international level <ul><li>NAFTA & Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Women joined the labour force faster than men </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, low pay & informal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hour increase & piecework </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Men took manufacturing jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Basic education segregation </li></ul><ul><li>¾ rural women worked without payment </li></ul>
    10. 10. At the international level <ul><li>“ When I had to go to work, I used to worry about my child. I would take him with me to the tobacco field. But my employer objected. Then I would leave him at home, but I still worried about him. But what could I do? I had to earn, and I had no option .” Agricultural labourer, India </li></ul>
    11. 11. At the international level <ul><li>Developing countries women aren’t working (wage gap=no income vs. income) </li></ul><ul><li>‘unpaid care work’ </li></ul><ul><li>Pay inequity  poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty  consequences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor nutrition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequate housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School performance </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Role of International Community <ul><li>UN’s 8 Millennium Development Goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote gender equality and empower women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achieve universal primary education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce child mortality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve maternal health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Case Study: MicroLoan Foundation <ul><li>Their Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the depth and breadth of poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Lend money to groups of women, help build sustainable businesses, and by providing meaningful training and ongoing mentoring support. </li></ul><ul><li>How it Works: </li></ul><ul><li>Group formed, group training, individuals receive loan, individuals set up businesses, group repays loan, loan repayment is recycled </li></ul>
    14. 14. Case Study: Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy <ul><li>Education of disadvantaged girls </li></ul><ul><li>“ change the face of the nation…girls who are educated are less likely to get HIV/AIDS” -Oprah Winfrey </li></ul><ul><li>“ It is my hope that this school will become the dream of every South African girl and they will study hard and qualify for the school one day,” -Nelson Mandela </li></ul>Johannesburg, South Africa
    15. 15. Insights
    16. 16. Where is this going… <ul><li>Minimum wage is up in Canada (positive!) </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to existing organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Research how we vote </li></ul><ul><li>Write to government </li></ul><ul><li>Demand equal pay </li></ul><ul><li>Men – be allies for the women in your life. </li></ul>“ One day our generation, is going to rule the population. So we keep on waiting, waiting on the world to change.” ( John Mayer,2006 ) We can make a difference!
    17. 17. Thank You Questions & Comments

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