Reinos1

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Reinos1

  1. 2. Linnaeus 1735 DOS REINOS
  2. 3. Haeckel 1861 TRES REINOS
  3. 5. CINCO REINOS WHITAKER 1968
  4. 6. Woese 1977
  5. 7. Woese 1990
  6. 9. Chatton 1937 2 imperios: PROKARYOTA - EUKARYOTA Copeland 1956 4 Reinos: MONERA, PROTISTA, PLANTAE, ANIMALIA
  7. 11. Table of differences between Archaea, Bacteria and Eukaryotes *** Bacteria use Formylmethionine ** Archaea membrane lipids are ether-linked
  8. 13. Cianobacterias Anabaena sp. Nostoc sp. Spirulina sp.
  9. 15. Archaea
  10. 18. Fig. 1. Early genome studies indicated that eukaryotes were a mixture of eubacterial and archaebacterial genes with an unusual distribution. The operational genes were primarily from the eubacteria, and the informational genes were from the archaebacteria. Simonson et al. 2005 vías metabólicas y biosintéticas Thermoplasma procesamiento y expresión genética 1. ANAEROBIOS
  11. 19. Fig. 1. Early genome studies indicated that eukaryotes were a mixture of eubacterial and archaebacterial genes with an unusual distribution. The operational genes were primarily from the eubacteria, and the informational genes were from the archaebacteria. Simonson et al. 2005 the photosynthetic organism lost much of its genetic independence and became functionally and genetically integrated as chloroplasts within the host cell ESPIROQUETA (tubulina) vías metabólicas y biosintéticas Nucleocitoplasma procesamiento y expresión genética 2. FLAGELADO 1. ANAEROBIOS
  12. 21. ¿¿¿ ORIGEN DEL NÚCLEO ???? EUCARIOTA HETERÓTROFO PROCARIOTA HETERÓTROFO
  13. 25. 2 MEMBRANAS Barry et al 2000
  14. 26. FLAGELO BASAL Y MITOCONDRIAS CON CRESTAS FOTOSINTÉTICOS CLOROPLASTOS CON 2 MEMBRANAS FOTOSINTÉTICOS CLOROPLASTOS CON 3 o 4 MEMBRANAS, FLAGELOS DESIGUALES AMEBAS CON PSEUDÓPODOS FILOSOS Y GENERALMENTE ENCAPSULADAS SIN MITOCONDRIAS O CON CRESTAS DISCOIDALES MUCHOS CON APARATO DE INGESTIÓN VENTRAL AMEBAS DESNUDAS CON PSEUDÓPODOS LOBOSOS
  15. 27. <ul><li>DOMINIO EUKARYA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OPISTOKONTA: Fungi, Animalia </li></ul></ul>FLAGELO BASAL Y MITOCONDRIAS CON CRESTAS
  16. 29. CHYTRIDIOMYCOTA Rhizophydium sp . Mucoromycotina Pilobolus sp. OPISTOKONTES
  17. 30. ASCOMYCOTA Cyttaria darwinii Tarzeta sp. Xylaria sp. Hypoxylon sp . Parmelia sp .

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