NASSCOM GIC Conclave 2013 - Keynote Session - Parag Khanna

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NASSCOM GIC Conclave 2013 - Keynote Session - Parag Khanna

  1. 1. The  Rise  of  Geotechnology  PARAG  KHANNA  
  2. 2. From the “Unipolar Moment” of the 1990s….EuropeanUnionJapanIndiaChina
  3. 3. NorthAmericaSouthAmericaEuropeanUnionAfricaAsia MiddleEast….To Today’s Global Marketplace
  4. 4. Competition Redefines Regions
  5. 5. World GDP by Region020004000600080001000012000140001600018000USA LatinAmerica &CaribbeanEuropeanUnionMiddle East& NorthAfricaChina India JapanGross Domestic Products 2010 (billions of USdollars)
  6. 6. Asia-­‐Pacific  GDP  0  1000  2000  3000  4000  5000  6000  7000  8000  China   India   Japan   Australia   ASEAN  Gross  Domes)c  Product  2011  (billions  of  USD)  Total  =  18,563.19  billion  USD  
  7. 7. Who  Has  the  Money  Makes  the  Rules  7340,9883,201,680204,3431,123,380508,077231,59149,687498,648392,4470 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,0002,500,0003,000,0003,500,000BrazilChinaEurozoneJapanSaudi ArabiaSingaporeUAERussiaTaiwanCurrency ReservesUS$ millionsSource: International Monetary Fund
  8. 8. Geo-Technology
  9. 9. Sources: BrightHub, Scientific American,Lux Research, World Resources InstituteBalance of Innovation vs. Balance of Power
  10. 10. Dominant  but  UncompeVVve?  
  11. 11. How  will  DIY  Manufacturing  Change  the  World?  MakerBot  Replicator  ($1,999)  
  12. 12. Scenario  1:  An  Economic  Renaissance  for  the  US  Additive manufacturing benefits thesmall business owner by:ü  shortening supply chains ü  eliminating shipping costsü  reducing lead timesUS Military partners with privatesector to set up $70million AdditiveManufacturing Innovation Institutein Youngstown, Ohio (Aug 2012)
  13. 13. Scenario  2:  or  Mutually  Assured  Economic  Destruc)on  What happens if the Chinese stopbuying American T-Bills?
  14. 14. “Print  me  a  Stradivarius”  
  15. 15. USA EU China Japan South Korea Israel IndiaScientificPapersPublished2,967,957 3,712,570 719,971 770,252 254,599 108,706 266,230Patents Filed 490,226 125,774 391,177 344,598 170,101 7,306 34,287NewProducts/MarketpenetrationIBMMicrosoftMotorolaIntelHPXeroxQualcommNokiaSiemensSAPRobert BoschEricssonPhilipsHuaweiLenovoZTEShenzhenFutaihongPrecisionInnocomTechnologyCanonToshibaSonyPanasonicHondaSharpSamsungLGHyundaiDongbuDexcelPharmaTeva PharmadbMotionGamida CellLtdInfosysTCSCiplaTata MotorsFrom “Brain Drain” to “Global Brain Flow”
  16. 16. Technological  DisrupVons  Exponenal  Technologies:  -­‐  RoboVcs    -­‐  ArVficial  Intelligence  -­‐  CompuVng  -­‐  SyntheVc  Biology  -­‐  3D  prinVng  /  addiVve  manufacturing  -­‐  Medicine  -­‐  Nano-­‐materials  Combinaons  of  Exponenal  Technologies:  -­‐  RoboVcs  +  AI  -­‐  3D  prinVng  +  nano-­‐materials  -­‐  Sensors  +  genomics  
  17. 17. Hybridization of Humans and Technology
  18. 18. Hybridization of Technologies with Each Other
  19. 19. Technology  QuoVent  (TQ)  
  20. 20. Robots  Moving  Up  the  Ladder      Paul  Sakuma/Associated  Press  While  the  many  robots  in  auto  factories  typically  perform  only  one  funcVon,  in  the  new  Tesla  factory  in  Fremont,  Calif.,  a  robot  might  do  up  to  four:  welding,  riveVng,  bonding  and  installing  a  component  “As  human  beings  are  also  animals,  to  manage  one  million  animals  gives  me  a  headache.”  Terry  Gou,  Chinese  billionaire  and  chairman  of  Foxconn  (Jan  2012)  
  21. 21. Robo-­‐Collar  Labor  
  22. 22. •  Meet Blackstone Discovery’sautomated e-discovery systems•  It cost $100,000 to examine 1.5million documents in January2011Maybe  Even  Replace  Lawyers?  
  23. 23. 2.  Nipping  At  Your  Heels  
  24. 24. •  Meet IBM’s Watson•  Beat quiz show Jeopardy! human champions (Feb 2011)•  Processed complex idioms and metaphorsThey  Will  Beat  Us  At  Our  Own  Games  
  25. 25. Compe)ng  with  Jus)n  Bieber  and  Beyonce  
  26. 26. How  Will  We  Remain  Professionally  Relevant?  The illiterate of the 21st century willnot be those who cannot read andwrite, but those who cannot learn,unlearn, and relearn.-- Alvin Toffler
  27. 27. Health  =  PrevenVon  +  Therapy   +  Enhancement  Redefining  Health  
  28. 28. Enhancing  to  Compete  Drugs  Prosthe)cs  Brain  computer  interfaces  Radical  life  extension    
  29. 29. UniversityProfessionalTrainingSchoolJobRedefining  Educa)on  The  Old  Way  of  EducaVng  
  30. 30. UNIVERSITY  MENTORS  WEB   MOBILE  VOCATIONAL  EducaVon  –  RealVme  response  to  Market  Needs  SOCIAL    NETWORKS  Building  a  Lifelong  Knowledge  Ecosystem  
  31. 31. Informa(on  Access:  Learn  at  Home  Mentoring  and  Guidance:  Do  Homework  at  School  Flip  Teaching  at  all  Levels  
  32. 32. PuZng  World-­‐Class  Educa)on  Within  Reach  •  Founded in April 2011•  1 Million students have alreadystudied at Coursera•  Some classes that have 40,000 –70,000 students•  61.5% Non-US enrollment withBrazil, India and China leadingthe way•  117 Courses from facultyincluding Duke, Princeton,Stanford
  33. 33. Envisioning  the  Jobs  of  the  Future    ICT:  Internet-­‐staVsVcians,  data  miners,  cyber-­‐security  officers,  human-­‐computer  interface  designers  Medicine:  Registered  nurses  and  health  aides,  geneVc  counselors,  biotechnological  surgeon,  and  nano-­‐medical  pharmacist  Manufacturing:  3D  prinVng  consultants,  mechatronical  engineers    Virtual  Services:  Online  barters  and  bankers,  personal  brand  managers,  cyber-­‐lawyers    Construc)on:  “Smart  road”  designers  and  engineers  Educa)on:  Online  instrucVonal  technologists,  educaVonal  sojware  coders    Agriculture:  VerVcal  farmers,  bio-­‐renewable  energy  harvesVng  Tourism  :  Space  tour  guide  
  34. 34. Data-Driven Governance
  35. 35. “Secure  Connectedness”  
  36. 36. Contact    PARAG  KHANNA  paragkhanna@gmail.com  

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